IRAN Archaic Signet of Civilization


    Islamic Republic Iran' s flag

    Iran's flag

    Our flag has three colours : Green , White , Red
    In the middle of the white colour there is the name of the GOD " ALLAH "
    22 "ALLAH O AKBAR " ( GOD is the great ) are up and down.

    These colours symbolized :
    Green : Truthful to Islam.
    White : Peace and Friendship. ( it comes from Zarathustra , the first monotheist prophet who
    appeared in Iran ).
    Red : Martyrs 's blood who gave their lifes for their country .


    Question & Answer

    11/10/2008 12:32am by farideh jalilvand
    Top copy 4.jpgrrr.jpg

    What is the capital of Iran?
    Have you ever been in Iran?
    Where does this picture belong to?


    Gregory Gerhardt:

    The Capital is Teheran and the picture shows the Azadi tower (in Teheran) - but unfortunately I've never been there before.

    Your comment

    The Land of Independent and Honest Men

    ... Said : " Iran "
    ... Asked : " What does it mean ? "
    ... Answered : " The land of indpendent and honest men."

    We all born and die with this statement , we are honered to it and it is in this very land we grow and
    die out.What is the secret of this " Archaic Signet of Civilization " that being frequently invaded by plunders ,
    is still glittering suprisingly behind the dust of the time and history.
    "Iran" now lying in geographical and international bounaries is a land of 1648 million with
    approximately 70 million population rate enjoys a fourseasonal feature due to its diverse geographical as well
    as natural characteristic,including various water sources , forests , mountains , hills , deserts along with their
    special diversity and wide-scale range.That is why this land enjoys various climatic conditions too.Where,then
    one can find such a seasonal diversity in a too limited geographical scale!
    The motherland of Iran is as old as man's Civilization .Archeological expelorations in its every area show
    that it has been the first place for the birth of permanent and urban life.Expeloration of area like the,"SOOKHTEH"
    city in " SISTAN BALOOCHESTAN " provance , establishment of the first justice goverment by the Iranians ,
    development of the first human rights charter by an Iranian ruler called " CYRUS , the great "

    selected from " Iran Archaic Signet of Civilization " book
    written by Ehsan Mirbagheri

    Iran is a country of the Near East. It lies between the Persian Gulf and the Caspian. Down its western flank, from the Turkish frontier along Irak to the Gulf of Oman, run the Zagros mountains. Zard Kuh-e Bakhtiari is the highest peak, 4,309 m asl, in the south of this mountains. In the north Iran has a border to Afghanistan and in the east to India The southeasternmost coast lies at the Indian Ocean.

    Omar Khayyam

    Omar Khayyam

    Omar khayyam was a persian poet, astronomer, and mathematician. He was born and educated in Neyshabur.As a royal astronomer,he changed the Persian calendar.He devised one that may have been more accurate than the Gregorian calendar . Omar Khayyam also wrote an Arabic book on algebra that included a classificationof equations.
    His one long poem, the" Rubaiat " has brought him lasting fame . The" Rubaiat " meaning a collection of quartrain,or four-line rhymes, first attracted attention in 1859 when " Edward Fitzgerald" translated about100 of the quartrian credited to Omar Khayyam . Omar wrote with gentle melancholy about nature , regret for the fleeting sweetness of life,and the pleasure of love.

    Pioneers of Iranian Modern Art


    Parviz Tanavoli the most famuse sculptor , painter , researcher and collector is born in Tehran on 24 March
    in 1937 .He finishes elementary school and begins artictic activity around age 10 .Tanavoli after school hours
    studies painting under the direction of Hossein Sheikh and in 1953 enrolls in the sculpture programme in the
    Fine Arts School in Tehran . In 1956 he completes the three years sculpture course at the Fin Art School and
    leaves for Italy and enrolls at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Carrara to continue his studies . He returns Iran
    after two years . In 1958 ,Tanavoli showcases a series of work that totally different from anything he has
    ever done . It display at Farhang Hall comprises prints , ceramic sculptures and geometrical sculptures made
    from scrap metal . Then he goes to millan , under the prominet Italian sculptor , Marino Marini . Italian tv. intro-
    ducing Tanavoli and his work ... He moves to London and USA ...for mor work and further studies .
    The themes of most of Tanavoli 's works have mainly been derived from ancient legends :
    " Shirin & Farhad , Leili & Majnoon and various scenes of such Iranian Tales .

    A.R. Sami - Azar , Director of Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art , has written :
    Parvis Tanavoli is undoubtedly an outstanding figure in Iran's contemporary art circle and an unforgettable
    presence in our ancient tradition of sculpture . His work are among the most successful experiments towards
    archieving an inherent nobility and national identity , while respecting the expressive qualities of Art...
    In essence they reflect the dynamism of Iran's Modern Art. Tanavoli 's passion for his homeland 's ancient
    culture and art never hindered his attempts at progressive art and the long years he spent in the west did not
    diminish his bond with the deepest layers of Iranian culture and convictions .
    He is praised not only by Iranian art - lover but also by reputable international critics

    selected from " Pioneers of Iranian Modern Art "
    Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art 2003

    Financial Crisis Crashes on Art Road

    Parviz Tanavoli

    TEHRAN,Nov 3 (Press TV)--Art prices have plunged forcing Christie's auction house to adjust to a new economic climate as the credit crunch spreads to the art world. The world-renowned auction house has been forced to lower its estimates for upcoming sales to reflect the worsening global economic outlook. Bret Gorvy, Christie's deputy chairman, told Press TV, "Looking at the estimates and taking the estimates down make the auction more conservative and more realistic to today's prices." However, Gorvy believes that the downturn in the art market could be a great opportunity to some collectors. A recent sale in Dubai that included Arab and Iranian art raised almost US$17 million, but this was only half of Christie's pre-sale estimates, reflecting the impact of falling oil and equity prices on the Middle East art market. Parviz Tanavoli, whose sculpture Oh Persepolis sold for a record $2.84 million in April, offered a 3 meter tall bronze sculpture, Poet in Love, that fetched only $242,500, against an already low estimate of $400,000. Mohammed Ehsai's Loving Whisper depicting ribbons of red calligraphy on a black background, sold for $482,500 against an estimate of $300,000-$500,000. Christie's senior vice president, Guy Bennett, said the auction house had been following the financial crisis for months. "We need to take into consideration terms of estimates and terms of what we are offering in price point," Bennett told Press TV.
    Christie's is holding an auction of contemporary, modern, postwar and impressionist artworks from November 5 to 13, and hopes to bring in almost a billion dollars in sales. The question arises as to whether, in the current economy climate, they can. Parviz Tanavoli's 'Poet in Love' fetched half of its premium estimate.

    Kayhan international

    Historical churches In Iran

    Historical churches In Iran

    The majority of churches in Iran that possess historical and artistic value were built around the eight century A.H. or the 14th century AD, and the period thereafter. Of course, this does not mean that there were no churches existing in the country before that period.
    During the reign of Shah Abbas, the Safavid king, his sagacious policies caused a sizable number of Armenians from Armenia and Azarbaijan to transfer and settle in Esfahan and other regions of Iran. A place called Jolfa was built at the banks of the Zayande-rud River in Esfahan and became the residence of these migrating people. Consequently, churches were erected in that town. Meanwhile, after a short lapse of time, some Armenians moved to Gilan and some resided in Shiraz.
    Azarbaijan is host to the oldest churches in Iran. Among the most significant are the Tatavous Vank ( St. Tatavous Cathedral), which is also called the Ghara Kelissa (the black monastery). This is located at the Siahcheshmeh (Ghara-Eini) border area south of Makou. There is also the church known as Saint Stepanous, which stands 24 kilometers south of Azarbaijan's Jolfa town.
    Generally, each church has a large hall for congregational prayers; its foremost part is raised like a dais, adorned with the pictures or images of religious figures and it also serves as an altar. Here, candles are lighted and the church mass is conducted by the priest. On the foreground is the praying congregation which face the platform where the priest is leading the rites in the church; this is similar to the Muslim practice of praying facing the niche in the mosque. While the mass is being said, the people stand, kneel, or sit depending on what the rites require.
    The structure of churches in Iran follow more or less the pattern of Iranian architecture, or they are a mixture of Iranian and non-Iranian designs.

    Saint Stepanous Church

    This is another old church located at an intersection west of the Marand-Jolfa highway and east of the Khoy-Jolfa road. Also having a pyramidal dome, it is, nevertheless, quite beautiful and far more pleasant to behold than the Saint Tatavous church.
    The general structure mostly resembles Armenian and Georgian architecture and the inside of the building is adorned with beautiful paintings by Honatanian, a renowned Armenian artist. Hayk Ajimian, an Armenian scholar and historian, recorded that the church was originally built in the ninth century AD, but repeated earthquakes in Azarbaijan completely eroded the previous structure. The church was rebuilt during the rule of Shah Abbas the Second.

    Saint Mary's Church in Tabriz

    This church was built in the sixth century A.H. (12th century AD) and in his travel chronicles, Marco Polo, the famous Venetian traveler who lived during the eight century A.H. (14th century AD), referred to this church on his way to China. For so many years, Saint Mary's served as the seat of the Azarbaijan Armenian Archbishop. It is a handsomely built edifice, with different annex buildings sprawled on a large area. A board of Armenian peers are governing the well- attended church.
    Aside from the above three churches, there are others in Azarbaijan such as the old church built in the eight century A.H. at Modjanbar village, which is some 50 kilometers from Tabriz. Another one is the large Saint Sarkis church, situated in Khoy; this building has survived from the time of Shah Abbas the Second (12th century A.H.). During the reign of the said Safavid king, another edifice called the Saint Gevorg (Saint George) church was constructed, using marble stones and designed with a large dome, at Haft Van village near Shapur (Salmas). A church, also with a huge dome, likewise stands at Derishk village in the vicinity of Shapur, in Azarbaijan.

    selected from " Iran chamber society "

    Some works of Parviz Tanavoli

    Heech & Chair II , 1973 , Bronz ,79 - 45 - 26 cm poet and the cage hands   ceramic Parviz Tanavoli Oh, persepolis , 1975 Farhad and Heech  , 1972

    churches in Iran

    West Azarbaigan - " Gharreh "  church Saint Mary's Church at Jolfa Square in Esfehan Saint Stephanos Church in Azarbaijan

    Some Points

    - In ancient Persia , " Cyrus The Great " built a road made of cobblestone that caused easy traverse between " Sardis " the capital of " Lydia " and " pasargod " the capital of " Persia " . It was called "highway " . Nowadays, we use this word , " highway " , for roads between big cities .

    - Do you know that , the first people who discovered glass and used it in their houses , were Iranians .

    - The acientness of Persian Golf is 500,000 years .

    -" Pythagoras " , the most famous Greek mathematician , escaped from greece to Persia , because of his religious tenets , and there " Dariush the Great " , gave him shelter and prepared a good life with permanent salary .

    Art , Cinema , Sport ... News of Iran

    Iran wins Asia Pacific Screen Awards

    TEHRAN, Nov 12 (Press TV) -- Iran has been awarded in two categories of the 2008 Asia Pacific Screen Awards (APSAs) during a ceremony in Queensland, Australia.
    Iranian actor Reza Naji received the award for Best Performance by an Actor for his brilliant performance in Majid Majidi's Song of Sparrows.
    The UNESCO Award for outstanding contribution to the promotion and preservation of cultural diversity through film was presented to Tinar, a documentary produced and directed by Mehdi Moniri.
    The Jury awarded the film for its rich evocation of rural life in the mountainous regions of Iran.
    Iranian cinematographers were also awarded at the 2007 Asia Pacific Screen Awards (APSAs). Rakhshan Bani-Etemad and Mohsen Abdolvahab received the Achievement in Directing award for Mainline.
    Kiomars Pourahmad's Night Bus won the Jury Grand Prize and Hooman Behmanesh received the Achievement in Cinematography award for Those Three.
    The 2008 awards were determined by an International Jury headed by the Academy Award nominated Australian director, Bruce Beresford.
    The Asia Pacific Screen Awards is a collaboration involving CNN International, UNESCO and the FIAPF - International Federation of Film Producers Associations.

    kayhan international

    Iran to Exhibit Old Calligraphy Works

    TEHRAN, Nov 12 (Press TV) -- The Niavaran Cultural Complex is slated to mount an exhibition of works created by the country's veteran calligraphers, in Tehran.
    The exhibition, which will kick off on Nov. 13, 2008, will display some 20 works by Mir Emad, Mirza Gholamreza, Soltan-Ali Shahidi, Darvish, Mohammad-Reza Kalhor, Seyyed Golestaneh and other Nasta'liq and Tuluth masters.
    The event, which will be held on the sidelines of Esrafil Shirchi's calligraphy exhibition, will be held along with a discussion session about the history of Persian calligraphy from Timurid to Qajar era.
    Shirchi's calligraphy exhibition, display the artist's latest 50 calligraphy paintings, created with modern techniques, and 20 of his older works.

    kayhan international

    Iranian Foreign Journalists Visit Shams Tabrizi Tomb

    KHOY, West Azarbaijan prov, Nov 12 (IRNA) -- Some 100 Iranian and foreign journalists visited the tomb of Shams Tabrizi in Khoy, West Azarbaijan province, on Wednesday.
    Announcing the above, Khoy Mayor Yousef Karbalaei-Khalil stated that the Shams Tabrizi mausoleum will be constructed next year.
    He said the scheme has been planned by Cultural Heritage, Handicraft and Tourism Organization and Khoy Cultural Heritage Department.
    Shams-e-Tabrizi was born in Tabriz, East Azarbaijan. He is immortalized by Rumi's poetry collection Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi.
    Shams lived with Rumi in Qonya, now in present-day Turkey, for several years.
    A few years later, Shams disappeared unexpectedly. Whatever became of him was never known. It is generally believed that he was murdered by one or more of Rumi's associates, or perhaps even by his son.
    The mysterious circumstances of Shams' disappearance and the alleged involvement of members of Rumi's inner circle led many to think that they were envious of their teacher's devotion to Shams.
    Rumi's love for Shams, and his bereavement at his disappearance, found expression in an outpouring of lyric poems.

    kayhan international

    Behzad's Works to Be Displayed in Tehran

    TEHRAN, Nov9 (IRNA) -- Selected works by noted Iranian painter Hossein Behzad will be displayed here by Behzad Museum from November 10-25. Announcing this, curator of the museum, Tahereh Shirbacheh said that due to the suspension of the museum in the past two years, the enthusiasts could not see the maestro's works.
    That's for the same reason an exhibition featuring 25 works by Behzad will be organized in the capital.
    Behzad Museum was set up in Sa'dabad Cultural Artistic Complex in 1994 to mark the birth centenary of the master. The museum put on display works donated by the late Behzad's son. Behzad was born in 1894 in Isfahan and died in 1968. He was interested in painting when he was child. He was 8, when he started to work, and worked for himself, when he was 20. He married in 1918 with Azizeh and had only a son.
    Behzad used innovative styles in using colors and was known as the greatest contemporary miniaturist.
    Shahnameh Champions, Madaen Veranda, Babylon Conquer are among his valuable works.
    Later in his life, he received honorary doctorate from Decorative Arts Facult

    kayhan international

    Over 50 Publications on Women Produced in Iran

    TEHRAN, Nov.9 (MNA) -- More than 50 publications on women’s issues in health, scientific, sport, family, and juridical fields are now available in the country’s book market, Iran Women News Agency (IWNA) reported recently. The publications play a key role in improving women’s and their families’ living conditions and increasing women’s contributions to the various fields of the society.

    kayhan international

    "Shams and Bird" Exhibit Opens

    TEHRAN,Nov 4 (FNA)-- An exhibition titled "Shams and Bird" featuring statues by Qodratollah Aqeli, noted Iranian sculptor, opened here on Monday. Commenting on the event, Aqeli said that he started work in the field two years ago with a focus on poems in 'Shams Anthology' and 'Masnavi Ma'navi', well-known poems by noted Iranian mystic and poet Molana Jalaleddin Mohammad Rumi. In both books, Molana has a celestial-earthly look at bird, which is a symbol of human. "Such an attitude was interesting for me and I grew fond of this symbol in Molana's poems," he said. "I started creating works inspired by his works," the Islamic republic news agency quoted him as saying. Aqeli further said, "My earlier works mainly featured architecture, Iranian-Islamic designs, portraying glory of Iranian art." However, the present collection aims to highlight mystical ideas of the Iranian-Islamic culture, he said. Aqeli was born in Jolfa, East Azarbaijan province, in 1968. He has so far held 20 solo exhibits and participated in 47 exhibits, art expos and biennials in Iran, Morocco, England, Ukraine, Germany, France and Qatar.
    He has also undertaken creating 43 voluminous works in squares and public centers

    kayhan international

    Iran to Display Works by Iraj Zand

    TEHRAN,Nov 17 (Press TV)--Iran's Niavaran Cultural Complex is scheduled to mount an exhibition of works by the late, Iraj Zand in the capital city of Tehran. The event, to be held from Nov. 20 to Dec. 1, 2008, will display 100 to 120 paintings and 35 brass, metal and plaster sculptures by the late artist. The exhibition will also display Zand's handwriting, notes and critique of his own works along with primary sketches of the works, which display the process of his artistic creations. A number of documentary films, made about the artist's life and works, will be screened as part of the event. Five short and feature-length documentaries have been made about Iraj Zand so far. Iraj Zand held over 35 exhibitions in Iran and France and created parts of the mural paintings of Saint-Paul's Chapel at Saint-Mary's Church at Avignon, France in 1984.

    kayhan international

    Abbas Kiarostami , Iranian Film Producer, Director, Screen Writer

    "I believe the films of Iranian filmmaker Abbas Kiarostami are extraordinary. Words cannot relate my feelings. I suggest you see his films; and then you will see what I mean" - Akira Kurosawa -

    Abbas Kiarostami was born on June 22nd 1940 in Tehran, he was interested in the arts from an early age. He won a painting competition at the age of eighteen, and left home to study at Tehran University's Faculty of Fine Arts. As a designer and illustrator, Kiarostami worked throughout the '60s in advertising, making commercials, designing posters, creating credit titles for films, and illustrating children's books. In 1969 Kiarostami helped to set up a filmmaking department at the Institute for Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults. The department's debut production was Kiarostami's own first film, the twelve-minute "Bread and Alley" (Naan va Koche), a charming, neo-realist is about a small boy's perilous walk home from school.Though Kiarostami's films have been compared at various times to those of Satyajit Ray, Vittorio de Sica, Eric Rohmer, or Jacques Tati, they remain uniquely Kiarostamian. Effortlessly simple and conceptually complex in equal measure; poetic, lyrical, meditative, self-reflexive and increasingly sophisticated, they mix fiction and documentary in unique ways, often presenting fact as fiction and fiction as fact.In the 28 years since Bread and Alley, Kiarostami has made more than 20 films, including fiction features, educational shorts, feature-length documentaries, and a series of films for television. He has also written screenplays for other directors, most notably "The White Balloon" (Badkonak-e Sefeed), for his former assistant Jafar Panahi .But it was not until the late '80s that his films began to be shown outside Iran. He received his first most important recognition with "Where is the Friend's House?" (Khaneh Doost Kodjast?), winning the Pardo di bronzo at Locarno in 1987. "Life Goes On" (Va Zendegi edameh darad) in 1992 (the first of Kiarostami's films to be shown at the New York Film Festival) won the Rossellini Prize at Cannes, and Through the Olive Trees (Az Mian-e Derhtan-e Zeitoon) 1994 were the films that made Kiarostami's reputation in the West. In 1995 he was part of the jury at the Venice Film Festival and in 1996 he was honored with a retrospective at the Film Society of Lincoln Center, New York.In 1997 he came to the Cannes Film Festival with "Taste of Cherry" (Taame Gilas), only to walk away with the grand prize, becoming the first Iranian director ever to win the Palme d'Or. He was also awarded the Special Prize of the Jury at the Venice Film Festival in 1999 for "The Wind Will Carry Us". In 2000, at the request of the United Nations' International Fund for Agricultural Development, he travelled to Uganda to make the documentary ABC Africa, his first film shot on digital video. In 2002 he premiered his newest film, "Ten", at Cannes. Kiarostami is also a noted photographer and poet. A bilingual collection of more than 200 of his poems "Walking with the Wind" was recently published by Harvard University Press.
    Iran chamber society

    Honors and awards : Kiarostami has won the admiration of audiences and critics worldwide and received some 70 awards till 2000. Here are some representatives:

    Prix Roberto Rossellini (1992)
    Prix Cine Decouvertes (1992)
    François Truffaut Award (1993)
    Pier Paolo Pasolini Award (1995)
    Federico Fellini Gold Medal, UNESCO (1997)
    Palme d'Or, Cannes Festival (1997)
    Honorary Golden Alexander Prize, Greece (1999)
    Silver Lion, Venice Film Festival (1999)
    Akira Kurosawa Award (2000)
    Honorary doctorate, École Normale Supérieure (2003)
    Konrad Wolf Prize (2003)
    President of the Jury for Caméra d'Or Award, Cannes Festival (2005)
    Fellowship of the British Film Institute (2005)
    Gold Leopard of Honor, Locarno film festival (2005)
    Prix Henri-Langlois Prize (2006)
    Honorary doctorate, University of Toulouse (2007)
    World's great masters, Kolkata International Film Festival (2007)
    Glory to the Filmmaker Award, Venice Film Festival (2008)
    Cup of Jamshid Award (2008)
    2002 and 2005. He was also the president of the Camera d'or Jury in Cannes Film Festival 2005.

    Some representatives:

    Venice in 1985
    Locarno in 1990
    Cannes in 1993
    San Sebastian in 1996.
    Cannes in 2002
    São Paulo International Film Festival (2004)
    Cannes in 2005 (president)
    Capalbio Cinema Festival in 2007 (president )


    The major southern gate of the Iranian ancient history and civilization

    Bushehr province with an area of 23167 sq km is situated on Persian Gulf in the south of Iran . The climate of Bushehr Province is hot and humid in the coastline and hot and dry desert in the inland parts . The average annual temperature is 24c of which the absolute maximum reaches at about 50c in summer and minimum temperature can fall fo 6c during the winter season . The main municipalities are : Bushehr , Dashtestan Tangestan Genaveh , and the main rivers are : Dalaki , Mund , Shahpour . Population of this province is over 832067 - according to the latest census -

    Social and Cultural Features :

    RACE : Historical documents show that prior to the arrival of Aryans to Iran , Bushehr Province was the residence of various tribal groups . In addition to native people and mediterranean races , other ethnic communities such as Dravidians , Semites , Elamites , Sumerians , Nordics and Arabs , also resided here .

    LANGUAGE : Nearly all inhabitants of Bushehr Province speak Farsi , with a special Bushehri accent . And some of them speak both Farsi and Arabic .

    KINDS OF FISH : Edible fish hunted in the coastlines are " Halva ( pomfret ) , Shuride , Rashgu , Sangsar , Hamur , Shir - mahi , Ghobad , Sorkhu , Sobur , and . . .

    LOCAL DISHES : Fish and Prawn play an important role in most people's diet especially in island and coastlines of this province .For example in Qulye - mahi ( fish - fricassee ) , fried fish , drawn fish , rice & fish , rice shrimp , etc , but the people residing the hinterlands , usually consume Dal - Adas ( lentil soup ) , Lelak ( drawn granulated wheat ) & Ranginak ( dates with walnut inside furnished with oiled flour & sinnamon ).

    HANDICRAFTS : Carpet , Gabbeh ( long wefted pileless carpets ) , Abba ( men's loose sleeveless cloak ) , Gelim ( short napped coarse carpets ) , Straw - mats , Ceramics , Giveh ( light cotton summer shoes ) , Goatskin , Buckets , Hampers , Baskets , Nets , Needle - Lace , Textile and Seven products .

    CAULKING ( GALLAFI ) : Traditional ship - building is known as one of the oldest and most important handicrafts in Bushehr . The elementary material used in ship - building is the forest - wood resistant against moisture , called teak - wood , which is imported from India and some other kinds of material supplied from inner resources .

    SOUVENIRS : Dates , Sweet pastes ( Masqati ) , Ardeh ( ground sesame ) , Halva -Rashi ( sesame sweet paste ) , Halva - Sangak , Boiled Unripe Dates , different of fish and prawn and shell - made articrafts .

    TRANSPORTATION : by sea , by air , by land

    CONSERVATION ZONES : Mund : Areas around Bordekhoun , in Dayyer . Nayband : Chahmobarak village , in Kangan . Helleh : Koreband village , in Bushehr . Shekargah - e - Koh - e - Mund , Coastal Lavar village , in Tangestan .

    The most important islands of Persian Gulf - which are located within Bushehr Province - are as follows:
    KHARG ISLAND : This corral Island is located in 57 km , north - east of Bushehr. The approximate lenght of Kharg
    is 8 km and its width is between 4 to 5 km. Population of this place is over 10000 .
    KHARGO ISLAND : is located in north - east of Kharg .
    ABBASAK ISLAND : This uninhabited island is located between Bushehr and Shief island.
    These two uninhabited and neighbouring islands are located about Bordekhoon area , on the south of Bushehr .
    At present , Nakhiloo island is a home for Persian Gulf turtles and therefore , on account of ecological viewpoints
    the island is of considerable inportance .
    GORM ISLAND :This island is situated on Persian Gulf , opposite to Dayyer port - city . Due to the existence of forest trees named Gorm , is called Gorm .
    This sandy island is located in the north of Bushehr .
    SOUTH ISLAND ( Mir Mohana ) :
    This island has been located in south part of Rig Port & it is Tourism Island .
    Motaf , Morghi , . . . are other uninhabited islands that are located on Bordekhoon region in Bushehr Province .

    BUSHEHR PROVINCE , some pictures

    Bushehr , persian Gulf weaving , Gabbeh Bushehr , persian Gulf

    Abbas Kiarostami , Iranian Film Producer, Director, Screen Writer

    Kiarostami accepting a lifetime achievement award from Martin Scorsese Kiarostami in 10 on Ten, looking back on his film-making techniques

    Majid Majidi

    Majid Majidi The color of Paradise les enfant du ciel

    Cultural News

    Tehran Press Fair, Big Competition, Japanese Journalist

    TEHRAN, Nov 17, (IRNA)--A staff writer of Japanese leading newspaper, The Asahi Shimbun, Ken Ando, told IRNA correspondent on Monday that the 15th Tehran Press Fair is "a big competition among world newspapers".
    Expressing his surprise with well-organized Tehran Press Fair "which is being held professionally", Mr. Ando said that Iranian people well understand freedom and the press freedom in particular. The 15th Press Fair opened in Tehran on November 16. Some 560 domestic newspapers as well as the representatives from 27 world countries have attended in the one-week event

    Iran to Go to Artparis Abu Dhabi 2008

    TEHRAN,Nov 17 (Press TV)--Iranian artists are set to join international and regional galleries at the Artparis Abu Dhabi 2008 in the United Arab Emirates. Afshin Pirhashemi (painter), Shadi Qadirian (photographer) and Reza Derakhshani (painter and photographer) will take part in the annual event from Iran's Silk Road art gallery.
    Qadirian and Pirhashemi's latest works will be displayed along with two Reza Derakhshani works. Organized by the Abu Dhabi Authority for Culture and Heritage (ADACH), Tourism Development & Investment Company (TDIC) and Artparis, the fair will be held from Nov. 18 to 21 at the Emirates Palace Hotel. A Monumental Art Garden will be installed in the gardens of the Emirates Palace Hotel, featuring sculptures by 12 artists.

    Sweden Screens Iranian Dream

    TEHRAN,Nov 4 (FNA)-- Iranian director Alireza Chitaei's Dream was screened at FIA 2008, Stockholm's first international forum for animation in Sweden. Chitaei's 4:45-minute production offers an abstract presentation of feelings in the lives of two peacocks. Alireza Chitaei has participated in numerous international events including Houston, Cyprus and Cairo international film festivals. Sense of a Boat, Presence, Reflection and The Flow are his other works, press tv said. The FIA festival presents animated films from all over the world along with exhibitions, workshops and panel discussion sessions. FIA 2008 was held from Oct. 31 to Nov. 2 at Stockholm's Culture House

    Golestan Tribal Fest Scheduled

    GORGAN, Golestan prov, Nov 9 (IRNA) -- Golestan province will host the second festival on tribal culture..
    Announcing the above, secretary of the festival noted that 40 foreign ambassadors based in Iran will participate in the event. Hamid Manouchehri stated that the event, slated for November 13- 16, aims to introduce customs, culture and traditions of various tribes. He noted that the event also seeks to gather together representatives from different tribes to become familiar with one another's cultures and customs. Tourism and traditional attractions of different provinces will be put on display for participants, vacationers and researchers on the sidelines of the festival, he stated. He underlined that folklore music and dances would be performed by tribal artists during the festival. "Some workshops will be held on the sidelines of the festival," Manouchehri concluded .

    Ukrainian Orchestra to Perform in Iran

    TEHRAN, Nov 9 (Press TV) -- The National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine is scheduled to perform traditional Persian music pieces in the Iranian capital of Tehran. Conducted by Volodymyr Syrenko, the orchestra will perform pieces composed by Mohammad Reza Darvishi and Hossein Alizadeh. Iranian musicians Masoud Shoari (Setar), Behdad Babaei (Setar) and Hosssein Alizadeh (Shurangiz) will accompany the orchestra in some pieces.
    Renowned scholar and composer, Mohammad Reza Darvishi has written numerous books and conducted researches on music. His Encyclopedia of the Musical Instruments of Iran has been awarded the Klaus P.
    Wachsmann Prize for best publication in the field of musical instrument research and organology.
    A distinguished composer, and Tar and Setar player, Hossein Alizadeh has developed Shurangiz, a new six-stringed instrument with a longer fingerboard and more frets compared to its original prototype, Setar. Expert Setar player, Masoud Shoari and Behdad Babaei have both held concerts with Hossein Alizadeh. The National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine's concert in Iran will be held on Dec. 26 and 27, 2008.

    Iran to Exhibit Old Calligraphy Works

    TEHRAN, Nov 12 (Press TV) -- The Niavaran Cultural Complex is slated to mount an exhibition of works created by the country's veteran calligraphers, in Tehran.
    The exhibition, which will kick off on Nov. 13, 2008, will display some 20 works by Mir Emad, Mirza Gholamreza, Soltan-Ali Shahidi, Darvish, Mohammad-Reza Kalhor, Seyyed Golestaneh and other Nasta'liq and Tuluth masters.
    The event, which will be held on the sidelines of Esrafil Shirchi's calligraphy exhibition, will be held along with a discussion session about the history of Persian calligraphy from Timurid to Qajar era. Shirchi's calligraphy exhibition, display the artist's latest 50 calligraphy paintings, created with modern techniques, and 20 of his older works.

    "Song of Sparrows" Wins Damascus Awards

    TEHRAN, Nov 12 (Press TV) -- Iranian director Majid Majidi's new movie The Song of Sparrows has won two awards at the 16th Damascus International Film Festival. Reza Naji took the award for Best Actor and the Iranian movie took the festival's Special Award for its content at a ceremony held on Tuesday evening. The Song of the Sparrows, produced in 2008, tells the story of Karim, who enjoys his work as an ostrich breeder in the countryside near Tehran. He is fired when one of the birds escapes into the hills. Karim begins to encounter problems in his personal life when he has to start commuting to Tehran to look for a job. Naji previously won the Silver Bear award for best actor in a leading role at the prestigious International Berlin Film Festival (Berlinale). The Iranian movie has also been nominated to participate in the foreign film section of the 81st Academy Awards, better known as the Oscars.The Damascus Film Festival held from November 1-11, was judged by an international jury consisting of artists from various countries, including France, Germany and Spain .

    Miami Jury Honors Iranian Islamic Film

    TEHRAN, Nov 23 (Press TV)--The Miami Short Film Festival has granted the Jury's Special Award to Unseen Devotion, a film by Iranian director Akbar Nazemi. The short film promotes the culture of religious peace, and offered the American audience a chance to see a different side to Islam from that often presented by western media. Unseen Devotion, which was also nominated for best short documentary, depicts the mourning and devotion of Muslims to Imam Hussein and his followers on the day of Ashura. The day of Ashura commemorates the uprising of Imam Hussein against tyranny, and is honored on the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar.
    The seventh Miami Short Film Festival was opened on November 17 and closes today (November 23).

    Persian Carpet Designs Exhibition opens at TMCA

    TEHRAN, Nov. 21 (MNA) -- The Persian Carpet Designs Exhibition was opened during a ceremony at the Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art (TMCA) on Thursday. The Deputy Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance for visual arts Mahmud Shaluii, the Iranian Academy of Arts secretary Bahman Namvar- Motlaq and artists attended the event. Some 226 carpet designs are currently on display at the exhibition, which commemorates Iranian veteran artist Mohsen Mohseni.At the ceremony, Mahmud Shaluii expressed his hope that holding such exhibitions would introduce traditional Persian arts to Iranians.Modern Iranian art has its roots in traditional art. Iran is known throughout the world for its ancient art and Iranian artists use this motif in their artwork, Shaluii mentioned during the ceremony.“Some of the designs on display date back 130 years. They were drawn on graph paper manually and sometimes the artists even drew the graph lines on paper by hand. Such designs demonstrate the efforts of our ancestors,” the secretary of the exhibit Mohammadali Rajabi mentioned.The exhibit is cosponsored by the Iranian Academy of Arts, Iran’s National Carpet Center, the Carpet Museum of Iran and Iran Carpet Company.
    The exhibit will run through December 15 at the museum .

    Iran Weaving Carpet to Promote World Peace

    TEHRAN, Nov. 21 (MNA) -- The process of weaving the Carpet of World Peace and Friendship was officially inaugurated at the Sadabad Historical Complex in the presence of several Iranian and foreign officials on Wednesday. Director of the UNESCO Office in Tehran Qunli Han, who was among the participants, made the opening speech and said that the Carpet of World Peace and Friendship is a concrete example of respecting human rights and humanity. The carpet indicates Iran’s interest in peace and friendship by means of the art of Persian carpet weaving for which it is world wide famous, he remarked. Sadabad director Eshrat Shayeq was next who commented, “We Iranians selected the intricate knots and magnificent patterns of Persian carpet to deliver our message of peace to the world.” “The language and character of Persian carpets is familiar to everyone and those whose hearts beat for peace can tie a knot on this carpet and share in its message,” he added.He went on to say, “We believe that we can help boost peace and friendship through unity and transform political conflicts into dialogues of friendship.”Germany futsal team members as well as several other officials from UNESCO office in Tehran were also among the participants. In addition, the musical group “Ruh-Afza” gave a live performance, and the ceremony ended with several guests symbolically tying knots on the carpet.The project began in early summer at the Sadabad complex, and 180 guests including art, cultural, sports, and political figures so far tied have a knot on the carpet. The 2 x 1.5 meter carpet will be completed by artists from Tabriz and when finished, will be handed over to officials at the UN headquarters in Paris.

    Over 180,000 People Visit Mashhad Intl' Book Fair

    MASHHAD, Nov 23,( IRNA)-- Director of Public Relations office of Mashhad Book Exhibition said a large number of people visited the 10th International Book Exhibition in Mashhad, capital of Khorasan Razavi province.
    Jamal Shoushtari told IRNA on Saturday, "More than 180,000 people have visited the exhibition in which 800 domestic publishers and a number of foreign publishers presented 90,000 book titles in different fields."
    The 10th International Book Exhibition in Mashhad started its work on November 13 and ended on 22, 2008 .

    kayhan International

    Majid Majidi

    Majid Majidi was born in Teheran in 1959 from an Iranian middle class family. He grew up in Teheran and at the age of 14 he started acting in amateur theater groups. He then studied at the Institute of Dramatic Art in Teheran.
    After the Islamic revolution in1978, his interest in cinema brought him to act in variousfilms,notably "Boycott"(1985) from Mohsen Makhmalbaf. His debut as a director and screenwriter is marked by "Baduk" (1992), his first feature film that was presented at the Quinzaine of Cannes and won several awards nationwide. Since then, he has written and directed several films that won worldwide recognitions, notably "Children of Heaven" (1997) that won the "Best Picture" at Montreal International Film Festival and nominated for best foreign film at the Oscar Academy Awards. His film "The Color of Paradise" (1999) has also won the "Best Picture" award at Montreal International Film Festival. In the USA, it has been selected as one of the best 10 films of year 2000 by Time Magazine and selected by the Critics Picks of the New York Times among the 10 best films of 2000. This film has set a box office record for an Iranian film in the U.S.A. His last film "Baran" has won seven major awards at the Teheran International film Festival in February 2001 and the "Best Picture" award at the 25th Montreal International Film Festival in 2001.

    Majidi's works:

    Explosion (Enfejar) - 1981
    Hoodaj - 1984
    Examination day (Rooz Emtehan) - 1988
    A Day With POWs (Yek Rooz Ba Asiran) - 1989
    Baduk - 1992
    The last village (Akhareen Abadi) - 1993
    Father (Pedar) - 1996
    God will come (Khoda Miayad) - 1996
    Children of Heaven (Bachehaye Aseman) - 1997
    The Color Of Paradise (Range Khoda) - 1999
    Baran (Rain) - 2001

    some pictures of Iran

    Takht e jamshid Qashqai

    Mohammad Reza Shajarian Master of . . .

    Master of Persian traditional (classical) singing

    Mohammad Reza Shajarian is the undisputed master of Persian traditional (classical) singing. He is regarded as a national treasure by both musicians and music lovers. His singing is technically flawless, powerful, and strongly emotional. In music of Iran, traditional singing is the most difficult art to master. Shajarian is the embodiment of the perfect singer and a major source of inspiration.

    Born in 1940 in the city of Mash'had in northeastern Iran, Mohammad Reza Shajarian studied singing at the early age of five under the supervision of his father. His focus at first was on the local folk music of his native province, Khorasan, but later at the age of twelve he studied the traditional repertoire, the Radif.

    Shajarian was deeply inspired by the late master vocalist Gholam Hossein Banan. He studied under the guidance of master Abdollah Davami, from whom he learned the most ancient tasnifs (songs). Davami also passed on to Shajarian his own interpretation of the Radif.

    Shajarian started his singing career in 1959 at Radio Khorasan. He rose to prominence in the 1960s with his distinct style of singing. Since then, he has led an illustrious career that includes teaching at Tehran University's department of Fine Arts (among other places), researching the musical arts of Iran, and working at the National Radio and Television. He has been performing regularly in Iran and throughout the world. His performances have brought him universal acclaim and an eminent position among his compatriots.

    Besides his tremendous musical talent, Shajarian has had a life-long passion for Persian Calligraphy. Since 1967, he has practiced this art under the instructions of two Iranian master calligraphers, Ebrahim Buzari, and Hossein Mirkhani. At present, he is considered an accomplished calligrapher with his own distinct style.

    After 2003 Bam earthquake, Mohammad Reza Shajarian initiated a project to help the people of Bam. He also performed concerts in favor of people of Bam. After years of silence in Iran, his performance for the people of Bam was an outstanding humanitarian step towards his own people. He is widely known and accepted as the Singer of the People.

    Awards and distinctions
    Nushin medal (2008)
    The UNESCO award - the UNESCO Mozart Medal[6] (2006)
    Nominated for Grammy award in Best World Music (2006)
    Nominated for Grammy award in Best World Music (2004)
    Iran’s best classical vocalist (2000)
    Golden Picasso Medal (1999), one of Europe's highest honors presented by UNESCO in France.
    National radio and television golden cup (1977)
    Prize presented by Turkish parliament speaker (1976)

    Iranian Caves

    Iran is home to many beautiful and splendid caves , ( 500 caves )
    E. Raeisi, M. Laumanns (2003): Iran Cave Directory, 10 1pages, country maps in colour and many cave surveys; Berlin 2003.The first cave directory on Iran in English language, mainly translated from Persian sources.

    Iranian Caves
    Due to the presence of great quantities of limestone, many caves have been formed in Iran. The most famous of these caves are to be found in Azarbaijan, in Kurdestan, near Hamadan, Isfahan Province and in the Teheran area.
    Ghar-e-Ali Sadr , Chal-Nakhjir, Darband Cave, Huto and Kamarband Cave, Ghar Katalehkhor, Kish Underground City , Niasar, Ghar-e-Quri Qaleh, Cave of Shapoor , Vara Cave . . .

    Shapur cave
    The Shapur Cave : is located at Sasan village on the right side of the road by Shapur river which is 6 km from the city of Bishapur in Zagros Mountains, western Iran. The statue of Shapur I, the Great is set up inside the cave which belongs to about 1,800 years ago. The opening to the cave is one of the largest in Iran.

    The Karaftu cave : is one of the important caves of Iran. It is situated in the Divandarreh Township (Shahrestan) of the Kordestan Province in the West of Iran. The length of the cave is about 750 meters and it has 4 stories .

    The Ghar-e-Roodafshan cave : is located in Roodafshan valley, Tehran Province . Since 2003 the Verein für Höhlenkunde in Obersteier (Austria) with the Khaneye Koohnavardan-e-Tehran (Iran) has been surveying Ghar-e-Roodafshan. (2003-2005) The length of this spacious cave is 1.502 m with a vertical distance of -90,6 m. The Roodafshan Entrance Hall with 168 m length, 94 m width, 40 m high and 11.395 m2 floor area is presently the biggest documented cave chamber in Iran .

    Do-Ashkaft Cave
    The Do-Ashkaft Cave, being the Middle Paleolithic cave site, is located at north of Kermanshah, near Taq-eBostan. It is located about 1600 metres above the sea level and its entrance faces south, overlooking the national park of Kuhestan. The site was discovered by two Iranian researchers, F. Biglari and S. Heydari in 1999 and during next four years was sampled each month which resulted in a rich Middle Paleolithic lithic collection. The Mousterian occupants of the cave made their tools on local raw material outcrops around the cave.

    Deragon Cave
    The Deragon Cave is the deepest cave in Khorasan, located in South Khorasan, Iran near Sarayan .

    Dashkasan : is a three caves complex located 10 km to the south-east of Soltaniyeh . In outside of the caves there is a temple called Dragon Stone of Dash Kasan Caves which was made by the order of mongol king Öljaitü in the early XIV century. The temple was build by four Chinese craftsmen. The architecture of Dash Kasan caves looks like an incomplete rectangle .

    The Alisadr , KABUDARAHANG
    The Alisadr Caves are located about 75 kilometers north of Hamadan ,in western Iran .After one in the USA and one in Indonesia, it is the largest cave in the world .The cave belongs to second Jurassic period (130-190 million years ago) the reign of Darius I (521-485 BC) ; The main chamber of the cave is 100 meters by 50 meters and 40 meters high, and it contains several large, deep lakes. The cave has a river flowing through it and traveling through the cave is mostly done by pedal boats. Its exploration as a natural attraction was in 1963 and opened to public from 1975 to now.In the hills where the Alisadr cave is located, there are two other caves by the names of Soo Bashi and Sarab Caves. The water present in Alisadr Cave, takes its source from that of the Sarab Cave. The Alisadr Cave comprises of a number of small and large 'halls' or spaces . The water within the cave is extremely cold but very clear, odorless, colorless and with an ordinary taste. It comes under the calcium bicarbonate category, is nearly neutral in PH, but unfortunately polluted. The ceiling of the cave is covered with a sedimentation of pure calcium carbonate and a mixture of other chemical compounds. Thus forming stalagmites of unique beauty and design .The air within the cave is light and static. To date, all the canals of this cave have not been discovered, and only approximately 2,100 m. have been recognized. Here, the height of the ceiling is between 1-35 m. the width of the canals 2 - 15 m. and the depth of the water 1-17 m. Within the cave, electric power, and paddling canoes (seating 4 persons) aid visitors to see parts of this cave.

    Asia's longest cave in western Iran , Sassanid era (205-651 AD).
    Among the oak forests of Oramanat and Paveh at a distance of 90 km. from Kermanshah, exists the Qoori Qaleh Cave which is considered the largest cave with water in Asia. This cave begins in the Qoori Qaleh Village and according to people continues till Iraq. In 1989, a group of mountaineer of the mountain Climbing Institute of the province succeeded in discovering the internal portion of the cave and its various halls. This group in addition to gaining access to the depth of the cave discovered about 12 dark and meandering paths and mapped them. The Qoori Qaleh Cave is about 3,140 m. in length. In this cave a rare species of bats (colony of mouse ear bats ) has been seen. Some articles related to a relic of an ancient Sassanide castle nearby have been discovered. A variation of colors and oblique pillars and waterfalls are unique characteristics of the Qoori Qaleh Cave.

    Kotle-khor cave : Katale ( Catale ) Khor cave is located about 400 km west of Tehran, Iran, near the city of Zanjan. The cave was scientifically studied at 1984 and due to the results, formation of the cave referred to the Jurassic period (about 120 million years ago). The cave mostly contains lime stalactites and stalagmites and huge halls and corridors, mainly dry. Three levels of the cave have been explored so far and it is anticipated that unexplored levels exceeds to four. Currently, there are two visiting routes inside the cave, a 2 km long straight route for public visit and a 4 km long sport route for professionals. This cave at entry stages was residence of ancient people so that bones of about 80 people are still preserved. This gallery presents a tiny part of nature excellence and glamour in the " KataleKhor Cave " This cave was discovered about 90 years ago but it was registered by Ahmad Jamali .

    Sahoolan Cave
    Sahoolan ( Sahulan or Sahoulan )water cave locates 43 km to the southeast of Mahabad on the road to the city of Boukan in the northwestern of Iran, is the Country's second largest water cave after Alisadr cave in Hamedan. The name of the cave is taken from the village in which it is located, but it is also called by local people `Dove Nest'. Doves are seen all around the cave, given that they are the major residents of Sahoolan . it is situated at a height of 2,000 meters from the sea level, this tourist spot is cool in summer and freezing in winter . This charming natural phenomenon includes the waterway and dry part which can be visited by boat and on foot . Inside the cave is quite humid and dark, but hundreds of flashlights installed in it provide enough light to enable visitors to look at the interior of this rare tourist attraction.

    Iran Nature , showcaves site , press tv , Mr. Ali Majdfar

    Mohammad Reza Shajarian ' pics

    Caves pictures

    Alisadr cave Alisadr ghoori

    Kish Island , Pearl of the Persian Gulf

    kish Island , a pearl across the turquoise waters of the Persian Gulf

    Kish Island has a unique situation in the strategic Persian Gulf region amongst tens of large and small islands. This island is so beautiful and attractive that it has become known as the Pearl of the Persian Gulf since ancient times , with an area of 90,547 square kilometers, the island is located only 18 km off the southern coast of the Islamic Republic of Iran. This beautiful oval-shaped island is 15 km long and seven km wide. It is part of the Hormozgān Province of Iran.Its calm coasts are covered with coral sands that shine in the sunlight, creating a unique and fascinating sight. The clear coastal waters allow one to view several meters deep into the sea and watch the beautiful movement of the fish. Diverse plants and native trees, as well as a pleasant climate seven months a year are among the outstanding characteristics of the island.The island has attracted many tourists, travelers and writers throughout history due to these very characteristics. Among those who have written in praise of this island are Niarkhous, the Greek navy commander who traveled to Kish in 225 B.C., and wrote about its beautiful palm fields, Marco Polo, Ibn Batuta and Hamdullah Mostofi, as well as Ms. Fatemeh Al Ali the contemporary Kuwaiti writer who traveled to Kish in February 2002 and compared the island to a “gem on a king’s crown”.

    History of Kish Island : Kish has a long history of about 3,000 years, being called under various names such as Kamtina, Arakia, Arakata, and Ghiss in the course of time. To be sure, Kish must have experienced periods of hardship and ruination during the natural tribulation of its long history.It must have been invaded often and rule by alien forces. But Kish Island in the Persian Gulf has remained, like other islands such as Qeshm and Hormuz, an integral part of the safety reasons, not far from the coastlines, Kish was frequently used as a port of call by the ancient mariners who got drinking water and other necessities from the islanders . Kish island's strategic position served as a way station and link for the ancient Assyrian and Elamite civilization when their primitive sailboats navigated from Susa through Karoun river into the Persian Gulf and along the southern coastline passing Kish, Qeshm and Hormoz islands. Kish was, in particular, economically and politically linked with the civilization of the Medes and Persian and Arian people when they were in the height of their power .

    Kish Climate : Kish has a warm and humid climate with an average temperature of 30 degrees Celsius.The weather is temperate and pleasant in fall, winter and two months into the spring. July and August are the hottest months .

    People and language :The native people of Kish are a combination of Iranians and Arab- Iranians of the country’s southern provinces, who had migrated to the island during its ancient times of prosperity. Thus they speak Persian and Arabic. Kish has a population of 16501 comprising 4454 households. The increase in population is the result of the migration of Iranians from all parts of the country who come to work or invest in Kish. This has created considerable job opportunities and encouraged more migration to the island.

    The Ancient Town of Harireh : Harireh was situated in the middle of the northern part , precisely where the ruins are standing today ( references in the works of Iranian and Arab historian )

    KARIZ - E - KISH : Once again, greatness, ability, creative power, intention and diligence have appeared in revival of one of the Iranian Traditions. Those who were living on Kish Island tens of centuries ago, with their Iranian inherent intelligence in building aqueducts-under ground canal-mostly known as Qanat or Kariz-stroked the coralline layers of Kish Island in search of potable water, and were rewarded with "fresh water" or "sweet water" as the people say here. For centuries afterwards, the sweet water of Kish Island not only relieved the thirst of the local residents, but by exporting it to neighboring state, the local residents could swapping it with sugar or cash. Nowadays, the Kariz Kish has changed into a world unique phenomenon. The ancient canal were expanded, and an bellow the surface of the Kish Island, with museum, art galleries, handicraft workshops, traditional and modern tea/coffee shops. The present length of the under ground complex is about 3000 meters, and the visitors will have the choice either to walk inside it or to sail in power/pedals boats and see its beauties on board.

    Traditional Water Reservoirs : As in many other areas of the country where water is scarce, the past inhabitants of Kish used a special type of water reservoir to collect rainwater. These reservoirs were dug at the end of natural basins deep in the ground. With the innovation of desalination technology traditional water reservoirs became obsolete. But, what remains of them is a sight to visit for tourists. The architecture of these structures is unique and very interest .

    Education : Kish is home to Kish University, a university founded in 1996, it now has 360 students. Some of the most important activities include supporting and expanding existing educational centres, creating new educational centres, using new technology in developing educational activities, exploiting creditable educational national and international experiences, creating the foundations for all social classes to benefit from educational possibilities, the development of applied sciences regionally, and the promotion of university education levels through holding courses with creditable universities home and abroad.
    - Kish Institute of Arts and Sciences (teaching foreign languages) - Kish Institute of Graph-Rayaneh (teaching computer) - Parto Institute (teaching English) - Sadaf Cultural Centre - Mir Mohana Cultural Centre - Sana'ei Cultural Centre[

    Sports : Kish acts as the location for numerous international sporting event. Kish Island is part of the Professional Squash Association's annual tour, holding the Fajr International Squash Championship. And also holds Iran's Traditional and Heroic Games Contests annually attracting over 17 countries worldwide. As part of the Flower of the East project Kish will have an 18-hole championship golf course based on PGA standards and a 9-hole course for beginners. Kish is home to a multi-purpose Olympic stadium seating 1200 spectators, it caters for 11 sports including volleyball, basketball, handball, futsal, gymnastics, wrestling, taekwondo, judo, karate and chess. All of these are supervised by professional and international coaches. It attracts top national football teams and clubs who often use Kish as summer training camp with high quality facilities, good weather and a tranquille environment making it a good location. The Kish Karting Track is one of the largest in the Middle East, and one of the first of its kind in Iran. A great array of water sports are also on offer in Kish such as snorkeling and scuba diving courses, jet skiing, diving cruises, water skiing, sea skiffs, cruises to other islands around Kish, parasailing, jet boat rides, cruise fishing boats, pedal boating, banana boat rides, and windsurfing. Maryam Bowling Complex not only has 16 bowling lanes but also has a health club with a fitness suite and a jacuzzi. Kish Equestrian Club hosts national races and the high standards present at the club make it suitable for holding international competitions. Kish has 3 international standard volleyball courts, Kish held the 2006 Asian Men's Beach Volleyball Championship. Rumors indacated it as a possible future FIA Formula One World Championship venue.

    The PersianGulf - Kish Trade Promotion Center

    Cultural News

    Iran Exhibits Artworks on Van Gogh

    TEHRAN, Nov 26 (Press TV) -- Tehran has mounted an exhibition of works by a number of veteran Iranian artists about the celebrated Dutch painter, Vincent van Gogh. 'Van Gogh's Ear' displays artworks by contemporary artists including Abbas Kiarostami, Parviz Tanavoli, Gholam-Hossein Nami and Parviz Tanavoli. The theme of the works has been chosen as a symbol of the difficulties and challenges that artists face throughout their lives.
    One of the items on display is a Kiarostami photograph which depicts Van Gogh on the farm where he committed suicide. Parviz Tanavoli's bronze statue has also called considerable attention at the exhibition, which will run until Dec. 3, 2008 at Tehran's Gallery 10. Vincent Willem van Gogh (1853 -1890) was a Post-Impressionist artist, whose paintings and drawings are among some of the world's best known, most popular and most expensive pieces. Van Gogh cut off part of his left ear following a breakdown in his friendship with French painter Paul Gauguin, which was followed by recurrent bouts of mental illness, leading to his suicide. Kiarostami's photograph, picturing Van Gogh on the farm where he committed suicide.

    6 Iranian Films in Indian Film Fest

    TEHRAN, Nov 26 ( IRNA) --The 39th Indian International Film Festival which opened on Saturday has devoted a special section to Iranian films. Some six Iranian films will be screened in the section in which the directors of the films will also be present. Commenting on the festival, director of Iran's Cultural Office in India, Abdelhamid Ziaei told IRNA in New Delhi that the entity is involved in organizing the event. Following coordination made with the director of the international section, it was agreed that Iranian films will be featured in the event. Thefilms 'Mainline' by Rakhshan Bani-Etemad, 'Slowly' by Maziar Miri, 'Abandoned Station' by Ali Reza Raeisian, 'Star Cafe' by Saman Moqaddam, 'Cow' by Darioush Mehrjouei and 'Fish Fall in Love' by Ali Rafiei were selected for screening at the festival, he said. Ziaei, who will address the inaugural ceremony of the special section, further said that in addition to the Iranian directors, actresses Niki Karimi and Hanieh Tavassoli will also take part in the event.
    Niki Karimi will serve on the panel of jury of the festival, he noted.
    The 39th Indian International Film Festival, which opened in Panaji, Goa in south India, on November 22, features films from Asia, Latin America, and Africa.

    Ideh to Set Mowlavi Poems to Music

    TEHRAN, Nov 29 (Press TV)--Iran's Ideh pop band is slated to set Mowlavi's poems to music at the 24th edition of Tehran's Fajr International Music Festival. Led by pop singer Ali Tafreshi, the group will perform four pieces featuring poems by the 13th century mystic poet. Heavenly Love and The Flame will be among the pieces, which will be performed as a combination of classical, pop and traditional music. Tafreshi will be accompanied by Arash Saeedi, Ali Rahimi, Milad Derakhshani, Reza Tajbakhsh, Arash Fallah Safa, Peyman Latifi and Omid Mahak.
    Tehran's 2008 Fajr International Music Festival will be held from Dec. 9 to 16, 2008 in the Iranian capital.

    kayhan International

    some pictures of Kish Island

    Marjan - Park

    Iranian painter , author, art critic,

    Aydin Aghdashloo : Iranian painter, author, art critic, art historian and graphic designer

    He was born in Rasht in 1941 and graduated from the College of Fine Arts of Tehran University. Aghdashloo is a prominent painter, graphic designer, researcher, art critic and author in Iran and teaches at a number of art colleges. He is among the founding members of Reza Abbasi Museum and was the museum’s curator in 1976. In 1977 he wrote and produced a series of documentary films on Iranian calligraphy, tile works and architecture. He was also co-producer of a 13-part documentary series on the history of painting titled “Towards Sphinx” for the National Iranian Radio and Television in 1979. Aghdashloo published a selection of his articles and interviews titled “Joys and Wishes” in 1992. He also published a book of his selected paintings in 1994 as well as a collection of works by Agha Lotfali Suratgar in 1997.
    His other publications include “ Years of Fire and Snow” (selected articles and interviews, 1999) and “ Aydin Aghdashloo Interviews with Asghar Abdullahi and Mohammad Abdi ” (1999).
    Aghdashloo was jury member at the Eighth Tehran International Poster Biennial in 2001 and the Iranian representative in Acasia Paradiso, Milan, Safavid Royal Arts, 2004.

    First painting exhibition in Iran-America Society, 1975
    Second painting exhibition, cover designs of Aydin Aghdashloo, Tehran Contemporary Arts Museum, 1999
    Participation in Contemporary Iranian Art Exhibition, Barbican Center, Crow Gallery, London, 2001
    Participation in Contemporary Iranian Art exhibition, Christie’s Gallery, London, 2002

    June 2005 Academy Member of Second Islamic World Painting biannual / Tehran
    June 2005 Academy Member of Second Islamic World Graphic biannual / Tehran
    11,12th July 2005 Lecture on "Revolutionary Art, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, UK
    10, March 2006 Lecture in Paris
    13th March - 7 th April 2006 Stay in Canada
    June 2006 Release of the book: "Heavenly & Earthly,Iranian Calligraphy, from past to present"
    October 2006 Selected Judge of Tehran "Religious Posters" festival
    November 2006 Painting exhibition : "Aydin Unlimited"
    November 2 - 16, 2006 At Arta Gallery Toronto, Canada
    Dec 2006 Retrospective, Iranian Contemporary Art Museum
    May 2007 Head of board of directors, Tehran Painting biannual
    Oct 2007 Painting "Memories of Destruction: The Years of Fire and Snow " was sold at 145,000 USD in Christie's auction in Dubai.
    July 18th 2008 Lecture in Tirgan Festival in Torronto


    n / a

    Mountains of Iran

    There are two major ranges of mountains called the Alborz and the Zagros :

    - The Alborz have been extended all the way from Azerbaijan to Afghanistan passing through the southern part of the Caspian Sea, is a mountain range in northern Iran stretching from the borders of Armenia in the northwest to the southern end of the Caspian (Mazandaran) Sea, and ending in the east at the borders of Turkmenistan and Afghanistan. The largest mountain in the Middle East, Mount Damavand, is located in the range.

    - The Zagros have covered a region from Azerbaijan to the west and SE of the country.

    Middle Alborz Mountains :

    Damavand 5671 : Mount Damavand , is a dormant volcano and the highest peak in Iran with a special place in the Persian mythology and folklore. Located in the middle Alborz Range, it is the highest point in the Middle East and the highest volcano in all of Asia.The mountain is located near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea, in Amol county, Mazandaran, 66 kilometres (41 miles) northeast of Tehran
    Kholeno 4385 : It is the second highest peak in the central Alborzs region . It is situated in Tehran Province and its typical ascending path is from the south face and the village of Zagoon
    Azad Kuh 4375
    Nazer 4350
    Paloon Gardan 4250
    Koloon Bastak 4200
    Sarakchal 4150
    Varevasht 4100
    Kharsang 4100
    Tochal 3964 : Mount Tochal is a mountain in the Alborz range and adjacent to metropolitan Tehran, Iran. The mountain has a 12 km long ridgeline. The highest peak, also called Mount Tochal, is at an elevation of 3,964 m (13,005 feet) and at coordinates .Tochal has a long gondola lift which begins from Velenjak valley at 1900m and ends in the last station at 3740m near the main ridge of Tochal. This gondola lift is used for accessing ski resorts and other recreational centers on the mountain.
    Mehrchal 3920
    Atas hkuh 3850
    Shah Neshin 3850
    Binalud 3211
    Sharbak 1694

    West Alborz Mountains :
    Sialan 4250
    Shah Alborz 4200
    Khashechal 4180
    Naz 4100
    Kahar 4050

    Takht-e Suleyman Mountains :
    Alam Kuh 4850
    North Khersan 4680
    South Khersan 4659
    Takht-e-Suleyman peak 4659
    Siahsang 4604
    Haft khan 4537
    Chaloon 4516
    South Siahgook 4500
    North Siahgook 4445
    Siah Kaman 4472
    Shaneh kuh 4465
    Kalahoo 4412
    Gardoon kuh 4402
    Mian-sechal 4348
    Lashgarak 4256
    Zarin kuh 4200
    Alanehsar 4050
    Korma kuh 4020
    Pasand kuh 4000
    Siahleiz 3975

    Zagros Mountains :
    Zard Kuh 4548
    Dena 4359 : Dena is a mountain range within the Zagros Mountains of West/Southwestern Iran. Dena is a part of the Zagros mountain range, situated on the boundary of the Isfahan, Kohkilooyeh Va Boyer Ahmad, and Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiyari provinces.

    Azarbaijan Mountains :
    Sabalan 4811
    Sahand 3750

    Sabalan Meshkinshahr :
    It is Iran's second highest mountain peak located in the extreme North West of Iran.A mountain higher than Mont Blanc in the Alps, with many lakes & volcanic crater. The mountain enjoys specific attractions in various seasons of the year where themountain Climber feels he has entered a land of dreams and wonders. On the slopes of the mountain , there flows many mineral water springs which attract thousands of tourists each year, and many have their healed in the springs.

    Alvand : is a mountain chain in western Iran , near Hamedan, with a summit of 3570 m, and consists mainly of intrusive rocks (granite, granitoid and diorite).

    Symbolism and mythology of Damavand :
    Damavand is, as any cursory reading of Persian literature will indicate, the Mount Olympus of Persian mythology.
    And the symbol of Iranian resistance against foreign rule in Persian poetry and literature. In Zoroastrian texts and mythology, the three-headed dragon Azi Dahaka was chained within Mount Damavand, there to remain until the end of the world. In a later version of the same legend, the tyrant Zahhak was also chained in a cave somewhere in mount Damavand after being defeated by Kaveh and Fereydun. Damavand is also significant to the Iranian
    legend of Arash. The mountain is said to hold magical powers in the Sahnameh.


    Some works of Aydin Aghdashloo

    Aydin  Aghdashloo  in  2004

    some pictures of Iran mountains

    Damavand Alborz montains Alvand

    Cultural News

    Fajr Musicfest Announces Int'l Programs

    TEHRAN, Nov 26 (Press TV) -- Iran has announced the list of programs in the international section of the 24th Fajr International Music Festival to be held in Tehran.
    The festival's international programs will include the following:
    Johannes Leetouwer (The Netherlands): Baroque pieces on violin
    Mozart Chamber Orchestra (Austria): Classical pieces by Mozart
    Storioni ensemble (The Netherlands): Romantic Era pieces on piano and violin
    A Piacere quartet (France): Impressionist pieces by French musicians
    Secret Theater ensemble (Italy): pieces from the Second Viennese School and composed by Arnold Schoenberg
    Resonabilis ensemble (Estonia): Folk music on the Kannel - a string instrument similar to the German Zither and the Turkish Kanun.
    Tarhana band (Bulgaria, Spain, Turkey, Romania): Traditional folk pieces from the four countries.
    The international participants will perform at Tehran's Vahdat and Roudaki halls during the festival to be held from Dec. 9 to 16, 2008.

    Washington Hosts Festival of Iranian Films

    TEHRAN, Nov 29 (Press TV)--The thirteenth annual Washington Festival of Iranian Films will see the screening of contemporary Iranian dramas and comedies. Festival highlights include the screening of Banana Skin by Ali Atshani, Three Women by Manijeh Hekmat, Head Wind by Mohammad Rasoulof, Loose Rope by Mehrshad Karkhani, Over There by Abdolreza Kahani, and Santouri by Dariush Mehrjui. Over There is a 70-minute production that tells the story of a young man who has only ten days left to return to the US to renew his green card but cannot leave his country because of marital problems. The award winning film by Kahani topped Greece's Thessaloniki Film Festival and won the Golden Alexander award for Best International Film.
    Loose Rope, depicts the story of two young rural men who must transport a large cow across the city if they want to keep their jobs and futures secure. The extensive showcase of films by both veteran and new Iranian directors will be highlighted at America's Freer Gallery of Art in Washington as part of a 12-day event slated to begin on January 9, 2009.

    Parvin Etesami's Life to Be Filmed

    TEHRAN, Nov 25, (IRNA) -- A TV series on the life and works of Parvin Etesami, well-known Iranian poetess, will be produced by Sima Film Company. Soheila Alavizadeh has written more than 15 episodes of the TV series, which are expected to complete by March. Sima Film company has earlier produced films on luminaries such as Shahriar, renowned Azari poet. The series to be directed by Pouran Derakhshandeh will have 14 episodes.
    Parvin Etesami was born in Tabriz in 1907. She studied at the American Girls College in Tehran and graduated in 1924 from the Iran Bethel, an American high school for girls. Afterwards, she taught for a while at that school.
    Her family moved to Tehran early in her life, and in addition to the formal schooling, she obtained a solid understanding of Arabic and classical Persian literature from her father. She died at the age of 34 and was buried near her father in Qom. During her short life, she managed to achieve great fame amongst Iranians.
    Parvin's poetry follows the classical Persian tradition both in form and substance.

    Carpet Modelled Upon The Persian Gulf on Display in Press Fair

    TEHRAN, Nov 18,( IRNA)-- A one/tenth model of The Persian Gulf colored sand carpet is put on display in the ongoing international press exhibition in Tehran. The 15th International Press and News Agencies Exhibition has started in the Iranian capital since Monday. A large number of Iranian and domestic media and news agencies are taking part in the week-long event. The real carpet is 1,200-square meter made by 70 types of colored sands.
    It is called 'The Persian Gulf' and is to be put on display on Eid al Adha, on December 9, on the southern island of Qeshm in the Persian Gulf. The sand carpet was made by some 50 artists from Hormuzgan province in southern Iran that is home to the Persian Gulf .

    kayhan international

    Yazd " the bride of the Kavir "

    Yazd is the second most ancient and historic city in the world, with 131,551km sq is situated at an oasis where the Dasht-e Kavir desert and the Dasht-e Lut desert meet . it is the capital of Yazd province . The city is located some 175 miles southeast of Isfahan and had an estimated population of 505,037 people in 2006 . Yazd is an architecturally unique city , Because of generations of adaptations to its desert surroundings .
    It is also known for the high quality handicrafts, especially silk weaving, and its sweets shops. Yazd is the driest major city in Iran, with an average annual rainfall of only 60 millimetres and the hottest north of the Persian Gulf coast, with summer temperatures very frequently above 40 °C (104 °F) . The city has a 3000 year long history, dating back to the time of the Median empir. The present city name, however, may have been derived from Yazdegerd I, a Sassanid ruler. The city was definitely a Zoroastrian centre during Sassanid times. After the Islamic conquest of Persia, many Zoroastrians fled to Yazd from neighbouring provinces.
    It was visited by Marco Polo in 1272 who remarked on the city's fine silk-weaving industry. It is the capital city of the Yazd province .
    the Yazd province is divided into 10 districts, each includes at least one town and a number of villages. These districts are: Abarkuh, Ardakan, Bafq, Khatam, Maybod, Mehriz, Tabas, Sadough, Taft and Yazd.
    Architecture and Heritage : Yazd has some of the finest examples of traditional desert Persian residential architecture . Because of its climate, it has one of the largest networks of qanats in the world, and Yazdi qanat makers are considered the most skilled in Iran. To deal with the extremely hot summers, many old buildings in Yazd have magnificent windcatchers, and large underground areas. The city is also home to prime examples of yakhchals, the latter of which were used to store ice retrieved from glaciers the nearby mountains. Yazd is also one of the largest cities built almost entirely out of adobe.
    Yazd's heritage as a centre of Zoroastrianism is also important. There is a Tower of Silence on the outskirts, and the city itself has a Fire Temple, which holds a fire that has been kept alight continuously since 470 AD.
    Most famous places : Arab-ha House - Malek-altojjar House - Lari-ha House - Mullah Ismall mosque -sahl Ibn Ali Mausoleum Khan Bazaar - Rasoulian House - Sheikh Ahmad Fahadan Mausoleum - Seyed Rokn-al din Mausoleum - Seyed Shams-al din Mausoleum - Masoudi Reservoir - Malak-al Tojjar House
    Mortaz House - Iran Shahr School - Hajj Yusef Reservoir - Rig mosque - Fort mosque -Shah Tahmasb mosque - Zargari Bazzar - Mortazian House - Fortifications of Yazd - Zia iah school
    Today : Yazd Railway stationb 2007Always known for the quality of its silk and carpets, Yazd today is one of Iran's industrial centers for textiles. There is also a considerable ceramics and construction materials industry and unique confectionery and jewelry industries. A significant portion of the population is also employed in other industries including agriculture, dairy, metal works and machine manufacturing. There are a number of companies involved in the growing information technology industry, mainly manufacturing primary materials such as cables and connectors. Currently Yazd is the home of the largest manufacturer of fibre optics in Iran.
    Yazd's confectioneries have a tremendous following throughout Iran, which has been a source of tourism for the city. Workshops (experts or khalifehs) keep their recipes a guarded secret and there are many that have remained a private family business for many generations. Baghlava, ghotab and pashmak are the most popular sweets made in the city.
    the Yazd Water Museum : It features exhibits of water storage vessels and historical technologies related to water and opened in 2000 .
    Higher education in Yazd : The University of Yazd was established in 1988. It has a college of Architecture specializing in traditional Persian Art and Architecture. Yazd and its nearby towns contain the following institutes of higher education: Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services - Islamic Azad University of Bafq - Islamic Azad University of Maybod - Islamic Azad University of Yazd - Yazd Sampad Information Center - Yazd Science and Technology Park .


    some pictures of YAZD

    Yazd view  " Fire Temple "  " Jami mosque "  14 th century

    one of the great Iranian poet HAFEZ


    Rubaiyat :

    You are the moon and the sun is your slave;
    As your slave, it like you must behave.
    It is only your luminosity and light
    That light of sun and moon can save.

    The only vision I have is your sight
    The only thing I follow is your light.
    Everyone finds his repose in sleep,
    Sleep from my eyes has taken flight.

    My broken heart’s sorrows are deep.
    Painful, disturbed, broken my sleep.
    If you don’t believe, send me your thoughts
    And you will see how in sleep I weep.

    Shahriar Shahriari, 1999 - 2005

    Hafez (1324 -1391 A.D.), the best Persian poet, lived in the beautiful city of Shiraz (known as the city of roses and nightingales).In his childhood he had memorized the Holy Koran by listening to his father reading it, therefore he gained the title of Hafez which means the memorizer of the Holy Koran. It is said that Hafez had done this in fourteen different ways. He loved poems and had memorized many of the poems of famous poets such as Saadi, Attar, Rumi and Nizami. Hafez is the most popular poet in Iran. He served as court poet to several rulers of Shiraz. His poem book called Divan can be found in almost every Iranian home. It’s a collection of sonnets called Ghazal. Some of his poems are about God and some of them are about love. John Payne, who has translated the Diwan Hafez, regards Hafez as one of the three greatest poets of the world, the other two being Dante and Shakespeare. His tomb, a sacred place of the Iranian people and people from other countries, is located in Shiraz .

    Written by Atiyeh

    What others say about Hafiz:

    Goethe: In his poetry Hafiz has inscribed undeniable truth indelibly ... Hafiz has no peer!

    Emerson: Hafiz defies you to show him or put him in a condition inopportune or ignoble ... He fears nothing. He sees too far; he sees throughout; such is the only man I wish to see or be.

    Sir Arthur Conan Doyle: ...You may remember the old Persian saying, 'There is danger for him who taketh the tiger cub, and danger also for whosoever snatches a delusion from a woman.' There is as much sense in Hafiz as in Horace, and as much knowledge of the world.

    Edward Fitzgerald: The best musician of Words.

    Gertrude Bell: It is as if his mental eye; endowed with wonderful acuteness of vision, had penetrated into those provinces of thought which we of a later age were destined to inhabit.

    A. J. Arberry: ... Hafiz is as highly esteemed by his countrymen as Shakespeare by us, and deserves as serious consideration.

    Ghazal :

    O beautiful wine-bearer, bring forth the cup and put it to my lips
    Path of love seemed easy at first, what came was many hardships.
    With its perfume, the morning breeze unlocks those beautiful locks
    The curl of those dark ringlets, many hearts to shreds strips.
    In the house of my Beloved, how can I enjoy the feast
    Since the church bells call the call that for pilgrimage equips.
    With wine color your robe, one of the old Magi’s best tips
    Trust in this traveler’s tips, who knows of many paths and trips.
    The dark midnight, fearful waves, and the tempestuous whirlpool
    How can he know of our state, while ports house his unladen ships.
    I followed my own path of love, and now I am in bad repute
    How can a secret remain veiled, if from every tongue it drips?
    If His presence you seek, Hafiz, then why yourself eclipse?
    Stick to the One you know, let go of imaginary trips

    Shahriar Shahriari, 1999 - 2005


    Hafez Mausoleum in shiraz Hafez

    Cultural News

    Kish Island to Host Int’l Composite Confab

    TEHRAN, Nov 19,( IRNA) —The First International Composite Conference will be held on Kish Island from December 15-18. Announcing the above, the head of Iran Composite Institute, added the conference is a best venue to become familiar with the viewpoints of composite experts from home and aboard. Mahmoud Mehrdad Shokriyeh added some 250 composite experts from Iran, Canada, the UK, France, the USA, Russia, Malaysia, India and Brazil will participate in the four-day event. “Some 183 articles will be presented in the conference,” he said. An artist displays beheaded and dismembered dolls in the streets of Caracas, Venezuela.-Courtesy : BBC

    Elecomp 2008 Fair to Open in Tehran

    TEHRAN, Nov 19,( IRNA)— The 14th International Electronics, Computer and E-Commerce Fair (Elecomp 2008) will be held at Tehran’s Permanent Fairgrounds from November 22-25. Some 426 domestic and foreign companies will participate in the event of which 358 companies are from Iran. Foreign participants include companies from Germany, The Netherlands, China, Taiwan, India, France, Japan, Belgium, Denmark, Switzerland, Norway, Russia, the UK, Turkey, South Korea, Italy, Spain, the Philippines, Poland, Canada, Hong Kong, Singapore, Australia, Sweden and Denmark. The exhibition will be held in an area of 32,000 square meters. The exhibition seeks to introduce the potentials of domestic producers and provide opportunity to establish relations between reputable foreign and domestic companies by concluding agreements besides preparing appropriate grounds for exchange of views among those involved in this field.

    Melal Orchestra to Commemorate Iranian Constitution

    TEHRAN, Nov 19 (FNA)- The Melal Orchestra plans to commemorate the anniversary of the issuing of the Decree for the Iranian Constitution by performances in the upcoming summer.The orchestra will be performing for four nights, beginning on August 5, 2009, which marks the 103rd anniversary of the Iranian Constitution.
    Some compositions by Qajar era musicians have been scheduled for the orchestra’s repertoire, MNA quoted Conductor Peyman Soltani as telling the Persian service of CHN on Tuesday.
    “We have asked the prominent German musician, Cord Garben, who is the director of the Johannes Brahms Society (in Hamburg), to accompany the orchestra and there has been a general agreement about the collaboration,” he added. Soltani also said that a number of foreign musicians would likely perform with the orchestra, whose rehearsals have been slated to begin in late March 2009. Last April, the Melal Orchestra performed a series of open air concerts at Tehran’s Bagh-e Melli, a Qajar era monument, to commemorate the International Day for Monuments and Sites on April 18.

    Bonab's Qara-Chopoq Bathroom Registered

    TABRIZ, East Azarbaijan prov, Nov 24 (IRNA) -- Historic bathroom in Bonab's Qara-Chopoq village was registered on national heritage list. Announcing this, head of the provincial Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Department, Torab Mohammadi said that the bathroom which dates back to the Qajarid era was registered under No. 23044. The bathroom which has a trapezoid structure is 19 meters long and 13 meters wide. Its entrance is located at its southern flank, he added. The edifice was used as a public bathroom by the villagers until 1999, Mohammadi said. The department intends to conduct repair works on the monument and transform it to a cultural center, he said. Following the registration, Qara-Chopoq Bathroom is under special protection by Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization and damaging it is forbidden .

    Tehran to Exhibit German Expressionist Art

    TEHRAN, Nov 24 (FNA) -- Tehran's Museum of Contemporary Arts is slated to mount an exhibition of works by two celebrated German artists in the Iranian capital.
    The two German expressionist artists are known for their anti-war sentiments during the early decades of 20th century. Sixty works of printmaker and sculptor Kathe Schmidt Kollwitz (1867-1945) as well as 120 sculptures by Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) are to be displayed during the month-long show, which will open on December 21.
    "The show has been organized in a collaborative effort by TMCA and the cultural section of the German Embassy in Tehran," a TMCA curator's advisor Gholam Ali Taheri told MNA on Sunday.
    "The artists have been selected for the show due to their commitments to social, religious, and public aspects of art," he added. "Kollwitz expresses sympathy for the socially forlorn people in her artworks, which are all too familiar to Iranians. Poverty and concern are depicted along with love, kindness, and humanitarianism in the works of Kollwitz and Barlach," Taheri said. "The connection between the views of the two German artists on art and their proximity to the spiritual viewpoint of Iranian artists convinced us to organize the showcase," he explained.
    Barlach's style has often been called "modern Gothic". Barlach was an expressionist artist mostly known for his anti-war works, which were mostly confiscated as degenerate art after the rise of the Nazi Party.
    Expressionist painter and sculptor Kathe Schmidt Kollwitz (1867 - 1945) is known for her eloquent and often searing account of human conditions and her sympathy for the less fortunate members of society.
    Hippo (Hippopotamus amphibius) baby Farasi, born on Nov. 6, 2008 is seen in its enclosure along with mother Helvetia in the zoo in Basel, Switzerland.

    Vahdat Hall to Host Iran’s Literary Award

    TEHRAN, Nov 19 (FNA)- The Jalal Al-e Ahmad Literary Award, Iran’s most lucrative literary award will be held here on Saturday at Tehran’s Vahdat Hall. Each winner of the award, which is named after the prominent Iranian writer Jalal Al-e Ahmad (1923-1969) will receive 110 Bahar Azadi gold coins (worth over $200,000), said the organizer of the event Ali Shojaei Saiin. Shojaei who is also the managing director of Iran’s Book House noted that the winners are selected and will receive their awards during the ceremony on Saturday, adding, the entries are judged in the five categories of short story, novel, literary critics, documentation, and historiography.
    “The committee might choose some more literati to be honored on the same day which is also the anniversary of the birth of Jalal Al-e Ahmad (November 22),” he continued according to Tehran Times.
    Shojaei further explained that the reason for not inviting author Simin Daneshvar (Jalal’s wife) is due to her illness, “We felt that she would not be able to participate in the ceremony which might take a long time.”
    The 86-year-old writer was hospitalized in a Tehran hospital in July, 2007 due to a respiratory infection and was discharged the following month. After her recovery she resumed her writing activities.
    “The School Principal,” “By the Pen,” “The Tale of Beehives,” “The Cursing of the Land” and “A Stone upon a Grave” are among the works of Al-e Ahmad.

    kayhan international

    Mohsen Makhmalbaf

    Film Producer, Director, Screen Writer
    Mohsen Makhmalbaf Born on 1957 in Tehran. He spent four and a half years of his life in prison as a political activist and fight against the Shah's regime from the age of 17 to 22 and After revolution he freed from prison . While in prison he became interested in writing novels and stage plays. Currently there are 27 books published from Mohsen Makhmalbaf as a ground-breaking writer.
    In 1982 made his first film, Nasouh Repentance, about a bank clerk who seeks true repentance while facing death. This was the first in a trilogy of highly didactic films with strong religious themes and poor cinematic quality. In fact, making the trilogy also provided Makhmalbaf with his basic film training. His fourth film, Boycott (1985), set in a prison for political activists of different convictions, continued to glorify Islamic values.
    The Peddler (1987), a film that brought Makhmalbaf international attention, was the first turning point in a career full of twists and turns. In this moving three-episode film about a society caught in a web of moral and social decline, as well as in several subsequent films, Mahkmalbaf began to seriously question the values he had dearly espoused in his earlier films. The Cyclist (1989) traces the plight of a poor Afghan man forced to ride his bicycle continuously for a week to raise money for his ailing wife's treatment. Marriage of the Blessed (1990) is about a bitterly disillusioned war veteran on the verge of mental breakdown.
    Nasseredin Shah, the Movie Actor (Once upon a Time, the Cinema -1992), an affectionate look at the history of Iranian cinema, and The Actor (1993), an uneven comedy about a childless couple, revealed the lighter side of Makhmalbaf's creative character. But it didn't take him long to go back to his penetrating explorations of social realities in the disturbingly self-reflexive Salam Cinema (1994) - the cinema verite-style account of an audition that turns into a meditation on the corruption of power. In 1994, he participated with two of his films “Time Of Love” & “Salam Cinema” in official section of Cannes Film Festival. He returned to Cannes in 1995 with his next film “Gabbeh”. At the same time his other film “A Moment Of Innocence” was premiered in Locarno film Festival in 1995. He took part in Venice film festival in 1996 with his film “The Silence”. His film “Kandahar”, premiered in Cannes film festival 2001, and he put Afghanistan into the map before any other media. After making Kandahar he halted his filmmaking activities for two years in order to help and support Afghan Children thorough some of his Human Right activities. He took charge of executing 82 projects in a 2 year period on education, building schools, teaching cinema and hygiene within Afghanistan as well as Iran to improve the living conditions of Afghan people.
    Mohsen Makhmalbaf is the winner of more than 30 prominent international awards including the Legion d’honneur Medallion form France as well as The Best Asian Filmmaker of the world award from Pusan International Film Festival. He became the Dean of the Asian Film Academy in 2007. All members of his family are filmmakers. His older daughter the celebrated Samira Makhmalbaf with her films The Apple, The Blackboards & At Five in The Afternoon (all premiered in Cannes Film Festival). His younger daughter Hana Makhmalbaf with Joy of Madness (premiered in Venice Film Festival) & Buddha Collapsed Out Of Shame (screened in Berlin international film festival). His son Maysam Makhmalbaf with “How Samira Made The Blackboard” and his wife Marziyeh Meshkini the director of “The Day I Became A Woman” & “Stray Dogs” premiered at Venice Film Festival.
    Mohsen Makhmalbaf filmmaking is not limited to his country. He has the experience of shooting films in different regions including: India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkey and Iran.

    Directing: (Writer and Director) :
    1. Tobeh Nasuh 1982. 2. Two Blind Eyes 1983 3. Fleeing from Evil to God 1984.
    4. Boycott 1985. 5. The Peddler 1986. 6. The Cyclist 1987.
    7. Marriage of The Blessed 1988. 8. Time of Love 1990.
    9. The Nights of Zayandeh-Rood 1990. 10. Once Upon a Time, Cinema 1991.
    11. Actor 1992. 12. Salam Cinema 1994. 13. Gabbeh 1995.
    14. A Moment of Innocence 1995. 15. Silence 1997.
    16. Kandahar 2001. 17. Sex & Philosophy 2005.
    18. Scream of the Ants 2006.

    Short films:
    1. Images From the Ghajar Dynasty 1992. 2. Stone and Glass 1993.
    3. Wind, Ruined The School 1997. 4. The Door 1998.
    5. The Test of Democracy 2000. 6. The Afghan Alphabet 2002.
    7. The chair 2006

    Editing: (His own works) :
    1. The Peddler (1986). 2. The Cyclist (1987).
    3. Marriage of The Blessed (1988). 4. Time of Love (1990).
    5. The Nights of Zayandeh-Rood (1990). 6. Once Upon a Time, Cinema (1991).
    7. Images From the Ghajar Dynasty (1992). 8. The Actor (1992).
    9. Stone and Glass (1993). 10. Salam Cinéma (1994).
    11. Gabbeh (1995). 12. A Moment of Innocence (1995).
    13. The School Blown Away by Wind (1997).
    14. Silence (1997). 15.The Testing Democracy (2000).
    16.The Afghan Alphabet 2002. 17. Kandahar (2001). 18. Sex & Philosophy(2003).
    Screenplays: (Used by other filmmakers)
    1.Justification (Directed by Manouchehr Haghani-Parast) 1980.
    2. The Bells (Directed by Mohammad-Reza Honarmand) 1984.
    3. Rajayi School (Directed by Karim Zargar) 1985.
    4. The Governor (Directed by Morteza Masaeli) 1988.
    5. Unfinished Man (Directed by Moharam Zeinalzadeh) 1991.
    6. The Apple (Directed by Samira Makhmalbaf) 1997.
    7. The Blackboard (Directed by Samira Makhmalbaf) 1999.
    8. The Day I Became a Woman (Directed by Marziyeh Meshkini) 1999.
    9. Why the votes were Canceled (Directed by Babak Payamy) 2001.
    10. At five in the afternoon (Directed by Samira Makhmalbf) 2002.
    11. Poet of the waste (Directed by Mohammad Ahmadi) 2004
    12. Two-legged horse (Directed by Samira Makhmalbf) 2008.

    A- Novels & Stories 1. Shame: (Collection of 12 stories) 1980.
    2. Two Blind Eyes: (Collection of 13 stories) 1981.
    3. Hoze Sultan: (Long Story) 1984. 4. The Crystal Garden: (Novel) 1986.

    B- Play
    1. The Martyred Sheikh: 1981. 2. Death of Another: (Collection of 3 plays) 1982.
    3. Divine Arrow: (Collection of 2 plays) 1982. C- Screenplay
    1. Legitimate Parliament 1984. 2. Mother 1984. 3. The Bells 1984.
    4. Birth of an Old Woman 1985. 5. Rajayi School 1985.
    6. Marriage of The Blessed 1987. 7. The Cyclist 1988.
    8. Time of Love (Story and Screenplay) 1990. 9. Hail the Sun 1994.
    10. A Moment of Innocence 1997. 11. Kandahar 2001. 12. The Door 2001.

    D – Essays
    1. Introduction on Islamic art 2. Notes about story writing and playwriting
    3.The Buddha Was Not Demolished in Afghanistan; 4Works of Makhmalbaf published in other languages:
    1. The Crystal Garden (English, French, Greec, Italy) Novel. 2. Hoze Sultan (Turkish) Long Story.
    3. Death of Another (Kurdish, English, Urdu) Play. 4. A Fence Behind a Fence (Arabic, English) Play.
    5. Gabbeh (English, French) Screenplay. 6. Three Pictures (Italian) Screenplay.
    7. Beloveds of the Night (Italian, English) Short Story. 8. Maharajah (English) Screenplay.
    9. An Introduction to Islamic Art (Arabic) Article. 10. Surgery on the Soul (English) Short Story.
    11. The Door (English) Screenplay. 12. The Apple (English) Screenplay.
    13. The Blackboard (English-Japanese) Screenplay. 14. The Day I Became a Woman (English) Screenplay.
    15. Blessing of God’s Name (English) Screenplay. 16. Silence (English) Screenplay.
    17. The Buddha Was Not Demolished in Afghanistan; It Collapsed Out of Shame (English, French, Greec, Korean, Portugaise, Russian, Italy, Japanese, Deutch...) Article.

    Works of Makhmalbaf published in other languages:
    1. The Crystal Garden (English, French, Greec, Italy) Novel. 2. Hoze Sultan (Turkish) Long Story.
    3. Death of Another (Kurdish, English, Urdu) Play. 4. A Fence Behind a Fence (Arabic, English) Play.
    5. Gabbeh (English, French) Screenplay. 6. Three Pictures (Italian) Screenplay.
    7. Beloveds of the Night (Italian, English) Short Story. 8. Maharajah (English) Screenplay.
    9. An Introduction to Islamic Art (Arabic) Article. 10. Surgery on the Soul (English) Short Story.
    11. The Door (English) Screenplay. 12. The Apple (English) Screenplay.
    13. The Blackboard (English-Japanese) Screenplay. 14. The Day I Became a Woman (English) Screenplay.
    15. Blessing of God’s Name (English) Screenplay. 16. Silence (English) Screenplay.
    17. The Buddha Was Not Demolished in Afghanistan; It Collapsed Out of Shame (English, French, Greec, Korean, Portugaise, Russian, Italy, Japanese, Deutch...) Article.

    Films: (Producer)
    1. A Moment of Innocence, 1995 2. Silence, 1997. 3. The Apple, 1997.
    4. The Blackboard, 1999. 5. The Day I Became a Woman, 1999.
    6. Kandehar, 2000. 7. Sex & Philosophy, 2005

    As a Jury:
    1- Locarno (Switzerland) 1994. 2- Sao Paulo (Brazil) 1995.
    3- Torino (Italy) 1996. 4- Taormina (Italy) 1998.
    5-Pusan (South Corea)1998. 6- Bahrein (Bahrein) 2000.
    7- Singapore (Singapore) 2000. 8- Crala (India) 2001.
    9- Osian's – Cinefan (India) 2004. 10- Dushanbeh (Tajikistan) 2004.
    11- Clermont-ferrand (France) 2006. 12- Venice (Italy) 2006.
    13- Europe Asia (Kazakhstan) 2006.

    International Awards: (Films)
    1. The Cyclist: Best Film - Rimini Festival (Italy) 1989.
    2. The Cyclist: Best Film - Hawaii Festival (USA) 1991.
    3. Once Upon a Time, Cinema: Best Film - Taormina Festival (Italy) 1992.
    4. Once Upon a Time, Cinema: Best Film – Karlovy vary Festival (Czechoslovakia) 1992.
    5. Once Upon a Time, Cinema: Best Film – Fiprachi Critics - Karlovy vary Festival (Czechoslovakia) 1992.
    6.Once Upon a Time, Cinema: Best Director – Karlovy vary Festival (Czechoslovakia) 1992.
    7. Once Upon a Time, Cinema: Special Jury Prize - Istanbul Festival (Turkey) 1993.
    8. Collection of Works: Press Award – Sao Paulo Festival (Brazil) 1995.
    9. Salam Cinema: Best Film – Munich Festival (Germany) 1996.
    10. Gabbeh: Best Artistic Film – Tokyo Festival (Japan) 1996.
    11. Gabbeh: One of 10 selected films by critics – Times (USA) 1996.
    12. Gabbeh: Best Director – Sitguess Festival (Spain) 1996.
    13. Gabbeh: Special Critics Award - Sitguess Festival (Spain) 1996.
    14. Gabbeh: Best Asian Feature Film – Singapore Festival (Singapore) 1997.
    15. A Moment of Innocence: Special Jury Award – Locarno Festival (Switzerland) 1996.
    16. A Moment of Innocence: Youth Golden Award - Locarno Festival (Switzerland) 1996.
    17. A Moment of Innocence: Among Top Ten Films of the Decade – Awarded by International Festival Directors and Critics 1999.
    18. Silence: Golden Prize of Italian Parliament - Venice Festival (Italy) 1997.
    19. Silence: Human, Art and Nature Award - Venice Festival (Italy) 1997.
    20. Collection of Works: “Ville d'yssingeaux”, France 1998.
    21. Marshall of Art and Literature, (France) 1998.
    22. Kandahar: Grand prize from Society of churches of world, Cannes 2001 (France)
    23. Kandahar: “Federico Fillini Honor” from UNESCO in Paris, 2001 (France)
    24. Kandahar: The best movie from Ajaccio Film Festival, (France) 2001
    25. Kandahar: "Public Prize" from Festival des Cinemas du Sud, (France) 2001
    26. Kandahar:"Best Director Award" from Riga International Film Forum Arsenals,Latvia 2002
    27. Thessaloniki 4th festival , Honorary Humanitarian Award (Greece) 2002
    28. Collection of Works: “Francois Truffaut prize”, Giffoni Film Festival in Italy 2002.
    29. The Afghan Alphabet:"Best Film Award"from Document ART International Film Festival, (Germany) 2002.
    30. The 2003 Asian Filmmaker Award from Pusan Film Festival ,(South Korea) 2003.
    31. One Of "The Best Hundred Films" Of History Of Cinema, Choosen By Times, (USA) , 2005
    32. Kandahar: "Best Film" Fiprachi Critics From Thessaloniki (Greece) 2001
    33. Sex & Philosophy,Tica Film Mediale International Film Festival, Italy,2005
    34. Sergei Parajanov Awards for outstanding Artistic contribution to the world cinema, Yerevan Film Festival, Armenia, 2006
    35. "Clermont-Ferrand Medallion", the city medallion granted to the legendary Mohsen Makhmalbaf , France, 2006.
    36. Jury Special Mention Award for "Scream of the Ants" and life time achivement as a filmmaker, The Granada Film Festival CINES DEL SUR, Spain, 2007
    37. "Golden Stag" award for life time achievement through his works and career as an outstanding artist, 37th Kyve (Molodist) International Film Festival, Ukraine 2007
    38. "Alhambra" award for his artistic and humanitarian films, CINES DEL SUR International Film Festival, Spain, 2008
    39- "Golden Dinosaur" award for establishment of Makhmalbaf film school ETIUDA&ANIMA International Film Festival, Poland, 2008

    Iranian Awards: (Films)
    1. The Cyclist: Best Screenplay – Fajr Film Festival, 1988.
    2. The Cyclist: Best Director – Fajr Film Festival, 1988.
    3. The Cyclist: Set Design – Fajr Film Festival, 1988.
    4. The Cyclist: Iranian Critics Award, 1990.
    5. Marriage of The Blessed: Iranian Critics Award, 1990.
    6. Once Upon a Time, Cinema: Best Editing – Fajr Film Festival, 1991.
    7. Mohsen Makhmalbaf: Selected as the best filmmaker after the revolution by readers of cinema publications, 1988.

    Makhmalbaf's works:
    Nasuh Repentance (Tobeh Nasuh), 1982 Two Blind Eyes (Do Cheshme Koor), 1983
    Fleeing from Evil to God (Az Sheitan Be Khoda Panah Bordan), 1984
    The Boycott (Tahreem), 1985 The Peddler (Dastfroush), 1987
    The Cyclist (Docharkhehran), 1988
    Marriage of the Blessed (Arousi-e Khoban), 1989 Time of Love (Nobate Asheghi), 1991
    Nights of Zayandeh-Roode (Shabhaie Zayandeh-Rood), 1991
    Once upon a Time, Cinema (Nasseredin Shah, the Movie Actor), 1992
    The Actor (Honarpishe), 1993 Stone and Glass (Sang va Shisheh)-Short film-, 1994
    Salam Cinema, 1994 Gabbeh, 1996 Kandahar, 2001
    A Moment of Innocence (Nan va Goldoon), 1996 Silence (Sokoot), 1998

    Cultural News

    Iran Takes Prizes at Religion Film Fest

    TEHRAN,Oct 31 (Press TV)--Two Iranian movies have received special awards at the 11th convention of the Religion Today Film Festival which was held in Italy. Ali Vazirian's A Span of Heaven won an award among the festival's feature-length productions screened in Trento. “The movie is about people who are too greedy and attempt to sell the sky,” Vazirian told an IRIB reporter in Rome on Thursday. Come on, Everybody is Asleep! by Zohreh Zamani won another award among the short films presented at the event. Lia G. Beltrami, director of Religion Today Film Festival, referred to the prominence of Iranian cinema in this genré, saying, “Iran's cinema pays particular attention to the spirituality of life. No other country has done so.” A total of 78 short, feature-length and documentary films were presented during the 2008 Religion Today Film Festival, October 16-31.

    Slovakian Festival Awards Iranian Films

    TEHRAN,Nov 4 (FNA)-- Five Iranian films collected awards at the 22nd edition of the International Tatra chamois film festival held in Slovakia. Abdorrahman Mirani's Wood Carpet, Mohsen Ramezanzadeh's Towards the Tree of Life and Azita Rasafi's Antiquated House were awarded at the event's Culture and Heritage section.
    Daryoush Gharibzadeh's Boomerang and Hamidreza Attarazadeh's Scarecrow received awards at the festival's The Current Way of Life of People section, press tv reported. Sponsored by the International Organization for Amateur Films (UNICA), the Tatra chamois festival was held from Oct. 17 to 19, 200 .

    US to Display Iran's Musical Calligraphy

    TEHRAN, Nov 9 (Press TV) -- Iranian artists Esrafil Shirchi is to hold a calligraphy exhibition featuring Fazel Jamshidi's live musical performance in the US. The exhibition, which will be held in Dec. 2008, will display calligraphies and calligraphy paintings by Shirchi accompanied by live traditional music performances by Jamshidi.
    The two artists, who have held similar exhibitions in Dubai and Iran, are slated to hold more such events in Arab, European and American countries as well. The 45-year-old Esrafil Shirchi is currently a teacher at Iran's Association of Calligraphers and has published over 10 collections of his works. He has held numerous exhibitions in different countries including France, Belgium and Luxembourg. His calligraphy paintings are currently on display at Iran's Niavaran Cultural Complex in Tehran. Renowned vocalist Fazel Jamshidi has collaborated with numerous orchestra and ensembles including Iran's National Orchestra. He has held concerts in China, Canada, Sweden, Kazakhstan, Norway, Uzbekistan, Taiwan, Azerbaijan and South Africa.

    1st Int'l Fajr Visual Arts Fest in February

    TEHRAN, Nov 12 (IRNA) -- The First International Fajr Visual Arts Festival will be held here in February under the motto of 'Hope in Future'. The event will seek to help promote artistic creativity and convey the message of artists, appreciating spiritual and religious art, introduce Iranian and Islamic art, improve interactions between the Iranian and international contemporary artists and identify the talents, IRNA quoted Culture and Islamic Guidance Ministry's Office for visual arts affairs as saying. The festival will be held in five categories of painting, sculpture, graphic design, photography and caricature at the Museum of Contemporary Arts in Tehran, Niavaran Cultural House and Azadi Cultural Complex. Those interested in taking part in the event can submit five works to the secretariat of the event. Holding seminars and exhibitions and organizing workshops on painting and caricature are among peripheral sections of the event. The top participants in each category will be awarded certificates of honor and visa to Italy for one-week stay. Two selected artists will be presented certificates of honor as well as 20 gold coins .

    7000-Old-Year Iranian Tepe Won’t Give Up the Ghost

    TEHRAN, Oct. 29 (MNA) -- Archaeologists were given a second chance by drought to excavate the Mehr-Ali Tepe at the reservoir of the Mulla Sadra Dam in Fars Province, southern Iran. The 7000-old-year mound and many other ancient sites were entirely submerged after the officials at the Mulla Sadra Dam began filling the reservoir in May 2006. The Mehr-Ali Tepe has reappeared following a period of dry weather over the past few months and a team of archaeologists recently returned to the site.“This is an ideal opportunity to resume archaeological excavations at the site,” team director Alireza Sardari told the Persian service of CHN on Wednesday.
    “We could not reach the lower strata during the first season of excavations because they had already been submerged,” he said.“However, artifacts dating back to the Bakun period (late 5th to early 4th millennium BC) were discovered during the season,” Sardari added.Ruins of some residential areas, kilns, and a large amount of shards were also unearthed. The large amount the shards indicated that the Mehr-Ali Tepe had been one of the more important prehistoric sites of the region .“We aim to reach the lowest cultural strata of the mound in order to scrutinize the earliest habitations of the site,” Sardari note The team has created two small trenches at the outskirts of the Mehr-Ali Tepe and their excavating will continue until they reach undisturbed earth.The exhibition kicked off on Oct. 28, 2008 in Sa'ad Abad's Museum of Handicrafts .

    Iran Exhibits Historical Outfits

    TEHRAN, Oct 29 (FNA) -- Iran's Sa'ad Abad Cultural Complex in Tehran has mounted an exhibition of outfits belonging to the country's different historical eras. The weeklong event displays some 100 outfits, including Achaemenid, Sassanid, Parthian, Safavid and Zand eras clothing. Visitors can see the sewing methods used in creating the outfits and the clothes used by the various ethnic groups of Iran, press tv said.

    kayhan international

    Mohsen Makhmalbaf 's pic

    Women in the Iranian Cinema

    Cinema is an art whose wonderful and comprehensive effect is not hidden to anybody. Perhaps it is for this comprehensive and impressive role of the cinema that although slow in its progress at the beginning in Iran, later cinema advanced at a dazzling and delirious pace because film and cinema are the most commonly used mass media to communicate with the public. Iran also has not been left behind from this contemporary revolution and has stepped into the field and has produced films. Before the (1979) Revolution many films which were common and without identity lost their artistic value and despite existence of good directors who still are active in the cinema, not many lasting and valuable films have survived from that period. In the majority of pre-revolution films a woman was treated as a worthless and negligible figure and seldom reference was made to her positive and humanitarian qualities and values. In fact in these series of films a woman was a puppet in the hand of the film-maker. But after the victory of the Islamic Revolution, our cinema was also revolutionized and the general nature of our films and the role of women in the films changed in a positive manner. Although at the first few post-revolutionary years due to the war (with Iraq) our cinema was stagnant for a period of time, gradually film-making took pace and contrary to pre-revolution era educated women with different and new perspectives entered the field.
    In the newly revolutionized cinema women gradually found their place and took steps to overcome their side and marginal roles. Of course there are still films in Iran in which women play a marginal role or no role at all as if they have no other business in the film but function as a mother or wife.
    But the number of films in which women play the first role are not few and the general theme of such films is based on their specific ideology and thoughts. In such works endeavor is made to display the psychological and sympathetic value of the woman in the family, in education and political and economic fields. The director tries to represent women as the pillar of a healthy life in the family and the society. Due to their own specific interests the film-makers choose a specific social or individual feature of the woman and engross it in the film.
    In such series of films we will study several specific films which were produced during the post-revolution era and in addition to discharging the strong framework and superior technique of the director, we will mostly concentrate on women's performance in the films. These directors have shown that thanks to their strength and delicate talents they can display the woman and her world in the most beautiful and dramatic manner to the audience :

    Woman in Makhmalbaf's works :
    Despite too much vitality and action in Makhmalbaf's written or unwritten works Mohsen Makhmalbaf is another film-maker who has zoomed on women and their problems.
    In Boycott the woman endures all difficulties but in the meantime she builds the character of the man.
    In the first episode of the Peddler the woman in the film is really living and breathing.
    In Cyclist although the physical presence of the lady is marginal, she is the dynamic force behind the scene.
    In The Marriage of the Blessed, the lady in the film is the wife of a volunteer combatant who continues to tolerate his eccentricities and pranks until he recovers from his illness and again rushes to the war front.
    In the Actor the lady becomes a sacrifices of wrong male-dominated culture who loves goodness and beauty and although at times under the pressure of unbalanced and unrestrained sentiments she defies every element, because she believes she is suffering from a bitter pain which is lack of belief.
    In Once Upon a Time Cinema, we meet frustrated women who are confined to the royal harem. The chief lady of the harem is trying to endear herself to the king ignorant
    Gabbeh is a simple and beautiful film which attracts every viewer. Gabbeh is the most genuine nomadic carpet in Iran in which the weaver takes her inspiration wholly from the nature to weave without resort to any design or drawing. Gabbeh is the identity of nomadic tribes and with each Gabbeh the nomadic woman portrays her own Life. The old man and woman who wash the Gabbehs exchange their recollection of life. Despite the fact that she opposes her parents, the lady in the Gabbeh continues to help her parents and obeys their instructions .

    woman in Rakhshan Bani-etemad's film :
    Rakhshan Bani-etemad is one of the film directors who does not compare women with men in order to expose her superior capabilities and power. Instead she assesses the values of men and women simultaneously. This is contrary to the image produced by others where men are weakened to show the worth of women . She focus on strong women living under hard and discriminatory social conditions. Rakhshan Bani-Etemad often puts her finger on taboo subjects such as poverty, crime and forbidden love. .
    Nargess is an excellent social crime-drama, that brilliantly portrays multi-dimensional characters, ( two women in this love triangle become the victims of an immature man…) their complex relationships, their hopes, loves, dignity, anger and despair, living on the fringe of society.
    Banoo-Ye Ordibehesht / The May Lady :The film's simple narrative places the main characters in different situations, encounters, human relations and beliefs, presenting close-up images of their reactions, which are repeated in more detached forms in the documentary sections.A 42 year old filmmaker, is a single mother who lives with her teenage son is surrounded with videotapes on which women talk about the difficult social problems they are confronted with.
    Baran va bumi / Baran and the Native :A teenage tourist, meets a young native boy , asks him to get her a pearl . . .
    Zir-e poost-e shahr / Under the Skin of the City :A woman who is a worker, a mother and a wife. Despite her hardship, she does her best to hold her family together and hopes for a better future.
    Rusariye Abi / The Blue-veiled :Is the story of an unequal struggle, the impossibility to reconcile their desires and deeper needs with the social norm.A widower for nine years now, lives alone with his daughter, a kind-hearted boss.A woman is living in dire poverty, with a half-insane, drugged mother, a brother who lives off drug peddling, and a sister , belongs to that social class in which working women bear the major share of responsibilities .And an employer who falls in love with her . . .

    Women in Pouran Derakhshande's film :
    Pouran Derakhshande is one of the film-makers who gives credit to educational matters and exhibits women as active and progressive elements.
    In `Relation' a young adult has problem in speech and hearing and is being hurt by her friends and neighbors but is supported by his mother. In The Small Bird of Happiness we become acquainted with Malihe and her life.she is a young adult who witnesses her mother's drowning in their swimming pool. The shock causes her to lose her power of speech.

    women in Dariush Mehrjouie 's film :
    Dariush Mehrjouie has given special importance to the inner qualities of women. Hamoon has a tinge of philosophy which makes people contemplate. has a tinge of philosophy which makes people contemplate. While his wife has deserted him and has called for divorce ,while his wife has deserted him and has called for divorce .
    Sara is another film directed by Mehrjouie which zooms on the laborious life of the first personage. Sara's ungrateful husband is ill and behind her husband she is sewing embroidery in order to obtain loan from the bank to treat her husband.
    Pari is another repetition of Hamoon with the difference that she is only understood by special classes of people and the common people fail to understand her.
    The subject matter of Leila grows out of the age old struggle between tradition and modernity, young, newlywed couple are paradigms of modernity: university trained, literate and happily shackled by the comforts of technology (car, cell phone, television, video).But all of this stands little chance against the force of tradition when it comes in the human form of Liela’s conniving mother-in-law, when she learns that her daughter-in-law is infertile. Mehrjui adds to the social complexity of the situation by never revealing whether what the mother-in-law says is true or just emotional extortion on her part.

    Women in Bahram Beyzaie's films :
    The most controversial theme in Beyzai’s films, which has frequently led to official banning of his films,
    is the iconic representation of women. She can be felt, is glorious and fabulous. They are never ashamed of being a woman because the images and stories exhibited by the film-maker
    do not make the women shy of their existence. A woman might be negligible, depressed and vexed with her life and husband but all these things are external manifestations of social behaviors and do not emanate from the lady's inner feelings .In fact it is the surrounding people who must be unhappy and ashamed of their anxiety and unhappiness. The woman complains not because she is a woman but because she does not see things in their proper shape. Beyzai’s depiction of women on screen, however, dates back to the early 70’s and deviates from the typicalcontemporary realism, which draws attention to the cultural, religious and social webs in which the average women of Iran are supposedly caught. Beyzai’s women, although challenged by unjust realities, transcendthe boundaries that surround them, by the virtue of their natural superiority. The women of Beyzai’s film are just as entangled in the ropes of the patriarchal society as are,

    In Bashoo, the Little Stranger, Beyzaie rekindles the mother-oriented myth again and tries to mix the daily
    affairs with his own interests.In this film woman plays the role of a devoted mother and thanks to her exemplary behavior, thought and speech which is deep
    rooted in her background, she supports her childre. On the other hand, mythological concerns focused
    on the woman character of the film, blocks the way to abstract realism. The opening scene, depicting
    uninterrupted bombardment of the houses, emphasizes the homelessness, and Bashu is one of the homeless
    people who need for love and kindness .

    In May Be Some Other Time, the film opens with a husband who is suspicious about the behavior of his wife.
    By applying beautiful technical features such as black and white flashbacks the film also tries to portray
    the sad and painful suffering of a poor mother and her unsupported life. It is a protest against the community
    to accept the mother's right of motherhood and to support the widow and the orphan. In The Travelers,
    the mythical grand mother becomes an epitome of patience.

    Ali Hatami 's woman :

    In `Mother', Ali Hatami shows a new perspective about women. A mother who is dying, summons her children
    to her house so that she can spend her last days with them , is an example of an Iranian devoted mother and
    manages to solve the difference among them .The children learn that the mother had found a wife for their father
    during his imprisonment in the south so that he would not feel lonely and the son is the fruit of the second
    marriage. . .
    The film zooms on the life of the children and with the exception of her husband's relation with his second wife
    during his exile, the film does not portray the mother any more. In the end the mother who has prepared
    herself for death, burial and mourning ceremony, expires in a white dress and white bed like immortal
    figures in mythology .

    Mourning of Muharram

    The Mourning of Muharram is an important period of mourning in the Shi'a branch of Islam

    Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. It is one of the four months declared sacred by Allah in the Holy Qur'an, in which fighting is prohibited . Since the Islamic calendar is lunar, Muharram moves from year to year when compared with the Gregorian calendar ( First day: December 29, 2008; last day January 27, 2009 ).
    Muharram is so called because it was unlawful to fight during this month and is an important period of mourning in the Shi'a branch of Islam . The event marks the anniversary of the Battle of Karbala when Imam Husayn ibn Ali,
    a grandson of Muhammad the founder of Islam, and a Shia Imam, was killed by the forces of the second Umayad caliph Yazid I. The event is marked by arranging 'majalis' (gatherings) to review Islamic teachings and to commemorate Husayn's sacrifice. The mourning reaches its climax on the tenth day, known as Ashura, on which the forces of Yazid killed the 72 individuals who fought, including Husayn and his family and supporters. The women and children left living were made prisoners and transported to Yazid's court in Damascus .

    the word Azadari and Majalis-e-Aza has been exclusively used in connection with the remembrance ceremonies for the martyrdom of Imam Hussain. Majalis-e-Aza also known as Aza-e-Husayn includes mourning congregations, lamentations, matam and all such actions which express the emotions of grief and above all, repulsion against what Yazid stood for.The term majalis has both a grammatical meaning and a meaning which relates to Aza-e-Husayn. In its technical sense, a majalis is a meeting, a session or a gathering. In reference to Aza-e-Husayn, it means a gathering to mourn Imam Husayn(P) .

    The Azadari of Muharram was started by the family of Muhammad (the Ahl-ul-Bayt) after the death of Muhammad's grandson Husayn ibn Ali at the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD. Following the battle of Karbala, Muhammad's granddaughter Zaynab binte Ali and sister of Husayn, began mourning for the fallen and making speeches against Husayn ibn Ali's opponents: Ibn Ziyad and Yazid I. News of Husayn ibn Ali's death was also spread by Imam Zain-ul-Abideen, who succeeded Husayn as the Shia Imam, via sermons and speeches throughout Iraq, Syria and Hejaz . Zainab and Zain-ul-Abideen informed the people that Yazid had martyred Imam Husayn and seventy-two of his companions including his six month old son Ali Asghar, and that their women and children were taken as prisoners to Syria .When word of the mourning reached Yazid he decided to release the captive women and children from the prison in Damascus, out of fear of public revolt against his rule.
    After Imam Hussain (A.S.), all-his successors to "The office of the "Ulil Amr", our holy Imams, refused to obey "Non-Ulil Amr", and every ruler held each of them prisoner, used every trick, applied force and in the end killed every Imam, exactly as Yazid did.

    Muharram is a month of mourning for the lovers and followers of "Aali Muhammad". Since then, each year, the true followers of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), through grief, sorrow and tears, keep alive the message, cause and purpose of the greatest martyrdom in human history.

    Mourning for the martyred Imam took place in buildings erected especially for the purpose, known either as Hussainia or takia, as well as in mosques and private houses At these assemblies, called either rawze-khani , marsia-khani ,Ta'zieh . . .Commemoration of the tragedy at Karbala reached its apogee in the mid-nineteenth century By then it had spread across a vast area, extending from the Middle East and the Caucasus
    eastwards to India, Indonesia, and Thailand, and it had even been established in Trinidad by Indian Muslim migrants. In Iran, the memory of Karbala came to permeate social and cultural life, with mourning assemblies and dramatic performances .

    Islamic Muharram Event
    On 1 Muharram, the Islamic New Year is observed by Muslims.
    On 1 Muharram, Shia Muslims begin the observance of the Commemoration of Muharram which marks the anniversary of the Battle of Karbala and the day that Husayn bin Ali entered Karbala.
    On 7 Muharram, access to water was banned on Husayn by Yazid's order.
    On 10 Muharram, the Day of ‘Āshūrā' is commemorated by SHIA Muslims as the anniversary of the death of Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of Muhammad SAWS. But the Shi'ite Muslims attach much greater importance to this day.
    On 25 Muharram, Alī Zayn al-‘Ābidīn died after being poisoned.
    On 27 Muharram, Mesum was killed.


    Cultural News

    'Saint Mary' to Go on Screen in Geneva
    TEHRAN, Dec 13,( IRNA )--Iranian film 'Saint Mary' will be screened at Geneva University, Switzerland on December 18. Directed by Shahriar Bahrani, the film depicts the valuable life of Saint Mary and the birth of Jesus Christ (PBUH) according to Holy Quran. A question-and-answer meeting will be held in the presence of some religious experts in Geneva University. The film has been screened in the Washington National Cathedral's Center for Global Justice and Reconciliation in 2007. The film was warmly welcomed by members of the church and a large number of Christian and non-Christian viewers. Washington National Cathedral, which is the largest worshipping center for Christians in the US, has so far hosted many outstanding political and religious figures.
    In Kazakhstan, experts place a Russian Proton-M rocket carrying a communications satellite on a launch pad at the Baikonur base. -Courtesy : BBC .

    Canada Holds Persian Cultural Filmfest
    TEHRAN, Dec 13 (Press TV)--Canada's O'Shihan Organization-General has held the 5th Persian Cultural Film Festival, screening documentaries about Iranian culture. Previously called ZIFF, the non-competitive international film festival screened over 25 productions from around the globe on Dec. 6 and 7, 2008 at Vancity Theatre, Vancouver. Ali Jafari Najafabadi's Stone-Built House, Mohsen Khan Jahani's I am a Leader, Bijan Zaman-Pira's Water and Mirror and Farhad Mokhtari's Hens Don't Lay Eggs received the festival's trophies. Hassan Naqashi's Soshious, Alireza Jahanifar's Kecheh and Mehdi Talebani's Oros received the event's appreciation plaque.
    The 2008 Persian Cultural Film Festival, which was held by a registered charity organization in Canada, will spend its proceedings on supporting amateur filmmakers, working on Iranian cultural themes.

    105 Foreign Movies to Go on Screen at Fajr Festival
    TEHRAN, Dec. 26 (MNA) -- Some 105 foreign movies from 50 countries will go on screen at the International Section of the Fajr International Film Festival to be held from February 1 to 11, 2009 at various Tehran theaters.
    Some 12 documentaries, 12 films of today’s world, 11 Asian films, 8 Iraqi documentaries and 19 short films will go on display during the festival.The festival will also hold seven subsidiary sections for those foreign films that are accepted at the International Section but are censored for more than one minute.“411-Z” by D?niel Erdélyi, “Blind Man’s Eyes” by John Ince, “Majidee” by Azharr Rudin, “My Father is sleeping” by Grzegorz Muskala, and “Finnish Tango” by Buket Alakus are among the short films.Several countries including France, China, United States, Poland, Turkey, Mexico, Japan, Brazil, Spain and Russia will take part in the festival. The complete list of films will be announced next week.

    Iranian Professor Selected as Top Islamic World Scientist
    TEHRAN , Dec 26 (FNA)- An Iranian professor of Marvdasht Islamic Azad University, Fars province, was chosen as the top scientist of the Islamic World this week. Dr. Javad Turkmani was selected as the top scientist due to his numerous articles and researches in the field of agriculture. Located 45 kilometers north of Shiraz, Marvdasht is a city as ancient as the history of Iran and the vast Persian empire. The Persepolis is in the vicinity of the city and a few kilometers away there are Naghsh-e-Rostam, Naghsh-e-Rajab and the ruins of the ancient city of Istakhr which are reminiscent of the glorious history of the city.

    Neolithic Town Found in Northern Iran
    TEHRAN, Dec 19 (FNA) -- An archaeological team claimed to have found a Neolithic residential area on the Kelar Tepe, a prehistoric mound located in the Kelaradsht region in Iran's northern province of Mazandaran.
    "Excavations at the Rashak 3 Cave have uncovered an oven at a depth of five meters," team director Hamed Vahdatinasab said. "We have also discovered shards in the oven, which are very similar to Neolithic pottery works," he added. Vahdatinasab said that Ezzatollah Negahban, the father of modern Iranian archaeology, had excavated the region about 40 years ago. Three human shelters were identified during the excavations, named Rashak 1, 2, and 3, with the last being most important and largest according Negahban's research. The region came into the limelight after the team began studying the Rashak 3 excavation in 2006 and 2007. "The Rashak 3 excavations had been turned into a sheepfold by the people living in the surrounding region and the sheep excrements contributed to the preservation of the ancient strata," Vahdatinasab said. The samples of the shards have been sent to Oxford University for carbon-14 dating, he added. A number of shards, surmised to date back to Chalcolithic era, and animal bones have also been unearthed at the site and a team of experts are currently studying the artifacts. Covering an area of 6,000 hectares, the Kelar Tepe is a mound 10 meters in height located in Kelardasht, a scenic plain in a large valley located in the Alborz Mountains, north of Tehran.

    kayhan international

    Damavand pics

    Muharram ' s pics

    Fars Province

    Fars is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country and its center is Shiraz. It has an area of 122,400 km² and has a population of 4.4 million approximately.Fars is the original homeland of the Persian people. The native name of the Persian language is Farsi or Parsi , that is derived from Parsa, the Old Persian name for Persia , and its capital , Persepolis.The ancient Persians were present in the region from about the 9th century BC, and became the rulers of a large empire under the Achaemenid dynasty in the 6th century BC. The ruins of Persepolis and Pasargadae, two of the four capitals of the Achaemenid Empire, are located in Fars.
    Fars has long been a residing area for different natives and tribes from other parts of the world such as the
    Turks, Semites, and Aryans who were under the influence of Iranian culture. the original tribes of Fars including
    Qashqai, Mamasani Lurs, Khamseh and Kohkiluyeh have kept their native and unique cultures and lifestyles
    which constitute part of the cultural heritage of Iran attracting many tourists..

    Climate and Wildlife
    There are three distinct climatic regions in the Fars Province. First, the mountainous area of the north
    and northwest with moderate cold winters and mild summers. Secondly, the central regions, with relatively
    rainy mild winters, and hot dry summers. The third region located in the south and southeast, has moderate
    winters with very hot summers. The geographical and climatic variation of the province causes varieties
    of plants, consequently, variation of wild life has been formed . Additional to the native animals , birds like
    Many kinds of ducks, storks and swallows migrate to this province in annual peride. The main native animals are Gazelle, deer, mountain wild goat, ram, ewe and kinds of birds . Fars includes many protected wild life zones . The most important are as following:
    Toot Siah (Black Berry) Hunt Forbidden Zone, which is located at the end of Boanat region.
    Basiran Hunt Forbidden Zone which is located 4 kilometers south to Abadeh.
    Bambo National Park which is located on the north of Shiraz.
    Estahban Forest Park ( Parke Jangaly) which is located on the outskirts of Touraj mountain.
    Hermoodlar Protected Zone which is located east to larestan .

    Agriculture is of great importance in Fars. The major products include cereal (wheat and barley), citrus fruits,
    dates, sugar beets and cotton . Fars has major petrochemical facilities, along with an oil refinery, a factory for
    producing tires, a large electronics industry, and a sugar mill. Tourism is also a large industry in the province. UNESCO has designated an area in the province,called Arjan (known as Dasht e Arjan) as a biosphere reserve.

    Colleges and universities :
    Shiraz University of Medical Sciences , Shiraz University
    Shiraz University of Technology , Islamic Azad University of Abadeh
    Islamic Azad University of Arsanjan , Islamic Azad University of Estahban
    Islamic Azad University of Eghlid , Islamic Azad University of Jahrom
    Islamic Azad University of Sepidan , Islamic Azad University of Shiraz
    Islamic Azad University of Fasa , Islamic Azad University of Firouzabad
    Islamic Azad University of Kazerun , Islamic Azad University of Larestan
    Islamic Azad University of Marvdasht , Fasa University of Medical Sciences
    Jahrom University of Medical Sciences , Fasa University of Payam Noor
    Shiraz University of Applied Science and Technology
    Fasa Institution (Centre) of High Education

    the province contains the following counties:
    Estahban , Abadeh , Eqlid , Bovanat , Jahrum , Darab , Sepidan , Shiraz
    Fasa , Firouzabad , Saadat Shahr , Sarvestan , Safashahr , Mohr , Kherameh
    Kazeroon , Lar , Lamerd , Marvdasht , Mamasani , Khonj ,Neyriz , SahedShahr


    Iranian carpet

    When we talk of carpets, involuntarily, the name of Iran comes to mind

    To trace the history of Persian carpet is to follow a path of cultural growth of one of the greatest
    civilizations the world has ever seen. Iranian carpets or it is better to say ; "Persian carpets" are so famous among the oriental carpets all around the world. These carpets reveal the Iranians' mastery of their traditional
    art in selecting materials, knotting and dying techniques and creating patterns and designs.
    The history of Persian Carpet -a culmination of artistic magnificence- dates back to 2,500 years ago. The Iranians were among the pioneer carpet weavers of the ancient civilizations, having achieved a superlative degree of perfection through centuries of creativity and ingenuity.
    The skill of carpet weaving has been handed down by fathers to their sons, who built upon those skills and in turn handed them down to their offspring as a closely guarded family secret.
    Their herds of sheep and goats provided them with high quality and durable wool for this

    When Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon in 539 BC, he was struck by its splendour, and it was probably he who introduced the art of carpet making into Persia. It said that the tomb of Cyrus, who was buried at Pasargadae near Persepolis, was covered with precious carpets.
    When Arabs conquered Ctesiphon in 637 CE, and among the spoils brought back were said to be many carpets, one of which was the famous garden carpet, the "Spring time of Khosro". This carpet has passed into history as the most precious of all time. Made during the reign of Khosro I (531 - 579 CE) the carpet was 90 Feet square :
    "The border was a magnificent flower bed of blue, red, white, yellow and green stones; in the background the colour of the earth was imitated with gold; clear stones like crystals gave the illusion of water; the plants were in silk and the fruits were formed by colour stones" However, the Arabs cut this magnificent carpet into many pieces, which were then sold
    The Persian carpet reached its zenith during the16th century. During the reign of Shah Abbas (1587 - 1629), commerce and crafts prospered in Persia. He created a court workshop for carpets where skilled designers and craftsmen set to work to create splendid specimens. Most of these carpets were made of silk, with gold and silver threads adding even more embellishment. Two of the best know carpets of the Safavid period; dated 1539 come from the mosque of Ardebil. Many experts believe that these carpets represent the culmination of
    achievement in carpet design. The larger of the two carpets in now kept in London's Victoria and Albert Museum while the other is displayed at the Los Angeles County Museum.
    Again The court period of the Persian carpet ended with the Afghan invasion in 1722. But In the last quarter of the 19th Century , Carpet making flourished once more with Tabriz merchants exporting carpets to Europe through Istanbul. At the end of the 19th Century some European and American companies even set up businesses in Persia and organised craft production destined for western markets.

    Iranian Carpets & rugs reveal a link between the producers and their wishes, beliefs and
    needs. They also reflect the living conditions and cultural status of the artist, as well as
    the regions climatic conditions, botanical resources and geographical conditions.

    Their designs, patterns and motifs also have been derived and inspired from nature, history and myths. In fact, the roots of carpet making must be sought in nomadic life from which it found its way to the villages and cities. Nomads use the wool of livestock and the dyes made from a variety of plants or mineral resources
    Iranian make beautiful carpets and rugs to cover and decorate floors .

    Today, Carpet weaving is by far the most widespread handicraft in Iran. Persian carpets are renowned for their richness of colour, variety of spectacular artistic patterns and quality of design. In palaces, famous buildings, mansions and museums the world over, a Persian carpet is amongst the most treasured possession.

    Designs of Iranian Carpets
    The overall design of an Iranian carpet & rug consists of a background design and that of the margins. The margins make a frame around the main body of the carpet and usually have three sections: inner, outer and main sections. The size and pattern of the carpet determine the main margin's design.

    The most famous carpet designs are the following ones: Triangular Citron, Prayer Niche,
    Vase, Framed, Tree, Aigrette, Shah Abbas, Arabesque, Portrait, European Flower, Mixed Fish,
    Striped, four Seasons, Scattering, Turkmen and Hunting Field. Of course, many of them have
    other variations.

    Major Weaving Centers:
    Arak, Ardebil, Bijar, Hamadan, Esfahan, Kashan, Kerman, Mashhad, Nain, Qom, Sanandaj,
    Shiraz, Tabriz, Tehran, Yazd, Zanjan.Sharekurd . . .

    selected :
    Iran chamber society and Destination Iran.
    photos : salam Iran

    some pics of historical carpets

    some pictures of Fars


    227 foreign films to be screened in Fajr festival
    Tehran, Jan 19, IRNA -- Some 227 foreign features, short and documentary films from 63 countries will be screened at the international section of Fajr Film Festival, to be held from January 31-February 10.
    Announcing this, the secretary of the festival added some 128 Iranian and 149 foreign film will participate in the competition and non-competition sections. Majid Shah-Hosseini added some 38 ’Crystal Simorgh (phoenix)’ will be granted to the best Iranian films. He noted that 15 foreign and 5 Iranian film directors will judge the event.
    Fajr Film Festival is an annual event held during Ten Days of Dawn celebrations to mark the anniversary of the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution.

    Carpet designs exhibit to mark revolution’s 30th anniversary
    Tehran, Jan 19, IRNA – The exhibit titled ‘Carpet Designs’ featuring 72 valuable carpet tableaux woven by the most distinguished Iranian artists in the past three decades will open in Iran’s Carpet Museum on January 29, which coincides with the celebrations marking 30th anniversary of the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
    Announcing this, curator of the museum, Saeed Eskandarpour-Khorrami told IRNA Monday that the artworks were selected from among those maintained at the museum’s depository.
    The exhibit will be open to the public by the end of the current Iranian year (March 20), he noted.
    Iran’s Carpet Museum which was set up on Fatemi Avenue in 1978 includes types of hand-woven Gelims and carpets.

    Int’l traditional games’ confab underway in Tehran
    Tehran, Jan 17, INRA -- The first international conference on Collective Consultation on the promotion and development of traditional sports and games (TSG) opened in Olympic Hotel in Tehran on Saturday.
    Organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), in partnership with the Physical Education Organization (PEO) of Iran, over 20 experts from 18 countries have been brought together to discuss the promotion of TSG, anti-doping, para-olympic sports and sports for women.
    The event will be wrapped up on January 19. Disable artists’ works to be exhibited in China, Bulgaria

    Tehran, Jan 19, IRNA -- An exhibition of artworks by seven Iranian war disable artists
    will be held in China and Bulgaria concurrent with 30th anniversary of the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
    Announcing this, director general of Foundation of Martyrs and War Disabled Veterans Affairs, Mohammad Esmaeil Rezaei said that the artists Kamal Jahanshahi, Ahmad Ali Zand and Qasem Bakhshi will exhibit their works in Bulgaria while Abbas Niazi, Gholamali Etminan, and Ali Reza Sarbaz and Saeed Reza Kamrani are to
    showcase their works in China. Selected works by the artists have earlier been displayed in foreign countries such as Algeria and domestic events.

    Iran wrestling teams to participate in international events
    Tehran, Jan 11, IRNA -- Iran's free-style wrestling team will take part in Kiev International Championship in Ukraine in March. Announcing this, secretary of Iran's Wrestling Federation further underlined that Iran's
    Greco-Roman wrestling team will leave for Turkey on January 22. Aref Rabti added that the Iranian Greco-Roman wrestling team will participate in the International Wrestling Cup Championships in Turkey.

    Iranian cyclists off to Beijing
    Tehran, Jan 13, IRNA -- Iranian cyclists left for Beijing, China late Monday. The Iranian cyclists will participate in the 2009 Beijing Cycling Competitions from January 16-17.Members of the Iranian team are Amir Zargari, Mehdi Sohrabi, Hossein Nateqi, Abbas Saeidi, Mahmoud Parash, Hassan-Ali Varposhti, Ali Asgari and Ali-Reza Ahmadi.

    Mashhad to host Fajr International Poetry Festival
    Tehran, Jan 19, IRNA -- The third edition of the Fajr International Poetry Festival will be held in Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi province, from January 29 to February 28. Announcing this, the secretary of the festival added that achievements in the field of poetry research, the Islamic Revolution's role in promoting literature over the past 30
    years and the characteristics of poems composed will be addressed during the festival.
    Hadi Monavari added that several veteran poets will be honored at the event. The annual poetry festival is usually held in January, but since January 2008 coincides
    with the mourning month of Muharram, the festival will be held to March.

    Samiei Museum to be launched
    Tehran, Jan 19, IRNA -- A museum, named after noted Iranian neurosurgeo
    Professor Majid Samiei, will be set up at Sa’dabad Cultural Complex’s Negarestan Museum concurrent with 30th victory anniversary of 1979 Islamic Revolution Announcing this, director of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization’s Museums, said that Samiei who is considered the
    most distinguished and proficient neurologist in the world has donated most of his medals and plaques to the organization to be kept at a museum. Stating that his other certificates will soon be made available to the organization, it has authorized Sa’dabad Cultural Complex to launch a museum for maintaining them.
    A summary of his biography as well as his books and articles will also be presented at the museum , he said.

    SHIRAZ city of poets, and flowers

    SHIRAZ city of poets, and flowers
    Shiraz is the capital of Fars province, one of the most beautiful, historical cities in the world. with more than 1263244 inhabitants (increasing year by year ) , situated in southwestern Iran .
    Shiraz assumed the role of the regional capital ( 693 A.D ) , after, Pasargad, the first capital Achaemenid
    King Cyrus the Great ( 2500 years ago ) , and Persepolis , the ceremonial capital , Darius the Great ,
    Stakhr , capital of the Sassanids .Today, only the ruins of these capitals remain.

    This nice city lies in a pleasant green valley of temperate climate surrounded by the Tang Allah-o-Akbar mountains, and has a suffiency of running water and underground streams, and not many arid and uncultivated areas can be seen around Shiraz.

    It's climate is extermely agreeable and generally temperate. Snow rarely falls, once or twice in the years only when the winter is unusually cold .Spring and autumn, especially February until May, and October and November are most delightful and exhilarating, and poetically inspiring .Travellers in the east , who have visited Shiraz, have failed to be impressed by this climate and scenery there.

    Various kinds of cereals such as : wheat, barley, millet, also rice, cotton and sesame, vegetables : leek, melon
    and sugar beet grow well in Shiraz . In gardens practically every kind of temperate and tropical fruit grows.
    So spring and summer fruits : artichokes, pistachio nuts, walnuts, apricots, cherries, greengages,
    mulberries, yellow and red plums, figs, various kinds of grapes . Autumn fruits such as quince, pear, apple,
    (abbasi), nectarine, sweet and sour pomegranates abound. Citrus fruits, such as sweet and sour oranges, sweet limes ans tangerines are found in Shiraz, but grow more plentifully in near districts such as Khafr, Firuzabad, Darab, Jahrum or Kazerun.

    In Shiraz , tribes with their flocks and herds traverse , and it contains uplands providing excellent natural
    pasturage, and as far as meat, butter and milk products are concerned, it may be reckoned in the second
    rank of the cities of Iran.

    Shiraz today
    The area of the city in the last thirty years has more than doubled, and is continually extending towards
    the gardens of Qasr unDasht, and the west and south-west. The setting up of the Cement Factory, and
    the Spinning Factories, and the two Sugar Factories of Marvdasht and Fasa have assisted the economic
    condition of Shiraz, but during the past thirty years, when the port of Bushire became abandoned, and
    goods entered by Khurramshahr and the railway to Tehran, and were forwarded to other centres from
    there, the trade position declined, and no comparable activity with what prevailed thirty years ago when
    goods from Bushire were conveyed to Shiraz, and thence to other partsz of the country is today observable.
    But the attention of tourists, both Persian and foreign, is drawn to the cleanliness of the town . Parks with
    magnificent trees are one of the town's attractions , long wide shady avenues lead from one side to the city
    other , exemplary modern achievements, including remarkable hotels and very striking university buildings,
    the agreeableness of the climate, and the sites of historical interest and Persepolis , are conducive to a
    pleasant stay for Newcomers to Iran spend a few days, under the clear blue skies of Shiraz .
    The populous quarters in the center of the city are busy trading areas. The picturesque quality of the Iranian
    bazzar is enhanced here by the presence of nomads or semi-nomad elements belonging to southern Iranian
    tribes, including the Qashqais recognizable by the women's brightly colored dresses.
    The crafts of Shiraz consist of inlaid mosaic work of triangular desgin; silver-ware; carpet-weaving,
    and the making of the rugs called "gilim" and "jajim" in the villages and among the tribes.

    selected : wiki & Iranchmber . . .

    some pics of Shiraz

    Eram garden Hafez Darvazeh  Qoran


    New projects

    " Iranian famous people "

    you can read " A summary of famous Iranian people 's biography in past and present "

    and another project " I ' m Peraian Gulf "

    Historic personalities Ayatollah Rouhollah Mousavi Khomeini (Imam Khomeini)

    Rivers of Iran

    The major rivers

    Most rivers in Iran seasonally are filled with water and Some permanent rivers run from the Alborz or the Zagros to the Caspian Sea , Persian Gulf and Oman Sea .
    Some temporary rivers either run into a body of water or get dried before reaching any
    watershed .

    Caspian Sea Watershed
    The major rivers running into the Caspian Sea in Iranian shorelines flow from the northern
    Alborz attitudes like: Aras, Sefid Rud, Chalus, Haraz, Se hezar, Babol, Talar, Tajan,
    Gorgan, Atrak, Qarasu and Neka. :

    Aras River = is a river located in and along the countries of Turkey, Armenia,
    Iran, and Azerbaijan. Its total length is 1,072 kilometers (665 miles). It runs as long as
    950km inside Iran before getting to the Caspian Sea.Given its length and
    a basin that covers an area of 102,000 km² . It also irrigates many areas like Moghan
    Plain at the NW of Iran.

    Sefid Rud = is a river, approximately 670 kilometres (416 mi) long, rising in northwestern
    Iran and flowing generally east to meet the Caspian Sea at Rasht. The river is Iran's
    second longest river after the Karun. It has cut a water gap through the Alborz Mountains, the Manjil gap, capturing two headwater tributaries and widening the valley between the Talesh Hills and the main
    Alborz range. The gap provides a major route between Tehran and Gilan Province with its Caspian lowlands .
    Above Manjil the river was known as Qizil Uzun, literally Long Red River . The river is famous for th e quantity of its fish, especially the Caspian trout, Salmo trutta caspius .
    In the wide valley before Sepid Rud enters the Caspian a number of transportation and
    irrigation canals have been cut; the two biggest are the Khomam and the Now . The river
    was dammed named Manjil Dam which created a 1.86 km³ reservoir and allowed the
    irrigation of an additional 2,380 km2 . The reservoir mediates some flooding and
    significantly increased rice production in the delta . The hydroelectric component of the
    dam generates 87,000 kilowatts . The completion of the dam had a negative impact on
    the river's fisheries, through reduced stream flow (due to diversion), increased water
    temperature, and decreased food availibility, especially for sturgeon but also for the
    Caspian trout .

    Chalus River is another important river at the north of Iran for fish farming.

    Haraz River = Haraz is a 150km long river irrigating a large plain in Mazandaran province
    northern Iran that flows northward from foot of Mount Damavand across Larijan,
    through Amol city, and finally to the Caspian Sea between Mahmood Abad and
    Fereydoon Kenar. Its valley is one of few to cut through Alborz.

    Se Hezar irrigates Tonekabon plain.
    Babol is a very suitable river for fish to spawn and breed.
    Talar is 150km long and irrigates a plain called Shirgah at Mazandaran province.
    Tajan is 120km long that passes by Sari, the capital of Mazandaran province, and gives
    life to its banks all the way down to the sea.
    Gorgan is approximately 300km long irrigating Gorgan plain before getting to its

    Atrek River = The Atrek (also Atrak and Etrek) is a fast-moving river which begins in the
    mountains of Northeastern Iran , in Mazandaran province , and flows 563 km (350 miles)
    westward draining into the southeastern corner of the Caspian Sea. The Atrek is
    669 km long .Because of the high use of its waters for irrigation, it only flows into the
    Caspian when it is in flood stage.

    Qarasu is 80km long and originates from the east of Gorgan.
    Neka is approximately 100 km long originating from Savad Kuh in Gorgan.

    Persian Gulf & Oman Sea Watersheds

    The Zagros serves as the main originating headspring of the rivers running into the
    Persian Gulf & Oman sea watersheds. Among all these rivers, the major ones are:
    Arvand Rud, Gamasb, Karun, Jarahi, Zohreh, Dalaki, Mend, Shur, Minab,
    Mehran and Naband.
    Arvand Rud = the Arvand Rud ( Arvand River), is a river in Southwest Asia of some 200
    kilometres (120 mi) in length, formed by the confluence of the Euphrates and the Tigris
    in the town of al-Qurnah in the Basra Governorate of southern Iraq. The southern end
    of the river constitutes the border between Iraq and Iran down to the mouth of the river
    as it discharges into the Persian Gulf. It varies in width from about 232 metres (760 ft)
    at Basra to 800 metres (2,600 ft) at its mouth. It is thought that the waterway formed
    relatively recently in geologic time, with the Tigris and Euphrates originally emptying
    into the Persian Gulf via a channel further to the west , It is from 500m to 1000m wide
    and brings larger amount of water to the Persian Gulf than any other rivers.

    Gamasb flows from Hamedan Mountains, joins another river and is called Seymareh in Luristan. Finally its name is changed into Karkheh in Khoozestan before emptying into the Persian Gulf.
    Karkheh River = is a river in Khuzestan Province, (ancient Susiana) that rises in the Zagros Mountains, and passes north of Shush (ancient Susa), eventually falling into t he Tigris just below its confluence with the Euphrates very near to the Iran-Iraq border. Its peculiarly sweet water was sacred to the use of the Persian kings. The river is mentioned in the Bible, Book of Daniel , and should not be confused with the Choaspes River in modern-day Afghanistan, which flows into the Indus.The river is currently the location of the Karkheh Dam and the Karkheh Power Plant in Iran .

    Karun is 850km long and irrigates many areas in the west of Iran. It is navigable and the best time of the year for navigation in it is from December to June. The Karun river, a tributary which joins the waterway from the Iranian side, deposits large amounts of silt into the river; this necessitates continuous dredging to keep it navigable .In Middle Persian literature and the Shahnama, the name Arvand is used for the Tigris, the confluent of the Shatt al-Arab.

    Zayandeh Rud = Zayandeh River “life giver” and local Zayandehrood is the largest river on the central plateau of Iran, Isfahan Province.The Zayandeh starts in the Zagros Mountains and flows 400 kilometres (200 mi) eastward
    before ending in the Gavkhouni swamp, a seasonal salt lake, southeast of Esfahan has significant flow all year long, unlike many of Iran's rivers which are seasonal.And is spanned by many historical Safavid era bridges, and flows through many parks. There are 2,700 square kilometres (1,000 sq mi) of irrigated land in the Zayandeh River basin, with water derived from the nine main hydraulic units of the Zayandeh River, wells, qanat and springs in lateral valleys.It's water gives life to the people of central Iran mainly in Isfahan and Yazd provinces.
    People have lived on the banks of Zayandeh River for thousands of years. An ancient prehistoric culture, the Zayandeh River Civilization, flourished along the banks of the Zayandeh in the 5th Millennium BC.
    Zayandeh River crosses the city of Esfahan, a major cultural and economic center of Iran.
    In the 17th century, Shaikh Bahai (an influential scholar and adviser to the Safavid dynasty), designed and built a system of canals (maadi), to distribute Zayandeh water to Esfahan's suburbs. Water from the Zayandeh River helped the growth of the population and the economy, helped established Esfahan as an influential center, and gave a green landscape to Esfahan, a city in the middle of a desert.
    Arthur Pope (an American archaeologist and historian of Persian art) and his wife Phylli Ackerman are buried in a small tomb in pleasant surroundings in its banks. Richard Frye (an American scholar of Iranian and Central Asian Studies) has also requested to be buried there.
    There are several new and old bridges (pol) over the Zayandeh River. The oldest, Shahrestan, built in 5th century AD, is still in use as a pedestrian crossing in Sharestan village.
    Bridges on Zayandeh River in Esfahan:
    Marnan Bridge Built in 1599 (pedestrian)
    Vahid Bridge Built in 1976
    Felezi Bridge Built in 1950s
    Azar Bridge Built in 1976
    Si-o-se Pol Built in 1632 (pedestrian)
    Ferdosi Bridge Built in 1980s
    Choobi (Joui) Bridge Built in 17th century (pedestrian)
    Khaju Built in 1650 (pedestrian)
    Bozorgmehr Built in 1970s
    Ghadir Bridge Built in 2000
    Shahrestan Built in 11th century (foundations back to 5th century AD) (pedestrian)

    Zab River = is the name given to two separate rivers that flow through Iran, Iraq and Turkey to become the two principal tributaries of the Tigris. The two rivers, named Greater Zab and Little Zab, were the basis of the ancient Assyrian civilisation. The name Zab is from the Persian word zehâb , meaning "water flowing from the ground" .
    The rivers are extensively used for irrigation and hydroelectricity, with major dams on both rivers. During the spring, the Great and Little Zab are in flood, and, together, double the flow of the Tigris. The ancient city of Assur sits on the west bank of the Tigris, about midway between the respective, east-bank confluences of the two Zabs with the Tigris.

    Dez joins Karun too.
    Zal and Marun join and form Jarahi, which finally empties into Karun.
    Zohreh flows from Kohkyluyeh at the north of Khuzestan province.
    Dalaki originates from Arzhan plain in Fars province and runs into the Persian Gulf near Bandar-e-Abbas.
    Mend flows from the NW of Shiraz and runs into the Persian Gulf near Bandar-e-Abbas.
    Shur empties into the Persian Gulf after running into marshy and sandy lands at the strait of Hormoz.
    Rudan and Jaghin form a river called Minab that empties into the Persian Gulf at the north of the strait of Hormoz.
    Mehran and Naband flow from Larestan Mountains at the south of Fars province and empty into the Persian Gulf near Bandar-e-Khamir.

    Central & Lateral Watersheds
    "Uromiyeh" is the watershed for the following rivers: Zarineh Rud (240km long),
    Talkheh Rud (160km long), Simineh Rud, Safi Rud and other minor rivers.
    " Masileh " at the east of Qom, is the watershed for the following rivers: Jajrud, Karaj, Shur and Masileh.
    "Hoz-e-Soltan & Hoz-e-Mareh ", at NW of Masileh, are the watersheds for the following rivers: Masileh, Shur and Hableh Rud.

    Zangmar River = The Zangmar River is a river in Maku Shahrestan, West Azarbaijan Province, Iran. It originates in the mountains above Maku, Iran along the Turkish-Iranian border, not far from Mount Ararat and flows south and east into the Araxes at the townof Pol Dasht.A major tributary of the Zangmar is the Barun River which is dammed at some 12 miles (19 km) above Maku, forming the Maku-Barun reservoir.The dam is rammed earth and riprap with a clay lining 78 metres (256 ft) high, impounding some 135,000,000 cubic metres of water .

    Aji River = The Aji River,Talkheh Rud is a river in East Azerbaijan,. Its water is alkali due to high mineralization and low rainfall. It is the largest river that discharges into Lake Urmia. It arises above Sarab from the slopes of Mount Bozgush and Mount Sabalan. Its tributary, the sweet water Komur River (Mehran River), joins theAji in Tabriz. The Iranian government has under development a program to alter the watercourse of the Aji from the alkali lands to make its water usable for agriculture. As part of this project, a dam, the Madani Dam, is being constructed on the Aji above Tabriz, on the back side of Eynali mountain.

    Diyala River = is a river and tributary of the Tigris that runs through Kurdistan Iran and Iraq. It covers a total distance of 445 km (275 miles).It rises near Sanandaj, in the Zagros Mountains of Iran. It then descends through the mountains, where for some 32 km it forms the international border between the two countries. Its origin in Kurdistan and Iran is called Sirwan that means roaring sea, shouting river, it is a name of an ancient city near Ilam city in Iran too. Navigation along the upper reaches of the Diyala is not possible because of its narrow defiles, but the river's valley provides an important trade route between Iran and Iraq.

    Kavir-e-Lut Watershed

    This desert is a watershed within which there are some rivers emptying into it and some subsiding and disappearinnto th ground. The rivers are: Shur (permanent river), Shur Gaz, Tah Rud, Rud posht, Nesa, Rigan, Derakhtangan (permanent river), Siraj, Andujerd, Joftan, Kahnoaj, Keshit, Pashooyeh, Nakhl Ab, Ab Khazan, and Chah Nely.

    Dasht-e-Kavir Watershed

    Most of the rivers emptying into this desert, which is also served as a watershed, are seasonal and subside into the ground before emptying into the pit. They are:
    Kalimoor (500km long), Kal Shur (250km long), Hableh Rud, Damghan and Mojin.

    Sistan Watershed
    Only %40 of this large watershed is in Iran and the rest is in Afghanistan. It consists of several fresh water lakes that are a series of pits with no specific borders. The most well known lakes in this region are : " Hamun-e-Sistan " , " Hamun-e-Sabery" and " Hamun-e-poozak ". When adequate rain falls, they get the main portion of water from a river called Hirmand originating from Afghanistan. It passes through 1200km of mountains and lower lands. Other minor rivers in the area are Farah Rud, Har Rud and Khash from Afghanistan and Bandan and Shur from Iran emptying into Hirmand.

    Bahu Kalat River = is a river in Sistan va Baluchistan province that is located at bahu district about 90 kilometers from Chabahar County. The river is the longest and biggest river of the south east of Iran.

    Namakzar Watershed

    It is a pit at the north of Hamun-e-Sistan. Namakzar is a small lake getting water from all the rivers running from its western side.

    Mashakal Watershed

    Situated at the north of " Hamun-e-Sistan " , it gets water from these rivers: Mashakal, Simish and Rootak.

    Qaraqom watershed

    It is situated at the NE of Iran inside Turkmenistan territory getting water from the following rivers:

    Hari Rud (coming from Afghanistan, irrigating Sarakhs Oasis and running to Qaraqom sand land) and other rivers joining it like Kashsf Rud, Jam and Bakhazar originating from Iran.

    Abhar River - Alamoot River - Do Hezar River - Jajrood River Karaj River - Kojoor River - Koohrang - Lar River - Noor River - Qom (River) Sardab River - Shah Rood River

    Therefore, although plenty of the rivers were introduced here, water has always been a vital issue. Many of the rivers of Iran contain salty water. Many of them are seasonal. This makes fresh drinkable water even more valuable.

    This is one of the most saturated rivers of Tehran province which originates from Alborz Mountains and water spot of Mount Kharsang. This river is about 220 km. In length and Amir Kabir Dam has been constructed on its way. The surrounding environment of dam and river banks are considered to be beautiful places worth

    Destination Iran wikipedia

    cultrul news

    Tehran Museum Holding Seminar on Iran's National Cinema
    TEHRAN, Dec 21 (FNA) -- A seminar on Iran's national cinema is to open Sunday at the Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art (TMCA).
    Several sessions will be held during the three-day event in which university scholars and cinematic figures are to give lectures and presentations.
    According to MNA, Filmmaker Rasul Sadr-Ameli and scholar Hassan Bolkhari will review and discuss the topics "National Cinema, Necessities and Concepts" on the first day.
    Several other filmmakers including Hassan Fat'hi, Mohammad Ali Najafi, and Ziaeddin Dorri will attend the second session on the first day entitled "National Cinema, Research in History".
    Members from different cinematic guilds, students of cinema, as well as reporters are attending the programs.
    The seminar has been organized by the Association of Iranian Cinema Writers and Critics.

    1,500-Year-Old Graves Found in Iran
    TEHRAN, Dec 28(Press TV)--Archeologists have unearthed new burial ritual in eight graves in southern Iran dating back to the second half of the first millennium.
    Archeological investigations revealed a specific burial ritual in which bodies are buried in a fetal position on their back with closed arms, having their legs bent and drawn up to the torso.
    The graves, one of which wan of an infant, have been discovered in Iran's southern province of Hormozgan. They graves had been built on the surface of the ground; crushed stone prevents the bodies from touching the ground.
    Excavations of the graves have also revealed several ceramic dishes as well as a number of iron-made objects such as beads, rings and daggers.
    Archeologists estimate that the 100 acre graveyard belongs to the second half of the first millennium. However, further studies on the relics are expected to reveal the exact date of the graveyard.
    Archeologists excavating the ancient site.

    Iranian National Photo Biennial underway in Yazd , Tehran
    TEHRAN, Dec. 26 (MNA) -- The 11th Iranian National Photo Biennial opened on Wednesday, December 23 concurrently at the National Museum of Yazd and Tehran’s Saba Art and Cultural Institute. The biennial will continue until January 13. Director of the Visual Office of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance Mahmud Shaluii, Iran’s Deputy Culture Minister for Press Affairs Alireza Malekian and Director of the Department of the Ministry of Culture in Yazad Holjjatoleslam Ahmad Ajin attended the opening ceremony in Yazd.
    Deputy Culture Minister for Artistic Affairs Mohammad-Hossein Imani-Khoshkhu, the Secretariat of the biennial Esmaeil Abbasi and Saba Director Mohsen Zare participated in the opening ceremony in Tehran.
    Over 2000 photographers submitted about 12,000 works to the secretary of the biennial from which a total of 123 individual photos and 32 photo collections are currently on display at the concurrent exhibitions taking place in Yazd and Tehran, Shaluii mentioned.
    He went on to say that selected works will go on display in other Iranian provinces for a period of one year.
    Speaking at the ceremony, Ajamin expressed appreciation for holding of the festival in Yazd saying that the biennial focuses on culture and customs of different social classes of Iranians.

    Armenian Fest Honors Iranian Filmmaker
    TEHRAN, Dec 14 (FNA)- Iranian filmmaker Roqieh Tavakkoli was awarded an honorary diploma for her short film "Water" at the International Women's Film Festival KIN 2008 in Armenia.
    Held from November 26 to 30, the festival provides an opportunity for networking between women filmmakers from different parts of the world. In Armenian "kin" means "woman", MNA reported.

    kayhan international

    some pics of Tehran

    Some pics of Iran rivers

    zayandeh rud Haraz Aras

    science & cultrul news

    Isfahan, Iran’s major Colza producer
    Isfahan is Iran’s main Colza producer with a functionality of 2 thousand 435 Kilograms
    (IANA) – “This amount was 2 thousand 435 Kilograms in Isfahan and has reached 10
    thousand tons this year,” said the responsible expert of oily seeds of agricultural jihad
    organization of the province Isfahan, announcing that the production amount of Colza is
    One thousand 600 Kilograms.

    The province Hamadan in Iran has the world’s highest Potato productivity
    (IANA) – “Export markets of potato in this province should be maintained and expanded
    because of the fact that our province haws the world’s leading potato yields,Potato productivity in Hamadan is over 40 tons a hectare while the global standard is only 27 tons. ”
    said the governor of the province Hamadan.

    5 countries Win Awards at Tehran Painting Contest
    TEHRAN, Nov 25 (IRNA) -- Indian children won a large number of awards at Tehran International Painting Contest following Iranian children. Children and young adults from 25 countries won awards at the event, IRNA quoted the Institute for Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults as saying. India, Sri Lanka, Poland, and the UAE ranked second to fourth in terms of the number of prizes they won at the event.
    Iran took the first place by winning 34 gold, 47 silver, 66 bronze medals and 266 diplomas of honor.
    A total of 599 works were selected as eligible for receiving awards at the competition. Some 20,000 Iranian and foreign children participated in the contest whose theme was 'I and My Toys'. An exhibition of the selected works at the contest is underway at Cultural Creativity Center of the institute and will continue until November 30 .

    Iranian Students Design Humanoid Robot
    Students at Tehran University have designed a humanoid robot with its overall appearance based on the human body. Walking with the help of infrared radiation and remote control, speaking in predicted sentences and, moving of head and hands were made possible for the robot during the first phase of the project, Presstv said.
    The robot, Sourena will be able to take steps, climb stairs, and later on will be programmed to hear and see objects. Sourena--named after the Parthian Iranian warrior Sourena (84 BCE-54 BCE) who defeated the Roman general Crassus at the Battle of Carrhae--is 1.6 meters (5.2 ft) tall and weighs around 60 kilograms.
    A humanoid robot is an autonomous robot because it can adapt to changes in its environment or itself and continue to reach its goal. This is the main difference between humanoid and other robots.
    kayhan international

    Moscow Exhibits Calligraphy
    Moscow International Calligraphy Exhibition opened on Wednesday with the participation of Iran.
    The exhibit features four tableaux by Iranian artist Mohammad Reza Yazdani, head of North Tehran Association of Calligraphy, said IRNA quoting Iran’s Cultural Center in Moscow.
    The event titled ’Secrets of World Calligraphy’ displays works from 23 countries, including Iran, Russia, Turkey, Australia, India, the US, China, Japan and Ukraine.
    Yazdani also showcased his works in an exhibition in Saint Petersburg, Russia last month.
    kayhan international

    Iron Age Graves Found in western Iran
    TEHRAN, Dec 10 (Press TV)--Iranian archeologists have discovered nine plundered graves in the Iron Age cemetery of Babajilan in the western province of Luristan.
    “The graves include four pit burials and three jar burials, with the bodies inhumed in squatted and fetal positions,” said head of Luristan Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department's archeology team Ata Hassanpour.
    “The graves are between 1.50 m to 1.80m long and bodies are buried facing east,” he added.
    The team also found stone spearheads, bone and shell jewelry, pottery, iron and bronze rings, iron daggers and bronze buttons, dating back to the second Iron Age, the first millennium BCE and the Median era.
    Archeologists believe there may have been some 200 graves at the site. Since the cemetery has been ruined and the archeological layers have been piled up, it will be impossible to perform Carbon-4 and gender-determination tests.
    Illegal diggers have recurrently plundered Babajilan cemetery, leaving behind a large number of destroyed bronze artifacts.
    kayhan international

    Iranian Doctor Receives Award for Cancer Diagnosis
    TEHRAN , Dec7 (FNA) -- Mohammad Reza Safaee a PhD in breast cancer surgery received Medical Futures Innovation Award known as a medical Oscar from Britain for his new method of cancer diagnosis within a few seconds. The Iranian scholar who is a faculty member of London UCL University received the prize for his ten-year endless efforts on cancer diagnosis. According to Doctor Safaee the method will diagnose the cancer only after a few seconds through an optical spectrum, the Iranian students news agency reported. The Iranian scholar hopes his method would be used by the next year for all of those suffering breast cancers.
    The technique through a very small hole takes out all of the cancer tissues and decreases convalescence dramatically. It has been used for 1350 samples and will much decrease the possibility of cancer return.
    It also makes it possible to take required steps to rebuild breast at the same time.
    kayhan international


    Iran thrashes Singapore 6-0
    Tehran, Jan 14, IRNA -- Iran's national soccer team snatched a 6-0 victory against Singapore in the AFC Asian Cup 2011 qualifier in Tehran's Azadi Stadium on Wednesday The hosts took an early lead by Majd Gholam-Nejad after 40 minutes. The second and third goals were scored by Karim Baqeri and Golam-Reza Rezaei in the 51st and 54th minutes respectively. Meanwhile the fourth goals was scored by Maziar Zare in the 79th minute. Iranian
    footballer Mohammad Nouri scored the fifth and sixth goals in the 82 and 83 minutes respectively. Iran national soccer team earlier bagged a decisive 3-1 victory against China in a friendly game at Tehran's Azadi Stadium on Saturday. Earlier, the Iranian team won a 2-0 victory over China in Oman tournament in December. It will play its fourth match in the 2010 World Cup qualifiers against South Korea on February 11. Iran is competing against Saudi Arabia, North Korea, the UAE and South Korea in Group B of the event. South Korea tops the table on seven points while Iran is second with five. North Korea and Saudi Arabia rank third and fourth with four points each. The UAE is at the bottom of the table with one point.

    Persian language course launched in Turkey
    Ankara, Jan 18, IRNA -- A Persian language course was launched in Iran’s Cultural Office in the country
    Announcing this, Iran’s cultural attaché in Ankara, said that some 166 Turkish people have enrolled for the course and are studying in eight classes.

    'Sun of Caravan’ on British stage
    Tehran, Jan 15, IRNA -- The play ‘Sun of Caravan’ narrating Ashura tragedy went on stage in British Islamic Center in London late on Tuesday and will continue for five days. Ashura is the day on which Imam Hussein (AS), the third Imam of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) Infallible Household, was martyred along with his loyal companions in the desert of Karbala, present-day Iraq. Given its type of narration of Ashura events as well as its links with Christian atmosphere, the play has managed to introduce Ashura culture in a dignified manner to other religion
    Addressing the inaugural ceremony, head of British Islamic Center, said that the play depicts only a small section of the pains suffered by Imam Hussein (AS) household. Imam Hussein’s (AS) uprising is so influential that after a lapse of centuries, even the details of the incidents have passed on from one generation to the next, he said.
    ‘Sun of Caravan’ was produced by Fadak Cultural Institute and directed by MahmoudFarhang. The classes are run by Iranian expatriates in Turkey .

    Meeting urges development of traditional sports
    Tehran, Jan 19, IRNA – International meeting on aboriginal and traditional sports which was held here under the auspices of UNESCO underlined establishment of a consulting committee to develop the sports in the world.
    The participants in the 3-day event called the step as the first in direction of developing aboriginal and traditional sports in the world. The first duty of the committee would be preparation of a list for such sports all around
    the world. The committee will have15 members including :Mohammad Hadi Hessam from Iran as deputy head, Rief Glanov from Russia as the head and Khalil Rahmat Khan from Pakistan as executive secretary and the rest of 12 members will be chosen from other world countries soon. In the last day of the meeting, an expert from UNESCO Eves Sako by appreciating Iran for its warm hospitality and hosting the meeting said " This is the first ever meeting on developing aboriginal and local sports in the world which has been held by Iran'sinitiative." He said that in Tehran meeting they came to the conclusion that establishment of such a consulting committee can provide a necessary mechanism to develop aboriginal sports in the world. He added establishment of such a committee will help the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization to achieve its goals in this concern.
    He said that in Tehran meeting they came to the conclusion that establishment of such a consulting committee can provide a necessary mechanism to develop aboriginal sports in the world. He added establishment of such a committee will help the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization to achieve its goals in this concern.

    Tabriz to host Int’l Hockey Competitions
    Tabriz, East Azarbaijan prov, Jan 11, IRNA -- International Hockey Competitions will be held in Tabriz, East Azarbaijan province, during the Ten-Day Dawn celebrations to mark the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran. A number of Iranian as well as teams from Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Canada, Czech Republic, Greece, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Macau, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Russia, Sri Lanka, Singapore, South Korea, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, the USA and Uzbekistan will participate in the seven-day event.
    The event is slated for February 10-18.

    Fajr Festival to Stage Iranian-French Play

    TEHRAN, Jan 11 (Press TV)--The 27th edition of Fajr International Theater Festival is
    slated to stage a joint Iranian-French production directed by Ali Razi. Written by Naghmeh Samini, Where Ends the Sky? will be performed by Iranian and French actors in the event's non-competition section.
    Razi combined different languages to portray the eternal dream of mankind concerning the sky's limit in three episodes. “I am very happy that I can stage another play in Iran. I have staged two other plays and
    held 12 workshops since the last time I was in Iran and I was looking forward to performing in my country once again,” Ali Razi told ISNA. Where Ends the Sky? was performed and warmly welcomed in France.
    The France-based Iranian director has also staged the bilingual play Sky Horses Rain Ash in collaboration with Naghmeh Samini and Kioumars Moradi in Iran and France. The 27th Fajr Theater Festival, to be held from Jan. 21 to 30, 2009, will host national and international troupes in the capital of Tehran.

    Rakhahan Bani - Etemad : Director, Writer, Producer

    Rakhahan Bani - Etemad : Director, Writer, Producer
    Although Rakhshan Bani-Etemad is by no means the only one, she is certainly the leading female contemporary filmmaker in Iran. Her whole output is marked by a strong social and political consciousness and commitment. Born in Teheran in 1954, Bani-Etemad studied film at the University of Dramatic Arts in the Iranian capital. In 1973 she joined the staff of the national TV as a script girl, then was promoted to assistant director, then producer and manager. In 1977 she began her directing careeras a documentary-filmmaker for television.Her documentary approach or touch, remained a constant in her feature film work.
    Her first full-length feature film, Kharej az Mahdudeh, was a satire on bureaucracy. In 1991 she was the first woman to win the Best Director award at Iran's most prestigious Fajr Film Festival with Nargess.
    Her first three feature films are comedies with a sharp eye for social satire. The central characters are subjected to events to which they can only react. Men's attempts to improve their lot are subverted. The women in these films tend to be rather background figures. But her later, more personal films focus on strong women living under hard and discriminatory social conditions. Rakhshan Bani-Etemad often puts her finger on taboo subjects such as poverty, crime and forbidden love.
    Widely considered as Iran's premier female director, her films have been praised at
    international festivals as well as being remarkably popular with Iranian critics and
    audiences .
    Nargess is an excellent social crime-drama, that brilliantly portrays multi-dimensional characters, ( two women in this love triangle become the victims of an immature man…) their complex relationships, their hopes, loves, dignity, anger and despair, living on the fringe of society.
    Banoo-Ye Ordibehesht / The May Lady :The film's simple narrative places the main characters in different situations, encounters, human relations and beliefs, presenting close-up images of their reactions, which are repeated in more detached forms in the documentary sections.A 42 year old filmmaker, is a single mother who lives with her teenage son is surrounded with videotapes on which women talk about the difficult social problems they are confronted with.
    Baran va bumi / Baran and the Native :A teenage tourist, meets a young native boy ,
    asks him to get her a pearl . . .
    Zir-e poost-e shahr / Under the Skin of the City :A woman who is a worker, a mother and a wife. Despite her hardship, she does her best to hold her family together and hopes for a better future.
    Rusariye Abi / The Blue-veiled :Is the story of an unequal struggle, the impossibility to reconcile their desires and deeper needs with the social norm.A widower for nine years now, lives alone with his daughter, a kind-hearted boss.A woman is living in dire poverty, with a half-insane, drugged mother, a brother who lives off drug peddling, and a sister , belongs to that social class in which working women bear the major share of responsibilities .And an employer who falls in love with her . . .

    Filmography (as a director)
    Kharej az Mahdudeh (1986 - aka Off-Limits) ,Zard-e Ghanari (1988 - aka Canary Yellow) ,
    Pul-e Khareji (1989 - aka Foreign Currency)
    Nargess (1992) , Rusari Abi (1995 - aka The Blue-Veiled) , Banoo-Ye Ordibehesht
    (1998 - aka The May Lady)
    Baran-O-Bumi (1999 - aka Baran and the Native - short) ,Zir-e poost-e shahr
    (2001 - aka Under the Skin of the City)
    Ruzegar-e ma (2002 - aka Our Times - documentary) , Gilaneh (2004) ,
    Khoon bazi (2006 - aka Mainline)
    Awards :11 wins & 4 nominations
    FIPRESCI Prize (Thessaloniki Film Festival ) Won for: Rusari Abi (1995)
    Golden Leopard (Locarno International Film Festival) Nominated for: Rusari Abi (1995)
    Bronze Leopard (Locarno International Film Festival) Won for: Rusari Abi (1995)
    Special Jury Award (Fajr Film Festival International Competition) Won for: Banoo-Ye Ordibehesht (1998)
    Grand Prix des Amériques (Montréal World Film Festival ) Nominated for: Banoo-Ye Ordibehesht (1998)
    Netpac Award (Karlovy Vary International Film Festival ) Won for: Zir-e poost-e shahr (2001)
    Special Jury Prize (Moscow International Film Festival) Won for: Zir-e poost-e shahr (2001)
    Golden St. George (Moscow International Film Festival)Nominated for: Zir-e poost-e shahr (2001)
    Audience Award (Torino International Festival of Young Cinema) Won for: Zir-e poost-e shahr (2001)
    CinemAvvenire Award (Torino International Festival of Young Cinema) Won for: Zir-e poost-e shahr (2001)
    Holden Award for the Best Script - Special Mention (Torino International Festival of Young Cinema) Won for: Zir-e poost-e shahr (2001)
    Prize of the City of Torino (Torino International Festival of Young Cinema) Nominated for: Zir-e poost-e shahr (2001)
    Netpac Award (Locarno International Film Festival) Won for: Ruz-egar-e ma (2002)
    Special Jury Award Best Directing (Fajr Film Festival) Won for: Gilane (2005)
    Crystal Simorgh Best Screenplay (Fajr Film Festival) Won for: Khoon bazi (2006)


    History of science in Iran ( past - present )

    Science and technology in Iran ( past)

    Persia was a cradle of science in earlier times. Persian scientists contributed to the current understanding of nature, medicine, mathematics, and philosophy. Persians made important contributions to algebra and chemistry, invented the wind-power machine, and performed the first distillation of alcohol. Trying to revive the golden time
    of Persian science, Iran's scientists cautiously reach out to the world. Many individual Iranian scientists, along with the Iranian Academy of Medical Sciences and Iranian Academy of Sciences, are involved in this revival.

    According to ancient texts, Jamshid (the fourth Pishdadi king) was the person to establish the custom of bathing with hot and cold water. During the period of Jamshid's rule, the medical sciences developed to such an extent
    that plants and animals could comfortably live for many years protected from sickness, with only a few dying from ailments and maladies! the father of the Pishdadian Jamshid, was himself another Aryan physician .

    Unfortunately, the cruel invasion of the (Alexander), Arabs, Tatars and Afghans destroyed many of the writings and valuable works of Iranian scientists, medical books being no exception. Noted Iranian physicians from later periods include Mani,Roozbeh and Bozorgmehr.

    In the Achaemenid era, there were numerous physicians whose knowledge was used by Greek scientists, as well as those from many other nations. The main bulk of medical knowledge in that age and even in the Median period before it and the periods after, was based on the Avestan sciences. During the Sassanian era, scientists from various countries, one of whom was Diogenes, studied different fields, including medicine, at the university in Gondi Shapur.

    The medical sciences stagnated in Iran following the Arab invasion. After some time,
    great men and scientists were able to bring about a revival, and these sciences
    flourished and even exceeded past accomplishments. Many scientists in the Islamic
    period made significant contributions to the world's medical knowledge, with only a
    few other people matching their achievements in this respect. Some of these great
    minds were Ibn-e Sina (Avicena), Mohammad Zakaria Razi, Farabi and Khayyam.
    These names shine in the history of medicine and will always be the among the pride
    of the people of Iran.

    The medical disciplines were expounded in the ancient Persia ,divided into five branches :
    (health sciences) - (medical examination) - (surgery) - (herbal medicine) - (psychiatry )
    And , the physicians cures by : (cleansing), (law) , (knife) , (plants), (mantreh) . . .

    Health Physician : It referred to both cleanliness of the body and the environment ,
    a healthy body and soul to be able to cure others.

    Medical Examiner :Their job was similar to that of pathologists of today and their duties
    included performing autopsies to find the root of diseases and finding a cure for the

    Surgeon : They performed surgery to treat patients. It was very difficult and dangerous,
    and medical instruments were rudimentary and only a few were available .

    herbal medicine :The origin of herbal medicine goes back to the development of agriculture and cultivation in Iran. Iranians were the first people to learn about the properties of herbs and to use plants to cure diseases.This branch of medical practice originated in Iran in ancient times and knowledge spread to other countries, such as
    India, China, Mesopotamia, Egypt, and many other places.

    The Psychiatrist : "Mantreh" meant inducer of behavior. It also referred to divine and pure discourse that had the effect of calming and curing the patient. When the human soul was greatly disturbed, the best cure was to recite the holy book read poetry or listen to music.

    Thus, through the centuries, the knowledge of medicine has been passed from Iran to other centers of the ancient world, such as Babel, Egypt, China, India, Greece, the Roman Empire, and now, to Europe and America. Let us hope that the torch of science and culture will always be alight among Iranians and we can be worthy guardians of it.

    Science in Persia evolved in two main phases separated by the arrival and widespread adoption of Islam in the region. Many of the today's concepts in Science including Helio-Centric model of solar system, finite speed of light, and gravity were first proposed by Persian scientists.

    In the Sassanid period (226 to 652 AD), attention was given to mathematics and astronomy. The Academy of Gondeshapur is a example. Nisibis and pre-Islamic Sarouyeh are other examples in this category.

    Sa'ad Andolsosi, in his book Classes of People, praised Persian knowledge of mathematics and astronomy , and natural science .

    In the mid-Sassanid era, knowledge came to Persia from the West in the form of the views and traditions of Greece which, after the spread of Christianity, accompanied Syriac, the official language of Christians as well as the Iranian Nestorians. During this period, Gondishapur ,( southeast of Dezful and northwest of Shushtar )
    became a center of medical knowledge, and its fame lasted for several centuries, even after the advent of Islam in Persia.

    Some of Ancient technology in Persia :
    Qanat (a water management system used for irrigation) originated in pre-Achaemenid Persia. The oldest and largest known qanat is in the Iranian city of Gonabad which, after 2,700 years, still provides drinking and agricultural water to nearly 40,000 people.

    Persian philosophers and inventors may have created the first batteries
    (sometimes known as the Baghdad Battery) in the Parthian or Sassanid eras. Some have suggested that the batteries may have been used medicinally. Other scientists believe the batteries were used for electroplating—transferring a thin
    layer of metal to another metal surface—a technique still used today and the focus of a common classroom experiment.

    Windwheels were developed by the Babylonians ca. 1700 BC to pump water for irrigation
    In the 7th century, Persian engineers in Afghanistan developed a more advanced wind-power machine, the windmill, building upon the basic model developed by the Babylonians.

    technology - Mathematics - Medicine - Astronomy - Biology - Chemistry - Physics in Iran
    Middle Ages (652–1501) :

    After the Islamic conquest of Persia, Iran was annexed into the Arab Umayyad Caliphate. But the Islamization of Iran was to yield deep transformations within the cultural, scientific, and political structure of Iran's society: The blossoming of Persian literature, philosophy, medicine and art became major elements of the newly forming Muslim
    civilization, culturally, politically, and religiously. The Iranian contribution to this new Islamic civilization caused the Islamic Golden Age.
    The cultural revival of the post-Abbasid period led to a resurfacing of Iranian national identity. The resulting cultural movement reached its peak during the 9th and 10th centuries.

    The most notable effect of the movement was the continuation of the Persian language,
    the language of the Persians and the official language of Iran to the present day.

    Iranian philosophy after the Islamic conquest, is characterized by different interactions
    with the Old Iranian philosophy, and Islamic philosophy, which influenced by Greece,
    India, and Iran .

    Some of the Iranian translators who knew Syriac, Greek and Pahlavi languages ,
    translated many scientific books into Arabic .

    The movement continued well into the 11th century, when Mahmud-a Ghaznavi founded a vast empire, with its capital at Isfahan and Ghazna. During this period, hundreds of scholars and scientists vastly contributed to technology, science and medicine, later influencing the rise of European science during the Renaissance .

    In 1218, the eastern suffered a devastating invasion by Genghis Khan and more than half of Iran's population was killed, turning the streets of Persian cities such as Neishabur into "rivers of blood", as the severed heads of men, women, and children were "neatly stacked into carefully constructed pyramids around which the carcasses
    of the city's dogs and cats were placed" .

    be continue

    Milad Tower , Tehran

    Borj-e Milad

    Borj-e Milad is the tallest tower in Iran. Built in between the Shahrak-e Gharb and Gisha
    districts of Tehran, it stands 435 m (1,427 ft) high from base to tip of the antenna.
    The head consists of a large pod with 12 floors, the roof of which is at 315 m (1,033 ft).
    Below this is a staircase and elevators to reach the area. Milad tower is the fourth tallest
    tower in the world after the CN Tower in Toronto, Ostankino Tower in Moscow, and the
    Oriental Pearl Tower in Shanghai. It is also currently 12th tallest freestanding structure
    in the world.
    Milad tower is part of The Tehran International Trade and Convention Center.
    The project includes the Milad telecommunication tower offering restaurants at the
    top with spectacular views of Tehran, a five-star hotel, a convention center, a world trade
    center, and an IT park (to be completed by March 2007). The complex seeks to respond to
    the needs of business in the globalized world of the 21st century by offering facilities
    combining trade, information, communication, convention and accommodation all in
    one place.
    The complex features a parking area of 27,000 square meters, a large computer and
    telecommunication unit, a cultural and scientific unit, a commercial transaction center,
    a temporary showroom for exhibiting products, a specialized library, an exhibition hall
    and an administrative unit. Milad Tower has an octagonal base, symbolizing traditional
    Persian architecture.


    Rakhahan Bani - Etemad 's pic

    Bani Etemad blueveiled.  maylady

    pics of Milad's tower

    Mahmoud Farshchian a world renowned master of Persian painting and miniatures.

    Mahmoud Farshchian is a world renowned master of Persian painting and miniatures.

    Master Mahmoud Farshchian was born in the city of Isfahan on January 24, 1930. His father, a rug merchant, was an art aficionado who instilled a love for the arts in his son. Young Mahmoud showed an interest in arts quite early in life and studied under the tutelage of Haji Mirza-Agha Emami and Isa Bahadori for several years. After receiving his diploma from Isfahan's high school for the fine arts, Farshchian left for Europe, where he
    studied the works of the great Western masters of Painting. Consequently, he developed an innovative artistic style with universal appeal.

    Upon his return to Iran, he began to work at the National Institute of Fine Arts (which later became the Ministry of Art and Culture) and, in time, was appointed director of the Department of National Arts and professor at the university of Tehran's School of Fine Arts. All the while, word of his exemplary works spread far and wide beyond national borders. He has been exhibited in 57 individual shows and 86 group shows in Iran,
    Europe, America and Asian countries. His works are represented in several museums and major collections worldwide. He has been awarded more than ten prizes by various art institutes and cultural centers. He has a doctorate (grade 1 in arts) in Iranian paintin and Islamic arts from the High Council of Culture and Art.

    His masterpieces have been hosted by several museums and exhibitions worldwide. He's the most prominent modernizer of the field of miniatures, an art form which was first established in Ancient Persia and later spread to China and Turkey and other Middle eastern countries

    "The Museum of Master Mahmoud Farshchian", is a museum devoted to the works of the master, which has been set up by the Cultural Heritage Foundation in the Sa'dabad Cultural Complex in Tehran, inaugurated in 2001.

    The design of the Zarih (the box-like latticed enclosure which is placed on top of the tomb)
    , roof, door and cellar in the shrine of the 8th shiite Imam, Ali ibn Mus'ar-Reza in Mashhad
    and his membership in the committee supervising the construction of the glorious shrine,
    is another artistic work of the master.

    Farshchian is the founder of his own school in Iranian Painting, which adheres to classical form while making use of new techniques to broaden the scope of Iranian painting. He has brought new life to this art form and has freed it from the symbiotic relationship it has historically had with poetry and literature, to give it an independence
    it had not previously enjoyed. His powerful and innovative paintings are dynamic, expansive and vibrant canvases with an appealing fusion of the traditional and the modern, which are constitutes of his unique style of painting. Master Farshchian has played a decisive role in introducing Iranian art to the international
    art scene. He has been invited to speak and exhibit at numerous universities and art institutes. There have been six books and countless articles published about Farshchian's works.

    Farshchian and Rumi
    Farshchian’s work “Shams and Rumi,” has been inspired by one of Rumi’s poems. Special colors have been used in the painting to feature the mystical and spiritual relationship that existed between Shams and Rumi. The painting took two months to complete in the U.S. and was unveiled at the Farshchian Art and Cultural Complex in
    Isfahan on August 2, 2007.

    The first-degree medal of art and culture conferred on Mahmoud Farshchian by President
    Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani on July 3, 1995, was a mark of the respect given to the
    valuable and superb works of this master.

    "Opening an art book of Mahmoud Farshchian is like leaping into the heart of a magical realm. A happy blend of the real and imaginary at once sets the tone for everything, thanks to an alchemy whose secret formula he seems to be one of the few to possess. People, nature, animals and objects are present; we recognize them for what they are, but at the same time we begin to see them differently. We do not see them in a dream, buT touch them with a different way of looking. This is what makes Mahmoud Farshchian unique and exceptional. That is how it is. This is another stroke of the master's skill." Federico Mayor Director General of UNESCO

    2001 - GODIVA Chocolates 75th Anniversary, USA
    2001 - Who’s Who in the 21st Century, Cambridge, England
    2000 - Outstanding intellectuals of the 21st Century, Cambridge, England
    1995 - Gold Medal, Highest Honor
    1987 - Golden Palm of Europe
    1985 - Oscar D'Italia, gold statuette.
    1984 - Vessillo Europa Delle Arte, gold statuette. Italy
    1983 - Diploma Accadenu'co D'Europa, L’Accademia D'Europa. Italy
    1983 - Diploma Maestro Di Pittura, II Seminario d'Arte Moderna. Italy
    1982 - Diploma Di Merito, Universita Delle Arti. Italy
    1980 - Academia Italia delle Arti e del Lavoro, gold medal.
    1973 - Ministry of Culture and Art, 1st prize in art. Iran
    1958 - International Art Festival, gold medal. Belgium
    1952 - Military Art, gold medal. Iran

    Painting and drawing (1976)
    Master Farshchian's paintings in Shahnameh of Ferdowsi (1991)
    Painting of the great heroes of Shahnameh (1991)
    Mahmoud Farshchian Volume II Selected By UNESCO (1991)
    Master Farshchian's paintings in Divan of Hafez (2002)
    Master Farshchian's paintings in Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam (2004)
    Mahmoud Farshchian Volume III Selected By UNESCO (2004)

    Permanent Collections:
    National Art Museum, Iran;- Museum of Modern Art, Iran; - Art Museum of Istanbul, Turkey; The Lahore Museum, Pakistan; - Madison Corporation of Washington, D.C.; - Bob Guccione, New York; - Bohrer Collection, New Jersey;
    Panes Collection, New Jersey;- Emperor Akihito of Japan; - Queen Elizabeth of England;
    Queen Juliana of Netherlands; - Prince Agha Khan; - Lyndon Johnson, former President of USA;
    General Ernesto Geisel, former- President of Brazil; - Giuseppe Saragat, former President of Italy;
    Lal Bahadur Shastri, former Prime Minister of India; - Senator William Fullbright;
    Professor Arthur A. Pope; - Professor Hossin Sadeghi, Switzerland; - Ghassan Shaker;

    wikipedia Iran Chamber

    some of Master Farshchian's paintings

    IRAN Archeological News

    Grave denoting Parseh City discovered
    Tehran, Jan 19, IRNA -- A grave-like structure which is considered the document of Parseh City was discovered during the archeological operations conducted at the city located in Marvdasht, Fars province, said director of Parseh Archeological Excavation Group.
    Speaking to IRNA Monday, Afshin Yazdani added that the structure is rectangle and measures 2.5 meters by one meter made of bricks covered with bitumen. A corpse was found in the grave with an oil-burning lamp and a small jug of water under its head, he said, adding that the items reveal the ancient Iranians’ respect for light and
    water. Stating that discovery of the grave is significant in terms of religious beliefs, Yazdani added that objects similar to the lamp had been discovered in Pasargad buildings which date back to the Achaemenid era.
    The grave is considered a document for Parseh City, which is introduced by the historians as the wealthiest city in the world which housed settlements since long timeago, he said. During Achaemenid era, several cities served as administrative and political centers. Pasargad and Parseh were the most important administrative centers which were significant from religious and administrative terms as the two cities house tombs of some of Achaemenid kings.

    Iranian, Foreign Archaeologists Return to 8000-Year-Old Site in Southern Iran
    TEHRAN (FNA)- A team of Iranian, Australian, and British archaeologists has recently begun the fifth season of excavation at the 8000-year-old site in Sorvan near Nurabad Mamasani in Fars Province. An Iranian-Australian team's joint efforts in late 2007 led to the discovery of the ruins of an Achaemenid palace at the site, which is believed to be the Achaemenid city of Lidoma that has been named in a collection of ancient tablets previously unearthed at Persepolis. The prehistoric area of Tol-e Nurabad and the Achaemenid structure at the site will be
    studied by the team, Tehran Times quoted Iranian director of the team Alireza Asgari as telling the Persian service of CHN on Sunday. Tol-e Nurabad has a 6000 year archaeological sequence beginning in the Neolithic
    period (ca. 6000 BC) and extending to the post-Achaemenid period in the 1st millennium BC. The team is also slated to survey the effects of climate changes over the past 10,000 years on residential areas in the region during this season of studies, which will be continued in February, Asgari added. Cameron Petrie of the University of Cambridge and Iranian archaeologist Alireza Sardari head the team in the prehistoric studies section, and Asgari and Lloyd Weeks of the University of Nottingham will direct the team in the Achaemenid studies at the site.
    "Mamasani is the second most important ancient region of Far Province after Marvdasht," Asgari noted.
    "It is the key to the history of the land located between Susa and Persepolis," he explained.
    The Achaemenid palace was reburied in August 2008 due to lack of an appropriate plan necessary for the preservation of the site. The structure covers an area of 1500 square meters and its original height has been
    estimated at 14 meters, based on the width of the column footings unearthed at the site. The remains of stairs, halls, column bases, and the original stone surface of the structure along with numerous marble artifacts had been unearthed during previous seasons of excavation. The ruins also include a 30-meter long hallway with a flagstone floor. It is believed that it was originally an iwan. The walls of the iwan have been constructed from stairs of crenellated stones. The column bases and stairs of crenellated walls are very similar to those belonging to the Sad-Sotun Palace at Persepolis.

    Experts Excavating Ancient Water Wells in Parsa

    TEHRAN (FNA)- A team of archaeologists are currently excavating water wells of the
    ancient city of Parsa near the Persepolis.
    The first water well was discovered in November 2008 during the initial studies forconstruction of public toilets at the threshold of Paras at a distance of 500 meters west of Persepolis. Ten intact pottery works, probably used by the people of Parsa, were discovered in the well during grading for the construction project, which was stopped due to the significance of the water well for Iranian history, Tehran Times quoted team directorAfshin Yazdani as telling the Persian service of CHN on Monday.
    "Digging more trenches for study of ancient strata and searching for residential areas has resulted in the discovery of several other wells nearby," he added. Yazdani said that the wells had likely been dug during the early days of the town of Parsa. "It is not clear when the wells were abandoned, but it is surmised that they were left concurrently with the eclipse of the Achaemenids," he explained. So far during the archaeological excavations, no related architectural structure hasbeen found near the wells. "The shallow depth of the wells shows that the water table was high during the Achaemenid era," Yazdani noted.
    "A special technique most likely was used for digging one of the wells, which has been bored in a conical shape with a narrow opening," he explained. He said that it may have been bored by a tool similar to a drill.
    Many important artifacts were unearthed during the first season of excavations carried out in October and November 2008 by a joint Iranian-Italian archaeological team at the town of Parsa, which was the residential area of commoners just outside the palaces of Persepolis.

    Ancient Tablets Found in Tehran

    TEHRAN, Jan 10 (Press TV)--Iranian archeologists have unearthed prehistoric clay tablets at the country's ancient Shoghali Tappeh site near the city of Varamin. The tablets date back to the early Elamite period and bear information about the economical situation and the management system of the era. “Iranian experts will study the tablets in collaboration with Jacob Dahl of Oxford University,” said head of the archaeology team Morteza Hesari.
    “The team also found a number of seals which are new in design and different from the previous finds,” he added. “A number of earthenware have also been found along with some botanical samples, which are set to be studied by a team of Iranian and American experts,” he said. The third phase of Shoghali Tappeh excavations started in September 2008 with the aim of conducting stratigraphy studies on the 7,000-year-old site. Located in the south of Tehran Province, the site was first excavated by Iranian archeologist Ahmad Tehrani Moqaddam in the late 70s. Shoghali Tappeh, Varamin, Iran


    water wells Grave parseh Iron Era museum Iron Era museum Iron Era museum Iron Era museum

    Iranian women : Science , Invention , Art , Sport , News

    "Judge me by what is IN my head (Creativity), not what is ON my head (Hijab)"

    international women inventors
    Korea International Women's Invention Exposition 2009

    Iranian women top on inventor list
    Sat, 10 May 2008

    Iranian female inventors shine among 25 countries Iran's women inventors have received 23 medals at the Korea International Women's invention Exposition, coming at the top of the list. Bagging 12 gold medals, 5 silver and 6 bronze, Iranian women inventors gained the first place among 25 countries participating at the international event.

    Mehrnaz Golchinfar, has invented an electricity generator system for Third World countries. Her power station, free of environmental pollution, was selected as the best invention and received the special jury award.

    Sonia Saberi's nano-composite earned her the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Award.

    Maryam Eslami's implement for reparation and surgery of osseous diseases in olecranon grabbed the International Federation of Inventors' Associations (IFIA) Award.

    Some of twenty women inventors from Iran competed with participants from 25 other countries across the world at the prestigious festival held in the South Korean capital of Seoul.

    1. Mehrnaz Golchinfar: Power station without pollution for environment (Winner of the
    Special Jury Award)
    2. Ladan Nakhaei, Saeideh Nooshzadeh and Naser Darijani: Laboratory washer device
    for washing non accessible points of the laboratory tools and devices.
    3. Elena Horri, Mehrangiz Ebrahimi and Mohsen Horri: Washable polymer and elastic for
    x-ray absorption
    4. Negar Mahmoodian: Automatic music stand
    5. Marzieh Morselpour, Mohammad Ali jusefzadeh and Parvin Nejad Sarvari: Production
    of ointment and suppository of citrullus colocynthis extract to reduce blood sugar
    6. Negar Molazadeh: Intelligent seat belt
    7. Parvin Vasseghi, Anaheita Davoodi and Tahmasb Davoodi: Building energy
    management system (BEMS)
    8. Soheila Kamrani and Saeed Naderian: Producing water color compounds special for
    use in water color painting technique on stone, as well as regular technique of water
    color prepared from pigments of fruits, herbal plants, food colors and powder paints
    9. Sonya Saberi: (World Intellectual Property (WIPO) Award)
    10. Fatemeh Soltanzadeh and Mojtaba Emamjome: The Optimization of Cement and
    Concrete with Usage of Oman Sea Chalky Conches
    11. Samaneh Mollaghasemi, Mahtab Ahmadi and Mansoor Norooz Eidian: A device to
    relieve migraine pains.
    12. Roghayeh Hashemi: Anti-Fertility effects of seed of cossypium herbaceum and ruta
    graveolens plants on adult male rats is regd
    13. Hoda Jalali Nejad, Amir Jalali Nejad and Hamid Jalali Nejad: Recycling of polyethylene
    tare phthalate (PET) which used for water and soft drink
    14. Maryam Eslami : An implement for reparation and surgery of osseous diseases in
    olecranon (nternational Federation of Inventors' Associations (IFIA) Award, also honored
    with the WIPO special emblem as the top laureate for her findings consistent with the
    treatment of bone and joint diseases at the 36th International Exhibition of Inventions
    held on April 2-6 2008,where she (photo to the right) won the first prize)
    15. Mahnaz Saeedi Delcheh: Flat gelatins cover for shoes to attending high equilibrium
    and residence of foot ache
    16. Zahra Sajjadi: Automatically system that change unpleasant air to pleasant air
    17. Iman Kanani: Water Purifier/Softener
    18. Sahar Sepehr: Robo School Police
    19. Maryam Noori: Robo traffic police
    20. Zeynab Abdolzahrai: Wireless Electric Skate Roller

    press tv
    Iran documents travels of female cyclist
    Mon, 09 Feb 2009

    Iranian tourist, Poupeh Mahdavi-Nader
    Iranian filmmaker Elham Asadi is making a documentary about Iran's first female tourist who pedaled around the world in 16 months. The Peace Route is the story of Poupeh Mahdavi-Nader who began her worldwide tour
    on the first day of the Persian New Year in 2003. The film is mostly filmed in northern Iran, Tehran, the Alborz mountainside and a number of countries where Mahdavi-Nader traveled.
    A book will also be published along with the film containing photographs and informative reports about the tour.
    Mahdavi-Nader cycled the globe to convey the message of love, friendship and worldpeace, and raise funds for Iranian orphans and underprivileged children. She visited numerous countries including Italy, France, the UK, the US, Japan, New Zealand, China, the Netherlands, Oman, and the Vatican.

    Mahtab Keramati, Ambassador of the Charity of UNICEF in a conversation with IANAEducational unifying starts from villages.
    (IANA) – The debate regarding unifying the education and related issues as well as children’s rights in Iran’s deprived divisions was an emphasis that has been done by the programming and support of UNICEF in Iran for solving this problem because the education is a matter that resists and develops culture.“The subject of empowering the householder women and ladies is one of the most important programs of the UNICEF and this process has to be started from deprived and rural divisions of the country,” said Ambassador of the Charity of UNICEF in Iranin a conversation with IANA.
    “I’m happy to see that the situation of children in Iran is being improved in many fields particularly in Health and Education year by year,” added Mahtab Keramati.Violence against children is usually hidden and insensible that makes hard even impossible to inspect them. That’s why the only solution is the prevention,” he said also
    , referring to the Universal Day of Children and its important slogan for this year that is “A World Fit for Children A World Free of Violence” Mahtab Keramati, the actress of Iran’s cinema with Microbiology in her major field of
    higher education, has been working in the UNICEF in Iran as Ambassador of the Charity since two years age and has had the responsibility of holding the Universal Day of Children through this International Organization in Iran .

    Women-Only Cuisine Festival to Be Held in Kurdistan

    SANANDAJ, Jan.25 (MNA) – Simorgh Cuisine Festival, specialized for women is to be held from February 4 to 5, 2009, in the city of Sanandaj, Kurdestan Province, in commemoration of the anniversary of the victory of Iran’s Islamic Revolution of 1979. The festival, to be run for the first time of its kind, is aimed at honoring women and
    reviving the traditional foods of the country, Iran Women News Agency (IWNA) quoted Jafar Qaderi, the secretary of the festival as saying.The event will feature traditional, foreign and unknown foods, jams and pickles, as well as cakes and cookies, Qaderi added.
    The Simorgh Cuisine Festival is organized by the Women’s Affairs Department of the Kurdistan governorship.

    Foreign women reporters attend Islamic Revolution celebrations
    Tehran, Feb 7, IRNA – A group of women reporters will arrive in Tehran on Sunday to attend the celebrations marking the 30th anniversary of Islamic Revolution.
    They will get acquainted with achievements of Islamic Republic of Iran in different fields of science, technology, culture and especially issues concerning women in Iran. Women active in the field of media will stay in Iran for a week. Their host will be “ Islamic Thought Foundation” . The visiting reporters are from newsapers and news agencies in Britain, Saudi Arabia, Croatia, Algeria, Kenya, Indonesia, Morocco, Japan, Tajikistan and Malaysia.
    TV crews from South Africa, India and Malaysia also cover the celebrations. They will also attend women gathering here in Tehran and visit newspapers, Research center of Islamic Free University, an industrial complex in southern area of Assalouyeh as well as Iran TV.
    The foreign media group will also meet with parliament speaker, foreign minister, head of organization of culture and Islamic communication, head of women cultural-social council.
    The visiting group will visit late Imam ‘s house and talk with his daughter .

    pics of Iranian women 's news

    Famous and historical city Isfahan

    Isfahan is a historical , famouse , beautiful city of Iran .

    The capital of Esfahan province, and it called Nesf-e Jahan (Half The World) meaning that to see it was to see half the world, and also referring to it as a point where many cultures and nationalities meet and mingled.
    It is one of the oldest cities of Iran & located about 340 km south of Tehran Esfahan is Iran's third largest city (after Tehran and Mashhad).This city was once one of the largest cities in the world .

    Ancient Esfahan was part of the Elamite empire , the Achaemenid Empire , Parthian Empire and , In the Sassanid era, Esfahan was governed by the members of seven noble Iranian families who had important royal positions, in this period Esfahan was a military centre with strong fortifications. There were large populations of Jews and Christians in this city .And then was occupied and rule by Arabs until the Abbasid era . In the 10th century
    In the Seljuk dynasty, Esfahan was again selected as capital and commenced another golden age and became one of the most important cities of the world. The famous Persian philosopher Avicenna lived and taught there in the 11th century.
    The city was raided and most of its inhabitants were massacred by the Mongols in the 13th century, the raid followed byTimur in 1387 , beacuse of suitable geographic situation .The Golden Age of Esfahan arrived in the 16th century under Shah Abbas the Great (1587-1629) , Safavid dynasty . In its heyday it was also one of the largest with a population of over half a million , 163 mosques, 48 religious schools, 1801 shops and
    263 public baths.
    In 1722, it was raided by the Afghans after a long siege, which left much of the city in ruins. Although the Afghans were a primary cause of Esfahan's decline, this can also be attributed to the development of maritime commerce by European merchants from such countries such as the Netherlands. Esfahan's wealth originated in its role as a chief waystation along the trans-Asia trade route (such as the Silk Road) .

    Even today, the city retains much of its past glory. It is famousfor its Islamic architecture,with many beautiful boulevards, covered bridges, palaces .And a crossroad ofinternational trade and diplomacy, and therefore was a kaleidoscopeof resident languages, religions, and customs. The city is known for its silver filigree and metal work and for its Islamic architecture, with many beautiful boulevards, covered bridges, palaces .
    Today Esfahan, the third largest city in Iran, produces fine carpets, textiles, steel, and handicrafts , and has one of the largest steel producing facilities in the entire region, as well as facilities for producing special alloys.

    This city is renowned not only for the abundance of great historical monuments, but also for its Life-Giving River, The Zayandeh-Rood, which has given the city an original beauty and a fertile land. Esfahan is filled with old gardens and some of the best sights in Iran. The city has an international airport and is in the final stages of
    constructing its first Metro line.

    Esfahan City had a population of 1,583,609 (2006)and the Esfahan metropolitan area had a population of 3,430,353 in the 2006 Census, the second most populous metropolitan area in Iran after Tehran .
    The cities of Najafabad, Khaneh Esfahan, Khomeini-shahr, Shahin-shahr, Zarrinshahr, Mobarakeh, Falavarjan and Fouladshahr all constitute the metropolitan city of Esfahan.Over 2000 companies are working in the area using Esfahan's economic, cultural, and social potentials. Esfahan hosted the International Physics Olympiad in 2007.
    The Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Esfahan is one of the biggest city squares in the world and an outstanding example of Iranian and Islamic architecture. It has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

    Geography and climate :
    The city is located in the lush plain of the Zayandeh River, at the foothills of the Zagrosmountain range. The city enjoys a temperate climate and regular seasons. No geological obstacles exist within 90 km north of Esfahan, allowing cool northern winds to blow from this direction. Situated at 1590 meters above sea level, Esfahan is still very hot during the summer with maxima typically around 36 °C (97 °F). However, with low humidity and
    moderate temperatures at night, the climate can be very pleasant. During the winter, days are mild but nights can be very cold and snow is not unknown. However, on the whole Esfahan's climate is extremely dry. Its annual precipitation of 113 millimetres (4.4 in) is only about half that of Tehran or Mashhad and only a quarter that of more
    exposed Kermanshah.

    Architecture and landmarks

    The architecture of Esfahan is made up of eight traditional forms which taken together form the foundation in the same way that music was once based on a finite number of notes. These are modulated by the use of colors and textures to leaven the surfaces and are held together in an overall construction akin to that of a sonata in which connection leads to culmination through a transition space. To appreciate the skill of the architects and designers fully, it is necessary to have an appreciation of these fundamental concepts i.e. garden, platform, porch, gateway, dome, arched chamber, and minaret, although in the geometry and architecture of the buildings they are woven together to present a seamless whole. A full discussion of the underlying principles can be found
    in the paper entitled "The Alchemy of the Mosque", given to a joint meeting of the School of Architecture and the Islamic Society of the University of Manchester in 1997.

    Historical sites :
    Squares and Streets
    Naqsh-e Jahan Square also known as "Shah Square" or "Imam Square" - 1602.
    Meydan Kohne (Old Square) - Shahshahan Square - Chaharbagh Boulevard - 1596.
    Chaharbagh-e-khajou Boulevard
    Palaces :
    Ali Qapu (The Royal Palace) - Early 17th Century.
    Talar Ashraf (The Palace of Ashraf) - 1650.
    Hasht-Behesht (The Palace of Eight Paradises) - 1669.
    Chehel Sotoun (The Palace of Forty Columns) - 1647.
    Old schools (Madresse)
    Madreseye Sadr.
    Madreseye Shah (Chahar Bagh School).
    Madreseye Khajoo.
    Mosques :
    Shah Mosque
    Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque
    Esfahan Jame (Congregative) mosque
    Shah Carvanserai
    Bazaars :
    Grand Bazaar, Esfahan
    Shahi Bazaar
    Bridges :
    The Bridges of Isfahan - Khaju Bridge - Choobi Bridge - 33 Pol Bridge.
    Abbasi HotelThe Zayandeh Rud (river) starts in the Zagros Mountains, flows from west to
    east through the heart of Isfahan, and dries up in the Kavir desert.
    The bridges over the river include some of the nicest architecture in Isfahan. The oldest
    bridge is the "Pol-e Shahrestan" which was probably built in the 12th century during the
    Seljuk period. Further upstream is the "Pol-e Khaju" which was built by Shah Abbas II in
    1650. It is 123 metres long with 24 arches, and it also serves as a sluice gate. The next
    bridge is the "Pol-e Jubi". It was originally built as an aqueduct to supply the palace
    gardens on the north bank of the river. Further upstream again is the Si-o-Seh Pol or
    bridge of 33 arches. Build during the rule of Shah Abbas the Great, it linked Isfahan with
    the Armenian suburb of Jolfa. It is by far the longest bridge in Isfahan at 295m.
    Pol-e Shahrestan (The Shahrestan Bridge) - 11th Century. sharestan bridge
    Shahrestan bridge
    Marnan bridge - -Pol-e Khaju(Khaju Bridge) - 1650.khajoo bridge
    Si-o-Seh Pol (The Bridge of 33 Arches) - 1602 - Pol-e-Joui or Choobi (Joui bridge).
    Churches and Cathedrals
    Vank Cathedral - 17th century.Vank Cathedral
    Kelisaye Maryam (Maryam Church)
    Baths (Hammam)
    Khosro Agha - Ali Gholi Agha - Khajouha - Shahzadeha - Bigdeli - (2006)Sheikh Bahaei

    Houses - Other sites
    Atashgah Atashgah- a Zoroastrian fire temple.
    Buqe'h-ye Ibn-Sina (Avicenna's Dome) - 12th Century.
    The Tombs of Nizam al-Mulk & Malek Shah - 12th & 18th Century.
    New Julfa (The Armenian Quarter).
    The Bathhouse of Sheikh Bahai.
    Pigeon Towers - 17th Century.Pigeon_house
    Manar Jonban, a famous minaret
    Handwotk :
    Sculpture - Miniature - Silver Work - Minakari - Tile Working - Calico ( ghalamkari )
    Ghalam Zani - Wood Carving - Calligraphy - Gerehchini - Pottery - Khatam
    Rug manufacture - Carpet design - Carpet . . .
    Main article: Isfahan rug :
    Esfahan has long been one of the centers for production of the famous Persian Rug. Weaving in Esfahan flourished in the Safavid era. But when the Afghans invaded Iran, ending the Safavid dynasty, the craft also became stagnant.
    Not until 1920s, between two world wars, was weaving again taken seriously by the people of Esfahan. They started to weave Safavid designs and once again became one of the most important nexus of the Iranian rug weaving industry. Esfahani carpets today are among the most wanted in world markets, having many customers in western countries.
    Esfahani rugs and carpets usually have ivory backgrounds with blue, rose, and indigo
    motifs. Rugs and carpets often have very symmetrical and balanced designs. They
    usually have a single medallion that is surrounded with vines and palmettos and are of
    excellent quality.

    Aside from the seminaries and religious schools, the major universities of the
    Esfahan metropolitan area are:

    Islamic Azad University Of Khomeini Shahr
    Islamic Azad University, Majlesi Branch
    Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
    Isfahan University of Technology
    University of Isfahan
    Isfahan University of Art
    High schools
    Harati High School
    Adab High School
    There are also more than 50 Technical and Vocational Training Centers under
    administration of Esfahan TVTO which provide non-formal training programs
    freely over the province.

    Esfahan has two football (soccer) clubs that have been title contenders in Iran's
    Premier Football League. These are:
    Sepahan Isfahan - Sepahan-Novin Isfahan - Zob Ahan Isfahan

    sister city :
    kuala lampour - Havana - Kuwait - Florance - Saint Petersburg - Barcelona
    Yerevan - Xian - Lahore - Iasi - Freiburg

    Wikipedia Iran chamber

    Esfehan pics

    Fajr International Iranian Film Festival

    Fajr International Film Festival is Iran's annual film festival, held every February in Tehran.The festival, started in 1982, is under supervision of Ministry of Culture in Iran. It takes place every February in Iran on the anniversary of the Iranian revolution.

    The Festival Secretariat, a division of Farabi Cinema Foundation, is in charge of planning, organizing and staging Fajr International Film Festival. Organized since 1982 by the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance in February every year, on the anniversary of Iran's Islamic Revolution, Fajr International Film Festival is the most important film
    event in the country and presents not only the cream of the local cinematic productions, but also offers a representative selection of films from all over the world. In fact Fajr Festival functions as a bridge between film communities from the East and West.

    The Festival ' s declared objective is to discover and screen films that deal with man's unique capacities and capabilities and his position in the universe.

    Competitions :
    Competition of Asian Cinema
    Competition of Spiritual Cinema
    International Competition
    International Competition of Short Films
    Competition of Iranian Cinema
    Competition of Iranian short film
    Competition of Documentary Works

    Juries :
    International Competition Jury
    Competition of Spiritual Cinema Jury
    Competition of Asian Cinema Jury

    Awards :

    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Short Narrative Film
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Technical or Artistic Achievement
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Performance
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Script
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Direction
    Crystal Simorgh of Special Jury Prize
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Film

    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Film
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Director
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Screenplay
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Actor
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Actress
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Supporting Actor
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Supporting Actress
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Editor
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Cinematographer
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Composer
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Makeup Artist
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Sound Effects
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Sound Recorder
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Costume and Stage Designer
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Special Effects
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best First Film Director
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Documentary
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Documentary Filmmaker
    Crystal Simorgh Prize for Best Short Film

    Some NEWS of 27 th International Fajr Film Festival Feb. 1 - 11, 2009

    (Tuesday, 18 -November, 2008)
    To attend the 27th FiFF, 456 movies from 73 countries has received the festival's secretariat. The festival's PR reports, after inviting appropriate movies for the International Competition section, after considering 1131 titles, 456 movies has been invited and the copies has been received by the secretariat, including 301 long features, 55 short ones, 88 long docus and 12 short ones. After assessing all these films, the festival's selection committee will select the apt ones for the various sections of FIFF.
    Since 2007, to heighten the credibility of the two main sections of FIFF-International and National-the helding time of both has changed to the first 5 days (Int'l Competition) and the second 6 days (National Competition). The 2009 FIFF will be held as the same, and it will be inaugurated at 31 Jan and closed at 10 Feb2009, in Tehran.

    (Thursday, 4-December, 2008)
    The selection committees of the sections “Video Cinema” and “Documentary and Short Feature Films” has started selecting videos and films for the 27th FIFF .The committees are considering 374 titles to select the best for both sections. These titles include 88 long videos, 128 short feature and short documentary films, 105
    medium- length and 26 long docus. At the 27th FIFF, one Crystal Symorgh prize will go to the best short film.
    Two Crystal Symorgh prizes will be awarded to the best long docu and best short or medium-length docu film. The jury of “video Cinema” section will award two Crystal Symorgh to best video, and, best direction.

    (Saturday, 6-December, 2008)
    For the third year, FIFF 2009 will present the Mustafa Akkad Prize to the best film shown at Int’l Section, dealing faith and hope. The festival will donate this special prize to the best film chosen from the three international competitions (Jam-e-Jahan Nama; Panoroma of the East; Searching for the Truth). At the FIFF 2008, the Syrian director Ghassan Shamit (Identification Card) received this award. The first Mustafa Akkad Prize went to the Iranian filmmaker Bahram Tavakoli for his Barefoot.
    Born 1930 in Aleppa, Mustafa Akkad was a filmmaking graduate from UCLA. After working with prominent Hollywood figures, such as the late Sam Peckinpah, he started a career as actor, director and producer. He became a renowned figure of the horror genre. Mustafa Akkad was a L.A.-based producer. He chose Islam and Muslims as themes:
    Al-Resalah (The Messenger); Omar Mukhtar, The Lion of Desert. He was killed in Nov.2005, after the terrorists raid a luxury hotel, in Jordan.

    (Saturday, 6 -December, 2008)
    “Captain Abu Ra’ed”, by the Jordanian filmmaker Amin Motlaqa and winner of 12 international awards from some film festivals around the world, will be screened at the 27th FIFF. The movie is Jordan’s representative at Oscar 2009. The film has been lauded and awarded at film festivals of Sundance, Durban, Dubai, Seattle, Newport and Hartland. Abu Ra’ed is an old janitor, working at an airport. During his life, he is always dreaming to travel around the world. But due to financial problems, he never can realize his only single dream. One day, among the litters, he finds a worn out pilot cap. He puts it on his head. The neighbouhood kids suppose him a captain pilot, thus he is named “Captain Abu Ra’ed”. Upon the kids insistence, Captain Abu Ra’ed, do tell stories about remote places, that he has not seen himself. The London-based Jordanian actor, Nadim Savelha, is playing this old man, and his
    performance has been admired by the critics and audience. The leading female part is played by Rana Sultan.
    Captain Abu Ra’ed is it’s director homage to his French idol filmmaker, Francois Truffaut.

    (Tuesday, 23 -December, 2008)
    The 2008 French film No Popcorn on the Floor, by Gael Mocaer, is a competitor for getting an award in the 27th FIFF International Competition. The story is about the directing staff of the Atalante theater in a town, in southwest of France, who are in a constant fight against the industrialization and commercialization of the 7th Art.

    (Tuesday, 23 -December, 2008)
    The Turkish feature film, Milk by Semih Kaplanoglu, and one of the last year's Venice Golden Lion contender, will have an eye to a Crystal Symorgh of the 27th FIFF Int'l competition. This fourth film of Kaplanoglu is the second part of a poet-oriented trilogy with the life of a young poet living in a society entangled in transformation. The first part of this trilogy under the title of Egg had a look on the old Turkish poet, Yousef. The second part is dealing with the same character, but in his youth. Yousef's childhood is the subject of the last part. The director believes in this trilogy he is pondering over losing man's innocene.
    Semih Kaplanoglu was awarded as Best Director for his film Egg at the 26th FIFF. Born 1963 in Ezmir, he made Far From Home in 2000 as his debut, and got awards from film festivals like Istanbul, Ankara and Singapore.
    Milk is a 2008 Turkish/ French/ German co-production.

    (Wednesday, 24 -December, 2008)
    The Russian feature film Yarik, co-directed by Cecile Henry and Alexander Laslo, is one of the contender for one of the International Competition awards. The theme is child smuggling in today's Russia. Referring to an interview with these two directors, each year 1000 children are been smuggled from Russia to other countries, and nobody
    get to know about their fate. In this 2008 production, Maxim Kolesnikov is playing the leading role of a child. Kolesnikov is the recipient of the Best Child Actor award from the Radiant Angel Film Festival, which is been held in Russia, every year. The Archbishop of Moscow Orthodox Church, and leader of Russian Orthodox Church has granted an Honorary Order the film's screenwri

    (Wednesday, 24-December, 2008)
    19 short films from 16 countries will be screened during the 27th Fajr Festival, in the Int'l Competition section.
    Germany will participate with 3 titles,and, Finland, Spain and Brazil, 2 films each. Upon the festival's regulations, Iran is allowed to screen 3short films, the titles of these films has not been announced, yet. These 18 short films include: 411-Z (Hungary); Blind Man's Eye (Ireland); Good Trip (Uruguay); Harvest (Finland); Majidee (Malaysia); One (Estonia); Scrambled (Italy); The Slope (Turkey); Surface (Protugal); Tango Finlandia (Finland); Haunted Tales for Wicked Kids (Brazil); Terminal (Brazil). The 3 German short films are: My Father Is Sleeping; Ray of Light, and, Amin, a German / French/ Dutch co-production.

    (Friday, 26 -December, 2008)
    12 feature films from 15 countries are going to be screened during the 27th Fajr Int'l Film Festival in a non-competition section. The titles are:
    Asterix at the Olympic Games (Frédéric Forestier, Thomas Langmann) from France
    Bangkok Dangerous (Oxide and Danny Pang Chun) from U.S.A.
    Hidden Fortress: The Last Princess (Shinji Higuchi) from Jappan
    Jodhaa Akbar (Ashutosh Gowariker) from India
    Journey to the Forest (Jorn Staeger) from Germany
    The Marsh (Jordan Barker) from Canada
    Outlaw (Nick Love) from U.K.
    Son of A Lion (Benjamin Gilmour) an Australian and Pakistani co-production
    Stars on Earth (Amir Khan) from India
    Three Kingdoms: Resurrection of the Dragon (Daniel Lee) a Chinese, South Korean,
    Hong Kong co-productionVexille (Fumihiko Sori) from Japan
    The Warlords (Peter Chan) a Chinese, Hong Kong co-production

    (Friday, 26 -December, 2008)
    Until the last week of Dec. 08,128 projects were in the phases of production and pre-production. Upon the statistics, while approaching the Fajr Int'l Film Festival, the production trend has increased.
    The PR of Farabi Cinema Foundation reports that 23 titles are ready for screening; 20 films are finishing the sound process; 6 films are in the cutting rooms; 12 films are in the photography stage; and 63 projects are in pre-production, 4 titles has been screened.
    Ready for screening are the following titles:
    When We Are All Sleeping (Bahram Beiza'i) - Heyran (Shalize Arefpur)
    The Protector (Mohammad J.Kassesaz) - A Small Mistake (Mohsen Mir Damadi)
    The Book of Law (Seyed Maziar Miri) - Face to Face (Ali Zhakan)
    Niloofar/ Water Lilly (Sabine Zhemayel) - My American Fiancée (Davud Tohidparast)
    Don't Set Foot on Earth (Iraj Qaderi) - Game-Cock/ Bitter and Sweet (Masud Atyabi)
    Superstar (Tahmineh Milani) - A Span of Heaven (Ali Vazirian)
    Beyond the River (Abbas Ahmadi Motlaq) - The Empty Chair (Saman Estarki)
    Mizak (Hossein Ali Fallah Layalestani) - The Crust (Mustafa Al-Ahmad)
    Voices(Farzad Motamen) - Twenty (Abdolreza Kahani)
    Yellow Cab (Ebrahim Vahidzadeh) - Tonight Is Moonlit Night (Mohammad H.Karimi)
    Tehrani Boy (Kazem Rast Goftar) - Checkmate (Mohammad Heydari)
    Twinkling (Jahanguir Jahanguiri)
     Films in sound stage:
    Solomon's Kingdom (Shahriar Bahrani) - 14 Carats Fine(Parviz Shahbazi)
    07:5 (Mohammad Mahdi Asgarpur) - Turtles (Abolhassan Davudi)
    About Elli (Asghar Farhadi) - The Reward (Kamal Tabrizi)
    In Order from the Right (Mohammad Varzi) - Morning Son (Behruz Afkhami)
    Poorness (Hamid Nematollah) - Hell Limbo Paradise (Bizhan Mirbaqeri)
    Postman Won't Ring Three Times (Hassan Fat'hi) - Maryam's Report (Esma'il Barari)
    Bringing Out the Death (Javad Afshar) - Beyond the Fence (Mohsen Mohseni Nassab)
    Bounds (Seyed Reza Khatibi Sora'i) - The Child and the Angel (Masud Naqashzade)
    On Foot (Fereidun Hassanpur) - Penalty (Ensieh Shah Hosseini)
    Two Sisters (Asghar Banki)
    In the cutting room are:

    Doubt (Varuzh Karim Masihi - The Expelled 2 (Masud Deh Namaki)
    Night & Day (Keyvan Ali Mohammadi - The Lullaby (Manizhe Hekmat)
    Delkhoon/ Heartsore (Mohammad R. Rahmani) - The Weight of Being (Amir Qavidel)
    In production are:
    Insomnia (Mohammad J. Baqeri Nia) - Dark Blue Like Lilac (Javad Ardakani)
    A Very Close Encounter (Esma'il Mihandoost) - Distress (Siavash Asadi)
    The Death Carnaval - Adam's Son Eve's Daughter (Rambod Javan)
    Tehran Seeking for Beauty (D.Mehrju'i, M. Karampur, S. Daad)
    Hunter (Rafi Pitts) - The Water Silk Road (Mohammad Bozorg Nia)
    The Insider (Jamal Shurje) - 36 projects are in pre-production.
    Ebrahim Hatami Kia's The Invitation; Enamoured by Q. Solh Mirza'i;
    Chahar Changooli by Sa'id Soheili; 10-Digit by Homayun Asadian has been screened.

    (Saturday, 27 -December, 2008)
    The PR of the 27th Fajr Int'l Film has announced the titles of feature films shown at the non-competitive section of Festival of Festivals. These titles are:
    Bioscope (KM Madhusudhanan) from IndiaThe Children of Huang Shi (Roger Spottiswood) a co-production of Australia, China,Germany
    The Fall (Tarsem Singh) a co-production of India, U.K., U.S.A.
    The Good, The Bad and The Weird (Ji-woon Kim) from South Korea
    Happy New Life (Arpad Bogdan) from Hungary
    Ichi (Fumihiko Sori) from Japan
    Kabei-Our Mother (Yoji Yamada) from Japan
    The Killing of John Lennon (Andrew Piddington) from U.K.
    Mad Detective (Johnny To, Ka-Fai Wai) a Hong Kong, China co-production
    Mongol (Sergei Bodrov) a co-production of Kazakhstan, Russia, Mongolia, Germany
    The Necessities of Life (Benoit Pilon) from Canada
    Plum Rain (Frederic Fisbach) from France
    Red Carpet (Luiz Alberto Pereira) from Brazil
    The Silence Before Bach (Pere Portabella) from Spain
    Sweets (Soo-kyuny Lee) from South Korea
    Teza (Haile Gerima) a co-production of Ethiopia, Germany, France

    (Saturday, 27-December, 2008)
    The PR of the 27th Fajr Int'l Film has announced the line-up of documentary films shown
    at the Special Screening Section as the following:
    Bull Trouble (Marion McKeone) from U.S.A.
    Chomsky and Company (Olivier Azam, Daniel Mermet) from France
    Citizen Havel (Miroslav Janek, Pavel Koutecky) from the Czech Republic
    The Colour of Olives (Carolina Rivas) a Mexican and Palestinian co-production
    Il Critico (Kleber Mendoca Filho) from Brazil
    Days Without Joyce (Agustin Tapia, Ana Soler) from Mexico
    Eye to Eye-All About German Film (Michael Althen, Hans Helmut Prinzler) from Germany
    Flowers of Rwanda (David Munoz) a Rwandan and Spanish co-production
    Half Value Life (Alka Sadat) from Afghanistan
    Hidden Heart (Cristina Karrer, Werner Schweizer) a German, Swiss and South African co-production
    May' 68, "A Job Well Done" (Jean- Luc Magneron) from France
    A Place in the Cinema (Albert Morais) from Spain
    Reverse Shot-Rebellion of the Filmmakers (Dominik Wessely) from Germany
    R.F.K. Must Die (Part 1&2) by Shane O'Sullivan from U.K.
    Still Alive-A Film About Kieslowski (Maria Zmarz-Koczanowicz) from Poland
    War on Democracy (John Pilger, Christopher Martin) a U.K./ Australian co-production

    (Sunday, 28 -December, 2008)

    The PR of the 27th Fajr Int'l Film Festival has announced the line-up of the Competition
    of the Asian Cinema as the following:
    Best Wishes for Tomorrow (Takashi Koizumi) from Japan
    Captain Abu Raed (Amin Matlaqa) from Jordan
    Hulla (Jaideep Varma) from India
    Island Etude (Hying-en Chen) from Taiwan
    Kabuli Kid (Barmak Akram) a co-production of France, Afghanistan
    Laila's Birthday (Rashid Masharawi) a co-production of Tunisia, Palestine, The Netherlands
    Machan (Uberto Pasolini) a co-production of Sri Lanka, Italy, Germany
    Mr. Cinema (Samon Chiu) from Hong Kong
    The Red Jacket (Yalin Zou) from China
    A School girl's Diary (In-hak Jan) from North Korea
    With A Girl of A Black Soil (Soo-il Jeon) a co-production of France, South Korea
    The two Iranian films for this section will be announced, subsequently. Three Crystal Symorgh awards will be given to Best Direction, Best Screenplay and Best Film; a Special Prize for Convergency in Asia will also be given to a film.

    (Monday, 29 -December, 2008)
    The line-up of foreign films shown at 27th FIFF's section of Spiritual Cinema has been
    announced. From 10 countries, 11 films will be screened in this competitive section of the festival.
    Japan and the U.K. are participating with two films, each. Three Crystal Symorgh awards will be given to best direction, best screenplay and best film.
    Films selected for the 27th FIFF's section of Spiritual Cinema are as the following:
    Accuracy of Death (Masage Kakehi, Japan)
    The Burial (David Mills & Danielle Boucher, U.K.)
    The Disappeared (Johnny Kevorkian, U.K.)
    The Eye (David Moreau & Xavier Palud, U.S.A.)
    The Hands (Alejandro Doria, Argentina & Italy)
    Nuncingen Haus (Raoul Ruiz, France &Chile)
    Orphanage (Juan Antonio Bayona, Mexico& Spain)
    The Screen at Kamchanod (Songsak Mongkolthong, Thailand)
    The Second Coming (Tanel Toom, Estonia)
    Verses of Love (Hanung Bramantyo, Indonesia)
    Walking My Life (Satoshi Isaka,Japan)
    Two of these titles will be screened as out-of-competition. The two Iranian films, chosen for this competitive section,will be announced.

    (Tuesday, 30 -December, 2008)
    10 foreign films, along with 3 Iranian ones, will vying for Crystal Symorgh awards, during
    the first five days of the 27th FIFF, in the International Competition, which will be held
    from 1 Feb. until 6Feb 09 in Tehran. The titles are:
    Nine Milimeters (Taylan Barman) a co-production of France, Belgium
    Cherries (Zhang Jia Bei) from China
    Correction (Thanos Anastopoulos) from Greece
    Goodbye Solo (Ramin Bahrani) from U.S.A.
    Katyn (Andrzej Wajda) from Poland
    Milk (Semih Kaplanoglu) a co-production of Turkey, France,Germany
    No Popcorn on the Floor (Gael Mocae) from France
    Pandora's Box (Yesim Ustaoglu) a co-production of Turkey, France, Germany, Belgium
    Righteous Kill (Jon Avnet) from U.S.A.
    Snow (Aida Begic) a co-production of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Germany, Iran, France
    Teo's Journey (Walter Doehner) from Mexico
    Yarik (Cecile Henry, Alexander Laslo) from Russia
    2 films will be shown out-of-competition.
    The three Iranian titles will be announced subsequently.

    (Wednesday, 4 -Feb, 2009)
    10 Flicks Nominated for People Simorgh
    Ten International Fajr Film Festival entries were nominated for winning the people’s Simorgh award.
    A headquarters, cooperating with the country’s Cinema House and festival’s secretariat, collected and review of audiences to introduce nominees of the award. “When We Are All Sleeping” by Bahram Beizaei, “Twenty” by Abdolreza Kahani, “Karat 14” by Parviz Shahbazi, “Homeland” by Abolhassan Davoudi, “Each Night Loneliness”
    by Rasoul Sadr-Ameli, “Superstar” by Tahminah Milani, “Mizak” by Hossein Layalestani, “9mm” and “Cherry’s Blossoms” are nominated for the coveted award.

    (Wednesday, 4 -Feb, 2009)
    Snow Earns Crystal Symorgh
    Bosnian director Aida Begic’s “Snijeg (Snow)” won crystal Simorgh of the 27th International Fajr Film Festival.
    “Snow”, a 2008 production of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Iran, Germany and France, awarded the crystal Simorgh of the international section (Jame Jahan Nama) of the festival.
    “The art and culture field shows the beauty of the world and part of this (beauty) is being reflected on cinema,” Mohammad-Reza Ja’fari-Jelveh, Iran’s deputy culture minister for cinematic affairs, said at the ceremony on Tuesday, wishing for the festival to move towards improvement. The 100-minute film tells the story of wartime survivors in a remote Bosnian village attempting to keep the memories of their loved ones alive. But when the first snow threatens further isolation, the stage is set for a final confrontation with the outside world.Iran’s “Homeland” by Abolhassan Davoudi won an honorary diploma of the section.
    “We tried to judge fairly. “Why Dogs Hate Cats” made us to laugh and to think,” Russian filmmaker Andrey Zvyagintsev, a jury member of the international section of the festival, explained. ““Homeland” has also been an outstanding movie from Iran featuring a natural phenomenon –the return of turtles and humans – to their homelands. The movie reflected on love more than anything else. A thing we may have been forgotten.”
    The top film script Simorgh went to “9mm” by Taylan Barman from Belgium and France. Yesim Ustaoglu’s “Pandora Box”, a film from Turkey, France, Germany and Belgium, won the leading actor Simorgh. Two crystal Simorgh awards of international short film competition went to “Why Dogs Hate Cats” by Lida Fazli and “Amin” by David Dusa from France, Germany and the Netherlands. Iranian and foreign artists and cineastes such as Ezatollah Entezami, Bahram Beizaei,Pouran Derakhshandeh and Rasoul Sadr-Ameli took part at the closing ceremony of the
    festival held at Tehran’s Vahdat Hall on Feb. 3. Over 150 movies screened at the international section of the festival.

    Berlin, Fajr film fests on an equal footing
    (Sunday, 15-Feb, 2009)
    Success of Iranian director Asghar Farhadi at the Berlin Film Festival is in parallel with his accomplishment at the recent International Fajr Film Festival, head of Farabi Cinema Foundation said. “Awarding Iran’s Asghar Farhadi the Silver Bear prize for best director at the Berlin Film Festival for his drama “About Elly” is in par with his award in this year’s Fajr Film Festival,” Majid Shah-Hosseini told IRNA late Saturday. Farhadi won the coveted prize for his broadly popular drama, about a woman who vanishes on a beach getaway with friends, over the weekend.
    “Farhadi’s Berlin best director prize shows that Iranian cinema is still experiencing an upward development trend,” Shah-Hosseini said. Farhadi awarded the Crystal Simorgh prize for best director at the 27th International Fajr
    Film Festival on February 11. “The jury of the Berlin Film Festival – one of the world’s most prestigious film events -
    awarded Farhadi the same prize earned by him at the Fajr [Film Festival],” he said. This ‘indicates that the jury of the International Film Festival is approaching the international level’. Set in the beaches of Caspian Sea, “About Elly” stars Golshifteh Farahani, Taraneh Alidousti and Shahab Hosseini.

    (Friday, 6-Feb, 2009)
    Tehran Film Market a Good Chance for Poland
    Tehran international film market is a good opportunity for Poland to present its movies, director of the country’s pavilion at the 12th International Fajr Film Market said. Polish animations were attracted more customers and agents of prestigious international festivals, Szymon Pawlowski added on Feb 4. Tehran film market, Pawlowski said, provided Polish producers with a ground to have contact with Arabic companies like those from UAE and Lebanon as well as Central Asian countries.
    “Iran international film marker is smaller than those of Europe. It, however, is professionally scheduled. Our presence has also been successful there,” he stressed. More than 60 countries are participating at the festival, Iran’s most prestigious event, running until February 10 at Tehran’s movie theaters

    Hesitation Fajr Best Film
    (Wednesday, 23-Feb, 2009)
    Iranian director Varuj Karim Massihi’s second feature film “Hesitation” won the Crystal Simorgh prize at the 27th Fajr International Film Festival for the best film.
    Karim Massihi made “Hesitation”, a film noir about infidelity, 19 years after he directed the acclaimed flick “The Last Act”.
    Produced by Seyyed Saeed Sa’di, the drama stars Taraneh Alidusti, Bahram Radan, Mahtab Keramati and Hamed Komeili.
    “I thank God that I made this film besides Varuj Karim Massihi. I thank also the crew,” Sa’di said as he received the prize.
    Iranian director Asghar Farhadi won Crystal Simorgh prize for best director at the Fajr Film Festival for his drama “About Elly.”
    Movie’s actor Saber Abr received the prize as Farhadi was in Berlin to participate in the Berlin Film Festival.
    Farhadi also awarded the Silver Bear prize for best director at the Berlin Film Festival on February 14 for his drama for his broadly popular drama, about a woman who vanishes on a beach getaway with friends, over the weekend. “I thank God that made me able to pass through this daunting path. I thank all those who
    assisted me either in making or screening of the film. I wish success for Iranian cinema and dedicate my prize to Parisa Bakhtavar, my eternal companion,” Farhadi said in his message read out by Abr.
    Abdolreza Kahani received an honorary diploma for “Twenty” in this section.
    The Special Jury Prize went to Parviz Shahbazi for 14-Karat.
    Shahbazi expressed gratitude to the jury and the crew of his movie.
    The Best Actor Crystal Simorgh prize went to Shahab Hosseini for “Superstar”, which centers on a well-known movie star fed up with his routine life and other bad habits and was going to change his life.
    The festival’s jury praised his for starring in “About Elly”.
    “Khosrow Shakibaei (the late Iranian actor) made a beautiful gesture at such time. I commemorate him in this wonderful moment of mine and thank all those helped me to achieve this prize, particularly my family and colleagues,” Hosseini said as he received his Crystal Simorgh. The veteran Iranian actor Shakibaei passed away several months ago.
    Leila Hatami crowned the Best Actress for her role in “Penniless”, a drama about a couple facing financial problem after marriage.
    Eleven movies including “The Expelled II”, “Penniless”, “Twenty”, “The Postman Does Not Knock Three Times”, “Hesitation”, “About Elly”, “Bloody Heart”, “Homeland”, “Day and Night” and “When We Are All Asleep” received over 50 percent of positive votes of audiences.
    Directed by Hamid Nematollah, “Penniless”, and “About Elly” shared the Audience Favorite Film prize.
    Master Mahmoud Farshchian, head of Cinema House Mohammad Mehdi Asgarpour and secretary of the festival presented the joint prize to producers of both movies Asghar Farhadi (About Elly) and Mostafa Shayesteh (Penniless).
    Alireza Khamseh won the Best Supporting Actor Crystal Simorgh for starring in “Twenty.”
    “This is the first time I receive such prize. My and this Simorgh’s hearts are beating together. .. Today is my marriage anniversary and I dedicate my prize to my wife,” Khamseh said.
    The Best Supporting Actress Crystal Simorgh went to Mahtab Keramati for starring in “Twenty.”
    “Twenty” pictures the story of a restaurant owner intending to sell his restaurant after divorcing his wife and feeling depressed.
    The Best Cinematography Crystal Simorgh prize went to Morteza Poursamadi for “Day and Night.”
    Varuj Karim Massihi earned the Best Adapted Screenplay Crystal Simorgh prize.
    The Best Screenplay Crystal Simorgh went to Abolhassan Davudi and Farid Mostafavi. “I have been working with Mostafavi since 1981. I am happy that we learned to write
    screenplays with fewer pitfalls throughout these years,” Davudi said.
    Iraj Raminfar and Atousa Qalamfarsaei won the Best Costume and Stage Design Crystal Simorgh for “When We Are All Asleep.”
    The Best Sound Mixing Crystal Simorgh went to Hassan Zahedi for “About Elly”.
    Saeed Malekan won the Best Makeup Crystal Simorgh prize for “When We Are All Asleep.”
    The Best Special Effects Crystal Simorgh went to Davud Rasulian for “As Blue As the Lilac.”
    “As Blue As the Lilac” by Ebrahim Asghari and Javad Ardakani received the top National Outlook Golden Simorgh prize.
    Abolhassan Davudi won the National Outlook Golden Plaque for “Homeland.”
    Massoun Naqqashzadeh also received the National Outlook Golden Plaque for “Child
    and the Angel.”
    The Best Short Feature Film Crystal Simorgh awarded to Fereydoun Najafi for “Where Is Fatemeh’s House.”
    Sara Namjou won an honorary diploma for “Dreams’ Keys.”
    Amir Joghataei earned an honorary diploma for “Cold Bubble” in short and middle-length documentary section.
    Fereshteh Joghataei won the Best Short Documentary Crystal Simorgh for “How Green Was Our Valley.”
    “Bahman Jalali’s Unfinished Portrait,” co-directed by Omid Rashedi and Turaj Rabbani, won the Best Full-Length Documentary Crystal Simorgh.
    Jamshid Bahmani won the Best Director Full-Length Video Crystal Simorgh award for Michael.
    “Zeinab” by Alireza Tavana was named the best video of the section.

    (Wednesday, 23-Feb, 2009)
    Ministries, Organizations Award Top Selected Movies
    As Blue As the Lilac”, “Child and the Angel” and “Time to Love” shone at the Manifestation of National Resolve of the 27th Fajr International Film Festival. The closing ceremony of the section – a side part of the festival – took place on February 14 in Tehran and 18 ministries, organization and institute awarded prizes to their
    selected films. “Child and the Angel” awarded seven, “Time to Love” and “Penalty” four, “Homeland”
    three and “As Blue As the Lilac”, “The Postman Does Not Knock Three Times” two prizes at the section.
    Education Ministry awarded five diplomas to Ali Shadman for starring in “Time to Love”,
    Mona Ahmadi for playing in “Child and the Angel”, Massoud Naqqashzadeh director of “Child and the Angel”, Abolhassan Davoudi director of “Homeland” and Ensieh
    Shah-Hosseini director of “The Penalty”. The ministry also gave a diploma and 15 gold coins to Ebrahim Forouzesh director of “Time to Love”.
    Qom Seminary School’s Islamic Propagation Office awarded Javad Ardekani director of “As Blue As the Lilac” and Fakhroddin Sadigh-Sharif actor of “Expelled II”.
    Abolhassan Davoudi earned the top prize of Iranians’ Strategic Development Foundation forproducing “Homeland”.
    Martyrs Organization gave its top to Javad Ardakani, Massoud Naqqashzadeh and Ensieh Shah-Hosseini directors of “As Blue As the Lilac”, “Child and the Angel” and “Penalty” respectively.
    Other awards included;
    Secretariat of Public Culture Council to Massoud Naqqashzadeh director of “Child and the Angel”
    The Council for Promotion of Martyrdom and Self-Sacrifice to Ensieh Shah-Hosseini director of “Penalty”
    Village Festival to Ali Ladonni producer of “On Foot”
    Army’s Political and Ideological Organization to Hassan Kalami producer of “Child and the Angel”
    Red Crescent Society of Iran to Ebrahim Forouzesh director of “Time to Love” and Ali Shadman as actor of the drama
    Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization to Atousa Qalamfarsaei as set designer of “Voices” and Hassan Fathi director of “The Postman Does Not Knock Three Times”
    Hassan Fathi dedicated his prize to all Palestinian children, particularly the 400 kids martyred in recent Gaza invasion.
    “Although Hassan Fathi is a veteran of performing art, he has shined in his two cinematic works, especially “The Postman Does Not Knock Three Times”,” Ja’fari-Jelveh praised the director.
    Iran’s National Carpet Center’s awards went to Hassan Fathi director of “The Postman Does Not Knock Three Times”, Varouj Karim-Masihi director of “Hesitation” and Hassan Layalestani screenwriter of “Mizak”.
    Fathi dedicated the prize of this section to Ja’fari-Jelveh for his efforts in Iranian cinema.
    Ja’fari-Jelveh did not admit the prize, saying Fathi deserve more than him to take the award.
    Naji Honar Institute awarded Abdolreza Kahani for “Twenty”, and universities’ Film and Photo Association awarded two prizes to Parviz Shahbazi’s Karat-14. Public Libraries Institute awarded Arash Sajjadi-Hosseini director “Third Wave”.
    Army’s Air Forces awarded Javad-Sharifi for special effects of “Child and the Angel” and “Mouse”.
    Tehran Municipality’s Sport Organization awarded Seyyed Saeed Seyyedzadeh producer of “Penalty.”
    Ayeen Mehrvarzi Istitute awarded Mohammad Hadi Karimi director of “It Is Moony.”
    Association of Film Producers praised Mohammad-Sadeq Azin and awarded Bita
    Mansouri producing manager of “Homeland” and Rahmat Abdollahzadeh.
    Farjam Ajir and Seyyed Reza Saeedipour, Sepideh and Azadi Theater Halls were chosen in the section of the best management and staff of the festival.
    Seyyed Mousa Hashemi-Moqaddam of Arike Iranian Theater Hall was named the best

    Farabi Cinema Foundation

    Islamic Revolution pics 30 years ago

    27 th International Fajr Film Festival some pics

    Iran to celebrate Revolution’s 30th triumph anniv

    Tehran, Jan 30, IRNA – Glorious ceremonies to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran will start nationwide as of Saturday morning.
    The celebrations will start 09:30 hours local time exactly at the time when the demised founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the late Imam Khomeini, set foot on Iranian soil at Mehrabad International Airport after a long exile.
    The ceremonies, to be held in Imam’s mausoleum in Behesht-e Zahra cemetery south of the capital, are expected to be attended by ranking Iranian officials, political and social elite, families of revered martyrs of the Islamic Revolution as well as large groups of people from different walks of the society.
    The late Imam traveled to Bahesht-e Zahra to visit the tombs of the Revolution’s martyrs right after his arrival at the airport.
    The place where he sat in the cemetery to address a huge gathering of people will be singed as one of the important and memorable places in the history of the Islamic Revolution by inaugurating a special symbol dedicating to the historic moment.
    The late Imam’s grandson, Seyyed Hassan Khomeini, who is also in charge of the mausoleum, will address the ceremonies.
    The late Imam arrived in Iran, January 31, 1979, from exile in Paris to further encourage public demonstrations against the US-backed regime of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and to lead the revolution to its glorious victory just ten days later.
    The span of time between Late Imam’s arrival and the victory of the Islamic Revolution is dubbed as “Ten Days of Dawn” and is celebrated each year.

    Cinema news

    Iran's Film Week Underway in Baku
    BAKU, Feb. 7, (IRNA )-- Iran's film week opened here Saturday concurrent with the 30th anniversary of the 1979 Islamic Revolution. Speaking at the inaugural ceremony, Iran's ambassador in Baku, said that the revolution gave real independence to the Iranians. It also put an end to the country's cultural dependence and helped revive genuine Islamic culture in the society, he noted. Describing cultural progress and current status of the country's cinema as among the other blessings of the revolution, Hamidi further hoped that the film week will provide the
    people of Azerbaijan with an opportunity for getting acquainted with Iran's cinema. Speaking at the same gathering, head of Azerbaijan Republic's Cineastes Union, Rasem Balayev referred to high status of Iran's cinema and said that the event provides a suitable chance for becoming familiar with Iran's cinema. Stating that Azerbaijani cineastes are always interested in forging communication and developing cooperation with Iranian artists, he hoped that joint films will be produced and screened by the two countries' directors.
    Five Azerbaijani actors who played roles in the film 'Lost Share' directed by Hassan Najafi were awarded by Iranian Embassy's Cultural Office at the opening ceremony. The film 'Color of Paradise' directed by Majid Majidi was screened at the end of the inaugural ceremony. The films 'Color of Paradise', 'Father' by Majid Majidi, 'God IS Near' by Ali Vazirian, 'Mom's Guest' by Darioush Mehrjoei and 'Night' by Rasoul Sadr-e Ameli will be screened
    during the week. A tomato seller takes a nap at a wholesale market in the Bangladeshi capital,

    Iran's Kids for Kids announces winners
    Sun, 08 Feb 2009 Iran's fourth Kids for Kids Film Festival has announced the winners of its innovative
    documentaries and animations in the city of Tehran. Organized by the Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults, the festival screened some 60 films made by 6- to 16-year-old filmmakers.
    The 8-minute films, which were screened from Feb. 1 to 4, 2009, will also be screened in different cities across Iran. Veteran filmmakers including Mahin Javaherian, Abdollah Alimorad, Reza Heidarnejad, Mehdi Baqeri and Vajihollah Fard-Moqaddam judged the event. Amin-Reza Malekmahmoudi's Best News, Romina Mohaqqeq's Box Full of Kindness, Parya Lotfi's Check, Niayesh Esmaili's Little Brother, Hossein Fallah and Ali Dastian's In Search of a Story, Seyyed Mohammad Dadafarin's Responsibility and Paniz Zanganeh's Mommy's Shoes were among the award-winning films. Sohrab Ganjian's Loshan, Pedram Zanganeh's Mask, Ali Taftian's Sweet Memories,
    Masih Baqeri's Turn Off the Computer, Morteza Vaziri's Smile, Saman Hosseinpour's Bluetooth, Bozorgmehr Safoura's Neighborhood's Little Soldiers Faraz Tavakkoli's Kindness were also awarded at the event.
    Parastou Rasi's Mouse and the Apple Tree, Hiva Arab-Ameri's Eraser, Sheida Dalvand's Shangoul and Mangoul, Azim Ebadi's Fireworks Wednesday, Marjan Madih's Lonely Girl, Armin Ashtari's Moon and the Fox, Ali Khoshsokhan's Help Me and Kowsar Mousavinasab's Life in the Village were among the award-winning animations. The festival also held animation, story telling, screenwriting, lighting and makeup

    Iran's Elli Debuts at Berlinale
    TEHRAN, Feb 7 (Press TV)--Iranian director Asghar Farhadi's About Elli makes its world premiere at the 59th edition of the Berlin Film Festival in Germany. The feature-length film, which participated in the event's competition section, attracted international audiences with its dramatic depiction of love. Farhadi's latest production competes with numerous international productions including French filmmaker Bertrand Tavernier's In the Electric Mist.
    About Elli highlights the relations between Iranian men and women in a manner that touches the hearts of international audiences. "I wanted to make a story that was universal -- one that everyone could connect with,
    not just contemporary Iranians," AFP quoted Farhadi as saying. "To my mind, these kinds of problems can be found everywhere. I've tried to go below the tip of the iceberg, beneath the surface of the water to see where they are coming from," he said. Farhadi said his film was based on the life of one of his friend living in Hamburg and his unhappy marriage. The Golden Bear will be awarded on Feb. 14, 2009, one day before the 59th Berlinale's
    closure. Iranian screenwriter and director Asghar Farhadi began filmmaking with Dancing in the Dust in 2003. His fourth film, Fireworks Wednesday won him the Gold Hugo Award of the 2006 Chicago International Film Festival and the Best Director Award of the 13th Rabat Film Festival in Morocco. Iranian actress Merila Zarei (L) and filmmaker Ashgar Farhadi (R) at the 59th Berlinale Film Festival, Feb. 7, 2009 kayhan

    Iranian Film Festival Attracts Big Crowds
    ISLAMABAD, Feb 4 (IRNA) - An Iranian film show, as part of Iran's cultural week to celebrate the 30th anniversary of Islamic Revolution in Iran, is attracting a large number of visitors at National Art Gallery (NAG).
    Depicting Iranian culture and traditions, the movie titled "God is Close" was screened here Monday at NAG's auditorium while "The Third Day" was showcased on February 3. The film show included the movies like "Jesus" and "The Eternal Kids" that presented the diversity in Iranian dialectics, different life styles and other traditions. Organized by Cultural office of Iranian Consulate, the festival included an Iranian art exhibition carrying glimpses of inlaid wood, engraving, Iranian miniatures, caricature, contemporary paintings and impressionist works, tourist and pilgrimage attractions, local costumes and traditional sewing.
    A large collection of photographs are presented in the festival which depict images of the effects revolution on Iranian photographers and also their combat against the fomer Shah regime until the ultimate success of the revolution and eight years of the sacred defense. They are also photos about reconstruction period and industrial, scientific and technological developments. A cultural troupe comprising artists and craftsmen from Iran also participated in the event. Iranian painting being a blended word, indicates some sort of painting which has
    appeared during centuries in the land of Iran. This kind of painting called miniature by the Western researchers and scholars has a deep and fruitful history while the high values attained by the artists of this course are the result of their prolonged effortswhich have passed through the depth of the history. Iran's handicraft at a glance is the art of making handicrafts in consistent and extremely solid ancient traditions.
    The art of inlaying wood is one of the finest and most authentic traditional Iranian arts and an exquisite example of the talent of the Iranian people.

    Iranian Director to Hire Bollywood Actors for New Film
    TEHRAN, Jan. 23 (MNA) -- Iranian director Puran Derakhshandeh plans to use a number of Bollywood actors and a producer for her new film “The Story of Love ”. “Sometime ago, an Indian producer, who has previously watched a number of my films, showed interest in collaborating with me in a joint production,” Derakhshandeh told the Persian service of MNA on Thursday. She declined to name the producer.“The film is about youth and their feelings,” she said, adding, “Some sequences of will be taken in India, so a number of the Indian actors will be starring along with an Iranian cast.”“Iranian films can shine in regional film markets so I hope to create appropriate
    conditions for a professional joint production based on the standards of the world’s market,” she noted.The usual preliminaries have been carried out and Derakhshandeh said that she would submit the film’s screenplay to the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance for approval.Derakhshandeh, whose “Eternal Kids” has been screened at the 6th Asian Film Festival (Third Eye) in November 2007, said that her films have been received warmly in their
    Indian premieres.Her other credits include “Nocturnal Emissions,” “Candle in the Wind,” “Love Without Frontier,” “Lost Time,” “Passing Through the Dust,” and “Little Bird of Happiness”.She is also producer of “Twenty,” which was directed by Abdorreza Kahani. Starring Parviz Parastuii and Mahtab Keramati, the film will be competing at the 27th Fajr International Film Festival, which will be held in Tehran From January 30 to February 10.

    News 30th Anniversary of Islamic Revolution

    Winning 2,000 int’l awards shows growth of cinema
    Tehran, Feb 4, IRNA - Winning more than 2,000 international awards in the post-Revolution era by the Iranian cineastes indicates the strength and growth of the country’s cinema, said a veteran actor Ezzatollah Entezami.
    Talking to IRNA on the sidelines of the 27th International Fajr Film Festival, he added the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution ushered in a new era in Iran’s cinema.
    Emphasizing the significance of the Fajr festival, Entezami also said that qualitative growth of the event and other cinematic festivals will help improve the quality of the cinematic works.
    The 27th International Fajr Festival opened on January 31 and will continue until February 10 .

    Iran to host World 2009 Sitting Volleyball Competitions
    Tehran, Feb 3, IRNA - Iran's sitting volleyball national team coach Hadi Rezaei, said here Wednesday that the Third World Sitting Volleyball Competition will be held in Iran in 2009.
    Rezaie told IRNA that the contests will be held from November 1-9, 2009, on a proposal of
    World Organisation Volleyball for Disabled (WOVD). He said Isfahan, Mashhad and Kish have been nominated to be the venue of the contests .

    Madrid to host Iran cultural week
    Madrid, Spain, Jan 28, IRNA -- Iran's cultural week will be held here at Spanish Peace
    Foundation from February 3-7 as part of the program to mark the 30th anniversary of 1979 Islamic Revolution.
    Scientific conferences, film screening, exhibits of handicrafts, artworks, photos and posters are among the programs envisaged for the week. A special ceremony called 'A Night with Iranians' and other diverse programs are also on the agenda.
    The event will be sponsored by Iran's Cultural Office in Spain, Spanish Peace Foundation and other Iranian Madrid-based institutes.

    Iran holds painting fair in Armenia
    Tehran, Feb 1, IRNA – Iran opened Saturday a painting exhibition in Armenia on the
    occasion of the 30th anniversary of the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979. The exhibition is putting on display the paintings of Iran's contemporary painters who have drawn their outlooks and views that belong to three different generations. Iran’s ambassador to Armenia, the Armenian minister of culture, resident envoys from
    Lebanon, Egypt, Georgia, Belarus and the United Nations as well as a large number of Armenian and Iranian artists participated in the opening ceremony.

    Specialized Islamic Revolution library to open Feb 1
    Tehran, Jan 31, IRNA -- Specialized Library on 1979 Islamic Revolution will open here in
    Arts Bureau on February 1 as part of the programs to mark the 30th anniversary of the Revolution.
    According to a report by the website of the bureau, the library was earlier available to researchers but its research resources and equipment have been developed and will be open for public henceforth.
    The main objective of the library is to set up a specialized center to be used by researchers and artists focusing on the Revolution. Currently, the library maintains more than 7,500 titles of Persian books and magazines on
    the Revolution and 6,000 articles in English, German, Russian and Arabic languages. The library is to be launched in cooperation with Arts Bureau’s Islamic Revolution Literary Office and the Headquarters for Commemorating 30th Victory Anniversary of the Islamic Revolution.

    Tehran, Feb 2, IRNA – The 12th international film-marketing event is currently underway inTehran.
    30 world countries, in the form of 19 companies, are taking part in the event, which aims at selling Iranian feature films and TV serials to foreign customers. The countries present in the event include Iran, Jordan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Syria, Qatar, Sudan, Malaysia, Morocco, India and Turkey among others. A number of Iranian companies and cinematic centers have an active presence in the event which provides a good chance for introducing Iranian films and cinema productionsto world countries especially Asian nations.
    The film-marketing event is taking place on the sidelines of the 27th International Fajr Film Festival that is currently underway in Tehran as part of ceremonies to celebrate the victoryof the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979.

    Cinema News

    Berlin Subway to Exhibit Iran Cartoonist

    TEHRAN, Feb 16 (Press TV) -- A German online cartoon community is to display a drawing by an award-winning Iranian artist throughout the Berlin subway system. is scheduled to display a caricature by Javad Alizadeh on 4,000 monitors throughout the Berlin subway system. La Strada (The Road) is an Italian neorealistic film directed by Federico Fellini. Javad Alizadeh has caricaturized the film's naive central character, played by Fellini's wife, Giulietta Masina, who is sold to a brutish man in a coastal town in Italy. Toonpool, a website where cartoonists can upload their art, is a central location to display, browse and share cartoons and caricatures.
    Berlin Subway also selected Javad Alizadeh's work for a similar event last year. La Strada by Javad Alizadeh

    Iran Gifts Animation to Gazan Children

    TEHRAN, Feb 16 (Press TV) -- Iran's Sahar TV has gifted an animation series to Gazan children during a conference held at its headquarters in the capital of Tehran. The Child and the Occupier was offered to Hamas representative in Tehran Abu Osama Abd Al-Muati on Sunday morning.
    “The Buds of Resistance” conference was attended by a number of Hamas officials, head of the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) Ezzatollah Zarghami, former Iranian parliament speaker Ayatollah Ali-Akbar Nateq-Nouri and head of IRIB's World Service Mohammad Sarafraz. The three-dimensional animation has been broadcasting on Sahar TV since last year. It has also been on Syrian and Turkish televisions. The animation was gifted to the children of Gaza to appreciate their adamant stance andresistance against Israelis in the 23-day onslaught on the impoverished Strip.
    Israel's three-week offensive against Gaza -- aimed at toppling the democratically-elected government of Hamas in the Palestinian territory -- left nearly 1,300 Palestinians dead, more than half of them civilians, according to medical sources. The Israeli assault led to the destruction of schools, mosques, houses, UN compounds and
    government buildings, which Israel has a responsibility to protect under the Fourth Geneva Convention.

    Iran Documents Travels of Female Cyclist
    TEHRAN, Feb 10 (Press TV)--Iranian filmmaker Elham Asadi is making a documentary about Iran's first female tourist who pedaled around the world in 16 months. The Peace Route is the story of Poupeh Mahdavi-Nader who began her worldwide tour on the first day of the Persian New Year in 2003. The film is mostly filmed in northern Iran, Tehran, the Alborz mountainside and a number of countries where Mahdavi-Nader traveled. A book will also be published along with the film containing photographs and informative reports about the tour. Mahdavi-Nader cycled the globe to convey the message of love, friendship and world peace,and raise funds for Iranian orphans and underprivileged children. She visited numerous countries including Italy, France, the UK, the US, Japan, New Zealand, China, the Netherlands, Oman, and the Vatican. Iranian tourist, Poupeh Mahdavi-Nader.

    Participate in Tabriz Cartoon Festival
    TEHRAN, Jan 4 (Press TV) -- Artists from around the world are invited to participate in Iran's 8th Tabriz International Cartoon Festival on the theme of 'No War'. Cartoonists can submit their artworks until Feb. 3, 2009. The results will be announced and the selected works will be displayed on Feb. 17. Renowned artists Mikhail Zlatkovsky (Russia), Vladimir Kazanevsky (Ukraine) and Bayram Hacizadeh (Azerbaijan) will serve on the event's jury. The first winner will be awarded a 1,000 Euro cash prize along with the Tabriz Cartoon Association's Golden Trophy. The second runner-up will receive 500 Euros and a Silver Trophy and the third runner-up will be awarded 250 Euros and a Bronze Trophy. The 8th Tabriz International Cartoon Festival will be held in the provincial capital of
    Iran's East-Azarbaijan Province. For more information visit Winner of the 5th Tabriz International cartoon Festival by Igor Smirnov (Russia).

    Turkey Awards Iranian Cartoonists
    TEHRAN, Dec 29 (Press TV)--Two Iranian cartoonists have been announced as the November winners of Turkey's Man and Nature International Cartoon Web Contest. Mohammad Habibi received the competition's first prize and Hossein Houshmand won the event's third prize. The monthly event's second prize went to the Peruvian artist, Julio Carrion Cueva.
    The award-winning Iranian artists competed with cartoonists from Turkey, Ukraine, Indonesia, Serbia, Uzbekistan, China, Peru, Romania and Egypt. Iranian cartoonists Hamid Soufi, Mohammad Khodadadi, Masoud Ziaei, Javad Jafaryan and Mohammad Akbari were also among the finalists of the November edition, which
    was held on the theme of 'Drought and Water'. Iranian cartoonists have shined in many international events, including Brazil's 2008International Humor Exhibition of Piracicaba and Syria's International Cartoon Contest.
    The award-winning work of Iranian cartoonist, Mohammad Habibi.

    some pics about news

    science news

    Tehran, Feb 1, IRNA -- Iran has turned into a medical hub in the region and the world after the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution, said deputy minister of health, treatment and medical education for educational affairs.
    Speaking at the inaugural ceremony of the Congress themed Iran's Post-Revolution Achievements and Innovations, Bahram Einollahi added that in tandem with modern technologies such as nuclear energy, nanotechnology, biotechnology, military industry and dam construction, Iran has also made significant progress in the field of medicine. This shows that a bright future is in sight for the materialization of scientific Islamic
    society, he noted.
    Referring to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei's emphasis on generating knowledge and software movement, he said that this prompted the medical community to focus its attention on creating knowledge.
    In the early years of the revolution, Iranian patients were obliged to go abroad for medical treatment and foreign physicians who were not that proficient were practicing medicine in Iran, he complained.
    "This is while, today, we do not need their medical services. Furthermore, most of the foreigners come to Iran for treatment," he said. The congress themed 'Iran's Innovations and Achievements in Post-Revolution Period' opened Sunday in the capital and will continue for two days.

    Tehran, Jan 31, IRNA -- Exhibition featuring innovation and prosperity will open here in Moslla (praying ground) Sunday in a ceremony to be attended by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
    Sunday is the second day of 'Dahe-ye Fajr' (Ten-Day Dawn) celebrations to mark the 30th victory anniversary of the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
    The exhibit seeks to highlight the Iranian year March 2008-2009 as the 'Year of Innovation and Prosperity' by displaying more than 3,000 inventions and innovative plans. Identifying and introducing the best works and honoring researchers and inventors and paving the way for developing scientific and technological cooperation between scientific centers and are among the objectives of the event.
    The event will also seek to explore ways for accelerating commercialization and putting into practice the findings of the researches and making the public acquainted with the scientific advances and inventions.
    The festival will be organized in five sections of 'innovation', 'prosperity', 'provincial innovation and prosperity festival', 'exhibition of Iranian inventions and innovations' and 'evaluating and verifying the inventions'.
    At the end of the event, ten top inventions will be selected and awarded.

    Kish to Host Cardiovascular Congress
    The 3rd annual Iran-Arab Cardiovascular Congress ( IACC 2009) will be held in Kish Island, Hormuzgan province, from March 12-15, 2009.
    Chairman of the congress, Dr. Mohammad Javad Zibaeinejad said the conference is planned to cover a wide range of major cardiovascular issues of adult and pediatric cardiology, adult and pediatric cardiac surgery, echocardiography, cardiac anesthesia, invasive cardiology, as well as percutaneous cardiac interventions and imaging.“All the presentations will be in English language,“ he noted in a fax sent to Iran Daily.
    In previous years, the IACC’s main objective was to be a premier educational gathering for health care professionals whose work relates to cardiology and cardiovascular
    surgery. He further said the annual 3-day meeting offers in-depth discussions of related topics.Also its exhibit features one of the largest displays of new equipment and technology provided at an educational venue.
    The IACC 2009 scientific committee invites participants to submit abstracts for oral and/ or poster presentation by Dec. 31. The abstract should consist of introduction, material, methods and conclusion.
    The chairman added that the organizing committee has provided a $5,000 award to beshared between the best case report, oral and poster presentation. Each registered individual is entitled to submit one abstract for the competition. Additional abstract requires a $50 per abstract by the same presenter.All abstracts submitted will be considered for the award.

    Azad University Biggest in World
    KERMAN Dec 9 (IRNA) -- Islamic Azad University which has 358 branches across the country is the biggest higher education center in the world. Announcing this, political advisor to the university, Reza Jalali told a gathering of students in Jiroft, Kerman province, that Azad University accounts for admission of 55 percent of total Iranian students. Thus, it prevents the exit of dlrs 60 billion from the country, he noted. Head of Jiroft Azad University Rahman Mojaz said that currently, 7,000 students are studying in the university.
    Second Cloned Lamb Born in Iran

    TEHRAN (FNA)- A cloned lamb has been successfully born at twenty-eight weeks of gestational age -7th month of pregnancy - in Iran's Royan institute.
    "The lamb lived for about 10 minutes after birth but died because of Polyhydramnios - a medical condition described by excess amniotic fluid in the amniotic sac during pregnancy", press tv said citing a report by the state-run tv. Several weeks ago, Iranian scientists successfully reduced the amniotic fluid of a pregnant cow carrying a cloned fetus with a similar condition. Iran's first cloned lamb, Royana, was born on Sept. 30, 2006 in the city of Isfahan and was able to survive the post-natal complications common in cloned animals. Royan Institute researchers hope to produce several cloned calves in the near future.

    Professor Majid Samii a distinguished Iranian neurosurgeon and medical scientist.

    Professor Majid Samii a distinguished Iranian neurosurgeon and medical scientist

    Professor Samii, an Iranian physician residing in Germany, was born in Rasht, Gilan Province,
    in 1937 and got his professor degree in neurosurgery at the age of 33.
    Samii was president of International Socienty for Neurosurgery. Majid Samii was elected as founding president for the Congress of International Neurosurgeons (MASCIN) in 2003. Majid Samii received the "World Physician' award by the north German city of Hanover. Former German chancellor Gerhard Schroeder hailed the 70-year-old Samii for his medical contribution to neuroscience as head of the world renowned International Neuroscience Institute (INI), based in Hanover. You have brought more internationality to the city. People from all over the world are
    coming to be treated by you," added Schroeder in his speech to a high-profile crowd, among them ex-Indonesian president Jusuf Habibie and former German foreign minister Klaus Kinkel.

    Schroeder stressed that Samii has not only brought the world to Hanover but has also made the city world-famous. Deeply touched by the award ceremony, Samii said, "I am only a simple doctor, a great honor was bestowed upon me." Samii invited Schroeder to China in 2008 for laying the foundation of the planned neuroscience clinic. Samii has build a great international neuroscience institute INI. In 2007, he received Chinese top award, "Friendship Award", from Prime minister of china for his contribution to the medical progress of China.

    President of The World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies
    "World Physician' 2007


    News about profesor Samiei :

    Iran University of Medical Sciences :
    profesor Samiei
    Samiei is the founder of Association of Skull Base Surgeons. He was born in Rasht in 1937. He is residing in Germany. He got his professor degree in neurosurgery at the age of 33. He received the "World Physician' award from the north German city of Hanover. Former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder hailed the 70-year-old Samiei for his medical contributions to neuroscience as head of the world renowned International
    Neuroscience Institute (INI), based in Hanover. Samiei was hailed in Iran as an eternal figure in the field of medicine in 2006.

    Samiei describes museum named after him as a source of honor
    Tehran, Feb 22, IRNA -- A museum named after noted Iranian neurosurgeon Professor Majid Samiei was inaugurated here at Sa'dabad Cultural Complex on Sunday in a ceremony attended by the specialist himself and former German chancellor Gerhard Schroeder. Addressing the ceremony, Samiei said that the establishment of the museum is a source of honor for a person who was born in Iran and studies in its schools and is familiar with the great history of the country. He hoped that the museum will help deepen friendship between Iran and Germany. Samiei was also optimistic that Schroeder's presence in Iran will help forge amicable ties
    between the two nations. The museum showcases Samiei's medals, national and international scientific certificates, a summary of his biography as well as his books and articles.
    Born in Rasht in 1937, Samiei is considered the best neurosurgeon in the world. He is residing in Germany. He obtained his degree in neurosurgery at the age of 33. He is the founder of Association of Skull Base Surgeons, which displays its latest scientific achievements in medical congresses each year. Innovation of first microscopic brain surgery, compiling more than 200 articles and 13 books in the fields of brain and nerves are to his credit.
    He was hailed in Iran as an eternal figure in the field of medicine in 2006.


    Professor Samii Specialized Scientific Museum Established in Iran

    TEHRAN, Feb 22,( IRNA) – A specialized scientific museum was recently established at Tehran’sSa’dabad historical-cultural complex after the distinguished Iranian neurosurgeon and medical scientist Professor Majid Samii, it was reported here on Sunday. The museum is set up to honor the prominent Iranian physician and further introduce him to Iranians, complex director Eshrat Shayeq told IRNA. Professor Samii was born in the city of Rasht in the northern province of Gilan in 1937 and got his PhD in neurosurgery at the age of 33. He lives in Germany.
    He was president of the International Society for Neurosurgery and elected as the founding president of the Congress of International Neurosurgeons (MASCIN) in 2003. Professor Samii received the "World Physician' award and was hailed by former German chancellor Gerhard Schroeder for his medical contribution to neuroscience as head of the world renowned International Neuroscience Institute (INI) which is based in the city of Hanover in northern Germany. Shayeq said that the museum was set up to introduce to Iranians the scientific aspects of professor Samii’s life as well as his achievements as an distinguished figure in the field of
    science. “Various international scientific degrees and awards of professor Samii as well as certificates
    he has received for his achievements in the field of neurosurgery were transferred from his house to the museum to be put on public display,” shayeq said. She added that one of the greatest achievements of the professor was his efforts to treat Iranian war veterans who were suffering from chemical injuries of the era of Iraq’s eight years of imposed war against Iran (1980-1988).
    Professor Samii was announced as one of Iran’s Eternal Figures in 2006.

    some pics of Professor Samii

    News 30th Anniversary of Islamic Revolution

    30th Anniversary of Islamic Revolution News

    Wed, 04 Feb 2009
    Leader calls for improvement of Islamic education
    Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei has highlighted the role of seminaries in fulfilling the needs of society. In a meeting with the members of the Qom Seminary's supervisory body on Wednesday,
    Ayatollah Khamenei put the emphasis on better educational planning in a bid to meet the needs of the modern era.
    The Leader also hailed the efforts by the seminary and its board of directors to improve the Islamic education system. Ayatollah Khamenei also underlined the role of innovations in training Islamic scholars and clerics.

    Coffee House Paintings to Revive Revolution
    TEHRAN, Feb 1 (FNA) - Iran is set to hold an exhibition of coffee house paintings with the theme of the Islamic Revolution in the capital city of Tehran. The event, to kick off on Feb. 1, 2009 at Tehran's Palestine Contemporary Arts Museum, will display works by veteran Iranian painters including Mansour Vafaei. A painting workshop will also be held on the sidelines of the 10-day exhibition, where partici pants will become familiar with the coffee house style of painting. According to press tv, Coffee house painting is a form of traditional Iranian art, which
    flourished during the Constitutional Revolution to satisfy popular beliefs and the people's need to glorify and revive their religious figures and national heroes.
    Coffee house paintings mostly depict national myths and legends as well as Qur'anic

    Iran Holds Painting Fair in Armenia
    TEHRAN, Feb 1,( IRNA) – Iran opened Saturday a painting exhibition in Armenia on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979. The exhibition is putting on display the paintings of Iran's contemporary painters who have drawn their outlooks and views that belong to three different generations. Iran’s ambassador to Armenia, the Armenian minister of culture, resident envoys from
    Lebanon, Egypt, Georgia, Belarus and the United Nations as well as a large number of Armenian and Iranian artists participated in the opening ceremony.

    Photo Exhibit on Iran Underway in Japan

    TEHRAN, Feb 1 ( IRNA) -- An exhibition of photos taken by a Japanese photographer during her visits to Iranian cities is underway at Iran's Embassy in Tokyo, concurrent with the 30th anniversary of 1979 Islamic Revolution.
    Speaking to IRNA, the Japanese photographer, Ari Amano said that the event, which will end on February 10, seeks to make the Japanese familiar with Iran and remove the incorrect portrayal of western media about Islam.
    Promote global peace and stability is yet another objective of the event, she said, maintaining that photos say a lot which cannot be expressed by language.
    She added that she has traveled to Shiraz, Isfahan, Yazd and Kashan. Noting her trips to several Muslim countries, Amano contended that she came across kind and esteemed people and for this reason she has toured them and taken photos. Deploring that western media's portrayal of Islamic countries as dangerous, Amano said
    that most of the Japanese are not familiar with these countries.
    Holding such exhibits will help expand cultural ties between the countries, she noted.

    30 World Countries Attend Film-Marketing Event in Iran
    TEHRAN, Feb 2 (IRNA) – The 12th international film-marketing event is currently underway in Tehran.
    30 world countries, in the form of 19 companies, are taking part in the event, which aims at selling Iranian feature films and TV serials to foreign customers. The countries present in the event include Iran, Jordan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Syria, Qatar, Sudan, Malaysia, Morocco, India and Turkey among others.
    A number of Iranian companies and cinematic centers have an active presence in the event which provides a good chance for introducing Iranian films and cinema productions to world countries especially Asian nations.
    The film-marketing event is taking place on the sidelines of the 27th International Fajr Film Festival that is currently underway in Tehran as part of ceremonies to celebrate the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979.

    Persian Manuscripts to Travel World
    TEHRAN, Feb 4 (Press TV) -- Iran's Documents and National Library Organization is to exhibit pictures of exquisite manuscripts in ten countries around the world. Pictures of some 40 Persian manuscripts will be displayed in Austria, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Australia, China, Lebanon, Belarus, the Vatican, Oman and the Czech
    Republic. The manuscripts will include parts of poems composed by renowned Persian poets
    Hafez, Sa'adi and Mowlavi. Pictures of miniature paintings by the 15th century Iranian painter Kamal al-Din Behzad
    and paintings by contemporary artist Mohammad Ehsaei will also be featured in the exhibitions.
    The exhibitions will be mounted in commemoration of the 30th anniversary of the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran. The displayed items will be gifted to the national museum of the countries where the exhibitions are to be held.
    A work by Iranian painter Kamal al-Din Behzad.

    Iran's Cultural Artistic Exhibit Begins in Afghanistan
    KABUL, Feb 7 ( IRNA) -- Iran's cultural artistic exhibition opened in Jalalabad, eastern Afghanistan, as part of the program to mark the 30th anniversary of the Islamic Revolution.
    The inaugural ceremony was attended by Iran's ambassador to the country, Fadahossein Maleki and the consul general in Jalalabad, Mehran Khorasani. Khorasani told IRNA in a telephone conversation that the event showcases photos featuring public rallies in the early days of the Islamic Revolution in various regions.
    He added that several artists from Khorasan Razavi province will present their works in the field of calligraphy, graphic design, painting and photography. A section of the exhibit has been devoted to specialized books on engineering, agriculture and medicine, he noted. The event was held in Kabul last week. kayhan

    15,000 paintings to go on display on Feb 10
    Tehran, Feb 7, IRNA -- World's longest painting exhibit featuring artworks by 15,000 students will be held here on February 10, as part of the programs to mark the 30th anniversary of the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
    Announcing this, head of Simorgh Headquarters which is in charge of organizing events to mark the 30th anniversary of the Islamic Revolution, said on the sidelines of a ceremony to unveil the first tableau of the event that some 15,000 paintings by the same number of students will be put on display from Tehran's Imam Hossein (AS) Square to Azadi Square. All the works were created by boys and girls of Tehran's elementary, guidance and high schools, he noted. Commenting on the topics of the event, he said that it will focus on 1979 Islamic
    Revolution and subjects to be selected by studentsl. Several students have also submitted works on Gaza, he added.

    President inaugurated 'Symphony of the Islamic Revolution'.
    President at the opening ceremony of Symphony of the Islamic Revolution of Iran here on Monday stated that the original works of music reflected whisper of life and helped people move towards sublimity.
    "The symphony of the Islamic Revolution is a heritage of Islamic revolution's history" he added.
    President said: recovery, awareness and relive were important feature of The Islamic Revolution and it was an end to those who were wandering into road of oppression for many years and helped them to refine themselves and their values.President Ahmadinejad after inauguration of 'Symphony of the Islamic Revolution'
    appreciated symphony's composer, Majid Entezami, and his colleagues who created this valuable symphony.

    Iran's industrial, commercial exhibit underway in Baku
    Baku, Feb 7, IRNA -- Third Exhibit of Iran's commercial and industrial capabilities opened here on Saturday.
    The inaugural ceremony was attended by Azerbaijan's deputy minister of agriculture and Iran's ambassador in Baku. The four-day event highlights agricultural and industrial products from Iran's Ardebil, East Azarbaijan, West Azarbaijan, Khorasan Razavi, Isfahan, Markazi and Zanjan provinces. Speaking at the opening ceremony, Iran's ambassador,said that such exhibits can help further develop bilateral ties. Referring to Iran's great economic potentials, he added that Iran, which was earlier an exporter of oil and gas, has now turned into a powerful country. It has attained self-sufficiency in different fields and is ready to share its experience in the economic field with other countries, he noted. Meanwhile, Azerbaijani deputy minister of agriculture, , said that cultural
    and religious commonalities can serve as the best basis for developing Tehran-Baku relations.
    The exhibit displays various foodstuff, detergents and petrochemical products.

    pics of 30th Anniversary of Islamic Revolution

    Qazvin Province and Qazvin city

    Qazvin is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the north-west of the country, and its center is the city of Qazvin. The province was created in 1996 out of part of Zanjan Province and includes 20 cities: Qazvin, Takestan, Abyek, Bou'in-Zahra, Eqhbalieh, Mohammadieh, Alvand, Esfarvarin, Khoram Dasht , ZiaAbad, Avaj , . . . and contains 18 sections, 44 rural districts, and 1543 villagesThe population of the province is more than one million people (2003) of which 62% live in the cities and 38% live in the villages.

    Archeological findings in the Qazvin plain reveal urban agricultural settlements for at least nine millennia.The name “Qazvin” or “Kasbin” is derived from Cas, an ancient tribe which lived south of the Caspian Sea a thousand years ago.

    Geography Position and climate
    The province covers 15821 km² between 48-45 to 50-50 east of Greenwich Meridian of longitude and 35-37 to 36 45 north latitude of the equator. The province is bounded on the north by Mazandaran and Gilan, on the west by Hamedan and Zanjan, on the south by Markazi and on the east by Tehran Provinces. The famous mountains of the province are those of Sialan, Shah Alborz, Khashchal, Sephidkouh, Shoja e din, . . . in which Sialan with a height of 4175m and Shah Alborz which is 4056m are the highest . All are part of the central chain of Alborz.
    The lowest point of the province is in Tarom e Sofla and Sephid Rood dam lake banks .

    Different topographical structure has caused many various climatic conditions in the geographical areas of the province which are in apparent changeability.
    Cold mountain climate which covers the north parts as well as the southwest heights of the province .Temperate climate of mountainside and plains . Arid and semi-arid climate of central parts of Qazvin plain and Booin . Humid tropical climate in some parts of Tarom and Shahrood valley.
    April is the most rainy month and july is somehow the month of drought .The surface water of province flow into two important watercourses:
    The north course in which Taleghan Rood and Alamout Rood come in Shirkouh .
    The south course (Shoor) includes rivers of Hadji Arab, Abharrood and Kharood .

    Qazvin :

    Qazvin (historically also rendered as Kazvin, Kasvin, Casbeen, and Casbin in the West) is is the largest city and capital of the Province of Qazvin and about 165 km northwest of Tehran It is at an altitude of about 1800 meters above sea level, and is a city with a cold but dry climate being south of the rugged Alborz range and with an estimated population of 331,409 in 2005 .

    Qazvin is the combination of Qazv’ meaning pistachio and ‘in’ which is an attributive suffix. Thus the word would mean the land of pistachio." In spite of little rainfall in the city, the agricultural products and garden fruits have been so famous and renowned that they have been exported to other parts of the land .

    History :

    The city was the location of a former capital of the Persian Empire and contains over 2000 architectural and archeological sites. It is a provincial capital today that has been an important cultural center throughout history.

    The city today known as Qazvin is thought to have been founded by Shapur II, King of Persia in 250 CE, under the name Shad Shahpur, when he built a fortification there to control regional tensions.

    Qazvin has sometimes been of central importance at important moments of Iranian history. Captured by invading Arabs (644 AD) and destroyed by Genghis Khan (13th century), the Safavid monarchs made Qazvin the capital of the Safavid empire in 1548 only to have it moved to Isfahan in 1598.

    Hasan-i Sabbah established the headquarters of the Hashshashin at the nearby fortress of Alamut about 1090.

    Bombed and occupied by Russian forces in both World Wars, Qazvin is also the place from which the famous coup d’état that led to the rise of the first Pahlavi dynasty was launched in 1921.

    Qazvini Architecture :
    Qazvin contains several archeological excavations dating back 9000 years.
    There are also 23 castles from the Ismaili Assassins nearby as well. And in the middle of the city lie the ruins of Meimoon Ghal'eh, one of several Sassanid edifices in the area. And few buildings from the Safavid era, which the most famous is the Chehelsotoon (Kolah Farangi) mansion, today a museum in central Qazvin.

    Historical Mosques
    After Islam, the abundant attendance of mystics (ascetics), as well as the prevalence of tradition
    (Hadith), religious jurisprudence (Fegh´h), and philosophy in Qazvin, led to the emergence of
    many mosques and religious schools among which the most magnificent ones are:

    Jame e Atigh Mosque: One of the oldest mosques in Iran constructed by the orders of Harun
    al-Rashid in 807AD. In spite of the devastating Mongol invasion, this mosque still stands today
    in its full glory.
    Heidarieh Mosque: Renovated by Amir Khomär-täsh after the earthquake of 1119 AD, the history
    of construction of this mosque goes back to pre-Islam, where it was a fire temple.
    Masjed Al-nabi (Soltani Mosque): With an area of 14000 m2, this mosque is one of the most
    glorious mosques of antiquity, built in the Safavid period.
    Sanjideh Mosque: Another mosque of Qazvin dating back to pre-Islamic Iran; a former fire
    temple. Its present day form is attributed to the Seljukian era.
    Panjeh Ali Mosque: A former place of worship for royal harem members in the Safavid period.
    Peighambarieh School-Mosque: Founded 1644 according to inscription.
    Molla Verdikhani School-Mosque: Founded in 1648.
    Salehieh School-Mosque: Founded in 1845.
    Sheikhol Islam School-Mosque: Renovated in 1903.
    Eltefatieh School: Dating back to the Il-Khanid period.
    Sardar School- Mosque: Made by two brothers Hossein Khan and Hassan Khan Sardar in 1815,
    as a fulfillment of their promise if they came back victorious from a battle against the Russians.

    Churches and Russian architecture
    Qazvin actually contains three buildings built by The Russians in the late 19th/early 20th century. Among these is the current Mayor's office (former Ballet Hall), a water reservoir, and the Cantor church where a Russian pilot is buried.
    According to explorers Pietro Della Valle (1588-1713), Jean Baptist Tavenier (1605-1689), Johannes Chardin (1643-1713), Per lomoise, Crneille Le Bruyn and others, there have been many Christians of various sects living in Qazvin for centuries (the early years of the 17th century A.D) .
    Qazvin is where The Saint Hripsime Church is located, and it is also where four Jewish prophets gave tidings of the arrival of Jesus Christ. Their tomb is now a popular shrine called Peighambariyeh.
    Armenians' Church - Kantour Church - The Assyrians' Church
    Castles and forts
    These are castles and fortifications left over mostly from the Isma'ili movement of the Middle
    Alamout Castle - Lambesar Castle - Shirkouh Castle
    Qez Qaleh Castle - Shemiran Castle - Meimoon Ghal'eh - Barajin Qaleh
    Barajin Tower - Shemiran Twin Towers
    Kharaghan Twin Towers - Khorram Abad Tower
    Many Turkish baths like Razavi, Qajar, Dodar, Seyedian, Mirza Karim, Bolour, Räh e Ray,Darougheh, Akhond, Pir e Asa, Bayendar Koocheh, Qoosheh, Sadieh, Hadj Beiglar etc, with distinct architecture and valuable ornaments are among those noticeable places to be visited in Qazvin.
    Safa Bath - Qajar Bath

    Tombs, Shrines, and Mausoleums
    The Kharaghan twin towers, built in 1067 AD, Qazvin province.Another grand attraction in Qazvin Province, is the tombs of two Saljuki era princes, Aboo Saeed Bijar son of Sad and Aboo Mansoor Iltai son of Takin, that are located in two separate towers known as the Kharaghan twin towers. Constructed in 1067, these are the first monuments in Islamic Architecture which include a non-conic two-layered dome. Both towers were severely damaged by a devastating earthquake on March 2003. Some popular shrines and Mausoleums in Qazvin province are:
    Imamzadeh Hossein - Peighambarieh (where 4 Jewish prophets are buried)
    Imamzadeh Ismail - Ameneh Khatoon
    Zobeideh Khatoon (that has also a unique traditional water reservoir)
    Imamzadeh Abazar - Imamzadeh Vali in Ziaabad
    Imamzadeh Abdollah and Imamzadeh Fazlollah in Farsajin
    Imamzadeh Kamal in Ziaabad - Imamzadeh Ali in Shekarnab
    Haft Sandoogh Pilgrimage Place - Tombs of Hassan Abad and Shahkouh
    Soltan Veis - Mausoleum of Pir e Takestan
    Kafar Gonbad - Hamdollah Mostowfi's Tomb
    Imam Ahmad Ghazali's Tomb - Molla Khalila's Tomb
    Shahid Sales' Tomb - Raeesol Mojahedin's Tomb

    Traditional Reservoirs
    In the old days, Qazvin was nicknamed the 'city of water reservoirs'. Of the 100 or so water reservoirs of Qazvin, only 10 remain today, all protected by the Provincial Cultural Heritage Organization. See: List of famous ab anbars of Qazvin

    Bazaars and Caravanserais
    Qazvin has some fine examples of centuries old Bazaars and caravanserais:
    Sa'd-ol-Saltaneh Complex - Qeisarieh - Saray e Vazir
    Saray e Razavi (Shah) - Saray e Hadj Reza - Sadieh Bazaar
    Shah Abbasi Caravanserai of Avaj
    Shah Abbasi Caravanserai of Mohammad Abad
    Hajib Shah Abbasi Caravanserai (Keikhosro)
    Old City Gates and other popular edifices

    Peihgambariyeh ("the place of the prophets"). The mausoleum contains the resting place of
    four Jewish saints. The construction of Qazvin has provided the city with many internal and external gates that can be considered as an unprecedented phenomenon in the country. During the 9th century A.D.
    seven gates made entrance to the city possible.In Qajar period there existed nine gates surrounding the city which were connected to each other through a wall around the city.
    These gates (darvazeh in Persian) were:
    Panbeh Riseh - Sheikh Abad - Rasht
    Maghlävak - Khandaghbar - Shahzadeh Hossein
    Mossala - Tehran - Rah e Koushk
    Due to 20th century hasty urban expansion, unfortunately only the last two gates remain
    standing. Other popular attractions of Qazvin province include:

    Chehel Sotun Museum-Palace
    Hosseinieh Aminiha, a fine example of Traditional Persian residential architecture indigenous
    to Qazvin. Shah Abbasi Bridge

    Ovan Lake
    Surrounded by four villages of Ovan, Zarindasht, Varnon and Zarabad, the lovely Lake of Ovan with an altitude of 1800m shines like an emerald facet, and with a nice charming landscape attracts a lot of domestic and foreign tourists throughout the year. Although this lake, which has got an area of a bit more than 70000m² does not directly receive any water from outside (outer sources), it is completely filled up with the water of its bottom springs. The lake is in the form of a ditch which its deepest point of 7.5m lies in the southeast of the lake. Besides the trees of planted species like willow, plane, poplar, apple tree, black cherry, cherry, oleaster, hazelnut,
    and walnut, and grass species such as thorn, acantus, iquorice, some other different species of garmineous and leguminous, can also be found in some parts of the lake. The wild life of this aquiferous region contains ibex (wild goat) and goat-which due to limitless and irregular hunting and destroying the living environment have been increasingly decreased in number- leopard, brown bear, fox, wolf, boar, lynx, all kinds of eagles, falcon, owl, partridge, turtle dove, woodpecker, green finch, magpie, all sparrow-like birds, frog, tortoise, crab etc. to
    which some species of fish such as trout, cyprinodont, and pike should be added either.

    Famous Qazvinis

    craftsmanship at Shazdeh Hosein shrine.Aside from Shahzadeh Hossein, a shiite saint, where a handsome shrine has been built, there are an abundance of scientists and mystics who lived in Qazvin, or came from Qazvin, or whose tombs are scattered throughout the cities and villages of the province. Some of these are:
    Ali Akbar Dehkhoda: Prominent linguist and author of Iran's first modern Persian dictionary, was originally from Qazvin.
    Obeid Zakani
    Oveis Qarani: A celebrity of early Islam, thought to have been killed here while fighting against
    an army of Deilamian origin. His tomb is known as Sultan Veis.
    Hamdollah Mostowfi: The great Il-Khanid historian and writer (1281-1349)
    Imam Ahmad Ghazali: Famous Iranian Gnostic who died in 1126 CE and was buried beside
    Shahzadeh Hossein. His tomb up to the end of the 16th century A.D. became the pilgrimage
    place for mystical sects. Following Shah Tahmasb’ s stubborn policies against philosophers
    and mystics and destroying Ghazali’s tomb, a group of his disciples took the remains of his
    body to the present place in Imamzadeh Ismail alley and constructed a new mausoleum for
    him. The monument was destroyed again in Mohammad Shah Qajar’s period only to be
    re-constructed by Majdol Islam Qazvini in 1910. Beside Ghazali’s tomb there is another tomb
    belonging to Soltan Seyed Mohammad Vali which dates back to 1625 CE
    Molla Khalil Ibn Ghazi Qazvini: Famous faghih (religious jurist) and famous commentator of the
    Qur'an in Safavid period (d 1678).
    Shahidsaless: Killed in 1846. The third religious leader to be killed during prayer (first one being
    Imam Ali).
    Ra'ees ol-Mojahedin: leader of the liberals and constitutionalists of Qazvin
    Ali Ibn Shäzän - Ibn Majeh - Kheirol Nesaj - Ibrahim Estanbeh Heravi
    Razi-olddin Taleghani - Noor-olddin Geeli - Ali Ibn Ghazi Ibn Ahmad
    Imam-olddin Rafee - Siah Kolah - Vaez Qazvini - Allameh Zarabadi
    Sheikh Alak Qazvini - Davoud Ibn Soleiman Ghazi - Pir e Sefid
    Pir e Alamdar - Molla Abdolvahab Darolshafaee
    Mohammad Ibn Yahya: Commentator of Qamoosol Loghat Táhirih
    Qazvin today
    13000km² is under cultivation in Qazvin, covering 12% of the cultivable lands of the country.These are fed by numerous subterranean canals, deep and semi-deep wells, and a large irrigating canal which originates from The Sangban dam in Taleghan and Ziaran. The agricultural produce of the land is grape, hazelnut, pistachio, almond, walnut, olive, apple, wheat, barely, sugar beet, pomegranate, fig, and cereals. Animal husbandry, and aquatic and
    poultry breeding are developed throughout the province.
    In recent decades, Qazvin has become a developing pole of the country, primarily due to its preferable location. Qazvin today is a center of textile trade, including cotton, silk and velvet, in addition to leather. It is on the railroad line and the highway between Tehran and Tabriz.
    Qazvin has one of the largest power plants feeding electricity into Iran's national power grid, the Shahid Raja'i facility, which provides 7% of the country's electricity.
    Colleges and universities
    Imam Khomeini International University
    Islamic Azad University of Takestan
    Islamic Azad University of Qazvin
    Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
    Shahid Babaee Technical Institute

    the beauties of Stars Valley in Qeshm Island IRNA

    Some pics of Qazvin

    ancent news

    TEHRAN,Nov 16 (Press TV)--Iranian and Italian archeologists have found clues about the daily life of people living near Persepolis during the Achaemenid Dynasty. A detailed scientific study into the daily life of ordinary people living near Persepolis has been carried out for the first time, revealing that the area has been permanently occupied since the Achaemenid era. The world-renowned historic city of Persepolis is located 70
    kilometers northeast of the city of Shiraz in Iran's southern province of Fars. The international study of the site has been headed by Alireza Asgari and Professor
    Pierfrancesco Callieri of the University of Bologna Achaemenid statues colored red, white and black, as well as half of a silver coin belonging to the post-Achaemenid era and bronze jewelry are among the uniquediscoveries made by the archeological team. Glazed pottery in various colors including green, buff, red and gray were also unearthed during the excavations along with stone tools. Archeologists now hope to estimate the exact age of the artifacts using scientific dating procedures. The ceremonial Achaemeni capital of Persepolis in southern Iran has in its heart untold stories of Iranian history.

    Iran Holds Int'l Archaeology Conference
    TEHRAN, Dec 10 (Press TV)--Iran's 10th International Archaeology Conference has kicked off in the country's southern city of Bandar Abbas in Hormozgan Province.
    Sponsored by the Iranian Center for Archaeological Research (ICAR), the annual event will present the latest archeological findings discovered at Iranian sites in the past year. Some 19 international archeologists from Germany, Italy, Belgium, France, Finland and the UK have attended the conference. Alireza Askari Chaverdi and Pierfrancesco Callieri, directors of the Pasargadae
    archeology team are among the experts, who will deliver lectures on their excavations of the Tall-e Takht fortress in Fars Province. Hassan Hashemi (Iran) and Barbara Kaim (Poland) will present their latest findings at Rivand fire temple in Sabzevar, Khorasan Razavi Province.
    French archaeologist Remy Boucharlat and Iranian expert Kourosh Mohammad-khani are set to report the results of their joint archaeogeophysical studies at Pasargadae in
    Fars Province. Some 12 international and 102 Persian articles will be presented at the event and published in three volumes. An exhibition will also be held on the sidelines of the event, showcasing ancient artifacts
    excavated in Khuzestan, Azarbaijan and Hormozgan Provinces. Persepolis, Fars Province, Iran .

    Slovakian Envoy Impressed by Isfahan Historical Monuments
    ISFAHAN, Dec 10,( IRNA)-- Slovakian Ambassador to Tehran Anton Haiduk, heading a delegation, arrived in Isfahan on Wednesday. Haiduk toured some provincial historical monuments including Jameh Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Aali-Qapu Palace and Sardar-Qeisariyeh.
    The Slovakian envoy voiced his surprise with Isfahan's wonderful historical monuments and expressed hope that Isfahan and Slovakia could boost their cooperation.
    Earlier, Haiduk also held talks with head of Shiraz province Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Department Mohammad-Reza Barzegar on Monday (December 8) during his visit to Shiraz. He also called for declaring Shiraz and a Slovakian city as sister cities.
    Fall in Tehran.-Courtesy :Fars News Agency

    Jewish Shrine in Iran Registered as National Work
    HAMEDAN, Dec 9 (IRNA) -- Head of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Office in Hamedan province said the old and valuable place of Esther and Mordecai tomb has
    been registered in country's national works list.
    Asadollah Bayat told IRNA on Monday, Esther and Mordecai tomb is one of the historically important buildings in Hamedan as well as an important shrine for the Jews and one of the most ancient places in Iran. He added the mausoleum built by stone and bricks and located in the central part of Hamedan city. The provincial official continued, "In the main hall there is a Hebrew inscription up on the plaster work of the wall." There are two exquisite wooden-tomb boxes one of which is from an earlier date and bears an inscription in Hebrew.
    Bayat stressed, "Jews gather here in the middle of March every year, pray, fast and make a ceremony which is called "Yodim Ceremony". Esther was an Achaemenian Queen and wife of King Xeroxes. Mordecai was her uncle.
    Some 25 Iranian artists have created the world's largest sand carpet,entitled the 'Persian Gulf Sand Carpet', from the colorful sand found on the country's southern island of Hormuz. -Courtesy : Fars News Agency

    Archeologists Find 216 Sites in Western Iran
    TEHRAN,Nov 30 (FNA)- A total of 216 ancient sites was discovered in Naghan and Mashayekh, suburbs of Kiyar in Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province. Announcing this, the head of Chaharmahal Bakhtiari Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and
    Tourism Department, Esfandiar Heidaripour, said the most ancient of these caves belongs to Paleolithic and Neolithic eras. "Edifices from Achaemenid, Ashkanid, Sassanid and Qajar periods were also found during the excavations," the Islamic republic news agency quoted him as saying. Referring to human settlements in these caves, Heidaripour said Siyah-Kouh and Amou-Jafar caves are among the most important. A handmade engraving, measuring five meters long and two meters high, which can be attributed to the Sassanid period, was also discovered during the operations.

    'Primitive Man Roamed Persian Plateau'
    TEHRAN, Nov 28 (Press TV)--Archeological discoveries on the Iranian Plateau prove that primitive man once passed through the region millions of years ago. Artifacts dating back to the Stone Age have been found on these plateaus, helping experts retrace the steps of a tribe of primitive men that lived in the prehistoric period more than 2 million years ago and passed through the region on their way to other countries. Hamed Vahdati, a member of the archeological society at Iran's Cultural Heritage Center,
    says that primitive man originally emerged in East Africa, and intelligent man lived more than 90,000 to 100,000 years ago, proof of which has been found in South Africa and Palestine. The Stone Age artifacts found in Iran are very similar to those found in East Africa.
    "Iranian excavation teams are busy dating objects found in the caves where the primitive men once lived, in an effort to learn more about them and the tools they used,” he added. The Iranian plateau is a geological formation in Southwest Asia, Southern Asia and the Caucasus region. In spite of being called a plateau, Iran's continental shelf is far from being flat with the Lut Basin east of Kerman, in Central Iran, falling below 300 meters and Damavand, its highest peak, measuring 5610 meters .

    52 Edifices Discovered in Zanjan Prov
    ZANJAN, Dec 24, (IRNA) -- Some 52 historical monuments were discovered in two rural districts in Zanjan province.
    Announcing this, head of research office of the provincial Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Department Mehrdad Asgarian told IRNA on Tuesday that the edifices
    found in Bughda Kandi and Qoltuq rural districts include mounds, sites and structures from Copper, Stone and Iron Ages as well as Achaemenid, Parthian and Sassanid

    Farhadi wins Berlinale's best director award for 'Darbaraye Elly'

    Farhadi wins Berlinale's best director award for 'Darbaraye Elly'
    Berlin, Feb 15, IRNA -- The Berlinale's best director award went Saturday to Iranian director Asghar Farhadi's 'Darbareye Elly' (About Elly).

    "I am very happy to have received this prize which is very important for me as well as for the Iranian cinema," Farhadi told the private 3sat broadcasting television network after receiving the 'Silver Bear' of the 59th Berlinale.
    He added his movie portrayed "realistically" the Iran's middle class. Farhardi criticized the West for having what he termed an "incorrect" image of Iranian cinema.
    'Darbareye Elly' made its debut at the prestigious Berlin Film Festival,featuring Golshifteh Farahani, Taraneh Alidousti und Mani Haghighi. Iranian movies have won top awards at the Berlin Film Fest in recent years.
    Reza Najie received the best acting prize of the 58th Berlin Film Festival for his performance in Majid Majidi's light poignant comedy 'The Song of Sparrows' (Avaze Gonjeshk-Ha). Three years ago, Iranian film director Jafar Panahi got the 'Silver Bear' award at the Berlinale for 'Offside'.

    Farhadi pics Berlinale's best director award for 'Darbaraye Elly'

    Bahram Beyzai , Film Director, Producer, Screen-writer and Editor

    Bahram Beyzai (Director, Producer, Screen-writer and Editor) was born in Tehran, Iran on 26 December 1938.
    He was introduced to the world of art when he was still very young. In high school he wrote two historical plays which eventually became his preferred method of writing. He then entered University of Tehran, but did not finish his studies due to lack of interest in the subject he was studying.

    It was then that he started researching Iranian theatre and epic literature. At the age of 21 he did an extensive
    research on the "Book of Kings" (Shahname) and Ta'azie which is Iranian traditional plays. He also studied
    the pre-Islamic history and familiarized himself with Persian painting.
    The next ten years of his life were dedicated to writing in various publications about Eastern Art and Iranian theatre. He also wrote a good number of articles about cinema which later became the subject of one of
    his books. It is during this time that Bayzai wrote some of his masterpieces: "The Eight Voyage of Sinbad",
    "Banquet", "Serpant King", "Dolls", "Story of the Hidden Moon" and many more...
    In 1968 he was one of the first ones to join the controversial Iranian Writer's Guild(Kanun-e Nevisandegan-e Iran ). He started his film career with a successful short named "Uncle Mustache" (Amoo Sibiloo) in 1970.
    Immidetly after that he directed and produced his masterpiece "Downpour" (Ragbaar)
    He is a leading expert in Iranian dramatic arts and his outstanding command of the Persian language and
    narration ranks him high on the list of Iranian script writers .With a scholarly understanding of Iranian and
    Asian theater, mythology and history, Beyzai does not deny the underlying social and philosophical
    themes of his films.
    Bahram Beyzai is one of the pioneers of the Iranian art cinema of the 80s, even though his reputation beyond
    the borders of Iran remains far behind those who are known as the pillars of the new wave of Iranian
    neo-realism. Woman is exceedingly conspicuous in Bahram Beyzaie's films. In fact, most of his films are strongly
    centered around this female wisdom. His writings and movies prove that he is much concerned with
    the mythical women's characteristics.

    Beyzai's works:

    Amoo Sibiloo - 1970
    Ragbar (Downpour) - 1971
    Safar (Journey) - 1972
    Gharibe va Meh (Stranger and the Fog) - 1974
    Kalaagh (The Crow) - 1978
    Cherikeye Tara (Ballad of Tara) -1980
    Marge Yazdgerd (Death of Yazdgerd) - 1981
    Khate Ghermez (Red Line) Writer - 1981
    Davandeh (Runner) Editor - 1985
    Bashu (Bashu, the little stranger) - 1987
    Maybe Some Other Time - 1988
    Mosaferan (Travellers) - 1992
    Screenplay of Rooze Vaghe'e (Day of Incident) - 1995
    Editing of Borje Minoo (Minoo Tower) Editor - 1996
    Screenplay of Fasle Panjom (Fifth Season) Writer - 1996
    Goftegoo Ba Baad (Kish Stories) Director - 1999
    Sag Koshi (Killing Rabbids) - 2001

    Simin Daneshvar , one of the famous Iranian writer

    She is an Iranian academic, renowned novelist, fiction writer and translator of literary works from English, German, Italian and Russian into Persian.
    Simin Daneshvar born on April 28, in 1921 in Shiraz ,where she received her early education and became fluent in English. She began her writing career as early as 1935, when she was still an eighth-grader. Her first article, "Winter Is Not Unlike Our Life," was published in a local Shiraz newspaper.
    In 1942 she moved to Tehran University and majored in Persian literature. After her father died she was forced to find a job, as the family's only source of income had been her father's salary.
    She was employed at Radio Tehran, where she wrote a series of programs entitled "The Unknown Shirazi,'' she even wrote articles on cooking. Eventually, her fluency in English enabled her to become assistant director of foreign news. But she soon left Radio Tehran for
    a newspaper called Iran, for which she wrote articles and did translations , and choose journalism as a potential career .
    In 1948, , she wrote Atash-e Khamoush (The Quenched Fire) at the age of twenty-seven. Daneshvar had become familiar with O. Henry as a student, and like him she deals with
    the basic issues of life, death, love and self sacrifice.
    Typical of writers of the 1940s, Daneshvar dwells on issues within Iranian society. She juxtaposes the opposing values of right and wrong, such as poverty versus wealth, or the carefree life of the rich versus the sorrow of the poor and for moral reasons condemns one while praising the other.
    Following the publication of The Quenched Fire, she received her Ph.D. in Persian literature from Tehran University . Daneshvar and Jalal Al Ahmad, the famous contemporary writer and social critic were married in 1950 . Two years later, she received a Fulbright
    scholarship and left for Stanford University for two years. During this time, she published two short stories in English in The Pacific Spectator.
    Upon her return to Iran, she joined Tehran University as an associate professor of art history, a post she held for twenty years. Daneshvar was never granted a professorship, not for the lack of credentials, but due to the influence of SAVAK (Shah's secret police) as she would learn later
    from the president of the university. She had always been an outspoken and articulate lecturer who believed that her primary responsibility was to her students. Precisely for this reason, she would have many confrontations with the SAVAK throughout her years at the University.
    Daneshvar published her second collection of short stories, Shahri Chon Behesht (A City as Paradise), in 1961. Meanwhile, her translations of Chekhov, Shaw, Hawthorne, Schnitzler and Saroyan had become a valuable addition to the collection of foreign works available in Persian. In A City as Paradise, Daneshvar's prose style had matured considerably, coming closer to the language of the people, no longer as formal as it had been in The
    Quenched Fire. Instead she had developed a short, clear and concise sentence structure.
    Daneshvar's masterpiece novel , Savushun, in 1969, that she attained recognition as an indispensable writer of modern Persian literature, surpassing even Al Ahmad in literary importance. Savushun was the first novel written by an Iranian woman and from a woman's perspective and has been reprinted sixteen times. In Savushun there are no longer traces of weak technique, structure, or style. The story, told from Zari's perspective, depicts a
    Shirazi landowning family which has become entangled in the dirty politics of the 1940s, instigated by foreign intruders and local opportunists. The hero, Yusuf, Zari's husband, resists the foreigners' demands that he turn over his crop to feed the occupying army.
    To do so would result in the starvation of his own peasants. He pays for his stubbornness with his life. The last scene of the novel is that of Yusuf's burial procession, which is on the verge of turning into a mass demonstration. However, government troops disperse the
    demonstrators, leaving his body to be carried by his brother and Zari. This scene is among
    the most moving and well written passages in Persian literature. In Savushun, Daneshvar integrates social events, traditional customs, and beliefs, creating a beautifully narrated story.
    Daneshvar's husband died a few months before the publication of Savushun. After Al Ahmad's death, Daneshvar continued her involvement in the activities that had been
    important to her husband. She assumed a leading role in the Writers' Association, which Al Ahmad had helped to found, encouraging young writers in their efforts. In her understated yet resolute way, she provided moral support for intellectuals and dissidents opposing the Pahlavi regime. She specifically concentrated her efforts on assisting her students financially and academically. When she refers to political issues in her writings, it is within the broad context of unjust political systems, for Daneshvar never adhered to a particular political
    Daneshvar asserted her devotion to recording women's conditions in Iranian society in "A City as Paradise". Here she no longer dwells on the general characteristics of women; rather, she assumes a neutral position and avoids passing judgement on them; she merely portrays the women and their lives as she saw them. Her characters are able to speak for themselves and demonstrate where their major strengths and weaknesses lie.

    Daneshvar is also quite successful in creating the real, as well as the imaginary, worlds of her characters. In Bibi Shahr Banu, Daneshvar cleverly depicts the actual lives of her characters, juxtaposed against the lives they wished they could have had. In The Playhouse, her handling
    of Siah's character and his secret love for the girl is subtle, yet far-reaching. In her portrayal of the girl as a victim of society and of her own ignorance, Daneshvar surpasses all of her prior stories.

    During the mid-1970s Daneshvar kept a low profile. She maintained her position as associate professor and became the chairman of the Department of Art History and Archaeology. In addition to her work at the University, she wrote a series of short stories. A few of these were
    published in magazines and finally compiled in 1980. To Whom Can I Say Hello? established Daneshvar as a good short story writer, as well as an able novelist.
    The diversity of her characters and her choice of themes reflect her thorough understanding of the multi-faceted Iranian society. She captures the mentality, the ideals,
    aspirations, lifestyles, manner of speech, and popular expressions of Iran's various social strata. Her well-rounded characters are representative of their time and place, presenting a colorful view of Iranian behavior. This quality in her writing affirms the faithfulness of her work as being a true mirror of society.
    Daneshvar's stories reflect reality rather than fantasy. They contain themes such as child theft, adultery, marriage, childbirth, sickness, death, treason profiteering, illiteracy, ignorance, poverty and loneliness. The issues she deals with are the social problems of the 1960s and 1970s, which have immediacy and credibility for the reader. Her inspiration is drawn from the people around her. In her own words: "Simple people have much to offer. They must be able to give freely and with piece of mind. We, too, in return, must give to them to the best of our abilities. We must, with all our heart, try to help them acquire what they truly deserve."

    In 1979, Daneshvar retired from her post at the University, and in the following year published
    To Whom Can I Say Hello? In 1981, she completed a monograph on Al Ahmad, Ghoroub-e Jalal (The Loss of Jalal). This is the most moving piece she has written, as well as the best descriptive work on the personality of one of Iran's literary leaders. Daneshvar relates her last
    days with Al Ahmad with great detail and emotional understanding. Her prose is formal, proving her mastery of Persian classical literature. Daneshvar currently resides in Tehran.
    Simin Daneshvar's works:
    Sareban-e Sargardan (The Wandering Camel rider)
    Jazire-ye Sargardani (The Wander Island)
    Mah (The Moon)
    A City Like Paradise (Shahri mesle behesht)
    Beh Ki Salam Konam? (Whom Should I Greet?)

    Suvashun :
    The word Savushun, is said to have its root in the word Sug-e Siyavoshan, where Sug , means Lamentation and Siyavoshan, Pertaining to Siyavosh.
    Siyavosh, or Siyavash, is a male character from Ferdowsi's Shahnameh who symbolises selflessness and innocence. Thus Sug-e Siyavoshan is a lamentation in remembrance of the
    unjust killing of Siyavosh. The writer of these lines has found a reference in Persian that presents a quotation from Xenophon's Cyropaedia indicating that Sug-e Siyavoshan has its origin in a lamentation song that Cyrus the Great has sung for his slain Hyrcanian soldiers.
    This writer has however not been able to trace this quotation in the English translation of Xenophon's Cyropaedia.

    wikipedia Iran Chamber

    Culture of Iran : Festival of Fire or "Chahar Shanbeh Soori"

    The last Wednesday of the year, called the Chahar Shanbeh Soori ( Red Wednesday ) .

    It is the ancient Iranian festival dating at least back to 1700 BCE and is deeply rooted in the early Zoroastrian era . ( Persian people's dominant religion prior to Islam ) . And a prelude to the ancient Norouz , which marks the arrival of spring and revival of nature. Chahrshanbeh Soori, is celebrated at the last Tuesday night of the year.
    Bonfires are lit to keep the sun alive till early hours of the morning . And the idea is to not let the sun set . At the center of this traditional celebration is giving thanks for the fortune of having made it through another healthy year and to exchange any remaining paleness and evil with the life and warmth of the fire .
    The part of this night especially popular with the youngsters is the bonfire.They gathers several piles of wood or brush to be lit shortly after the sunset , and jump over them while singing the traditional song Sorkhi-ye to az man; Zardi-ye man az to.
    " Your fiery red color is mine, and my sickly yellow paleness is yours "
    "Your redness (health) is mine; my paleness (pain) is yours."
    you want the fire to take your paleness, sickness , and problems and in turn give you redness , warmth , and energy.
    Children and fun seeking adults, wrap themselves in shrouds symbolically reenacting the visits by the departed spirits. They run through the streets banging on pots and pans with spoons (Gashog-Zani or spoon banging) to beat out the last unlucky Wednesday of the year. They will knock on doors while covered and in disguise and
    ask for treats.
    Every one even strangers passing by will be served with nuts and dried fruits. This treat is called 'Ajeel e Chahar Shanbeh Suri' and is a mixture of seven dried nuts and fruits, pistachios, roasted chic peas, almond, hazelnuts, figs, apricots, and raisins. Local variations apply and the mixture is different according to the location and the group celebrating it.
    People who have made wishes will stand at the corner of an intersection, or hide behind walls to listen to conversation by passerby's. If there is anything positive and optimistic in the conversation, the belief is that the wish will come true or there is good fortune to be expected. This is called Fal-Gush meaning 'listening for one's fortune'.
    There were gatherings in joyful assemblies, with prayers, feasts and communal consumption of ritually blessed food. Rich and poor met together and the occasion was a time of general goodwill when quarrels were made up and friendships renewed.

    Simin Daneshvar ' s pics

    Cultural News

    New Encyclopedia Gives Eastern View of Islam
    TEHRAN, Nov 18 (Press TV)--Dutch publishing house Brill has published the first edition of a projected sixteen-volume encyclopedia on Islam and the Muslim world. Volume one of Encyclopedia Islamica is an edited and abridged translation of The Great Islamic Encyclopedia, which was published by the Iranian Centre for Iranian and
    Islamic Studies in Farsi. "This is the second specialized information bank to have been published in English in
    the history of Islamic studies," Kazem Mousavi-Bojnourdi, the head of the center, told Press TV on Tuesday.
    Bojnourdi explained that Encyclopedia Islamica provides a different perspective on Islamic studies than its predecessor, the Encyclopedia of Islam. According to the Brill website, the translation of the encyclopedia aims to offer the reader an opportunity to appreciate the various dimensions of Shia Islam and the spiritual
    dimensions of Islamic traditions. The Great Islamic Encyclopedia Center says the encyclopedia complements other
    encyclopedias on Islam.

    Spain Publishes Persian Miniatures
    TEHRAN, Nov 25 (Press TV) -- Spain has published a book of Persian miniatures and illuminations, each accompanied by a Persian poem and its Spanish translation. The book contains about 100 exquisite miniatures, and poems by renowned Persian poets such as Hafez, Ferdowsi, Mowlavi, Khayyam, Attar, Jami and Nezami.
    Spanish poetess and writer Clara Janes Nadel and Iranian scholar Ahmad Taheri have translated the poems into Spanish. Janes Nadel, who has translated works by numerous Persian poets, believes Persian miniatures combine beauty and thought to express ideas in the most lucid way. "Persian miniatures are worlds of wisdom, which provide metaphysical knowledge through art," Clara Janes Nadel told IRNA news agency. "They attract every viewer with their beautiful colors and subtlety," she said, adding "Persian miniatures are not only the result of the artistry of their creators, but also a system based on thought." Persian miniature painting

    Persian Language , Literature Refresher Workshop in UK
    LONDON, Nov 23,( IRNA)-- The Persian Language and Literature refresher course was held in London.
    The two-day course, organized by the Persian Language Development Center in association with the Cultural Department of the Iranian Embassy in London, hosted Persian-speaking teachers of Iranian weekend schools across the Britain. Different teaching-related materials were taught to the participants of the course.
    Ali Mohammad Helmi, the Cultural Consul of the Iranian Embassy, told IRNA the workshop aims to boost the teaching skills of teachers in Iranian weekend schools in the UK. "We identified the number of Iranian weekend schools and their requirements and organized them into the Federation of Persian Schools in Britain," he said, addingthat the refresher course is only part of the programs of the federation to boost the quality of teaching in such schools. There are currently 30 Iranian weekend schools across the UK, according to Helmi. The two-day workshop was previously held in Sheffield for Iranian teachers in north of England. A specialized meeting was also held on Thursday in Oxford University with the students of Persian language and literature.
    Helmi said educational facilities have been provided for such students to pursue their postgraduate studies in Iranian universities. Referring to the significance of maintaining the Persian language and cultural identity
    of Iranians living abroad, the official urged Iranian nationals to help preserve their cultural identity and language specifics. He said the most important challenge on the way of teachers in Iranian weekend schools is the lack of material and different knowledge level of students .

    Le Figaro Journalist: Press Exhibition an Important Event
    TEHRAN, Nov 21 ( IRNA) -- A Le Figaro journalist said here Friday that the 15th Press and News Agencies Exhibition provides a suitable venue for journalists of international newspapers to become familiar with each other. George Malburnot told IRNA on the sidelines of the Exhibition that Iranian mass mediaenjoy freedom of expression and said he was happy to participate in such an event. Lauding Iranian female journalists' efforts since beginning of the Exhibition on November 16, he said that Iranian female journalists are fully active in the field.
    Commending efforts of the Exhibition organizers, he said the event has been warmly welcomed by the Iranian people, especially the university students. The event which was inaugurated in Imam Khomeini Mosalla (grand prayers ground) will run until November 22. Dailies and news agencies from Italy, Germany, Pakistan, Turkey, China, Japan, Saudi Arabia, Palestine, France, Egypt, Morocco, Venezuela, Iraq, India, Vietnam, Qatar, Russia,
    Malaysia and Afghanistan have taken part in the expo.

    Brazil Awards Iranian Photographer
    Iranian artist Kazem Hosseini has been awarded at the 44th Salao Jauense International Photography Exhibition.
    According to Mehr News Agency, the artist received the event’s silver medal for his photograph titled ’Nature’s Palette’.Other Iranian photographers, namely Ali Saamei and Mas’oud Ahmadzadeh also participated in the event.
    Salao Jauense is a prestigious photography event held under the license of International Federation of Photographic Art (FIAP).

    Book on Islamic Revolution in Chinese
    A book on the first ten years of the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution has been published in China.
    Titled ’Towards Republic’, it has been compiled by Chinese Iranologist Wu Cheng, and contains ten chapters, IRNA reported. The first chapter deals with people’s struggles against the Iranian former Pahlavi regime.In the final sections, Cheng focuses on counter-revolutionary plots abroad, and deposed Iraqi dictator Saddam’s invasion of the country. Thoughts of Imam Khomeini, the late founder of the Islamic Revolution, have also been
    discussed in the book. The 322-page book has been published in 1,000 copies

    4,000 Persian Books Maintained in Turkmenistan Library
    TEHRAN, Dec 7 ( IRNA) -- Iran's cultural attache in Turkmenistan said that more than 4,000 Persian books are maintained at the country's National Library. Speaking to IRNA on Saturday, Mostafa Nasser added that the books are printed and handwritten copies which are considered valuable resources for common Iran-Turkmenistan history. Persian language is gaining popularity in the country and the number of enthusiasts of the language is on the rise, he noted. Nasser added that the Turkmens should learn Persian since all the ancient texts pertaining to the country have been written in this language. Fortunately, the two countries have had good cooperation in organizing seminars to commemorate historical figures, he said.

    London to Host Shahnameh Confab
    TEHRAN, Dec 6 (Press TV) -- Iranologist Charles Melville is set to give a lecture on the Persian poet Ferdowsi's Shahnameh at Iran's cultural office in London. Titled Shahnameh; Manuscripts and Miniatures, Melville's speech will focus onillustrations and Persian manuscripts created based on Ferdowsi's masterpiece. Participants will be able to see an exquisite copy of the Shahnameh illustrated by Mirza Ali Akbar some 150 years ago.
    Professor Charles Melville teaches Persian language and literature and Medieval Middle Eastern history at Cambridge University. He is an expert of the history and historiography of Mongol and Safavid Iran, on which
    he has published several articles. Shahnameh (The Book of Kings) is a classic among epic Persian poetry and recounts Iran's mythical and historical past. It was written in Persian at a time when Arabic was
    the main scientific and literary language of Iran. The romance of Zal and Rudaba, the Seven Stages (or Labors) of Rostam, Rostam and Sohrab, Siavash and Sudaba, Rostam and Akvan Div, the romance of Bizhan and
    Manizheh and Rostam and Esfandyar are among the most popular Shahnameh stories.

    kayhan international

    science news

    Press tv
    Iranian student replicates ancient battery
    Mon, 09 Feb 2009 11:39:20 GMT
    Iran has rebuilt the world's oldest battery, dating back to the Parthian Dynasty, to explore theories about its usage 2,200 years ago. The Parthian Battery is the name given to galvanic cells found in an ancient tomb near
    Khujut Rabu in 1936 just outside modern day Baghdad. The battery consists of a 14-centimeter-high egg-shaped clay jar with an asphalt stopper. An iron rod protruding out of the asphalt is the anode, which is surrounded by a copper cylinder used as the cathode. Filled with vinegar as an electrolytic solution, the jar produces an electric current. A Sharif University of Technology student has reproduced the battery in the exact measurements to test the three hypotheses he had on the applications of the battery. His first theory is that the battery had been used for electroplating gold onto silver objects. "The part to be plated is the cathode of the circuit while the anode is made of gold," Amin Taheri Najafabadi explained. "Both components are immersed in cyanide-gold salt."
    He notes that cyanide-gold salt is not easily found in nature but can be found in animal bile or saltwater.
    Taheri has already disproved his second hypothesis that the battery may have been invented for electricity production, as its electric potential is around 0.5V. He assumed that the battery may have had medical applications considering the bronze and iron needles discovered next to the Parthian Battery. "The device and its conductive needles may have been used for pain control. The use of electricity in medicine was seen in ancient Rome where electric fish were used for pain reduction," Taheri said in support of his hypothesis.

    Iran scientists make artificial liver
    Tue, 03 Feb 2009
    Iranian researchers have developed an artificial liver to help improve the quality of life in patients suffering from liver failure. "The device developed using tissue engineering technology is a simulation of normal liver which can help detoxify the blood and excrete unnecessary compounds," said research-team leader Jalaoldin Ghanavi.
    He added that the newly developed artificial liver is capable of performing all the activities of a normal liver, making the device a temporary substitute in those suffering from liver failure. Ghanavi explained that the patient's arterial blood enters the device via a tube; blood cells are then separated from the plasma and sent back into circulation. The plasma, on the other hand, is guided into a glass globe, where toxins are separated
    using the nanostructures located in the artificial liver cells. With the capacity to attach about 10 million liver cells to one another, the glass globe works as a membrane and aims to increase the efficacy of cells. Developed using nano-matrix, these cells are capable of proliferation and regeneration. They are also believed to perform metabolic activities such as producing protein and absorbing fatty cells and carbohydrates like natural liver cells.
    Ghanavi concluded that the device helps detoxify blood based on the patients status and his/her blood type.

    Ahmadinejad opens exhibit on innovation, prosperity
    Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad inaugurated an exhibition and a festival featuring innovation and prosperity in the country Sunday morning. The opening of the two events coincides with the second day of the nationwide
    ceremonies to celebrate Ten Days of Dawn which marks the span of time between the arrival of the Late Founder of the Islamic Republic Imam Khomeini in Tehran from a long exile abroad and the victory of the Islamic Revolution ten days later in 1979. The exhibition and the festival seek to highlight the achievements of Iranian experts during the current Iranian calendar year (March 2008-2009) which has been designated by the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenie, as the year of innovation and prosperity. Over 3,000 inventions and innovative projects are being displayed at the exhibition. The events aim at spotting and encouraging innovators and honoring the best works introduced. Ten top inventions will be awarded at the end of the festival. The president is to deliver a speech after inspecting different parts of the exhibition. Tehran, Feb 1, IRNA

    Power comes with scientific capability
    Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said the launching of data-processing satellite remarkably improved Iran’s scientific position in the world. He said the word “power”, in its true sense, is not exercising authority over others but rather it is improving one’s capabilities through scientific achievements. The president made the remarks in a congress dubbed “Scientific power means National power” Wednesday morning. Saying that knowledge and power were two attributes of God Almighty that in fact were rooted in a single source, he said only that kind of power would benefit a nation which is inspired by its own capabilities. He said the Islamic Revolution is by now in great need of speedy scientific movement to maintain and advance its ideals and, noting that this was the sixth scientific gathering he was attending in the past 40 days, recommended all Iranian scientists and experts to
    solidly rely on their own capabilities and potentials. He further urged Iranian scientists and academics to try to remove the scientific monopoly certain world countries are trying to impose on the world. Tehran, Feb 4, IRNA

    Iran, biggest vaccine producer in Middle East
    Karaj, Tehran, Feb 7, IRNA – Head of Iran’s Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute said on Saturday that Iran is the biggest producer of vaccine and serum in the Middle East region. Abdolhossein Deilami told IRNA that Razi Institute has made remarkable progress in past three decades since the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979.
    Deilami said that vaccines and serums produced in Iran can compete with their foreign brands worldwide.
    The Razi Institute produces annually four billion doses of various vaccines and serums, he noted. He added the Razi Institute has gained an ISO 9001 and ISI 9002 certificates from the German DGS over the past two years.
    The Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute of Iran started its work 83 years ago. The institute has been producing vaccines for poliomyelitis, measles, diphtheria, mumps, smallpox, tetanus, whooping cough, bronchitis and bird flu.

    22nd Int’l Kharazmi Festival Kicks Off
    TEHRAN, Feb 3 (IRNA) -- The 22nd International Kharazmi Festival opened here on Tuesday in the presence of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. The festival is held every year to introduce and honor achievements of Iranian and foreign researchers and academicians. President Ahmadinejad will award top researchers with badges and certificates of honor. During the one-day festival, 25 domestic and 13 foreign projects chosen out of a large
    number of projects received by the festival secretariat will be presented. President Ahmadinejad is scheduled to deliver a speech at the festival. Before attending the session, he viewed the latest achievements of Iranian scholars and researchers on display at an exhibition set up on the sidelines of the festival. Researchers and scholars from Iran, France, Belgium, Finland, Australia, Norway, Malaysia, India, Germany, China, and Taiwan are attending the one-day event.

    Iran among top 4 countries in dental radiology in Asia
    Tehran, Jan 29, IRNA -- Iran is among the top four countries in Asia in field of dental radiology, said the head of the Association of Mouth, Jaw and Face Radiology. Speaking to IRNA on the sidelines of the first seminar on mouth, jaw and face radiology, which opened on Thursday, Ahmad Reza Talaeipour added that dental radiology
    course was set up in Iran in 1984 while the course was established in US universities in 2000.
    Currently, nine universities in the country are offering the course and some 100 professors and associate professors are teaching this discipline in the centers, he noted. He went on to say that a large number of articles on dentistry radiology by the Iranian specialists are published in the acclaimed international magazines each year.
    Sponsored by the association, the seminar is being held to provide an opportunity for the specialists to exchange experience, he noted. Topics for discussion at the ongoing event include X-ray and its effects, principles of
    radiography in dental implant as well as medical imaging systems, he said. Taleipour said that a total of 200 articles have been submitted to the secretariat of the event, of which 120 have been selected for the two-day event. Some 40 will be presented at event and 80 will be offered in the form of posters.


    22nd Int’l Kharazmi Festival Kicks Off
    Ahmadinejad :
    Iran never seeks scientific monopoly President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said on Tuesday that the Iranian nation has never sought scientific monopoly in order to impose itself on others. He made the remark while addressing the 22nd International Kharazmi Festival which opened here this morning. The festival is held every year to introduce and honor achievements of Iranian and foreign researchers and academicians. He added that sciences will be useful when they are at the service of peace, brotherhood and health of the society. As to the Islamic Republic’s achievements in different areas, President Ahmadinejad lauded scientific achievements of the Iranian youth in the past three decades. He also praised self-belief of the Iranian experts, saying such an attitude resulted in several achievements in various fields. Referring to successful launching of Omid data-processing satellite, he said the move is a source of pride for the Iranian nation.
    He added that the satellite and the rocket used to launch it were manufactured fully by Iranian experts.
    The launching of the satellite, which was done upon an order by President Ahmadinejad, coincided with the 30th anniversary of the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran. The satellite was launched using safir-2 rocket and was successfully set into orbit. The project started in March 2005 as the first practical step toward acquiring national space technology and its main objective was to prepare the grounds for promoting national space industry in Iran. Tehran, Feb 3, IRNA

    Shahid Beheshti University to Cooperate With Harvard, Texas U
    TEHRAN, Dec 5,( IRNA)--Faculty of Medical Sciences of Iran's Martyr Beheshti University and 2 US universities, namely Harvard and Texas State University are to sign to scientific research cooperation agreements on ways for controlling cancer diseases.
    Head of Martyr Beheshti University's Faculty of Medical Sciences' Research Center for Digestion System and Liver Diseases, Dr. Mohammad-Reza Zali announced the news in an interview with IRNA Scientific Desk reporter here Wednesday. He added, "Following a visit by he Secretary General of the US Academy of Sciences, a member of the board of trustees of the M. D. Anderson Cancer Research Center of Texas State University (TSU), another TSU
    professor, and a Harvard University professor were scheduled to visit our faculty of medical sciences, when those agreements will be signed." Zali referred to the exchange of professors and students, as well as conducting joint research works as other articles of the Iranian-US universities' scientific cooperation agreement.
    Professors of the above mentioned US universities have arrived in Iran last Saturday upon invitations sent to them by Marty Beheshti University for cooperation with Iranian professors in the course of joint research works.
    The head of Martyr Beheshti University's Center for Research on Digestion System and Liver Diseases said that the objective behind extending the invitation has been
    familiarizing the Iranian university professors with the scientific methods and achievements of their western colleagues.
    Zali said, "The US academic delegations has so far visited the faculties of medical sciences of Martyr Beheshti University, Tehran University, and Isfahan University."
    According to IRNA Scientific Desk, one of the members of the elegation is Dr. John Mendelssohn, the head of M. D. Anderson Cancer research Center of TSU, one of the
    most famous cancer research centers in the world.
    Another distinguished guest of Martyr Beheshti University is Dr. Fineberg of Harvard University, the former head of the Faculty of Medical Sciences of that university, who had held that position for a period of 17 years.
    The third member of the delegation is an Iranian born, US doctor, Saberiyoun, who is currently also the Managing Director of Sapco Texas Oil Company and a member of the
    Board of Trustees of the M. D. Anderson Company, while the fourth, and the leader of the US academic delegation,
    is the managing director of the US Academy of Sciences.

    American Academics Keen to Visit Iran

    TEHRAN, Dec 2 (IRNA) - Some three American chancellors have voiced their willingness to visit Islamic Republic of Iran, dean of Sharif University of Technology said on Tuesday. Saeed Sohrabpour said that the visit aimed to prepare the ground for exchange of university students and professors between the two countries.
    He added that the chancellors of MIT, Stanford and Caltech have voiced their readiness to visit Iran.
    A group of US university chancellors visited Iran in mid-November. During their stay, the American delegation visited the edifices in the picturesque city of
    Isfahan as well as several universities in Tehran and Isfahan.
    Professor Robert M. Berdahl, head of the Union of the US Universities, Professor David J. Skorton, chancellor of Cornell University, Professor David W. Leeborn, chancellor of Rice University, Professor J. Bernard Machen, chancellor of Florida University, Professor C.D. Mote, chancellor of Maryland University and Professor Jared L. Cohon, chancellor of Carnegie Mellon University visited Iran at an invitation from Sohrabpour.

    Madrid to Host Conference on Iranian Scientists

    TEHRAN, Nov 30 (FNA)- The Complutense University of Madrid is to hold a conference to review thoughts of the masters of philosophy Avicenna and Averroes.
    The one-day conference is being held with the aim to make the Spanish Iranologists familiar with the two prominent figures, Tehran Times quoted Iran's cultural attaché in
    Spain Ahmad Khezri as telling the Persian service of the Islamic republic news agency.
    A group of Iranian and Spanish scholars will present their papers on the thoughts, character, and lofty position of the two masters in the session on December 4, he said,
    adding, "Professor of philosophy Rafael Ramon Guerrero, as well as Iranian Ahmad Ahmadi from Tehran's University of Tarbiat-e Modarres are among the participants."
    Abu Ali al-Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina, known as Abu Ali Sina and commonly known in English by his Latinized name Avicenna was born in c. 980 near Bukhara, contemporary Uzbekistan, and died 1037 in Hamedan, Iran.
    He was a Persian polymath and the foremost physician and philosopher of his time. He was also an astronomer, chemist, geologist, logician, paleontologist, mathematician, physicist, poet, psychologist, scientist, soldier, statesman, and teacher.
    Abu l-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Rushd better known just as Ibn Rushd and in European literature as Averroes (1126 -1198), was an Andalusian polymath: a master of early Islamic philosophy, Islamic theology, and jurisprudence, logic, psychology, Arabic music theory, and the sciences of medicine, astronomy, geography, mathematics and physics. He was born in Cordoba, modern day Spain, and died in Marrakech, modern day Morocco.

    Kerman Province

    Kerman is in the south-east Province of Iran and Kerman is Its center . Kerman is the second largest province in Iran, 180,726 km². The population of the province is about 2.65 million. The main townships of this province
    are: Baft, Bardsir, Bam, Jiroft, Rafsanjan, Zarand, Sirjan, Shahr-e-Babak, Kerman, Mahan ,Rayen Kahnuj, Ghale-Ganj, Manujan, Roodbar-e-Jonob, Anbar Abad,and Ravar.
    The city of Kerman is the most developed and largest city of the province.

    The altitudes and heights of the province are the continuation of the central mountain ranges of Iran , extend from the volcanic folds beginning in Azarbaijan , and by branching out in the central plateau of Iran, terminate in Baluchestan. These mountain ranges have brought about vast plains in the province of Kerman.

    Most of the province is largely steppe or sandy desert, although there are some oases where dates, oranges (said to be the best in Iran), and pistachios are cultivated. The province is dependent on qanats (underground water channels) for its irrigation. In the central parts,
    Mount Hezar is the highest peak, 4465 meters above sea level.

    The climate in the province varies in different regions. The north, northwest, and central areas experience a dry and moderate climate, whereas in the south and southeast, the weather is warm and relatively humid. The city of Kerman and the surrounding regions have a semi-moderate and dry climate, with a maximum and minimum temperature of 39.6° C, and -7° C . The most suitable period for traveling is during the months of March - June with the average temperature of 20° - 25° C .

    Kerman province is considered a paradise for palaeontologists because of an abundance of vertebrate fossils from different geological eras. Fossils include Placodermi, jawed and jawless armoured fish dating back to Devonian era or first geological era (395 to 365 million years ago), dinosaurs dating back to the Jurassic era (195 to 65 million years ago) and mammals from the Third Geological Era (ranging from two to seven million years ago).

    The history of human settlements in the territory of Kerman dates back to the 4th millennium BC. This area is considered as one of the ancient regions of Iran and valuable historical vestiges have been discovered here. Jiroft is an example, where a previously unknown settlement dating back to around 2500BC has just been established by archeologists. Kerman has an abundance
    of historical sites and landmarks, 283 in total, according to Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization.
    Ancient abandoned citadels such as Arg-é Bam and Rayen castle have been preserved in the desert for two thousand years.

    Kerman is prone to natural disasters. For example,flood , unearthed the archeological ancient city of Jiroft . In December 2003 , the world's largest adobe structure , Arg-é Bam , was destroyed in an earthquake . On February 22, 2005, Zarand earthquake , killed hundreds of its residents and several nearby villages . . .

    Natural attractions in this province include , thermal and mineral springs, altitudes and peaks , recreational areas, verdant spaces, lakes, pools, protected areas and the special desert features for adventure seekers.

    A large portion of Iran's auto industry is based in Kerman. Sirjan, a specially designated economic zone, is considered a passage-way for transfer of imported commercial goods from the south (through the Persian Gulf) . And , Arg e Jadid, is another one .

    Colleges and universities :

    Kerman University of Medical Sciences
    Rafsanjan University of Vali Asr
    Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman
    Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
    Islamic Azad University of Baft
    Islamic Azad University of Zarand
    Islamic Azad University of Kerman
    Islamic Azad University of Jiroft
    Islamic Azad University of Bam
    Islamic Azad University of Bardseer
    Islamic Azad University of Kahnuj
    Kerman Khaje-Nasir Higher Education Center


    Pouran Derakhshandeh , Director, screen writer, Producer and researcher,

    Pouran Derakhshandeh , Director, screen writer, Producer and researcher,
    She was born in 1951, Iran. Graduated Form “X-NIRT’s collage of cinema and television in 1975 . At the time she began working at NIRT and Produced “Plague”; A documentary about plague disease in Kurdistan Province. Next year, she produced a documentary about “Last Wednesday of the year “Ceremony in some areas of Iran.
    In 1978 she director “mineral springs of rah haraz” and a trilogy doc about handicraft in Kurdistan titled, “Moj, janamaz and sajadeh”, “Nazok kari” and “short –napped coarse carpet”.
    Four episode “syn the tic and natural Fibber” was a research documentary about thread, worsted cotton, silk and synthetic fiber.During 1979-1980: Pouran derakhshandeh Produced “the wheels whirl”. It has a look to
    economical and society depression and closed manufactures like Iran National.A “Shokaran”, focused on addiction 17 episode doc. Difficulties in women /men and children, drug’s smuggles and its Prevention ways. The production longed from 1980 to1982.

    Movies : “Relationship” (1986) , “A little bird Happiness” (1987) ,“Passing through the
    Dust”(1988) , “Lost time”(1989)
    “A Love without frontier”(1998) , “Candle in the wind”(2003) , “Wet Dream”(2005) ,
    “Eternal Children”(2006)

    Documentary Films :
    “Plague” (1975) ,“End Wednesday”(1976), “Gelim”(1978) , “Revolve Gear’s” (1978) ,
    “Conium” (1980)
    “Tiger of eshgh valley” (2001-2002) ,“Springs of sanghestan valley” (2001-2002) ,
    “A necklace of dandelion for my sister” (2001-2002)
    “Six Brides for Ameneh” (2001-2002) ,“Rasul, A little Hercule” (2001-2002) ,
    “shobo from sunset till sunset” (2001-2002)

    Awards :
    "Eternal Children" the best movies in "Hygiene,Safety,Health" Section Of 37th ROSHD international Film Festival
    "The Eternal Children" won six "Golden Butterfly" at the 21st Children and Young Adults Film Festival
    "The Golden Butterfly" award for the best artistic and technical film
    "The Golden Butterfly" award for the best director of the feature film
    "The Golden Butterfly" award for the best young adult artist , Ali Ahmadifar
    "The Golden Butterfly" award for the best feature film (Producer & Director : Pouran Derakhshandeh )
    The Children and Young Adults Jury :"The Golden Butterfly " award for the best feature film
    Audience Award :"The Golden Butterfly" award for the most welcomed Iranian film
    Out of Competition :"Diploma of Honor" for the best film awarded by Hamedan Municipality Jury
    Eternal Children Was The Winner Of 2 Crystal Simorgh In The 25th Fajr Intl Film Festival: Crystal Simorgh Of The Best Film Music For Mr.Kambiz Roshan Ravan , Crystal Simorgh Of The Best Actress In Supporting Role For Ms. Pantea Bahram
    Eternal Children Gained The 5th Rank Getting 60% Of The Vote (In Audiences' View)
    Eternal Children Was Elected By Welfare Office In The Peritheral Part of The Festival
    A Golden Statue & Cash Prize for the best Family & Educational Movie(Wet Dream) From 36th Roshod INTL Film Fest-Tehran 2006
    A Golden Statue & Cash Prize for the best Actor(Wet Dream) - Faramarz Gharibian
    Special Prize Of the Educational Department Of the Handicapped Children For "Relationship" & "Little Bird Of Happiness".
    A candle in the wind nominated in three categories. It won “Crystal simorgh” for the best leading actor, Bahram Radan at 22nd Fajr International Film Festival. It also nominated in eight categories at house cinema Film Fest.
    Special Mention at “Family Film” for her career.
    Honor diploma for “Six Brides for Ameneh” at shahrekord “women and cinema” Film Fest (2002).
    Special Jury award from “Student and graduated people of IRIB collage Film Fest” for love without—Frontier (2001).
    First “Golden Torch” Prize for "A little bird of Happiness" at Korean Film Fest (2001).
    Best Film "A little bird of Happiness" at women Film Fest(1992).
    Honor diploma& Grand prize for "A little bird of Happiness" at Argentina women Film Fest (1988).
    5 Award for "A little bird of Happiness" at Fajr Film Fest (1987).
    Special mentions for “Mute Connect(Relationship)“on at Giffoney

    Documentary Films :
    “Plague” (1975) ,“End Wednesday”(1976), “Gelim”(1978) , “Revolve Gear’s” (1978) ,“Conium” (1980)
    “Tiger of eshgh valley” (2001-2002) ,“Springs of sanghestan valley” (2001-2002) , “A necklace of dandelion for my sister” (2001-2002)
    “Six Brides for Ameneh” (2001-2002) ,“Rasul, A little Hercule” (2001-2002) ,“shobo from sunset till sunset” (2001-2002)

    Some pics of Kashan

    kerman pics

    Shazdeh  - Garden Shazdeh  - Garden Shazdeh  - Garden kerman  rug kerman market carpet  market tile


    KASHAN PEARL of THE GREAT KEVIRThe city of noble traditions , beautiful landscapes , which leans the lofty Karkas mountain from one side  , while adjoining the infinite Kevir .  It is the first of the large oases along the Qom-Kerman road  and one of the main cities of the  Isfahan province. Its charm is therefore mainly due to the contrast between the parched immensities of the Kavir region and the greenery of the well-tended oasis .For its dignity , and for its glorious history , being in deep relation with the 7000 years old civilization of Sialk Ziggurat , it is called  : " Pearl of the Geat Kevir ".  Thought the city was razed to the ground by earthquake  or attacks of several invaders  ( Timur , Turkman , Afghans ), it started one again however , for it fructifies some courageous peoples provide backing their hometown . Kashan is the city of vault - covered houses , nicely - designed " bad - girs " ( wind tower ) to fit the buildings , gardens , water - fountains , mosques , holy shrines , turquoise blue cupolas , lofty minarets, and gardens .This historic city is homeland of scholars , celebrities artists and has been particularly as manufacturers of excellent vessels and tiles , weavers of fine brocades , velvets and silk fabrics , creators of superb carpets and rugs , and producers of various  handicrafts and rooswater .History in briefApproximately  4500 - 5000 B. c.  , a community with a remarkable civilization was settled between Kashna  andfin , in sialk historic site , and their tools were of stone and bone . The dead were buried in a contracted position beneath their partly wooden huts , and the corpses were stained red (sialk I , c. 5000 to 4500 B.C. ) . Next , in sialk II ( c.4000 B.C. ) came mud pise dwellings followed by houses constructed of plano - convex bricks . The pottery was turned on a crude wheel , with black painted designs on a dark red ground depicting naturalistic  animals .The North mound was then abandoned and the bigger , Southern mound was founded ( period III , 3900 - 3000 B.C.) , showing the next civilization in sialk .  The discovery of Achaemenian silver coins and Greek coins of  6th century B.C. in the Marq Village 30 km . from Kashan , is a credit of that period .The remnants of beautiful Sassanian fire- temples like Niasar and Khorram - Dasht show the concern of Sassanian kings to this site . Kashan had veen a great economical center is this period .The etymology of the city name comes from Kasian, the original inhabitants of Kashan whose remains are found at Tapeh Sialk dating back 9,000 years over mellenia this changed to kashian and the the town became kashan.Archeological discoveries in the Sialk Hillocks which lie 2.5 miles (4 km) west of Kashan reveal that this region was one of the primary centers of civilization in pre-historic ages. Hence Kashan dates back to the Elamite period of Iran. The Sialk ziggurat still stands today in the suburbs of Kashan after 7000 years.The artifacts uncovered at Sialk reside in the Louvre in Paris and the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, and Iran's National Museum.The Traditional Structure of Kashan :The Borujerdis Old House is a 19th century merchant house. The building itself is a masterpiece and so are the paintings inside by the famous Iranian painter Kamal ol-Molk. The house is famous for its bad-girs, towers designed to lead the high winds to streetlevel, thus keeping the temperature low and very useful in the hot desert.The Tabatabaei Residence is a famous historic house was built in ( 1298 A .H .) It consists of four beautiful courtyards , delightful wall painting with elegant stained glass windows , and all the other classic features of Traditional Persian Residential architecture such as biruni and andaruni .The southern hall has fine iwan adorned with stucoo - work , mirror - work  and painting decoration .The Complex of Khan , located in the district of Khan Water Warehouse , is made up of a mosque , a public bath , water warehouse ( ab - anbar ) and was founded by Abd - ol - Razzaq Khan Kashi in the second half of the 12th century .Kashan Bazaar is an old bazaar in Iran which is in the center of this city . It is thought to have been built in the Seljuq era with renovations during the Safavid period .It has a famouse architecture , especially at the " Timcheh Amin - od Dowleh " , built in the 1800 s.Also has many interesting buildings inside it, like mosques, caravanserais, water storages and of course the fantastic mill is standing in the streets of the bazaar  .  .   .The Complex of Haji Seyed  Hosain Attar : mosque , water Warehouse ,  a public bath (1242A.H.)The ab - anbar has a spacious tile decorated courtyard  and a stone inscription dated (1231 A.H.)The Complex of  Baba Vali : Aqa Bath, Bazaarcheh ab - anbar and a mosque . the  Baba Vali mosque contains a courtyard , two tiled iwans ( 1276 A.H.), two prayer halls and a large dressing room with tile decorations .The Bath of Soltan Mir Ahmad : There is no date or names of the founder of it and contains of two small and large bath . The larger has an interesting portal adorned with stalactite and  tile decorations The dressing room is an octagonal area with a cupola which is supported with eight  pillars . The hot - house is divided into four sections bu four pillars in the center each of which containing  a centeral pool .The Aqa Bozurg Mosque and School Complex ( the second half of the last century ) is one of the most beautiful and magnificent Islamic monuments of Iran .The vast sanctuary of the  Mosque is in two floors , the first floor is the same level with the pool and area allocated to the school garden  houses1  12 celles on three sides and the moaque appears at the top floor with beautiful portal decorated ( brick  & tile ) . To the north of the Complex and within a few meters , stands a building with two brick domes , which is known as the Shrine of Khwajeh Taj - od Din .Madraseh Sultani ( 19 th )   -    Mir Emad  Mosque ( 13 century A.D.)  -  Jame '  Mosque and It's Minaret  ( Seljuq period ) -   Tabriziha  Mosque  ( 1212 A . H .)  -    The Shah Yalan Mausoleum  ( 909 A . H .)The Baba Afzal Mausoleum  ( 912 A . H . )  -  The Mausoleum of Habib Ibn Musa ( 7 th A. H. )The Shrine of Panjeh  Shah ( 19 th )     -       The Shrine of Mir Neshaneh  ( 978 A. H. )The Mausoleum of Shazdeh Ebrahim  ( 1894 A .D. )The Mausoleum of Khwajeh Taj - od Din   (  9 th century )The Mausoleum of Abu Lo'lo  (  777 A .H. )The Abbasian  Residence ( 1700 s )  -   The Ameriha Residence ( 19 th )The Tabriziha  Residence ( 19 th )Fin Historic Garden ( the classical Persian vision of paradise ) : Fin or Bagh - e Amir Kabir at Fin 6 km . to the southwest of Kashan , and perhaps the finest surviving example in Iran , creates the contrast between the Kavir region and the greenery of the well - tended oasis below the adjoining Karkass mountain . A major part of city 's water was suplied by the perennial source of Suleimanieh spring in the garden . This beautiful garden with its pool and orchards was designed for Shah Abbas I as a classical Persian vision of paradise. The original Safavid buildings in two - story , have been substantially
    replaced and rebuilt by the Qajar dynasty although the layout of trees and marble basins is close to the original. The garden itself however, was first founded 7000 years ago alongside the Cheshmeh-ye-Soleiman. At peresent this water spouting from fountainheads by the sole means of difference in elevation is one of the attractions of this complex . And flowing at an elevation of 1, 060 meters above sea level , it passes through numerous paths of the Garden , reaches the Fin village , and waters orchards famous for their unparalleled figs and pomegranates. Once it operated 33 water - mills . Fin was the scene of a tragedy in 1852 ,when Mirza Taqi Khan Known as Amir Kabir , the Grand Vizier of Naser - od Din Shah , was murdered there in the bath by order the King . He is considered a national hero and vanguard of modern Iran .
    Handicrafts :
    For the lack of water supplies which results in less agricultural activities , Kashan was the center of Persian ceramics , producing decorated pottery , and glazed tiles exported throughout the Near East . Its lusterwares , woolen and silk carpets , silk fabrics , cashmere , brocaded silk , velvet stuffs , velvet - weaving , Tile - working , are especially famous among Iran and the world .
    Kashan Suburbs : natural sceneries , historical relics
    Tappeh Sialk : contains two hills at a distance of 600 meters from each other , two old
    cemeteries A and B , the former is older and its founding items go ack to the end of the 2 nd
    millennium B.C.
    Niasar Fire Temple : ( 4th century A . D . )
    Niasar Cave : ( Parthian and Sassanian era )
    Niasar Waterfall : with two millstones under the fall ( followers of the Mithraism )
    Aznaveh Village , Maranjab Kevir , Rahaq Village , natural sceneries
    Natanz , Baz Castle , Khaneqah of Sheikh Abd - ol Samad ,
    Mashhad - e Ardehal , Shah Sultan Ali Shrine
    Mashhad - e Ardehal : Religious Ceremonies Washing the Carpet , in which the body of the
    martyred warrior was wrapped , each year , during the second Friday of the month of Mehr
    ( early October )
    Abyaneh village : very beautiful and historic at the southeast of Khashan . This is a village of living traditions , architectural styles ( all in red clay ) and probably the most interesting example of human adaptation to nature , wherein one transcend the boundaries of time and space and ezperience the ancient civilization and culture of Iran . It is compact , with narrow and sloped lanes , and houses located on the slope as if placed on a stairway , and the roofs of some houses are used to serve as the courtyard for other houses higher up on the slope . The language spoken by the literate people of Abyaneh is Parthian Pahlavi . They are deeply committed to honoring
    their traditions . . .
    Extracting Rose Water in Qamsar Kashan :
    Qamsar , 36 km . from Kashan , is a pretty mountain village stretched out long a dale filled with orchards and rose - gardens . When the roses are in flower , their scent is apparent long before the town comes into view . This town is a major rose water production center in Iran and along with its beautiful landscape , annually attracts hundreds of tourists interested in seeing how this traditional process takes place in Ordibehesht ( April - May ) .
    The dry central desert of Iran has hidden pink - colored gems in its depth and the spectators eyes are dazzled at the rubies . Rose buds have already blossomed at Karkas mountain slopes and Qamsar , Niasar , Barzak and Joshaqan - Kamo gardens in Kashan
    The flowers should be picked before sunrise to preserve their fragrance and membes of eachfamily men and soecially women set out towards rose gardens to take part in the special flower - picking ceremonies with their morning prayers and addressing their appreciation to God for his blessings . Both Iranian and Foreigners associate the city of Kashan with its 800 - years -old roses , rose - water and carpets . Each year the Ka ' ba is washing with the pure fragrant rose -water produced in kashan .

    Kashan Pearl of the Great Kevir - Yassavoli publications

    Kerman the center of Kerman province

    Kerman city with a height of 1755 m. is located in the central south of Iran ,on a high margin of
    Kavir-e lut ( Lut Desert ) . It is counted as one of the oldest cities and its name is derived from the Germaniol race listed by Herodotus, and its construction is attributed to Ardashir I , founder of Sassanid Dynasty (Ardashir-e Babakan) in 3rd century CE . And In Islamic time, Kerman was one of the important cultural centres of Iran .

    When Marco Polo visited the city in 1271 it had become a major trade emporium linking the Persian Gulf with Khorasan and Central Asia . Subsequently, however, the city was sacked many times by various invaders.

    Kerman was expanded rapidly during the Safavid Dynasty. Carpets and rugs were exported to England and Germany during this period .

    Sassanid era horse head Found in KermanCarpet weaving is one of the main industries of the city, and the carpets produced there are renowned internationally . Carpet weaving is a very old tradition in Kerman . The oldest carpet discovered in Kerman , belongs to about 500 years
    ago, which proves the precedence of weaving in this city . Cotton textiles and goats-wool shawls are also manufactured .

    A number of modern establishments such as textile mills and brickworks also have been constructed. The province's mineral wealth includes copper and coal .
    As it also is a major hand woven carpet production
    center of the country, and hundreds of small workshops scattered through the city.

    Kerman has had a long turbulent history. It was only during the rule of the Qajar Dynasty that security was restored in this city under the Central Government. Kerman has a small Zoroastrian minority. Most of the ancient Kerman was destroyed in an earthquake.

    In 1793 Lotf Ali Khan defeated the Qajars and in 1794 captured Kerman. But soon, he was besieged in Kerman for six months by Agha Mohammad Khan. When the city fell to Agha Mohammad Khan, angered by the popular support that Lotf Ali Khan had received, all the male inhabitants were killed or blinded, and a pile was made out of 20,000 detached eyeballs and poured in front of the victorious Agha Muhammad Khan . The women and children were sold
    into slavery, and the city was destroyed over ninety days.
    The present city of Kerman was rebuilt in the nineteenth century to the northwest of the old city, but it did not recover until the twentieth century

    The city is surrounded by mountains which bring variety to Kerman's year weather pattern . It has a moderate and the average annual rainfall is 135 mm. Because it is located close to the Kavir-e lut, Kerman has hot summers and in the spring it often has violent sand storms . Its climate is relatively cool.

    The distance between this city and Tehran is 1064 kms. and is on Tehran, Bandar Abbas and Zahedan route. Kerman airport is counted as one of the main airports which has daily & weekly flights to Tehran, Ahwaz, Yazd, Esfahan, Bandar Abbas, Mashhad and Shiraz. Also the Trans Iranian Railway passes through this city.

    Famous Places :
    Masjed-e Jame (Jame Mosque)
    Masjed-e Jame or Muzaffari is one of the historical monuments of the 14th century CE, famous for its magnificent portal, its mihrab and mosaic-tile decorations, and its historic inscription, which bears the date 1349 CE. On the western side of the mosque, there is an ivan which originally dates from the times of Ali Muzaffar. It has a wonderful blue faience featuring shades of blue from turquoise to ultramarine, creating a vertical horizon of smooth shimmering tiles.
    However, the mosque has been repaired in later periods, including repairs of the main part of its mihrab, carried out in the reign of Shah Abbas II of Safavid Dynasty. The wall of the Mihrab (altar) and the central dome are also decorated with admirable geometric compositions.
    The south-western portal of the mosque also belongs to the Safavid period. The minaret and the Muadhin`s cage of the Masjid have been repaired under Karim Khan of Zand Dynasty, and its mihrab is one of the outstanding parts of this monument.
    Some essential repairs and decorative and tile works were completed in the year 1940. It is considered to be the most fabulous structure in the city and is located in the main square of "Shohada".

    Ganjali Khan Bath
    Ganjali Khan was one of the famous rulers during the reign of Shah Abbas of Safavid. As the ruler of Kerman province he constructed many monuments and buildings. Ganjali Khan
    complex is composed of a school, a square, a caravanserai, a public bath, a water reservoir, a mint house, a mosque and a bazaar. A number of inscriptions laid inside the complex indicate the exact date when these places have been built.

    Out of Ganjali Khan complex, the Khan public bath located in the grand bazaar of Kerman serves as an anthropology museum today and attracts an increasing number of Iranian and foreign tourists. This is a unique work of architecture with beautiful tile works, paintings,stuccos, and arches.

    The bath rendered service no later than 60 years ago. In the closet section and main yard of the bath there are many life-like statues. These statues were designed at Tehran University's faculty of fine arts in 1973 and then transferred to this museum.

    This complex has been built during the Safavid era (1501 - 1722 CE) enjoying a modern architectural style of the time. This bath is an association of architecture and application of an array of constructional materials in an appropriate space with totally popular approaches. The
    architect of the bath and the complex is a master from Yazd city named Mohammad Sultani

    Wikipedia Iran chamber

    No-Rooz ( No Ruz ) , Iranian New Year ( on about March 21)

    The ancient knowledge has been lost but the ancient culture still exists.
    No-Rooz ( No Ruz )
    Legend and History , Iranian Calendar , main characteristics
    One of the most important Iranian festivals is called No-Rooz - the New Year is starting from 21st March until 2nd of April, is an all encompassing national ceremony which Iranians have always felt emotionally compelled to observe. However, this ancient custom which has in the course of history faced many troubles .

    No-Rooz literally means the 'New Day' and is celebrated on the vernal equinox in spring , rejuvenation of nature, the beginning of a new life and most appropriate time in nature to start a New Year . Seasons played a vital part in human life history, everything depended on the four seasons. After a sever winter, the beginning of spring was a great occasion with mother nature rising up in a green robe of colorful flowers and the cattle delivering their young . It was the dawn of abundance .Tradition takes No-Rooz as far back as 15,000 years-before the last ice age when Shah Jamshid (Persian king ) celebrated the first spring, Jamshid symbolizes the person who introduced No-Rooz celebrations.

    No Ruz, Iranian celebration of spring Equino, has been celebrated by all the major cultures of ancient Mesopotamia. Sumerians, 3000BC, Babylonians 2000 BC, the ancient kingdom of Elam in Southern Persia 2000BC, Akaddians all have been celebrating it in one form or another. What we have today as No Ruz with its’ uniquely Iranian characteristics has been celebrated for at least 3000 years and is deeply rooted in the traditions of Zoroastrian belief system . (This was the religion of Ancient Persia before the advent of Islam 1400 years ago. It is known as the mother religion in the area. The familiar concepts of Hell, Heaven, Resurrection, individual and last judgment were for the first time incorporated into this belief system . They are expected to only think of good things, speak the good words and act the good deeds. )

    As recorded in history on the spring some 12 centuries later, in 487 BCE, Darius the Great of the Achaemenian dynasty (700 to 330 BCE) celebrated the No-Rooz at his newly built Persepolis (Takth-e Jamshid ) in Iran. A recent research shows that it was a very special occasion. On that day, the first rays of the rising sun fell on the observatory on the square stone set in the great hall of audience at 06-30 a.m., an event that repeats itself once every 1400-1 years . It was, therefore, a highly auspicious occasion for the ancient peoples. The Persepolis was the place, the Achaemenian king received, on No-Rooz,his peoples from all over the vast empire. The walls of the great royal palace depict the scenes of the celebrations.

    No-Rooz is the most ancient heritage of our ancestors. This feast is observed not only in every corner of the country, but also any where Iranians live, even aboard ships and barges. In this way many foreigners have come to know No-Rooz and eagerly participate in its festivities and ceremonies. Among our neighboring countries, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, and Tajikistan , Turkmenistan , Uzbekistan , Kazakhstan Kashmir , Kyrgyzstan
    and celebrate as the new year by the people of the Iranian stock, particularly the Kurds, in the neighboring countries of Georgia, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey , & specially in Indian sub continent , No-Rooz feasts are held with great grandeur. This in itself is a proper means of trans mitting the Iranian culture to the other parts of the world.

    West Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, Northwestern China, the Caucasus, the Crimea, and in Albania, Bosnia, Kosova and Macedonia.

    Iranian Calendar :
    The ancient Iranian calendar was a solar calendar. " the coming of the season at the proper time of the solar year." This clearly indicates that a solar calendar was maintained.
    the earth goes around the sun and when the sun is exactly over the equator it is called the vernal equinox and on that day the 24 hour period is equally divided between night and day.
    At a given longitude every year the equinox occurs at a different time. The time difference in Iran is about 5 hours 48 minutes and 20.16 seconds, when compared to the year before. Thus the New Year is ushered in, each year at different hours of the day, coinciding exactly with the equinox.
    we know that the year is approximately 365.25 days long. And the seasons are regular and spring begins with the vernal equinox on about 21 March, the summer begin about 22 June, fall with the autumnal equinox on about 23 September, and winter with the winter solstice on about 23 December. Seasonal year is of exactly 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 45.5 seconds, that oneday is added every four years to compensate for the loss of four 5 hr 48 min 45.5 sec .
    Meanwhile, although Iranians, converted to Islam, observed and are observing the Muslim lunar calendar for religious purposes, the Iranian calendar was soon restored within a century for administrative and economical reasons.

    main characteristics
    Iranians today still carry out the spring-cleaning ( Khoune Takouni ) , set up bon fires for only one night on the last Tuesday of the year ( Chaharshabeh Souri ) , arranging seven items on a green tablecloth , setting ( HAFT SEEN ) , the traditional herald of the Nowruz season ( Haji Firouz )gathering and awaiting for the exact moment of the arrival of the spring with the Haft Seen on the table " Saal Tahvil " , visiting each others " Did - o Baz did " ( families, friends and neighbour ) and todays especiallygo to the hospital and visit patient , giving presents ,
    prepareing New Year dishes , leaving their homes in the thirteenth day of the new year festival to spend a day in nature ( Sizdah Bedar ) or ( Rooz - e -Tabiat ) .

    Khoune Takouni ( preparing for " Now Ruz " major and national Iranian holiday )
    Khoune Takouni means housekeeping or 'complete cleaning of the house'. Persians (Iranians and Tajiks) and other groups (Kurds, Armenians, Azarbaijanis, Balochs and various Turkic nations) start preparing for the Nowruz with a major spring-cleaning of their houses, the purchase of new clothes to wear for the new year and the purchase
    of flowers (in particular the hyacinth and the tulip are popular and conspicuous). Iranian celebrate many religious and national holidays. A major holiday is " Now Ruz " the Iranian new year . " Now Ruz " begins on the first day of spring . In association with the "rebirth of nature", extensive spring-cleaning is a national tradition observed by almost every household in Persia.Washing carpets , windows , doors , painting walls , renewing clothes , or furnitures and . . .are Typically Iranians 's customs in preparing for " Now Ruz " .

    Haji Firouz
    The traditional herald of the Nowruz season is a man called Haji Firouz .He usually uses face paint to make his skin black and wears a red costume. Then he sings and dances through the streets with tambourines and trumpets spreading good cheer and heralds the coming of the New Year .

    No-Rooz as a festival is symbolically celebrated by arranging seven items on a green tablecloth . In either case the items have philosophic meanings The real significance of seven was to represent the "Seven Eternal Laws" , which embodies the Teachings of Zarathushtra. It was a way of preserving and a reminder of the teachings of Zarathushtra. Today they are changed and modified but some have kept their symbolism.

    All the seven items start with the letter S and are :
    Sabzeh - wheat, barley or lentil sprouts growing in a dish - symbolizing rebirth
    Fifteen days before the new year starts , most families plant wheat or lentil seeds in a
    shallow bowil . The green sprouts that appear, symbolize the coming of spring
    Samanu - a sweet pudding made from wheat germ - symbolizing affluence
    Senjed - the dried fruit of the oleaster tree - symbolizing love
    Sir - garlic - symbolizing medicine
    Sib - apples - symbolizing beauty and health
    Somaq - sumac berries - symbolizing (the color of) sunrise
    Serkeh - vinegar - symbolizing age and patience

    Other items on the table may include:
    Sonbol - Hyacinth (plant)
    Sekkeh - Coins - representative of wealth
    Traditional Iranian pastries such as baghlava, toot, naan-nokhodchi
    Aajeel - dried nuts, berries and raisins
    Lit candles (enlightenment and happiness , warmth)
    Mirror (symbolizing cleanness and honesty)
    Decorated eggs, sometimes one for each member of the family (fertility)
    Bowl of water with goldfish (life within life, and the sign of Pisces which the sun is
    leaving) The gold fish symbolizes a happy life, full of activity and movement
    Rosewater, believed to have magical cleansing powers
    Holy book ( Qur'an )
    Divan of Hafez , poetry book

    The whole table is beautifully laid. It symbolizes the Message and the Messenger, light, reflection, warmth, life, love, joy, production, prosperity, and nature.It is, in fact, a very elaborate thanksgiving table for all the good and beautiful things bestowed by God.

    After the Saal Tahvil, people hug and kiss each other and wish each other a happy new year. Then they give presents to each other (traditionally cash, coins or gold coins), usually older ones to the younger ones. The first few days are spent visiting older members of the family, relatives and friends. Children receive presents and sweets, special meals and "Aajil" (a combination of different nuts with raisins and other sweet stuff) or fruits are consumed. Traditionally on the night before the New Year, most Iranians will have Sabzi Polo Mahi, a special dish of rice cooked with fresh herbs and served with smoked and freshly fried fish. Koukou Sabzi, a mixture of fresh herbs with eggs fried or baked, is also served.

    New Year dishes
    Sabzi Polo Mahi: The New Year's day traditional meal is called Sabzi Polo Mahi, which is rice with green herbs served with fish. The traditional seasoning for Sabzi Polo are parsley, coriander, chives, dill and fenugreek.
    Reshteh Polo: rice cooked with noodles which is said to symbolically help one succeed in life.
    Dolme Barg : A traditional dish of Azeri people, cooked just before the new year. It includes some vegetables, meat and cotyledon which have been cooked and embedded in vine leaf and cooked again. It is considered useful in reaching to wishes. Kookoo sabzi : Herbs and vegetable souffle, traditionally served for dinner at New Year.
    A light and fluffy omelet style made from parsley, dill, coriander, spinach, spring onion ends, and chives, mixed with eggs and walnut.

    Sizdah Bedar ( Rooz - e -Tabiat )
    The thirteenth day of the new year festival is Sizdah Bedar (literally meaning "thirteen to out", figuratively meaning "hit the outdoors on the thirteenth"). This is a day of festivity in nature , spending mostly outdoors . People will leave their homes to go to the parks or local plains for a festive picnic . This day is the most popular day of the holidays among children because they get to play a lot !

    Sizdah bedar celebrations stem from the ancient Persians' belief that the twelve constellations in the Zodiac controlled the months of the year, and each ruled the earth for a thousand years at the end of which the sky and earth collapsed in chaos. When families put order aside and avoid the bad luck associated with the number thirteen by going outdoors and having picnics and parties .

    At the end of the celebrations on this day, the sabzeh grown for the Haft Seen (which has symbolically collected all sickness and bad luck) is thrown into running water to exorcise the demons (divs) from the household. It is also customary for young single women to tie the leaves of the sabzeh before discarding it, so expressing a wish
    to be married before the next year's Sizdah Bedar. Another tradition associated with this day is Dorugh-e Sizdah, literally meaning "the lie of the thirteenth", which is the process of lying to someone and making them believe it .

    After Islamic revelution in Iran , Sizdah Bedar called Rooz - e -Tabiat and means watch and peace of nature .
    We put the grown sabzeh in to the earth and sent the Haft Seen goldfish in water of park 's pools . And avoid of thinking about bad luck of the number thirteen , misfortunes or unwed girls can wish to be married , or a bad omen . . .
    And as we renewing clothes , or furnitures , in a week named ( Rooz Nikokary ) , everybody tries to give something new to poor people .

    Iranians living abroad have in their new homes acquainted the locals with aspects of Iranian culture. Their children take No-Rooz ceremonies to their schools. The florist and pet shop salesman now realize that whoever seeks hyacinths and little gold fish close to the spring time, must be an Iranian.

    No-Rooz Greetings:
    No-Rooz Mobarak (Happy No-Rooz, Happy New Year);
    Eid-eh Shoma Mobarak (Happy New Year to you);
    No-Rooz Pirooz (Wishing you a Prosperous New Year);
    Sad Saal be in Saal-ha (Wishing you 100 more Happy New Years).

    Cinema news

    ASA Festival to Promote Friendship

    TEHRAN (Press TV) - The count down has begun for Iran's ASA International Humanitarian Film Festival, which will screen films from different countries. About 40 films from China, Switzerland, Malaysia, Bulgaria, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and members of the Union for Short Filmmakers of Muslim Countries (USFMC) will be screened at the festival. The event will also screen about 140 documentaries and 33 animations. The winners will be
    announced on April 31, 2009. The selected films were chosen from about 750 films by a group of renowned cinematic figures such as Pouran Derakhshandeh, Kianoush Ayyari, Majid Majidi and Ezzatollah Entezami. The films will be on the themes of friendship, civilization and spirituality and will be screened in the sections of The Circle of Friendship, Spirituality and Civilization, and White Shadows. Sponsored by Iran's Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance and the United Nations Office for
    the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the first ASA International Humanitarian Film Festival will run from April 27 to May 1, 2009.

    Iran Makes Gundishapur Documentary

    TEHRAN (Press TV) -- Iranian filmmaker Pejman Fakharian is making a documentary about Gundishapur University, the world's oldest known medical center. The ninth Sassanid king, Shapour II, chose the ancient city of Gundishapur in Iran's southern Khuzestan Province as his capital and built a medical center which also included a university.
    Fakharian's 40-minute documentary will highlight the significance of Gundishapur hospital as the most important medical center during the 6th and 7th centuries, which attracted countless distinguished scientists from Greece, Egypt, India, and Rome.
    “The Gundishapur complex has fallen in ruins and only a few walls have been left of its original structure,” Fakharian told Fars News Agency.
    “The missing parts of the building will be reconstructed by computer and the plan will be based on an old hospital in Shiraz that is said to be architecturally similar to Gundishapur complex.”
    At Gundishapur complex students were trained, the ill were cured, and medical books were gathered, translated and compiled for future scientific reference. Filmmaker and researcher Pejman Fakharian has made numerous historical documentaries and docudramas including Persia, Capital of the World, Khorasan, Sadeh Celebration and The Rain Bride.

    Iran to Hold Int'l Roshd Film Festival

    TEHRAN (Press TV)--Iran's Yazd Province is set to host the 38th edition of the International Roshd Film Festival, presenting films from 10 countries. The six-day festival will screen about 130 short and feature-length films from Iran, Italy, India, the US, the Netherlands, France, Austria, Singapore, Norway and Hungary. The event will also screen 107 Iranian films, which were awarded at previous editions of Roshd Film festival, Mehr News Agency reported. The 2009 International Roshd Film Festival will kick off on April 25 in different cities across Yazd Province. The annual festival aims to support young artists and address educational issues in the form of films and documentaries.

    New Qobadi Film to Go to Cannes 2009

    TEHRAN (Press TV) -- Renowned Iranian filmmaker Bahman Qobadi's Nobody Knows about Persian Cats is set to participate in the 2009 Cannes Film Festival.
    “Qobadi's latest feature-length production has been filmed by SI-2K camera,” ISNA news agency cited MijFilm.
    His first feature-length film A Time for Drunken Horses (2000) won the Caméra d'Or of the Cannes Film Festival.
    One of the most renowned figures of the new wave Iranian cinema, Bahman Qobadi has also won the Glass Bear and Peace Film Awards of the Berlin International Film Festival. The World Economic Forum chose him as one of the Young Global Leaders of 2008 for his cinematic accomplishments, commitment to society and potential to work toward a better future for the world. Turtles Can Fly, Half Moon and Marooned in Iraq are among his best-known works. Numerous Iranian films have represented Iran at the Cannes Film Festival and some have been nominated and won major awards at the prestigious event.
    Prominent filmmakers Abbas Kiarostami and Jafar Panahi won the festival's Palme d'Or and Camera d'Or awards respectively for Taste of Cherry and White Balloon.
    The 2009 Cannes International Film Festival will be held from May 13 to 24.

    Turkish, Iranian Universities Sign Cinematic Agreement

    TEHRAN (MNA) -- Several scholars from the Istanbul Bilgi University met and signed an agreement with Iran’s Sureh University last week. The agreement was signed to exchange cinematic productions, as well as cultural opinions
    between the two countries. Ahmet Atif Akin and Ali Peksen, the two instructors at the Department of Visual Communication Design and Dirk Michael Schaefer from the Department of Film and Television of the Bilgi
    University attended the session with Iranian scholars.
    Ahmet Akin pointed to recent developments in Iran’s cinema and said that there are commonalities between the cinema of Iran and Turkey, and there is hope that joint projects
    between the two universities would have great impact on the cinema of both countries. In his view, Iran’s cinema is more powerful than that of Turkey and Europe.He also talked about the problems documentary filmmakers have in screening their productions and said that it requires creativity on the part of the filmmaker, since depending on public sectors will not help.Ali Peksen was the next to speak and said that establishing a Ph.D. program for students from Iran and Turkey was one of the topics covered by the agreement.
    “Bilgi University is well-equipped in digital programs, digital videos films and visual art sources and can be used for workshops by Iranian students. On the other hand, Iranian scholars are knowledgeable in film theory, screenplay, and editing and can teach the students at Bilgi,” Peksen said.
    Holding joint workshops was also discussed at the session, Peksen said, adding that, “Nature would be the major topic on which the two universities agreed to make documentaries. And of course, they will be screened at the theaters of the Bilgi University.”Schaefer, who teaches editing and documentary making, also remarked that additional time is required to get to know more about Iran’s cinema.The guests also reviewed ways for Iranian students to hold exhibits in the areas of graphic
    designs, miniature and handicrafts and also for Bilgi students in Iran to hold a photo exhibit.


    n / a

    pic s of Now Rooz

    some pics of Gilan Province

    Kurdestan pics

    Kurdestan Province IRAN

    The rich, beautiful and mountainous lands of this area first encouraged Aryan tribes to settle in this region after their immigration to Iran. It was from here where the first plan to overthrow the Assyrians began, leading to their defeat in 612 BCE, and setting the stage for the commence of the Median empire.
    Kurdistan is 28,817 km² in area which is located in the west of Iran and bound by Iraq on the west, the province of west Azerbaijan to its north, Zanjan to the northeast and Kermanshah to the south. Sanandaj isThe capital of Kurdistan Province . Other counties with their major cities are Marivan , Baneh , Saqqez ,Sarvabaad , Qorveh , Bijar, Kamyaran and Diwandarreh .When the Islamic Arabs attacked the Sassanid empire in 634 CE , many Kurds resisted their invasion, but were eventually brought under Muslim rule. During the next few hundred years, Kurdistan became the arena of conflict between various invaders,including the Mongols and Timurids. Its steady decline began in the 16th century, when sea traffic replaced the famous Silk Road .
    Kurdistan is entirely a mountainous region that can be divided into two western and eastern sections from topographical points of view which are located in the east and west of Sanandaj . This Province , being predominantly covered by mountains and hills, has many rivers, lakes,
    natural ice-stores and caves, which render it rather picturesque. Consequently, Kurdistan has always attracted a large number of tourists and fans of mountaineering, ski and water-sports.
    This river runs northwards and ultimately pours into Lake Urmia. Sirvan river is another prominent river in this province. It runs over a long distance, eventually to join the Tigris in Iraq. The banks of this river are remarkably attractive. Zarineh Rood and Simineh rood are two other important rivers in this province. A large number of marine species and birds live on the banks of the province's numerous rivers which they seem to find ideal habitats.

    Lake Zarivar is the most beautiful water-way of the province, which lies at the feet to high mountains, providing a delightfully picturesque sight. Its water is sparkingly fresh. The lake has a maximum depth of 50 m and an average depth of 3 m. It is surrounded by thick forests. The whole collection of the lake, the mountains and forests generates a fascinating panorama. This lake, which has a length of 5 km and a maximum which width of 1.7 km, lies to the west of Marivan. Lake Vahdat's dam, to the north of Sanandaj , provides excellent opportunities for fishing and water-sports
    Kurdistan benefits from many resourceful mineral water springs. The most outstanding of these are: Govaz to the northwest of Kamyaran, Abetalkh close to Bijar and Baba Gorgor to the north of Ghorveh.Cave Kereftoo, close to Divandarreh, is a unique natural and at the same time archeological site. Inside the cave there are a number of ancient buildings known as the Temple of Heraclius,
    because the name of this Greek god is carved on the ceiling of one of the halls. Cave Shoovi, 267 m long, is another prominent cave, which lies near the city of Baneh.
    Mount Charkhaln 3,330 m high, mount Chehelcheshmeh, 3,173 m, Mount Hossein Bak, 3,091 m, and Mount Masjede Mirza, 3,059 m, are the other large mountains of Kurdestan.
    This province has vast forests and refuges, where many animals and birds live, safely from the harms of the human beings: the leopard, ram, wild goat, hyena, jackal, wolf, fox, sable, wesel and such birds as the partridge, wild duck, stork, parrot and eagle.It is one of the most mountainous(hilly) regions in Iran and has a generally mild and quite pleasant climate throughout the spring and summer. Winters are long and can be very cold with heavy snowfalls.Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization lists 211 sites of historical and cultural significance in Kordestan province .
    Agriculture and modern livestock farming are the major activities . Wheat, barley, grains and fruits are agricultural products. The chemical, metal, textile, leather and food industries are the main industrial activities in this province
    Colleges and universities :
    Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
    Tohid Medical Center
    University of Kurdistan
    Islamic Azad University of Sanandaj


    Some news

    Iran’s Cultural Week Opens in Ankara

    TEHRAN, Feb. 10 (MNA) -- Iran’s cultural week opened Monday in Ankara, Turkey.
    A group of Iranian and Turkish cultural officials, including Turkey’s undersecretary of tourism and culture Ismet Yilmaz, attended the opening ceremony. Ismet Yilmaz expressed his happiness in holding such a program in his country and said that these events help increase the familiarity of the people of Turkey with Iranian culture and help both countries enhance their mutual cultural relationship.Iran’s Ambassador to Ankara Bahman Hosseinpur also attended the ceremony and said that both countries enjoy good cultural ties and expressed his hope for developing closer relations. In addition, several scholars from Turkey’s universities and high-ranking Turkish officials visited the exhibit which opened at the Zafer Charshisi department affiliated with the Municipality of
    Ankara.A collection of Iranian handicrafts, photos of the Islamic Revolution, a selection of posters ofAsma-ul-Husna (Names of Allah), and several samples of Isfahan’s handicrafts are on display for one week. The exhibit also displays books about Iran in Persian, Turkish and English. Additionally, 30 Persian carpet tableaus by Iranian master Mohammad Shafaqi are also on display at the exhibit. Iran’s cultural attaché in Turkey Farhad Palizdar, also present at the ceremony, said that the exhibit is a great place for Persian carpet lovers, as, “They can keep in touch directly with carpet producers and help develop Persian carpet exports. Turkey is one of the places where
    carpet exports from Iran to Europe and other countries can take place.”

    Iran Holds Cultural-Arts Exhibition in China

    BEIJING, Feb 16 (IRNA) – Iran’s cultural and arts exhibition opened here Saturday morning.
    The week-long event opened at the venue of a major library in Beijing with participation of a number of ranking Chinese officials and Iranian diplomats. The exhibition showcases works of four Iranian artists from the cities of Isfahan and Shiraz in such areas as calligraphy and inscriptions on copper works.
    It also displays a number of old Iranian hand-written books. Speaking in the inauguration ceremony, the deputy Chinese culture minister hailed Iran’s supreme position in arts and culture and said holding of such exhibitions helps further boost cultural ties between the two nations since it unveils parts of the rich ancient history of Iran.

    “Da” a Turning Point in Sacred Defense Literature: Bonyanian
    TEHRAN, Feb. 8 (MNA) -- “Da” is a turning point in Sacred Defense literature distinguishable by the truthfulness of the author, the head of Art Bureau Hassan Bonyanian told Mehr News Agency.
    The book, written by Seyyedeh Azam Hosseini, contains recollections by Seyyedeh Zahra Hosseini of when the Iraqi army captured Khorramshahr in the early days of the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war. The book is a true life story of a teenager who experienced the early days of the war in Khorramshahr. The memoirs were penned by a capable author and this makes the book interesting for readers, he said.
    “Da” changed the world view of readers. It mirrors the calamities of the Iranian people during the war and she decided to express them for the younger generation of Iranians who may overlook the dedication of their fellow countrymen in those years, he added.“Previously, we introduced books on Sacred Defense just to war veterans but we decided to introduce “Da” to others including artists, cineastes and scholars and that lead to a good
    result,” he mentioned.The book, released recently by Sureh-Mehr publications, is one of the publisher’s bestsellers.
    In the dialect of Khorramshahr “da” means “mother”.Photo: Seyyedeh Zahra Hosseini, whose memories of Khorramshahr capture by Iraqi army at the beginning days of the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war were published in “Da”, attends a press conference in Tehran on September 14, 2008 to promote the book.
    Tunisia to Exhibit Iranian Paintings

    TEHRAN, FEB 8 (Press TV)--The Tunisian Republic is scheduled to mount an art exhibition,
    presenting works created by renowned contemporary Iranian painters. Organized by Iran's cultural office in Tunisia, the event will be held in commemoration of the 30th anniversary of the Islamic Revolution in Iran.
    Visitors will be able to see exquisite paintings by Tunisia-based Iranian artist Safoura Jabbari and master of Persian miniature painting Mahmoud Frashchian. The exhibition will be held from Feb. 14 to 22, 2009 in a bid to introduce Iran's art and culture to Tunisians, Fars News Agency reported.

    Winners of 26th Iran’s Book of the Year Awards Announced

    TEHRAN, Feb. 8 (MNA) -- Winners of the 26th edition of Iran’s Book of the Year Awards were announced here in the presence of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad at Tehran’s Vahdat Hall on Saturday. The winners were categorized in the two sections of best authors and translators.Following is the list of winners in the translation section:
    Religion :Mohammad-Mehdi Jafari translator of Nahj-ul-Balagha of Imam Ali (AS)
    Social Sciences: Abolqasem Esmaeilpur (World Mythology Encyclopedia)
    Statistics: Mohammadreza Meshkani (Philosophical Theories of Probability)
    Accountancy: Gholamreza Esalmi, Shahabeddin Shams and Hasti Chitsazan
    (Modern Financial Theories)
    Dramatic Arts: Omid Nikfarjam (Introduction to Narration in Literature and Cinema)
    Architecture: Mehrdad Qayyumi (Implication in Western Architecture)
    History: Keikavus Jahandari (Rome and Iran…)
    Fiction: Late Hossein Ebrahimi Alvand (Bread and Red Rose)
    Science: Team of Writers (Internet Encyclopedia of Sciences)
    Following is the list of winners in the authors section:
    Philosophy and Psychology: Gholamhossein Ebrahimi Dinani writer of the book
    (Nasireddin Tusi, Philosopher of Dialogue)
    Western Philosophy: Hossein Ghaffari (Review of Kant’s Theory)
    Hadith: Hojjatoleslam Azizollah Atarodi (Position of Imam Ali [AS])
    Statistics: Einollah Pasha (Theory of Probability)
    Law: Mohammad-Jafar Jafari Langerudi (Encyclopedia of Law)
    Electrical Engineering: Abdolali Abdipur and Gholamreza Moradi (Lines of Active
    Fiction: Firuz Zonuzi-Jalali (The Rule of the Game)
    Poetry: Late Qeisar Aminpur (Grammar of Love)
    History: Manuchehr Sotudeh (Vara Rud and Kharazm)
    Children’s Religion: Team of Writers (There Is Only One Portion Left)
    Children’s Fiction: Mojgan Sheikhi (30 Stories, 30 Nights)
    Children’s Sciences: Ala Solaleh Nuri (Books of Mysteries)

    Some different pics of Iran


    Sanandaj City
    The city of Sanandaj is the capital of Kurdistan in northwest of Iran , and lies at a distance of 512 km from Tehran, 1,480 m above sea level. This city lays between two mountains named Abidar and Kochka-Rash.
    Although the province of Kurdistan has archeological traces which go back to thousands of years BC when the Aryan Kurds first settled in these parts, Sanandaj itself is a rather new city and was built less than 200 years ago. It was very prosperous in the Safavid era but was completely destroyed at the time of Karim Khan of Zand dynasty. It was later chosen to be the capital of this province and is presently one of the most prominent cities of western Iran .
    The population of Sanandaj is mainly Kurdish and speak with the southern kermanj dialect which is one of the main dialects of the kurdish language.
    There are four seasons in Sanandaj .It has a pleasant weather in spring and summer. In the Spring when the nature, after a cold winter wakes up ,the sight of blossoms and flowers is very pleasing. Sometimes it rains , but when the Sun is shining every thing is beautiful and can see and smell of nature’s greenery all around. The summer starts from 23rd of June and ends on the 24th of September. In summer’s lovely weather . Many gardens surround the city. Autumn in Sanandaj is very beautiful . the painter of the nature makes a lot of colours. This season has a not-cold, not-hot weather but at the last month of Autumn the weather is going to
    be a little cold . This city hasvery cold winther with heavysnow .

    Carpet weaving is one of the most significant handicrafts of the region, especially in Bijar and Sanandaj. kilim and jajim weaving. wood work and jewelry and ornaments are among other main handicrafts of this province.
    The unique art of crafting backgammon boards utilizing genuine wood from walnut trees up to 1000 years old, mostly grown wild inside small valleys high up in the Zagros mountains must be noted. These magnificent trees were sadly overharvested during the past 50 years,
    exported to Europe, mainly to Italy .

    Dense forests of the region
    Negel historical village on Sanandaj-Marivan road, (and its historic Quran)
    Salavat Abad village
    Hajar Khatoon Mosque
    Edifices of Khosro Abad, Salar Saeed Sanandaj (Museum of anthropology and contemporary arts) and Moshir which have been constructed in Qajar time
    The old houses of Moshiri, Vakil, Asef Vaziri and Sadegh Vaziri
    Several historical bridges belonging to the Safavid era
    Historical hills
    Old public bathes
    Old bazaars of Sanandaj and Asef belonging to the Safavid era
    Museum of anthropology and contemporary arts

    Higher education
    University of Kurdistan
    Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
    Islamic Azad University of Sanandaj

    Wikipedia Iran Chamber


    Kitchen robot designed in Iran
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Science
    TEHRAN, Nov.5 (ISNA)-Two Iranian students of Iran's Engineering University of Shiraz succeeded in designing a kitchen robot. "This intelligent robot has the ability to cook various types of food like curries, soups and rice
    without the presence of human beings," informed the Iranian student, Mohammad Ghahremani.
    "This robot can cook food for 1-12 persons in two methods, manual or automatic and the cooking starting time and the time for adding various food particles are adjustable. It also has a conserver out of which it serves the food," he added. Ghahremani who has succeeded in designing this robot with the cooperation of his colleague Fahime Saeimanesh went on to mention that while cooking with a cooker or a microwave one has got to be present in the place in order to activate the machines or to supervise the cooking in order to add some thing or the other to food at times. "But with this machine there's no need to be present in the kitchen," he added. With the referred machine, the cooking time, the initial cooking phase, the time for adding the main ingredients, flavors and the ending time of the cooking is adjustable and one can
    supervise the cooking process through the Internet or some place else. "This machine can also activate other cooking machines in the kitchen, like the cooker and the microwave," he said.

    Iranian student wins Car Design News top prize
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Science
    TEHRAN, Aug. 03 (ISNA)-An Iranian student, Javad Ghaffarian, managed to capture the top prize of Car Design News international competition. Car Design, one of famous news agencies on car designs holds a competition on car designs every year being monitored by a 10-member panel all among design managers of major car factories.
    The match is held in two sections of students and professional fans. The designed car dubbed "Magic Tricycle" can be used in roads and streets as a tricycle car and is able to be changed to a motorcycle in traffic jams .

    Iranian author becomes Dylan Thomas literary prize nominee
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Literature
    TEHRAN, July 14 (ISNA)-An Iranian writer managed to be elected as one of Dylan Thomas literary prize nominees.
    The biennial £60,000 prize has become one of the largest literary awards, with the winner announced in November.
    Porohistra Khakpour, living in the US has been among 16 candidates for his work dubbed “Sons and Other Flammable Objects.” The book tells the impact of what happened in September 11th 2001 to Iranian fathers and sons living in New York and Los Angeles. It is also about a family who have migrated to the US, the father tries to keep on respecting Iranian customs where as his sons is willing to get a way of the traditions.

    Iranian geologist discovers mud volcano phenomenon on Mars
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Science
    TEHRAN, Jun. 27 (ISNA)-Iranian geologist and university professor has successfully discovered mud volcano phenomenon on the planet Mars. The results of this discovery, which according to Dr. Abbas Kangi may be the first in their kind, have been published in an article in a journal related to the International Academy of
    Astronauticsin, Acta Astronautica. Proving this discovery can lead to evidence of fossilized life on the surface of the red planet, Mars. "In my research and through the pictures taken by NASA's satellite, Mars Express, I was
    successful in discovering this phenomenon," Dr. Kangi in an interview with ISNA explained. "In the vicinity of this volcano cone, most of the lava is covered with a thick layer of loose sediments (probably clay). The presence of such sediments at the base of the volcano cone has led to the formation of several major landslides. Moreover, liquid water flow on the volcano cone has created a myriad of radial channels. The formation of such structures on the cone of a volcano is only plausible as a result of eruption of a mud volcano from its crater. Besides,
    the constant discharge of mud-like materials as well as hot water from the volcano paves the way for the growth and evolution of hydrothermal organisms," he added.

    Iranian inventor's gadget makes books audible
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Science
    TEHRAN, Dec. 26 (ISNA)-Iranian inventor Ramin Sedighi made a small device that turns silent books into speaking ones.
    The gadget is a useful computer system that pronounces, translates and explains pictures and words of a book located on it when its electronic pen touches them.
    The device can provide a very effective method for teaching foreign languages to children between 4- 16 and will be available in early 2008. It contains a USB port, audio output, electronic pen, 512 megabyte memory for storing 15 books and a SD card which can store 60 books as its flash memory. It works with electricity or battery, is as big as a 13-inch laptop and is light enough to be

    DaVaN one of the oldest villages of Iran

    DaVaN is one of the oldest villages of Iran. It is located in south west of Fars Province, and also is surrounded by the Zagros Mountains. It has often been asserted that DaVaN was founded around 500 B.C. The fact that there is a fire temple which gives grounds for believing that its
    history can be traced back at least as far as Achaemenian Era. The Davani dialect is rooted in Iranian language which is considered to belong to the Indo-Iranian family of languages. This dialect is still one of the most pure ancient dialect in Iran.
    During the history of DaVaN, the people first were believed on Zoroastrian faith. When the Muslim
    Arabs entered Fars in the seventh century A.D., Davanis became Muslims. At first, they were
    Sunni Muslims, but later in the sixteenth century A.D., they turned to Shiite (Shiite) Muslims.
    One of the greatest fifteenth century Muslim philosopher, as well as politician, Jalal-Addin Muham
    mad Davani was born in DaVaN and his mausoleum is in that village.
    The economy of DaVaN was based on agriculture.Their main
    production have been grape and grain. Some of them migrated to port of Booshehr and Bahrain Island of Persian Gulf before First World War. Between two world wars, they continued to migrate to industrial city of Abadan. After World War II, they started migration to Kuwait and other cities of Iran, as well as other parts of the world.

    Davanis never forget DaVaN after their migration. They always have eyes on DaVaN and help their village. As a result, DaVaN has survived the migration. The people of DaVaN like to participate in DaVaN development. Therefore, DaVaN is one of the most developed villages of Iran. It has two roads, three schools, post and telephone office, health care center, shops, drinking water supply, electric facilities, bank and so on. Every year, during the summer,
    Davanis from all over the world come to visit DaVaN and reunion with those who have stayed in DaVaN.

    DaVaN's Location
    DaVaN is located in Fars province in Persia (Iran), about 12 kilometers north-east of city of Kazeroon and it's considered part of Kazeroon Area. Its west to east is surrounded by the areas: 'Nodan', 'Tareh Daun', and middle of 'Tange hogaun'. Its west side from north to south is surrounded by the areas: south of 'Tange Chogaun', 'Hauji Aubaud', 'Sultan Aubaud', 'Ameer Aubaud','Derees', 'Jaumeh Bozorgi', and city of Kazeroon. Its south side from east to west is surrounded by areas from city of Kazeroon to areas of 'Dikank'. Its east side from north to
    south is surrounded by the areas: 'PauPoon', 'Gargadaun', 'Mordek', and 'Dikank'.

    DaVaN's Climate
    DaVaN's weather is based on being warm and dry. During winter, the temperature might decrease to as low as zero degrees celcius; and during summer the temperature might increase to as high as 45 degrees celcius. Because of the dry weather of DaVaN, humidity varies in a range from 20 to 25 percent during the four sessions, and because of that it has a low yearly precepetation. Davanis believe that if wind moves the clouds toward west then those clouds
    are rainy clouds. On another hand, if wind moves the clouds toward north then those clouds are not rainy. During the year, four different winds blow on DaVaN and Davanis gave a name to every one of them:
    Blows from the north-eastern mountains during winter. Davanis believe that if this wind blows then it's a sign for a rainy winter for that year.
    Blows from north in begining of winter. It hits the trees in north DaVaN and it destroys the fruit of those trees.
    Blows in fall and because of it all the leaves of the trees fall.
    Blows in spring.
    The davani dialect is rooted in Iranian languages which is considered to belong to the Indo-Iranian languages which is part of the Indo-European family languages. This dialect is still one of the most pure ancient dialects in Iran.

    Wild life
    There are lots of animals live in DaVaN that made it become a natural park. Here are most of
    Bauz-qap or Dor-vaur:
    A bird, called "Deleecheh" in Farsi, and scientifically is called "Famco". Its wings have thin ends, and its tail is thin too. It belongs to the "Falconidae" (Shaheen) family. Hunts mice as one of its main sources of food, also some insects. Lives in green lands, open areas, and jungles.
    A bird, belongs to the "Falconidae" (Shaheen) family. It has white feather on its chest.
    A bird, scientifically is called "conturnix". It belongs to the "Phasianidae" (Qarqauval) family. It's a small bird, available mostly in summer time. Lives in some kinds of short plants such as grass.
    A bird, scientifically is called "Pycononotus Lecotis". It belongs to the "Bombycillidae (Bal-laki) family. It can be recognized from its feather on its head, and also from its warble. Makes nests on trees, and becomes friendly so fast.
    Bif Koor:
    A bird, scientifically is called "Athene Noctua", and in Farsi is called "Joghde-kochek". It belongs to the "Strigidae" (Joghdha) family. Davanis say that this bird brings bad luck.
    A very famous bird, in Farsi is called "Parasto", and scientifically is called "Hirundo Rustica".
    Belongs to the "Hirundinidae" (Parasto) family. It's a very famous pet.
    A bird, in Farsi is called "Teeho", and scientifically is called "Alectoris Chukar". Belongs to the
    "Phasianidae (Qarqauval) family. It's a very small bird that lives on the ground. Its meat is very
    delicious, therefore, Davanis hunt it a lot.
    Khush Khoon:
    A bird, in Farsi is called "Bolbol", and scientifically is called "Luscinia Megarhynchos". Belongs to the "Turdidae" (Toka) family. Mostly tends to hide itself.
    A bird, in Farsi is called "Darkob Baghi", and scientifically is called "Dendrocops Syriacus".Belongs to the "Picidae" (Darkob) family. Available mostly in villages and farms.
    A big bird, scientifically is called "Gyps Fuluus". In Farsi, it belongs to the "Lashkhor" family.
    A bird, in Farsi is called "Dorraj" too, and scientifically is called "Francolinus". Belongs to the
    "Phasianidae" (Qarqauval) family. Mostly tends to hide itself in small hidden places where it's so hard to find. That makes it so difficult for Davanis to hunt it. Therefore, it's the least wanted in hunting.
    A bird, in Farsi is called "Didomek", and scientifically is called "Vanellus Indicus". Belongs to
    the "Charadriidae" (Seleem) family. Build nests on the ground widely separated from each other. Davanis think that if this bird sits on someone's house, after two or three days that house will host a traveler.
    A bird, in Farsi is called "Dom Jumbanke Zard", and scientifically is called "Motacilla Flava". Belongs to the "Motacillidae" (Dom Jumbank). Build nests in farms and green lands.
    A bird, in Farsi is called "Sehreh Ma'amooli", and scientifically is called "Carduelis". Belongs to
    the "Fringillidae" family. Some Davanis catch it as a pet. It makes its nests on trees and specially near the tips of the tree branches. Available mostly in winter time.
    Seeneh Sorkh:
    A Bird, in Farsi is also called "Seeneh Sorkh", and scientifically is called "Erithacus Rubecula".
    Belongs to the "Turdidae" family. Lives in farms, jungles and some other green lands. Also builds nests in holes in walls, or on trees. Available mostly in winter time.
    Siya Tishk:
    A Bird, in Farsi is called "Sar", and scientifically is called "Sturnus Vulgaris". Belongs to the "Sturnidae" (Sar) family. This bird lives in herbs. They can be seen in fall and winter when they gather in herbs and fly over villages.
    A big and very popular bird in middle east. In Farsi and Arabic is also called "Shaheen"; and scientifically is called "Falco Pelegrinoides"; and is called "Falcon" in English. Belongs to the
    Falconidae (Shaheen) family. Live on top of mountains; but in winter time they usually live on rocks in high attitude places where they make nests.
    A flying insect, in Farsi is called "Soske Jumban", and scientifically is called "Scotocera Inquieta". Belongs to the "Sylviidae" (Sosk) family. They live close to each other and they move from one place to another on the ground.
    Qalau Jiruk:
    A bird, in Farsi is called "Zaqnooke Sorkh", and scientifically is called "Pyrrhocorax". Belongs
    to the "Corvidae" (Kalaq) family. Lives on mountains, in wall holes, and in caves.
    Qalau Sozak:
    A bird, in Farsi is called "Sabze Qoba", and scientifically is called "Caracias Garrulus". Belongs
    to the "Caraciidae" family. They fly so high from the ground and in circles when they hunt for their food.
    Koka Yusof:
    A bird, in Farsi is called "Yakreem", and scientifically is called "Streptopelia Decaocto". Belongs to the "Columbidae" (Kabotar) family. Usually lives on trees and sometimes on buildings. This bird is available a lot in DaVaN as a source of food.
    Kola Suruk:
    A bird, in Farsi is called "Chekavak (Kakoli)", and scientifically is called "Calerida Cristata".Belongs to the "Alaudidae" (Chekavak) family. Usually can be seen near streets. It flies in a low altitude and lives on the ground.
    A bird, in Farsi is called "Kabotar Chahi", and scientifically is called "Columba Livia". Belongs to the "Columbidae" (Kabotar) family. Lives in rock breaks and in holes.
    A flying insect. In Farsi is called "Zanboorkhore Ma'amooli", and scientifically is called "Merop Apiaster". Belongs to the "Metropidae" (Zanboorkhorha) family.
    In Farsi is called "Kamarkoli Bozorg", and scientifically is called "Sitta Tephronota". Belongs to the "Sittidae" (Kamarkoli) family. Lai their eggs in rock breaks and spines.
    In Farsi is called "Kowkar Shekam Seiah", and scientifically is called "Pterocles Orientalis".
    Belongs to the "Pterocles (Kowkar) family. Lives on the ground.
    A bird, in Farsi is called "Koko", and scientifically is called "Cuculus Canorus". Belongs to the "Cuculidae (Koko) family. Usually lives in jungles and can be seen in open green lands. Doesn't make its own nests, but it lays its eggs in other birds'.
    A very popular bird. In Farsi is called "Kabk", and scientifically is called "Alectoris Chukar".
    Belongs to the "Phasianidae" (Qarqauval) family. They have a special warble in spring and winter with which can be recognized. Davanis hunt this bird a lot, even in seasons of its reproduction, that resulted in lowering the availability of it.
    A flying insect which its early generation is called in Davani "Batek".
    A red bee. Lives in herbs in wall holes and near lakes and rivers. It has a spine that has poison and is dangerous.
    A yellow bee. Live in herbs near lakes and water springs in summer.
    In Farsi called "gonjishk"; and there are two kinds of it:
    Domestic (Gonjishke Ma'amooli): Scientifically is called "Passer Domesticus".
    Mountainous (Gonjishke Koohi):Scientifically is called "Petronia".
    Both belong to the "Ploceidae" (Gonjishk) family. They live in rock breaks and wall holes.
    Davanis think that Gojishk coexist with snakes. Snakes may eat one of its eggs but in return it protects the living area.
    In Farsi is called "Dom Jumbank Ablaq", and scientifically is called "Motacilla Alba". Belongs to the "Motacillida" (Jumbank) family. There are a lot of them in villages and they live in wall holes.
    In Farsi is called "Liko", and scientifically is called "Turdoides Caudatus". Belongs to the
    "Timaliidae" (Liko) family. Lives usaually as herbs in open green lands and on trees. Builds
    nests on trees with spines.
    Morqeh Ba-seleimoni:
    A bird, in Farsi and Arabic is called "Hodhod", and scientifically is called "Upupidae". Belongs to
    the "Upupidae" (Hodhod) family. Lives in wall holes and available mostly in summer time.
    The popular honey bee.
    Same as "Mash" but smaller and it's wild.
    Mishke Showpar:
    In Farsi and Arabic is called "Khoffash"; and in English is called "Bat".
    A flying insect. Lives in herbs and its newborn is called in Davani "Korre Meig".
    There are also more creatures live in DaVaN's area, sorted according to their nature of living:
    First Group:
    Palang (Tiger).
    Kherse Safeed (White Bear).
    Kherse Qahvei (Brown Bear).
    Yoz Palang.
    Gorg (Wolf).
    Seh Gorg.
    Second Group:
    Chola, also called "Kharposht".
    Zets, also called "Joojeh Teeqi".
    Third Group:
    Reva, also called "Roobau" (Fox).
    Semir, also called "Goorkon".
    Khargoosh (Rabbit).
    Sag Toreh, Its size is same as a cat.
    Fourth Group:
    Golo, also called "Gorbe Ahli".
    Boraq, it's the first enemy for Mouse (Moosh Khorma).
    Kolozango, it's bigger than a cat but smaller than a dog; Davanis think that it has strong paws
    and attacks people.
    Fifth Group:
    Mish-karra, it's also called "Moosh Khorma".
    Mishke Seya (Black Mouse).
    Mishke Khoonegi (Pet Mouse).
    Sixth Group:
    Boz Dush, looks like a Lizard and weighs arround 3 to 4 Kilograms.
    Bakmaur, also looks like a Lizard and wighs half kilogram and has only 2 legs.
    Kalpok, a little bigger than a Lizard.
    Karve, bigger than "Kalpok".
    Seventh Group, Snakes:
    Maur Koor.
    Eighth Group:
    Reteel, also called "Jera'" and "Reteel Zameeni".
    Nineth Group:
    Aho (Gazel Female).
    Koloos (Gazel Male).
    Boz-koohi (Mountain Goat).
    Meesh va Qoch.

    Traditional Games
    Davani Games are seperated into two different categories or kinds: age of players and kind of
    game. Age of players has three different levels: kids, youths, and adults. Kind of game is
    decided by wheather the game is a sport kind that involves many physical movements or sitting

    I chose one of the most famous Davani games below, and more are coming soon.
    Atali gol matali
    Kind of Game:
    In group and sitting.
    Number of Players:
    One person.
    All players sit down next to each other in one single row. They stretch their legs in parallel to
    each others. One person, usualy the oldest and who perfectly knows the song of 'atali gol
    matali', sits in the middle. That person sings the song and going with the rhythm hits with one
    hand on everybody's legs in order from the first player to the last and back again starting from
    the first player and continuing the song.
    The song is:

    atali gol matali
    khaje-ye mau mitelavi
    az kauri az bauri
    poshte qelam dasmauli
    dey ahmado joone koret
    to tisha vardaur mo tevar
    berim ba jang-e kau nezar
    kau nezar hee ke hoo ke
    galle-ye shau ram ke
    sivo sot-osh kam ke
    ey bezza vo ey dar koo

    By saying the word 'koo' the person who's singing stops and the player who's hit by the singer's hand at the moment of saying it gathers his/her legs under him/her and covers the feet.
    If any one of the other players still can see that player's foot, they start pinching the foot till it's
    completely covered. That player is now considered out of the game. The game goes on with the same method till only one person is left, who becomes the winner.

    Cultural Sayings
    Davanis have about 540 sayings (Mesal). Those sayings are expressed in short sentences and have a special rhythm and rhyme. Very little number of them came from the "Lori Ahmadi" and the "Kazeroon's Farsi" slangs with some changes. However, most of them are from the original
    davani Dialect and they are short and easy so that they are used in every conversation. You'll notice that the terms used in davani sayings are all derived from the famous animals live in DaVaN, and also from many cultural rituals.

    DaVaN Information Site - Nader S. Hasawi

    Pics of Davan

    Some pics

    A hotel suite in Isfahan Gohar Tappeh kurdistan_village ray national_musuem

    Shahnameh a masterpiece of Iranian national epics

    A masterpiece of Iranian national epics
    Shahnameh Is an enormous poetic opus written by the Persian poet Ferdowsi around 1000 AD and is the national epic of Iran. The Shahnameh tells the mythical and historical past of Greater Iran from the creation of the world up until the Islamic conquest of Iran in the 7th century.
    the Shahnameh, written in almost pure Persian unmixed with adoptions from Arabic .This voluminous work, regarded by Persian speakers as a literary masterpiece, also reflects Greater Iran's history, cultural values, ancient religions (Zoroastrianism), and profound sense of nationhood.
    Ferdowsi completed the Shahnameh when national independence had been compromised. While there are memorable heroes and heroines of the classical type in this work, the real, ongoing hero is Iran itself. It is thus an important book for all Persian speakers of the Iranian world, including Afghanistan, Tajikistan and to other Persian speakers of Central Asia .
    Illustrated copies of the work are among the most sumptuous examples of Persian miniature painting. Several copies remain intact, although two of the most famous, the Houghton Shahnameh and the Great Mongol Shahnameh, were broken up for sheets to be sold separately in the 20th century. A single sheet from the former (now Aga Khan Museum) was sold for £904,000 in 2006 . The Bayasanghori Shâhnâmeh, an illuminated manuscript copy of the work (Golestan Palace, Iran), is included in UNESCO's Memory of the World Register of cultural heritage items .
    Ferdowsi's epic is probably based mainly on an earlier prose version which itself was a compilation of old Iranian stories and historical facts and fables.
    There is without any doubt a strong influence of oral literature in this book, and the style of the Shahnameh shows characteristics of both written and oral literature. Some of the characters of the Epic are of Indo-Iranian heritage, and are mentioned in sources as old as the ancient Avesta and even the Rig Veda. The book itself was written in Pahlavi Persian, which at the time was looking towards a bleak end.
    The Shahnameh of Ferdowsi, an epic poem of over 50,000 couplets, is based mainly on a prose work of the same name compiled in the poet's earlier life in his native Tus. This prose Shahnameh was in turn and for the most part the translation of a Pahlavi work, a compilation of the history of the kings and heroes of Iran from mythical times down to the reign of Khosrau II (590-628), but it also contains additional material continuing the story to the overthrow of the Sassanids by the Arabs in the middle of the 7th century.
    The Shahnameh recounts the history of Iran, beginning with the creation of the world and the introduction of the arts of civilization (fire, cooking, metallurgy, law) to the Aryans and ends with the Arab conquest of Persia. The work is not precisely chronological, but there is a general movement through time. Some of the characters live for hundreds of years , but most have normal life . There are many shahs , heroes and villains, who come and go. The only lasting images are that of Greater Iran itself, and a succession of sunrises and sunsets, no two ever exactly alike, yet illustrative of the passage of time.
    It is an impressive monument of poetry and historiography, being mainly the poetical recast of what Ferdowsi, his contemporaries, and his predecessors regarded as the account of Iran's ancient history.
    After an opening in praise of God and Wisdom, the Shahnameh gives an account of the creation of the world and of man as believed by the Sasanians. This introduction is followed by the story of the first man, Keyumars, who also became the first king after a period of mountain dwelling. His grandson Hushang, son of Siyamak, accidentally discovered fire and established the Sadeh Feast in its honor. Stories of Tahmuras , Jamshid, Zahhak , Kaveh, Fereydun and his three sons Salm , Tur, and Iraj , and his grandson Manuchehr are related in
    this section.
    Almost two - thirds of the Shahnameh is devoted to the age of heroes, extending from Manuchehr's reign until the conquest of Alexander the Great (Sekandar) . The main feature of this period is the major role played by the Sagzi (Saka) or Sistani heroes who appear as the
    backbone of the Persian Empire. Garshasp is briefly mentioned with his son Nariman , whose own son Sam acted as the leading paladin of Manuchehr while reigning in Sistan in his own right. His successors were his son Zal and Zal's son Rostam, the bravest of the brave, and
    then Faramarz.
    The feudal society in which they lived is admirably depicted in the Shahnameh with accuracy and lavishness. The tone is significantly epic and moving, while the language is extremely rich and varied.
    Among the stories described in this section are the romance of Zal and Rudaba , the Seven Stages (or Labors) of Rostam , Rostam and Sohrab, Siyavash and Sudaba , Rostam and Akvan Div, the romance of Bizhan and Manizheh, the wars with Afrasiyab , Daqiqi's account of the story of Goshtasp and Arjasp, and Rostam and Esfandyar.
    A brief mention of the Ashkaniyan dynasty follows the history of Alexander and precedes that of Ardashir I, the founder of the Sassanid dynasty. After this, Sassanid history is related with a good deal of accuracy. The fall of the Sassanids and the Arab conquest of Iran are narrated romantically, and in very moving poetic language .
    The Shahnameh has 62 stories, 990 chapters, and contains some 60,000 rhyming couplets, making it more than seven times the length of Homer's Iliad, and more than twelve times the length of the German Nibelungenlied. There have been a number of English translations, almost all abridged.
    Mathew Arnold produced one of the first English translations of the story of Rostam and Sohrab .
    In 1925, the brothers Arthur and Edmond Warner published the complete work in nine volumes, now out of print. A recent translation by Dick Davis has made this epic poem
    accessible for English speakers. The translation is combination of poetry and prose, although it is not the complete translation of the Shahnameh.

    Jalal Al Ahmad

    IN THE BIOGRAPHY of Famous Iranian people

    Short news

    Supreme Leader in Bijar of Kordstan
    The Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who stays now in the Kordestan province of Iran delivered a speech in his 7th day visit to this province. Unity among various religious sects as well as ethnic groups under wise leadership of late Imam Khomeini triggered a new movement engulfing the entire region as well as the world, the Supreme Leader made the remark in the meeting with thousands of enthusiastic people in Bijar, Kurdestan province .

    Farewell to Grand Ayatollah Mohammad-Taqi Bahjat
    One of the major Shiite Marja Taqlid (source of religious emulation) in the world, Grand Ayatollah Mohammad-Taqi Bahjat died at the age of 98 at a hospital in Qom on Sunday. His funeral is to be held on Tuesday morning in Qom where he will be laid to rest at the holy shrine of Hazrat Ma’soumeh, sister of Imam Reza (AS), the 8th Imam of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) Infallible Household. The pictures represent the farewell of people to him in Ghom.

    Rose Water Producing Ceremony
    The pictures represent the ceremony concerning the production of rose water from the Mohammadi flowers of the Ghamsar of Iran. 60 percent of the rose water of the country is produced in Kashan.

    Iran Rally Championship Competition
    The first round of Iran Rally Championship Competition was, on the occasion of the freedom of Khorram-Shahr, commenced in the Khouzestan province of Iran for 2 days on May 22, 2009.

    Persepolis in AFC-CL Play-Offs
    Mohsen Khalili's second-half winner helped Persepolis beat Al-Shabab at home and top Group B of the AFC Champions League. Persepolis put on a weak performance in the first half, sparking anger among more than 20,000 fans at Tehran's Azadi Stadium.

    Lieutenant Sor'at-Pour Polo-Stick Cup
    The polo-stick competitions, Lieutenant Sor'at-Pour Cup was held in the Firouze Castle Polo-Stick Field in which, Kanoun Team Finished Champion.

    Ardebil Tribes Immigration Festival
    The 3rd festival of the immigration of the tribes of the Ardebil province of Iran was commenced in the Ja'far-Abad of the Bileh-Savar of Moghan. The aim of holding this festival was the introduction of the cultures and traditions of tribes in the cultural, social and economic fields.

    Family Playing and Joy Gathering in Hamedan
    On the occasion of World Family, a gathering Titled, "Family Playing and Joy" was held in the Hamedan city of Iran. The children along with their families participated in this gathering.


    cinema news

    Kiarostami to Stage Mozart Opera in UK

    TEHRAN, Mar 15 (Press TV) -- Internationally-acclaimed Iranian filmmaker Abbas Kiarostami is to stage Mozart's opera buffa, Cosi Fan Tutte, in the British capital.
    Supported by the English National Opera (ENO) Trust, the Kiarostami version of the comic opera will be staged from May 29 to July 5, 2009 at London's Coliseum Theater.
    Susan Gritton, Fiona Murphy, Thomas Glenn, Liam Bonner, Steven Page and Sophie Bevan will perform in the opera, and Mozart specialist Stefan Klingele will make his ENO conducting debut.
    The award-winning Iranian filmmaker, who took the Cannes Golden Palm for Taste of Cherry, uses spectacular filmed backdrops and contains the world of Mozart's popular comic opera in a beautiful period setting.
    Kiarostami had also staged Cosi Fan Tutte at the 2008 Festival of Lyric Art in Aix-en-provence in France.
    Often translated as Women Are Like That, Cosi Fan Tutte recounts the story of two officers, who wager that their lovers would be faithful while they're away, and decide to test them. Faking a sudden departure to battle, the two officers return in disguise to try and seduce each
    other's partners. Abbas Kiarostami.
    The 17th of the lunar month of Rabiulawal marks the birth anniversary of the holy prophet of Islam Hazrat Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him and His Progeny) and of his sixth rightful successor Imam Jaafar Sadeq (AS).-Courtesy : IRNA

    Iranian Crew of “Niloofar” Leaves for Berlin Fest

    TEHRAN, Feb. 10 (MNA) -- Iranian members of the crew for “Niloofar”, a joint production of Iran, France and Lebanon, left Tehran on Thursday to promote the film in the 59th Berlin International Film Festival.
    Producer Fereshteh Ta’erpur, the film’s young star Mobina Ayenedar and music composer Fardin Khalatbari will join the film crew present at the event.
    Ta’erpur told the Persian service of ISNA that she is excited to participate in the festival.
    However, she said she is depressed that film was granted a screening license by the Iranian Culture Ministry for the 27th Fajr International Film Festival in Tehran, which comes to an end today.
    “This is not a good mood for a cineaste, but I hope the next year will be better,” she noted.
    Directed by French filmmaker Sabine El Gemayel, “Niloofar” tells the story of a 13-year-old Iraqi girl who struggles with her femininity in search of freedom.
    The film, which will have three screenings during the Berlin festival, is competing at the Generation Kplus, a section dedicated to films focusing on the world from the viewpoint of teenagers and young adults.
    The film is set in Iraq but was shot in Iran using Iranian actors.Roya Nonahali, Hengameh Qaziani, Amir Aqai, Sadeq Safai, Fatemeh Motamed-Aria, and Shahab Hosseini are other Iranian members of the cast.

    Fajr Filmfest Honors Ezzatollah Entezami

    TEHRAN, Feb. 16 (MNA) -- The 27th Fajr International Film Festival honored veteran actor
    Ezzatollah Entezami during a ceremony at the Farhang Cinema on February 14. The closing ceremony of the National Will Manifestation Section of the festival was held on Saturday during which 18 organizations awarded participating films as well as granting a life-time achievement award to Ezzatollah Entezami. At the beginning of the ceremony, a short video clip was screened featuring sequences of films in which Entezami starred after which he appeared on stage and made a short speech.He expressed his thanks to the festival’s officials. The 85-year-old actor said that he acted since he was 13 and during these years people were always the main encouragement for his
    successes.He also thanked cinema critics and the press who reviewed his works and pointed out the deficiencies in his acting. “Today’s moviegoers’ expectations are different from 10 years ago,” he added.
    “I really appreciate such commemorations during the lifetime of artists and I expressed my thanks to the artists’ spouses who bear all the difficulties of our profession,” he concluded.Afterwards, selected movies were awarded by state and private organizations and then Hassan
    Fat’hi was honored for his film “The Postman Doesn’t Knock on the Door Three Times” by the Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Organization.
    He dedicated his award to the Gazan children who experienced untold calamities during the recent Israeli attacks on their homeland.
    In this section, some state-run and private organizations selected several films participating in the gala and presented awards to them during the ceremony.

    US Art Center to Screen Iranian Films
    TEHRAN, Feb 22 (Press TV)--The Walker Art Center is slated to screen five narrative and documentary films by aspiring Iranian filmmakers in Minneapolis, US. Views from Iran will screen Manijeh Hekmat's Three Women (March 11), Pouria Azarbaijani's Unfinished Stories (April 1), Abdolreza Kahani's Over There (April 8), Mahnaz Afzali's Red Card (March 25) and Mohammad Shirvani's 7 Blind Women Filmmakers (March 18). Three Women and 7 Blind Women Filmmakers will also participate in the 16th Women with
    Vision Film Festival, which will be held from March 6 to 21, 2009. The Iran-sponsored Snow directed by Bosnian filmmaker Aida Begic will also be screened at
    the festival, along with films from Nepalese, Korean, French, Dutch, and Israeli filmmakers.

    News pics

    Some pics of Iran

    Gohar  lake Hezar masjed Hezar masjed Gohar  lake orumieh_nature

    Some Short News

    Sacred Defense Martyrs Families Visited Supreme Leader
    Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei advised the presidential candidates not to go to the extremes and say something in their campaigns that would “delight the enemies”. Ayatollah Khamenei praised the role of martyrs in the history of the Islamic Revolution, saying, “The Iranian nation is indebted to the martyrs and the families of martyrs forever.”

    Rice Fields
    The pictures represent rice fields. The farmers make tremendous efforts for the planting, preservation and yielding of this product.

    7th International Plants and Flowers Exhibition
    The 7th International Plants and Flowers Exhibition with the presence of 200 Iranian producers and 40 foreign companies from 10 countries of the world commenced its work in an area, 18 thousand square meters for 6 days.

    Turkmen Wedding Celebration
    The Turkmen are one of the Iranian tribes that live in the north of Iran and have maintained their traditions after centuries. One of these traditions is the wedding celebration .

    Khoram-Shahr Liberation Painting Workshop
    The painting workshop of the contemporary Iranian artists was held on the occasion of the of Khoram-Shahr in 6 regions of Tehran and Khoram-Shahr .



    Iran to Hold 7th Painting Biennial

    TEHRAN , Mar 10 (Press TV)--Iran's 7th painting biennial is slated to be held at Tehran's
    Contemporary Arts Museum, exhibiting works by veteran and young artists.
    “Some 96 illuminations, 90 Hilyahs, 19 hairpin ornamentations and 129 paintings will compete
    in the event, which will be held from March 10 to April 30, 2009,” said biennial director, Morteza Heidari.
    Visitors will also be able to attend workshops and see works by prominent Iranian painters such as Mahmoud Farshchian, Mohammad-Baqer Aqamiri and Abbas Jamalpour.
    A painting conference will also be from April 19 to 21, 2009, when four articles will be presented and a discussion session will be held with researchers such as Mohammad-Ali Rajabi, Hassan Bolkhari, Mohammad-Baqer Aqamiri, Abbas Jamalpour, Mohammad Khazaei and Morteza
    Haidari. 'Peacocks of Fantasy' by Mohammad-Baqer Aqamiri.

    Hafez Poems Translated into Italian
    TEHRAN, Mar 16 (Press TV)--Italian professor Giovanni Maria D'Erme has translated the 14th-century Persian poet Hafez Shirazi's collection of poems into Italian.
    A renowned Persian literature expert, Maria D'Erme has published the Italian version in three volumes to offer Italians a melodious composition of the Persian masterpiece as well as a taste of Persian culture.
    Maria D'Erme, who is a professor of Persian language and literature at the Istituto Universitario Orientale in Naples, has spent ten years on the project.
    Maria D'Erme is one of the few Italian speakers in the world who has mastered the Persian language to the point of meticulously translating the language into his mother tongue. Known for his beautiful lyrical poems, Hafez has greatly influenced numerous Persian and Western writers including Ralph Waldo Emerson and Goethe. His collection of poems, known as Divan-e-Hafez, is frequently put to traditional Persian music and featured in calligraphy paintings.

    Damonfar Workshop Reunites Iranian Art Masters
    TEHRAN, Mar 16 (MNA) -- The Damonfar Company held its first workshop with 215 Iranian art masters participating on Friday. The Damonfar Company is the Iranian representative for France’s Pebeo and Germany’s Faber Castell, two companies that manufacture artist’s
    materials. Numerous painters, graphic designers, and illustrators including Mahmud Javadipur, Parviz Kalantari, Ali-Akbar Sadeqi, Reza Bangiz, Kiumars Derambakhsh, Ahmad Vakili, Behnam Kamrani, Rozita Sharaf-Jahan, Yasmin Sinaii, and Puya Aryanpur attended the program.
    French artist Paz Esteverena, also among the participants, first introduced artist’s materials from Pebeo and Faber Castell as well as new papers from Canson and then held talks with the Iranian masters.
    This program was organized to familiarize Iranian masters with modern artist’s materials, said manager of the Damonfar Company Seifollah Puya-Rad, adding, “The company intends to enhance its relations with these masters and introduce new materials, following its success in holding the Second Damonfar Visual Arts Festival that was dedicated to artists under 25 years old.”
    Master Kalantari considered the workshop helpful and stated, “The world is changing at a rapid pace and we need to be extremely aware of the varieties of artistic materials in order to create better artworks.
    “This workshop was a good opportunity for artists who are following a particular work style and
    like to create special colors by combining more than ten of them. Here you could find the exact color you desired produced by these companies.”Ali-Akbar Sadeqi also remarked that he would be glad to take part in a second workshop, adding, “To broaden awareness is a great need of our artistic community and this workshop was a good opportunity for young artists. One of my major problems over all these years was that oil color caused art papers to deteriorate after a few years, but this new material of Canson appears to last.”
    Prominent illustrator Bani-Asadi also remarked that this workshop provided the facilities for different ranges of artists to get together in one place. He felt that curiosity and searching for new materials is a great need in the modern world and considered it to be the best way to create new products.Art critic Mohammad-Ebrahim Jafari explained that the major goal of art is its creativity and one cannot deny the importance of artisticmaterials. “Producers of new materials must be
    responsive to the creative minds of artists and produce products that meet their needs.”The procedures to clarify modern techniques of visual arts were also discussed at the workshop.

    Iran Releases 'Age of Heroes' Computer Game
    TEHRAN , Mar 8 (Press TV)--Iran's National Foundation for Computer Games has released 'The Age of Heroes', a three-dimensional computer game based on the Shahnameh.
    The game has been designed based on the stories narrated in the Persian epic poet Ferdowsi's magnum opus, Shahnameh. 'Age of Heroes' offers a three-dimensional presentation of Iranian natural scenes, outfits and
    historical architectural structures. The music of the game also has an Iranian-epical theme and some 35 voice actors have dubbed the game. The game introduces some 110 mythical figures living in nine regions. Users must use various weapons and superpowers to ward off evil characters. Shahnameh (The Book of Kings) is a classic work of Persian epic poetry and recounts Iran's
    mythical and historical past. The book was composed when Arabic was the main scientific and literary language of Iran. The romance of Zal and Rudaba, the Seven Stages (or Labors) of Rostam, Rostam and Sohrab, Siavash and Sudaba, Rostam and Akvan Div, the romance of Bizhan and Manizheh and Rostam and Esfandyar are among the most popular Shahnameh tales.

    Iranian Carpets to Go to Japan
    TEHRAN , Mar 9 (Press TV)--The Iranian embassy in Tokyo is to host a Persian carpet exhibition in a bid to introduce Iranian handicrafts and culture to the Japanese.
    The unique and artistic skill of Persian carpet-weaving is an essential part of Iranian art. Iran intends to display its artistic skills, which have gradually developed since the era of the Persian Empire, to the ancient country Japan to promote understanding between the two
    cultures. Live music performances will be added to the program to help introduce traditional Iranian music to Japanese visitors who wish to understand more about the Persian civilization. The three-day cultural event at the Iranian embassy in Tokyo will end on March 20.

    Iran Holds 4th Small Statue Expo
    TEHRAN , Mar 9 (Press TV)--The Association of Iranian Sculptors has held its 4th expo of small
    statues at the House of Artists in the capital city of Tehran. Some 59 statues, all smaller than 30x30 centimeters, have been displayed at the annual event.
    The statues range in price from 200 to 4,000 dollars.
    Reza Qarehbaghi, Sara Rouhisefat and Anahita Qasemkhani are among the aspiring sculptors whose works have been displayed along with statues by renowned artists such as Behrouz Darash, Nader Qashqayi, Saeed Shahlapour and Qodratollah Aqeli.
    “Each member of the Association of Iranian Sculptors has presented a work in the expo and the prices have been set by the artists themselves,” head of the Association, Taher
    Sheikholhokamayi told Mehr news agency. The 4th expo of small statues will run until March 13, 2009.

    Ali Akbar Sadeghi

    Ali Akbar Sadeghi
    one of the most prolific and successful Iranian painters and artists.
    he was born in Tehran in 1937. He began to teach painting in high school in the 1950 , before entering the University of Tehran , the College of Fine Arts in 1958.
    His early works were with watercolor, but as of 1959, soon after entering college, he began oil painting and drawing.
    He initiated a special style in Persian painting, influenced by Coffee House painting, iconography,
    and traditional Iranian portrait painting, following the Qajar tradition – a mixture of a kind of surrealism, influenced by the art of stained glass. He did his early works in graphics and illustration . Upon his graduation from college, he was commissioned by the Center for the
    Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults to make a few animation films. He has been involved with various other artistic activities, including book illustration, poster production, graphic design and film production, but his main field has been painting.

    Indefatigable and artistically meticulous, Sadeghi has his own exclusive style of painting. He tells of a world that has lost all its historical nostalgia and dreams, a world that approximates the sharp and cutting edges of an inevitable fear. He joins the scattered and ambiguous
    historical infrastructure of the mind with the designs and paintings of ancient days, producing a presentation of novel culture. The structures of Sadeghi’s paintings are made up of elements and objects that have symbolic capacity: people overwhelmed with armor and weaponry but left mutilated and injured, wild horses, merciless individuals, terrifying landscapes, pestilent skies,
    blood and daggers are always present in his works. Alongside these elements, he uses concepts such as alienation, solitude, fear and depression as his paintings’ structural components. These visual elements of the story he wishes to narrate are used so repeatedly
    and recursively that they become much like the notes of a piece of music emphasizing the catchphrase of his narrative.

    At times Sadeghi takes a break from illustrating and narrating his horrific imagination, painting
    dexterous watercolors of flowers, plants and bowls. This, of course, he does not do out of mere
    playfulness or a desire for variety; he takes these "intervals” in order to reinvigorate himself for
    creating ambitious future paintings.

    Sadeghi’s adept and well-experienced hand in drawing and painting enables him to illustrate tragic events at their climax, the result being the visual form of his conceptualization. He represents an illusionary world captured by fear and anxiety. With his petrifying landscapes, Sadeghi either illustrates the tales of those ostracized or poses a painful question, presenting
    humankind with images of its violence, decadence and destruction. Amidst the whole turmoil, he leaves a few instances of hope - at times through live roots, which represent life and growth - and hence slightly diminishes his paintings' pessimistic tone.
    The innermost thoughts underlying Sadeghi's paintings are analogous to the blood circulating
    under the outermost layers of skin. Viewers also realize that there are deeper layers of reality
    beneath the paintings' surface, layers that they can decipher with a more profound vision.

    Aside from illustration, he has published a few books for the Center for the Development of Children and the Youth, and has made a few successful films by using his special style in painting.

    Films produced by Sadeghi have won more than 15 awards at International Film Festivals. Also, for his book illustrations he has won four international awards.

    In total, he has participated in over 25 individual and group exhibitions, over 7 volumes of books of the collection of his works have been published, and he has been a member of jury panels in over 10 biennial exhibitions.

    Sadeghi has been artistically active in the past 20 years. His style is a kind of Iranian surrealism, based on Iranian forms and compositions of traditional paintings, the use of Iranian iconography, and the use of Persian cultural motifs, signs and myths, full of movement and
    action, in prominent and genuine oil colors, in large frames, very personal, reminiscent of epic traditional Persian paintings and illustrations, with a conspicuous decorative style.

    The present collection is a glance at the works of this prominent Iranian artist, which entails all the periods and styles of his art, a glance at the visual works of an artist whose works date back five decades.

    Seven Cities (1971) - Shower of Flowers (1972)
    I Am He Who… (1973) - The Castle (1974)
    The Sun King (1975) - Zaal and Simorgh (1977)

    One-man exhibitions:
    1988, Switzerland, Lashudofond Gallery
    1989, Tehran, Sabz Gallery - 1991, Tehran, Sabz Gallery
    1992, Tehran,"Iran: the Land of the Sun - Part 1”, Sabz Gallery
    1992, Tehran,"Iran: the Land of the Sun - Part 2”, Sabz Gallery
    1992, Tehran, Sabz Gallery - 1992, Tehran, Sabz Gallery
    1993, Tehran, Sabz Gallery - 1996, Iran, Kerman Exhibition
    1996, Switzerland, Iranian Art & Culture Exhibition
    1997, Tehran, Sabz Gallery - 1998, Tehran, Sabz Gallery

    Group exhibitions:

    1984, Tehran, A Tribute to Parviz Fannizadeh, Niavaran Cultural House
    1987, Tehran, A Tribute to Asghar Mohammadi, Museum of Contemporary Art
    1988, Tehran, Museum of Contemporary Art
    1989, Tehran, Museum of Contemporary Art
    1989, Tehran, Iranian Water-colorists Exhibition, Museum of Contemporary Art
    1989, Tehran, Museum of Contemporary Art
    1989, Tehran, Sabz Gallery
    1990, Tehran, A Tribute to Firrooz Shirvanloo, Noghreh Publications
    1990, Tehran, A Tribute to Firrooz Shirvanloo, Sayhoon Gallery
    1990, Tehran, Museum of Contemporary Art
    1991, Tehran, Iran Export Development Center Exhibition
    1992, Tehran, Niavaran Cultural House Exhibition for the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    1993, Tehran, Iran Export Development Center Exhibition
    1996, Paris, France - 1997, Muscat, Oman
    1999, India - 1999, London

    1978, 1st prize of Asian Book Illustrators, for the books "No Worship Is Like Thinking”,
    "The Champion of Champions”, and "Sinbad’s Travels”
    1980, 1st prize of Leipzig Festival, for the book "No Worship Is Like Thinking”
    1985, 1st prize of the 1st Iranian Graphic Designers’ Exhibition
    1989, A tribute from the Center for the Intellectual Development of Children and young Adults,
    for the book "Victory”

    Ali Asghar Gharebagh = Dideh

    Some pics

    Ali Akbar Sadeghi pics

    sadeghi sadeghi painting sadeghi painting

    Farewell to Imam Khomeini

    Farewell to Imam Khomeini

    Do you remember 1368? We were praying and chasing the news moment by moment. Do you remember that we watched on TV everyday the moments that Imam Khomeini was hospitalized and we were permanently reciting the verse of Amman Yojib. And you surely remember the morning you heard the spirit of God joined God. Do you remember…

    Farewell to Imam Khomeini


    Fifteen Countries at Int'l linguistics, Anthropology Seminar

    TEHRAN, Mar 9,( IRNA) -- Some 730 experts from Iran and 15 other countries will take part at the International Seminar on Linguistics, Anthropology and Iranology of South and Persian Gulf to be held in Larestan, Fars province, from March 13-15. Announcing this, head of Lar City Council, Abu Taleb Roeina told IRNA that some 67 instructors from Austria, Russia, Armenia, Georgia, Sweden, Iraqi Kurdistan, the US, Canada, Germany and
    India are expected to attend the event. He added that the event seeks to develop a principled knowledge about Lari language, promote Persian language and acquaint the present generation with indigenous culture.
    UNESCO, Culture and Islamic Guidance Ministry, Iran's Linguistics Association, Iran's Anthropology Association and International Arya University are among the sponsors of the event.

    Belarus Holds Farshchian Art Exhibition

    TEHRAN , Mar 11 (Press TV)--Iran has mounted an exhibition in Belarus to display paintings by the celebrated Iranian painter and miniaturist Mahmoud Farshchian.
    The exhibition, sponsored by Iran's embassy in Belarus, includes tens of miniatures by the Iranian artist along with several exquisite Iranian carpets.
    “People have shown great interest in the exhibition which is aimed at introducing Iran's culture and civilization,” said Davoud Mirzakhani, the cultural attaché at Iran's embassy in Belarus on Tuesday.
    The exhibition will be open for forty days in a museum in the city of Gomel, the administrative center of Homiel Voblast and the second-largest city in Belarus.
    Mahmoud Farshchian is known as Iran's master of miniatures, whose works have been displayed in numerous galleries and museums around the world. The Iranian painter was chosen as an outstanding 21st century intellectual by Cambridge and has received an honorary doctorate in fine arts. 'The Angel' by Mahmoud Farshchian.

    15,000 Paintings to Go on Display on Feb 10

    TEHRAN, Feb 8, (IRNA) -- World's longest painting exhibit featuring artworks by 15,000 students will be held here on February 10, as part of the programs to mark the 30th anniversary of the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
    Announcing this, Hojjatollah Ayoubi, head of Simorgh Headquarters which is in charge of organizing events to mark the 30th anniversary of the Islamic Revolution, said on the sidelines of a ceremony to unveil the first tableau of the event that some 15,000 paintings by the same
    number of students will be put on display from Tehran's Imam Hossein (AS) Square to Azadi Square. All the works were created by boys and girls of Tehran's elementary, guidance and high schools, he noted. Commenting on the topics of the event, he said that it will focus on 1979
    Islamic Revolution and subjects to be selected by studentsl. Several students have also submitted works on Gaza, he added.

    2009-02-23 (IANA)
    Harvest of autumnal watermelon is over 400 thousand tons in Iran that has had an increase by 12 percent compared to that of the past year. (IANA) – “Harvested volume of autumnal watermelon has been 372 thousand tons past farming year,” added Mohammad Mehdi Bahreini.
    He stated that the under cultivation area of autumnal watermelon is about 15 thousand hectares.
    “The under cultivation area of watermelon will be just more than that of the past year,” anticipated Bahreini, stating that in the farming year 1386 – 1387, about 3 million tons of watermelon were harvested .

    Book ‘Islam & Freedom’ Published in Rome

    ROME, Feb 18 ( IRNA) - The book titled ‘Islam and Freedom’ written by Mohammad Taqi Mesbah-Yazdi, noted Iranian religious scholar, was published in Rome by the Imam Mahdi (AS) Association. Announcing this, Iran’s cultural attaché in Rome, Ali Reza Esmaeili told IRNA on Tuesday that
    the book was translated into the Italian language and printed in 1,000 copies. The cover price for the 96-page book is ten euros. Imam Mahdi Association, named after 12th Imam of Prophet Mohammad's (PBUH) Infallible
    Household, has earlier published books by the late Imam Khomeini, founder of the Islamic Revolution and martyr Morteza Motahhari, another noted Iranian religious scholar.

    France to Host Iran Art Exhibition

    TEHRAN, Feb 18 (Press TV) -- An exhibition of Iran's modern art is scheduled to be displayed by the Cultural Department of Iran's embassy in France in mid-March.
    “A collection of visual arts will be on display in France in mid-March,” Mahmoud Shalouei, Director General of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance's Visual Arts Department, announced in an interview with Fars news agency on Tuesday. According to the official, the art has been purchased from various visual arts exhibitions held
    over the past thirty years, since the Islamic Revolution.
    “About sixty works of art have been selected out of a one hundred to be sent to the fair,” Shalouei added.
    The Iranian arts exhibition will be on display in France for two weeks. An exhibition of visual arts in Tehran.

    Cinema News

    Iranian films to be featured at Altin Koza Int'l Fest
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art

    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Iranian cinema is to get a special showcase at Altin Koza International Film
    Festival in Turkey which is to celebrate its 16 edition from June 8-14 in Adana southern
    "The Mirror" by Jafar Panahi, "Djoma" by Hassan Yekta Panah, "Secrete Ballot" by Babak
    Payami, "Close-up" by Abbas Kiarostami and "Children of Heaven" by Majid Majidi are to be
    featured in a special program.
    The weeklong festival is to offer totally 190 titles from Turkey and other countries.

    Iranian films at Poland Dot Plant Fest Service: Art
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art

    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Several Iranian films were screened at Dot Plant Film Festival in capital
    The event running from May 8-18 is displaying a number of Iranian films including "Azadi
    Cinema" by Mehdi Tarafi, "Cyanosis” by Rokhsareh Qaem Maqami, "Last Prove" by Reza
    Haeri, "Queen and I" by Nahid Sarvestani, "Football Under Cover" by Ayat Najafi and "Nose
    Iranian Style" by Mehrdad Oskouei at the Iranian documentaries section.
    Also Mehrdad Oskouei is to deliver a speech on Iran's documentary cinema after the Islamic
    Revolution in 1979.

    "Angels Die in the Soil" in Cannes Short Film Corner

    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art

    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Iranian Babak Amini’s “Angels Die in the Soil” will be displayed at Cannes
    Festival noncompetitive Short Film Corner section.
    The event will take place May 13th to 22nd for the 6 successive year and revolves round films
    shorter than 35 minutes and produced after January 2008. More than 100 short films from 80
    countries have participated in the Short Film Corner.
    “Angels Die in the Soil” has already won the Best Short Narrative at Golden Gates Award
    section of the 52nd San Francisco International Film Festival and India's Third Eye best Short
    Narrative Award.
    Amini has directed 3 short films: Girls without Glasses (2002) Angels Die in the Soil (2008) and
    On That Day (2008). He is currently shooting his first feature film, "Oil", the story of a soldier in
    charge of keeping watch of an oil well in a Kurdistan village near the Iranian border with Iraq.

    “Cold Dream” to go to Hamburg Film Festival
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art

    TEHRAN (ISNA)-“Cold Dream” a short film directed by Peyman Nahan Ghodrati will participate
    in Hamburg Film Festival in its 4th international representation.
    Nahan Ghodrati told ISNA that the film depicts an old man trying to get his sick wife to a
    Hamburg Festival will run June 2 to 8.

    “In Our Home” goes to Annecy animation festival

    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art

    TEHRAN (ISNA)-“In Our Home” an animation directed by Maryam Kashkoolinia will take part in
    49th edition of Annecy 2009 Festival.
    The film will go to the noncompetitive section of Annecy, one of the most prestigious
    animation festivals of the world which will be held 8-13 June in France.
    “In Our Home” is the story of a little girl who introduces her family members comparing them with animals

    Iran's "Cold Blood" at Bochum Film Fest

    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art

    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Iran's "Cold Blood" by Amir Mehran is to be screened at 19th Bochum Video
    Films Festival competition line-up.
    The three-day festival opens with the Iranian film on June 18 and hosts short video films from
    across the world.
    "Cold Blood" clinched documentary prize and jury special award respectively at the 2nd
    Cyprus international short film festival and Turkey's Silk Road. It has also recieved prizes at
    Iran's national festivals.
    The film depicts the story of Iran-Iraq war from a new view.

    Iranian Film at Brooklyn Int'l Fest

    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art

    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Iranian documentary "A Day after the Tenth Day" by Narges Abyar is to be
    screened at Brooklyn International Film Festival competition line-up.
    The cultural event will run on June 5-14 in New York, Abyar told Iranian Students News
    Agency (ISNA).
    The documentary narrates the story of an insane old man living alone in ruins and spending
    his time only with a camel.
    2700 films from 111 countries have called for attending the festival.
    The Iranian documentary has already attended at festivals in Australia and Italy and Armenia's
    Golden Apricot.
    It won Best Documentary Prize at Egypt Ismailiya Film Festival.

    Michael Moore invites "About Elly" to Traverse City Fest
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art

    TEHRAN (ISNA)-American director Michael Moore invited Iran's "About Elly" to be showcased
    at Traverse City Film Festival founded by Moore.
    The film clinched "Silver Bear" Prize for Best Director and Best Feature Film Award
    respectively at Berlin and Tribeca Film Festivals.
    The Iranian film is to be screened at Seattle and Transilvania International Film Festivals in
    Romania and Sidney festival in Australia within next few days.
    "About Elly" will be screened at Seattle on May 23 and 27 and at Transilvania late May.
    Also the Iranian feature film will be displayed at Sidney festival on June 5, 7.
    It narrates the story of some families who travel to north of Iran to spend their holydays. But
    the busy city did not allow them to find a suitable place to rent.

    Time ranks Iran’s “Taste of Cherry” among the 10 top films of Cannes

    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art

    TEHRAN (ISNA)-The Time magazine has announced renowned Iranian director Abbas
    Kiarostami’s “Taste of Cherry” as one of the 10 top films in the International Cannes Film
    Festival history.
    The Time has ranked the “Taste of Cherry” 9 among the top 10 Golden Palm-winning films in
    the 62-year history of Cannes Festival.
    The film produced in 1997 and the Japanese Shohei Imamura's “The Eel” shared 1997 Cannes
    Golden Palm.

    Qobadi wins Cannes Un Certain Regard special jury prize
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art

    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Iranian renowned director Bahman Qobadi won special jury prize from
    International Cannes Film Festival.
    Qobadi received the prize for “Nobody Knows about the Persian Cats” that opened the Un
    Certain Regard section on May 14.
    The film is a story about Iran’s underground music and two young Iranians who want to make
    a music band.

    Iran's documentary cinema to be examined in London
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art

    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Iran's documentary cinema is to be examined at a two-day conference in
    The conference running on June 5-6 will also discuss social and cultural impacts of Islamic
    Revolution on documentary cinema.
    "Our Age" by Rakhshan Bani-Etemad, "The Other Side of Burka" by Mehrdad Oskouei, "the
    Ladies" by Mahnaz Afzali, "Haaj Abbas's Wives" by Mohsen Abdulwahab and "Cyanosis" by
    Rokhsareh Ghaem-Maghami are among the films to be screened at the event.
    Iran's cultural progresses on music, internet, film and photography will be explored by
    prominent contemporary art and media experts.

    April 30, Iran's National Day of Persian Gulf

    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Despite ancient Greek, European and even Arab documents reiterating Persian
    Gulf has always belonged to Iran, there are calls by some Arab states for changing the name of the Iranian sea.
    April 30 is Iran's national Day of Persian Gulf to show the world that the name will never be distorted by baseless claims and demands. Persian Gulf is located along Oman Sea and between Iran and Saudi Arabia. It is spread over 233 thousand kilometers and is the third big gulf of the world after Mexico and Hudson Gulfs. The ownership of the Persian Gulf has been violated by expansionists since 15 century. Historical documents say ancient Greek people used the name of Sinus Persicus meaning Persian Gulf in their books; therefore, there is no doubt in the name since it was first used by valid sources who were not Iranian. Also all written historical sources from Pythagoras itinerary written in 570 B.C. to the works
    produced by 1958 have used the term of Persian Gulf.
    But some Arab states referred to the Iranian area by Arabic Gulf in their informal talks and over last years some Arab writers named Persian Gulf with different equivalence including lower sea, Bahr al Asfal, Bahr al Sofla and Bahr al Tahtani. Until 17 century all documents had called the Iranian sea Khalij al Farsi, Bahr al Farsi, Bahr al Ajam, and European countries named it Sinus Persicus, Persian Gulf, Persische Golf and Golfo di
    Persia meaning Persian Gulf. Also the works of Moroccan Muslim scholar Ibn Battuta, the Greek born historian and
    geographer Yaghout Hamavi, the Iranian poet and writer Hamdollah Mostofi, literary man and historian Hamzeh Isfahani, philosopher and poet Naserkhosro Ghobadiani and writer Ibn Balkhi are among ancient figures who have referred to the Iranian sea as Persian Gulf in their Arab-
    written books. But the name of Arab Gulf was first used by British agents working in mandated Arab Sheikhs
    territories. A British political representative in Persian Gulf Roderick Oven wrote his book
    "Golden Bulbs at Arabic Gulf" in 1958 in which he said "I had not seen any name expect Persian Gulf in geographical books and maps before, but having lived in Persian Gulf coasts I found only Arab people live there, so it is polite to call it Arab Gulf."
    Observers say Roderick Oven and Sir Charles Belgrio used the name to make division between Iran and Arab states.
    Sir Charles Belgrio who served as British political representative in Persian Gulf for 30 years published a book and claimed Arab people prefer to name the sea Arab Gulf. Shortly after his book, the term of Persian Gulf was replaced by Arab Gulf in Arab and English press.
    For the first time 11 years ago Iran voiced strong objection against Iraq, certain Arab states and Britain for changing the name of Persian Gulf and Iran's customs and post organizations refused to accept shipments carrying the name of Arab Gulf. It also gave reaction to the forged name of Arab Gulf when the term was used by Arab representatives in international meetings.
    Iran has held a meeting in Tehran to arrange Persian Gulf encyclopedia with the presence of political and military officials. Iran's former President Mohammad Khatami, former Parliament Speakers Mehdi Karroubi and Ali
    Akbar Nateq Nouri, Palestinian and Iraqi ambassadors to Iran, Salah Zavavi and Mohammad Majid al Sheikh, Iran's Supreme Leader Advisor Yahya Rahim Safavi and the Leader's
    representative for Palestinian affairs have attended the meeting.

    Arab states moves on Persian Gulf, political action: Khatami
    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Iran's former President Mohammad Khatami said movements of certain Arab states on Persian Gulf are political actions sponsored by expansionists.
    There is no doubt that the name of the Iranian sea will be never changed since changing the historical name of a place is a political move which casts doubt on territorial integrity and identity of Iranians, Khatami told reporters after Persian Gulf meeting for arrangement of Persian Gulf
    encyclopedia in Tehran Wednesday. No honorable person can permit his national interests and identity be violated, he said. Iran's presence in the issue does not mean it is seeking a share, but it defends freedom and justice, Khatami added. Also Iran's Supreme Leader Advisor on International Affairs Ali Akbar Velayati taking part at the conference said the issue of Persian Gulf is so important that Iran should keep its stance even if
    some Arab countries refuse to attend Islamic Solidarity Games in Iran. Saudi Arabia has recently said it will take part in the matches if Iran removes the name of Persian
    Gulf on medals and brochures of the competitions.
    The name of Arab Gulf was first used by British agents working in mandated Arab Sheikhs territories, he said adding a British political representative in Persian Gulf Roderick Oven wrote his book "Golden Bulbs at Arabic Gulf" in 1958 in which he said "I had not seen any name expect
    Persian Gulf in geographical books and maps before, but having lived in Persian Gulf coasts I found only Arab people live there, so it is polite to call it Arab Gulf."
    Also Sir Charles Belgrio who served as British political representative in Persian Gulf for 30 years published a book and claimed Arab people prefer to name the sea Arab Gulf, he added. The former Foreign Minister continued historical documents including Arab and European books
    all stress that the name of the area has always been Persian Gulf. Also the former Iranian Parliament Speaker Ali Akbar Neteq Nouri speaking to the reporters said
    Iran will not exchage the name of Persian Gulf with anything even if some countries decline to take part in sport competitions in Iran.

    Persian Gulf, 'National Entity'

    TEHRAN (FNA) - The Persian Gulf should not only be honored as a symbol for the Iranian nation but as a national entity, an Iranian official says. "Governmental and non-governmental organizations should help protect a vivid memory of the Persian Gulf," Secretary of the Association of Iran's Cultural and Natural Phenomena, Reza Nikpour told CHTN. While historical documents show that the waterway has always been referred to as 'Persian
    Gulf', certain littoral states have recently mounted efforts to rename the waterway the "Arabian Gulf".
    "Arabian Gulf has been a term used in historical documents and Greek sources to indicate the Red Sea," Nikpour claimed. "Iran's non-governmental organizations hereby announce their readiness to help Persian Gulf
    littoral states rename the Red Sea, the Arabian Gulf," Press TV quoted him as saying. Historians and ancient texts refer to the waterway as the Pars Sea and the Persian Gulf since the Achaemenid Empire was established in Iran. Although no written document exists pertaining to the time before the Persian Empire, the oral
    history and culture has always referred to Iran's southern waters as 'Jam Sea', 'Iran Sea' and 'Pars Sea'.

    IRAN Archeological News

    UNESCO Visits Iranian Heritage Sites

    TEHRAN (Press TV)--UNESCO delegates will visit the tomb of Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili, eponym of the Safavid dynasty, for its world heritage registration. Iran hopes the historically significant features of Iran's northwestern province of Ardabil makes it qualified for registration by UNESCO's World Heritage List.
    The UNESCO delegate will travel to Iran in July in a bid to inspect the condition of the site for possible inclusion in the next year's world heritage registration.
    The Safavid dynasty was founded by Sheikh Safi-ad-din Is'haq Ardabili (1252-1334.) He was of Persian and Kurdish background. The Safavids were an Iranian Shia dynasty that ruled Iran from 1502 to 1722. The dynasty established Shia Islam as the official religion of their empire, marking one of the most important turning points in the history of Islam. Iran submitted its request for registration to UNESCO in February. The ancient bazaar of Tabriz is Iran's other offering to UNESCO. It is one of the oldest and largest bazaars in the Middle East and remains the largest covered bazaar in the world. Located in the centre of the city of Tabriz, northeastern Iran, the spectacular structure consists of several sub-bazaars, including the Amir Bazaar (gold and jewelry), the Mozzafarieh Bazaar (carpets), a shoe bazaar, and more for a variety of other goods.

    Decius Mosque Decorations to Be Unveiled
    TEHRAN (Dispatches) - Archeologists are to unveil the Islamic decorations of the mosque of Decius, excavated in Iran's southern province of Kerman. The building's eye-catching turquoise and red inscriptions and floral patterns, Kufic inscriptions of Qur'anic verses and stunning stucco decorations will be unveiled on April 28, 2009. The mosque was completely unearthed during the fourth phase of Decius excavations in the north of the historical city of Jiroft. According to the head of Decius archeology team, Hamideh Chubak, the mosque dates back to the Saffarid era and was also used during the Seljuk era when it underwent some changes. Archeologists have also found some gold-plated ruins of the building, along with 8 columns and two sanctuaries belonging to the Seljuk era.
    According to Chubak, there is no historical basis for choosing the name Decius for the city and the name was chosen by the people of the region because of the site's antiquity and historical significance. Decius spans an area of 12 square-kilometers, only 2,000 square meters of which have been excavated so far. Previous excavations had yielded over one hundred passages and squares paved with flagstones and public buildings on both sides. Some experts believe a detailed study of the site would require more than 100 years. Archeologists have also found the city's public bath, with more than 12 separate sections and a special royal sector. One of Iran's largest Islamic cities, Decius was one of the country's trading and economic poles, having connections with Eastern countries.
    Renowned Italian traveler Marco Polo describes the city in his travel diary as a large and glorious city.

    Achaemenid Stone Relic Damaged in Susa

    TEHRAN (Dispatches) - An Achaemenid stone cow capital belonging to Iran's Apadana audience hall has been badly damaged in the country's ancient site of Susa.
    According to CHN news agency, the capital had been seen intact during Nowruz, but about 30cm to 50cm of the stone cow's neck is now smashed. The capital dates back to the time of Achaemenid king Darius I and was placed near other pieces of the ancient monument, which were gathered during previous excavations. Experts are concerned about the excavated stone pieces of the Apadana palace which they say are in a critical condition and could be restored.
    Lootings, illegal excavations and construction works are threatening Iranian ancient sites. The Susa site, which dates back to about 4000 BCE, is located in Iran's southwestern Khusestan Province.

    Iran-Portugal Agree on Rebuilding Portuguese Castles in Iran

    TEHRAN (FNA) -- Iran and Portugal reached an agreement on rebuilding and repair of Portuguese historical castles in Qeshm and Hormuz Islands in the Persian Gulf.
    The two sides agreed in a meeting between Deputy head of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization Fariburz Doulatabadi and Portuguese Ambassador to Tehran Arsenio Jose Manuel Da Costa here on Tuesday evening.
    Doulatabadi said that the related document will be signed next month. The Islamic republic news agency quoted him as saying that the issue of repairing the castles in the two islands has been discussed between the two countries for a long time and now the two sides has reached an agreement on the principles of the work.
    The castles were built around 500 years ago.

    New York Introduces Persian pottery

    TEHRAN , Mar 10 (Press TV)--The Greenwich House Pottery in New York makes a foray into Persian pottery and ceramics, displaying works by Iranian artist Sanam Emami.
    The Manhattan-based exhibition, which will close on March 14, provides a glimpse into Persian works of ceramics and pottery works, exploring the uniqueness of its geometric patterns and ornamental arabesque.
    Emami, born in Iran in the 1970s, draws much of her inspiration from the organic precisionism of pre-Islamic and Islamic art. "The visual and material culture in the Middle East has followed a different historical trajectory than that of the west," the American Craft Magazine quoted her as saying "I am often drawn to pre-Islamic and Islamic art in Iran and attempt to incorporate elements of these
    influences into my work," she added.
    In 2003, Emami received a Grant Recipient for the Crafts at the New York Foundation for the Arts Fellowship for her exclusive designs.

    some pics

    Some pics

    Short News

    Karkas Mountains Clearing
    On the occasion of World Environment Day, the Karkas Mountains in Iran played host to Isfahan Province Climbing Panel, Yaran Nature Association and the Director General of the Environment Organization of the Isfahan Province of Iran. Yaran Nature Association embarked upon clearing the mountains out of rubbishes and waste matters in this day.

    Taleghan Lake
    Taleghan has been placed at a distance of 120 kilometers from the western north of Tehran.
    Taleghan is a region consisting of about 80 mountain villages. The Taleghan region among the Alborz Mountains has been stretched from the west of Kanvan to the distance of 40 kilometers from the east of Ghazvin

    Hamedan Natural History Museum
    Hamedan Natural History Museum was established by the efforts of Ja'far-Mohammad Ali-Zadeh in 1351. This museum complies with the international standards and patterns, standing high in Middle East. The aim of establishing this museum has been the meeting of the scientific targets of Bou-Ali-Sina University.

    Cheshmeh-ye-Emarat Building
    The pictures represent Cheshmeh-ye-Emarat Building located in the Beh-Shahr of Iran. This two-storey building belongs to Safavid Dynasty. This building has enjoyed a specific water-carrying system in a way that the fountain placed in the middle of the building leads water to the water ponds of the first floor and then it falls down as a spring to the fountain and water ponds of the ground floor

    Alamout Nature
    Alamout or Roud-e-Bar-e-Alamout has been located on Alborz Mountains in the eastern north of Ghazvin, south of Mazandaranand and Gilan provinces

    Motor Racing Competitions in Tabriz
    the Motor Racing Competitions were held in the Tabriz city of Iran on the occasion of the liberty of Khoram-Shahr.


    Tanavoli’s Sculpture Bids Highest at Christie's

    TEHRAN (CHN) - World-renowned Iranian artist Parviz Tanavoli's bronze sculpture has received the highest bid at the 2009 Christie's auction in Dubai. Tanavoli's Wall and the Script fetched USD 218,500, beating its estimate of USD120-180,000. The veteran artist has also been successful in many other international auctions including Bonhams's first Dubai auction in 2008. Abolqassem Saidi's 1982 triptych painting of trees swaying in the wind at sunrise was also one of the highlights of the event, clocking in at USD146,500, above its estimate of USD80-110,000. An untitled work by Sohrab Sepehri (estimate: USD150,000-200,000), Wav+ Wav + VE by Hossein Zeneroudi, (estimate: USD150,000-200,000) and A Bunch of Daffodils by Mohammad Ehsai (estimate: USD120,000-180,000) were also among the Iranian artworks auctioned in Dubai. Christie's Thursday auction of jewels, watches, and modern and contemporary art totaled USD4,766,175 and was 77% sold by lot and 85% sold by value. Christie's is the first international auction house to open an office in the region in the April of 2005.

    Hafez Nazeri Unveils New Setar

    TEHRAN (CHN) - Iranian musician Hafez Nazeri has unveiled his new Persian string instrument which is believed to be a developed form of the Setar. “The new Setar is easier to tune, and has a larger body and two more strings that give it additional sound volume,” Nazeri told a press conference in Tehran. “I did not want to create a thoroughly new instrument, because I believe Persian music only needs to be developed and all we have to do is to perfect our traditional instruments,” he added.
    Nazeri registered the design for his new instrument, called Hafez, in the US in 2000 and claims to have designed 20 new instruments so far. Hafez has been made by Majid and Saeed Safari, who according to Nazeri have worked on it every day for the past year. Son of prominent vocalist and musician Shahram Nazeri, Hafez has been playing tambour, Setar and Daf since young age.
    Hafez has accompanied his father in numerous international music festivals and has performed in many others, including Belgium’s Sfinks, Italy’s Festa del Popolo, France’s Theatre de la Ville and Lebanon’s Beiteddine festivals. He has also received a UCLA creativity award for most distinguished young composer and the Irvine City Hall Award of Distinction in Kurdish music for his contributions to spreading through music mystic Persian poet Mowlavi’s spiritual message of peace.
    San Diego County named February 25, 2006 the Hafez Nazeri Day and he has been invited to lecture at Emory University and Harvard where he was honored for his efforts and innovations in Persian music. Hafez Nazeri has also received a recognition award from the US Congress

    ْWriter Seyyed-Hosseini Passes Away
    TEHRAN (Dispatches) - Iranian scholar Reza Seyyed-Hosseini has died at the age of 83 after years of suffering from cerebrospinal disease and spinal cord injuries.
    The veteran writer, translator and researcher is known for his Literary Schools and his brilliant translations of books from renowned Turkish and French writers.
    Albert Camus Plague, Charlie Chaplin’s Limelight, Andre Malraux’s Man’s Hope and Anti-Memoirs, and Jack London’s Lost Face are among his numerous translations, Press TV reported. Seyyed-Hosseini was the head of Iran’s Anthology of Works compiling group and was chosen as a Memorable Persian Figure in the field of translation in 2001.
    Born in 1926 in Ardebil, he was awarded the prestigious title of "the Memorable Persian Figure" in the field of translation in 2001.
    His funeral ceremony will be held at Tehran’s Vahdat Hall on Sunday (May 3).
    Old Documents Testify Persian Gulf History

    TEHRAN (IRNA) – A top Iranian official said many scientific and historical documents testified the old history of the Persian Gulf so there was no need for further research to prove that. Head of Iran's Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization Esfahndiar Rahim-Mashaei made the remark at the fifth national seminar on the culture and tourism of the Persian Gulf which was held in the southern island of Kish. He said that the term "Persian Gulf" has been so interwoven into the rich culture of the region that it even enjoys a lofty status in ancient literature of the country. Referring to the ancient history of the Persian Gulf, he said the term ‘Persian Gulf’ was as old as the civilizationscreated in the region in very ancient times. Pointing to the registration of the Persian Gulf in Iran's national heritage list, Mashaei said his organization proposed the idea to President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad which was accepted and April 30 was designated as the National Day of the Persian Gulf. Meanwhile, a symphony featuring the Persian Gulf was performed in Kish Island in southern Iran as part of programs to mark the Persian Gulf National Day.
    The symphony is one of the superb works released by Kish Broadcasting Department. It has been composed in two languages namely Persian and Arabic. The performance was greatly welcomed by the audience. Esfahndiar Rahim-Mashaei

    Kayhan International

    Some pics

    Some pics of News

    Victims of 1988 Air Tragedy Honored

    Victims of 1988 Air Tragedy Honored

    Victims of the tragic event of the downing of an Iranian Airbus airliner by a US warship in the Persian Gulf in 1988 were commemorated on Friday. During the ceremony held at the site of the crash, a group of people including family members of the victims of the air tragedy gathered to mark the 21st anniversary of the downing of the Iranian plane by the USS Vincennes.

    Monday,Jul 6,2009

    Victims of 1988

    cinema news

    Tatarstan Shows Interest in Iranian Films

    TEHRAN (IRNA) -- Residents in the Russian republic of Tatarstan have shown keen interest in Iranian films donated by the head of Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB), Ezzatollah Zarghami during a visit to the republic last year. Announcing this, director general of IRIB's International Affairs Department, Mohammad Jafar Safi said that their enthusiasm in Iranian films prompted his department to make the serial on noted Iranian Azari poet Mohammad Hossein Shahriar available for Iran's Consulate General in Kazan to be dubbed into Tatari language and aired on TV. Films donated by Zarghami to Tatarstan include 'Saint Mary', 'Watermelon of Yalda Night', 'Mah Monir', 'Night Bus', 'Bicycle Agency', 'Bride of Prison', 'Uninvited Guest' and 'After Last Day'.
    Republic of Tatarstan is a federal subject of the Russian Federation. Its population is 3,800,000. Its capital is Kazan.

    Noor Awards Iran-Sponsored Film

    TEHRAN (Press TV) -- The 2009 Noor Film Festival has awarded the Iran-sponsored film Niloufar, written and directed by Lebanese filmmaker Sabine Gemayel. The 82-minute film received the event's Best Feature Film award and Iran's Roya Nonahali won the festival's Best Actress award for her performance in Gemayel's 2008 production.
    Co-produced by France, Iran and Lebanon, Niloufar recounts the story of a 12-year-old Iraqi girl's struggles to escape from a forced marriage and learn reading and writing in a village where education is only allowed for boys. Gemayel's film has participated in numerous international festivals such as the 59th Berlin International Film Festival. The third edition of the annual Noor Film Festival was held from May 1 to 3, 2009 in Los Angeles, California.

    Gharibpour to Stage Mowlavi Puppet Opera

    TEHRAN (Press TV) - Iranian theater director Behrouz Gharibpour is planning to stage a puppet opera based on the Sufi Persian poet Mowlavi's life and works.
    Mowlavi will be made based on the 13th-century poet's magnum opus Masnavi and will focus on his life and intellectual development.
    “We have made preliminary plans and are looking for a producer to support the project,” Gharibpour told Mehr News Agency. Gharibpour, who is one of the pioneers of traditional Persian puppet theatre, said he hoped to stage the opera by the end of this year. Known for his extensive research on Qajar puppetry, Behrouz Gharibpour has staged his puppet plays in numerous domestic and foreign festivals, including the 11th World Festival of Puppet Art in Prague and the 2008 International Incanti Figure Theatre Festival in Italy. He is also known for his innovative works, Macbeth, Ashura and Rostam and Sohrab.
    Behrouz Gharibpour

    Olive Land Short Film Festival

    TEHRAN (Press TV) - Iran is set to host the first Olive Land Short Film Festival in an effort to highlight Gazan resistance against Israeli aggression.
    Sponsored by the Union for Short Filmmakers of Muslim Countries, Iranian Young Cinema Society (IYCS) and Iran's Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, the festival will be held from May 4 to 6 in the Iranian province of Isfahan as well as in Lebanon and Sudan. The event will screen films on the themesof 'PalestinianInnocence', 'Holy Qods, the First Muslim Qibla', 'Human Rights in Palestine', 'Intifada Martyrs' and 'Islamic Revolution of Iran and the Palestinian Resistance'. The three-day festival will also hold a photo exhibition, and panel discussion sessions attended by filmmakers such as Reza Borji - an experienced photographer and filmmaker who has been present in war zones around the world. The competition section of the event will screen three-minute films including 24 IYCS productions.

    Iran's "A Light in the Fog" to Go to Edinburgh Film Fest

    TEHRAN (FNA) - Iran's "A Light in the Fog" directed by Panahbarkhoda Rezaei will go to Edinburgh International Film Festival in Scotland. The festival will run June 17-28 as it turns 63. Directors of the best films compete for the event's 5000-pound award, the Iranian students new agency reported. The cultural event mainly seeks finding talents of young filmmakers and examining their works. It also hosts qualified cinema critics. The Iranian film has been screened in South Korea's Pusan Festival and the US UCLA University.

    Iran's Cat and Mouse to Play in Italy

    TEHRAN (Press TV)--Cat and Mouse by Iranian directors Bijan Zamanpira and Nahid Qobadi is to be presented at the International Festival of Food and Film.
    The 26-minute film looks at the incessant toil of a group of children from Iranian Kurdistan, who work as stale-bread gatherers. They are supposed to collect food scraps for money. Those scraps are then reused by the food industry in packaged foods. Film critics appreciate the film's ability to be narrative and descriptive without passing judgment or being too rhetorical; for the power to denunciate. The Festival, which is slated to run from May 7 to 11, will screen films in the four categories of Shorts Competition, Documentary Competition, Best Food Feature, Best TV Series. Iran's Cat and Mouse is scheduled to compete in the Documentary Section of Slow Food on Film, the international Festival promoted by the Slow Food movement and Cineteca di Bologna.

    Iranian film in Czech Karlovy Vary Int'l Festival
    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Iran's "Twenty" by Abdulreza Kahani is to be screened at Karlovy Vary International Film Festival in Czech Republic which has included Iranian prominent actress Niki Karimi among its jury members.
    The 44 edition of the festival will be held through July 3 to 11. "Himalaya, Where the Wind Dwells" from Korea, "I Am Not Your Friend" from Hungary, "Soul at Peace" from Slovakia, "Twenty" from Iran and "Will Not Stop There" are among the productions which are to be hosted by the festival.

    Turkish, Iranian Universities Sign Cinematic Agreement

    TEHRAN (MNA) -- Several scholars from the Istanbul Bilgi University met and signed an agreement with Iran’s Sureh University last week. The agreement was signed to exchange cinematic productions, as well as cultural opinions between the two countries. Ahmet Atif Akin and Ali Peksen, the two instructors at the Department of Visual Communication Design and Dirk Michael Schaefer from the Department of Film and Television of the Bilgi University attended the session with Iranian scholars.Ahmet Akin pointed to recent developments in Iran’s cinema and said that there are commonalities between the cinema of Iran and Turkey, and there is hope that joint projects between the two universities would have great impact on the cinema of both countries. In his view, Iran’s cinema is more powerful than that of Turkey and Europe.He also talked about the problems documentary filmmakers have in screening their productions and said that it requires creativity on the part of the filmmaker, since depending on public sectors will not help.Ali Peksen was the next to speak and said that establishing a Ph.D. program for students from Iran and Turkey was one of the topics covered by the agreement. “Bilgi University is well-equipped in digital programs, digital videos films and visual art sources and can be used for workshops by Iranian students. On the other hand, Iranian scholars are knowledgeable in film theory, screenplay, and editing and can teach the students at Bilgi,” Peksen said.
    Holding joint workshops was also discussed at the session, Peksen said, adding that, “Nature would be the major topic on which the two universities agreed to make documentaries. And of course, they will be screened at the theaters of the Bilgi University.”Schaefer, who teaches editing and documentary making, also remarked that additional time is required to get to know more about Iran’s cinema.The guests also reviewed ways for Iranian students to hold exhibits in the areas of graphic designs, miniature and handicrafts and also for Bilgi students in Iran to hold a photo exhibit.


    Millenary of Shahnameh Marked in Oxford University
    LONDON (IRNA) -- The 1000th anniversary of the compilation of Iran’s literary masterpiece, Shahnameh, was marked in the Oxford University where a bust of Ferdosi was also unveiled. The millenary of Shahnameh (Book of King), by renowned Iranian poet Abolqasem Ferdosi, was celebrated in Oxford’s Wadham College on Friday. A bust of Ferdosi (935–1020) was also installed during the ceremony in Wadham’s library which also celebrated its quadricentenary of establishment. Rasoul Movahhedian, Iran’s ambassador to the United Kingdom, unveiled the bust in company with distinguished cultural and literary figures from the University of Oxford, Cambridge University, Oxford Islamic Studies Centre and Iranian luminaries residing in England.
    Movahhedian hoped Ferdosi’s masterpieces have been a bridge between the two Iranian and English nations for better mutual understanding.
    “I hope Ferdosi could have encouraged Oxford researchers and Iranian counterparts to take more serious measures to upgrade scientific and literary cooperation.”
    The Cultural Department of Iran’s Embassy in London coordinated the celebration in cooperation with the Oxford University. Ali Mohammad Helmi, the cultural consular of the Iranian Embassy, said Shahnameh is the masterpiece of the Persian literature which influenced a number of literary writings several centuries after its compilation.
    “The bust of Ferdosi is a gift from the Iranian nation to the Wadham College for appreciating the efforts of all people and nations who are come together in mutual respect and understanding,” Helmi said.
    He added that Ferdosi is undoubtedly one of the most influential masters and literary figures in the history of the Persian language and literature.
    “Without exception, all literary works of Iranians were based in style and method on Ferdosi’s Shahnameh. However, none of them could achieve the same degree of influence and popularity as Ferdosi’s Book of King,” he said.
    Highlighting the role of Ferdosi in promoting the Persian language and literature, Helmi said Ferdosi revived the cultural traditions of Iranians.
    “Persians regard Ferdosi as the greatest of their poets. For a thousand years, they have continued to read and listen to recitations from Shahnameh.”
    Helmi added that Ferdosi’s masterpiece is stillunderstandable for Persian speakers even though it was compiled a thousand years ago.

    Tehran to Exhibit Iran Darroudi Paintings
    TEHRAN (CHN) -- The Shirin art gallery is slated to mount an exhibition of works by veteran Iranian painter Iran Darroudi in the capital, Tehran.According to ISNA news agency, the event will also unveil a book written by Mehdi Mozaffari-Savoji on Darroudi+s style and works.
    The exhibition, to be held from May 15 to 27, 2009, will showcase selected works by the 73-year-old surrealist painter.Darroudi studied art at the Ecole Superier des Beaux-Arts and the Ecole du louvre in Paris,
    and TV direction and production at the R.C.A Institute in New York.Darroudi has participated in numerous exhibitions in Iran and other countries, including the US, Italy, Belgium, France, Switzerland, Mexico, Germany, Japan and Canada.

    Tehran Book Fair to Offer Copies of Rare Qur'an
    TEHRAN (MNA) -- Copies of holy Qur'an translated into Persian by mystic Abolfazl Rashid ad-Din Meibodi in the 12th century, will go on display at the 22nd Tehran International Book Fair. The original copy was later transcribed by calligrapher Mohammad-Hossein ibn Ali-Askar
    Arsanjani in 1882. The new copies will now be displayed by Miras-e Maktub Research Center at the fair and are
    for sale, Public Relations Office of the center reported.
    The new copy is corrected by scholars of Persian literature Mehdi Malek-Sabet and Ali Ravaqi, said Zeinab Piri, head of the Public Relations Office of the center.
    “Each page begins with one verse and ends with another verse. No verse is broken between one page and the next. Achieving this result took a great deal of effort, of course,” she added.The copy presents sharp, ornate calligraphy and the reader will enjoy easy reading as a result, she said.
    The 22nd Tehran International Book Fair will run from May 6 to 16.

    Tehran Hosts 'World's Biggest Bookshop'
    TEHRAN (Press TV)--The 22nd annual Tehran International Book Fair will throw its gates open on Tuesday, May 5, to the public, and, unlike other book fairs, it will allow direct retail sales to the public.
    Millions of euros worth of books from domestic and foreign publishers will be on display; to see and to buy.
    It is therefore no surprise that Britain's Publishing News has described the fair as the "world's biggest bookshop", which will hold books in Azeri, Kurdish, Arabic, Hebrew and Armenian languages, reflecting Iran's multicultural society, as well as Persian and English.
    Press TV will present a special coverage of this event. So, if you see our eager reporters wondering among the booths, keep them on their toes by dragging them away from the exhibits and tell them about your experience.

    Two Iranian Novels to Be Published in USA
    TEHRAN (IRNA) – Two Iranian novels translated into English are to be published in the US in the near future, it was reported on Tuesday. The novels ’Esmaeil’ written by Iranian author Amirhossein Fardi and ‘The Blessed Orphan’ by Mohammad-Reza Sarshar are translated into English by two American scholars, the Soureh publications has said.
    The first book, Esmaeil, is translated by Paul Sprachman who is the vice director of the Undergraduate Studies Center for Middle Eastern Studies at Rutgers University and speaks Persian, Arabic, German, French and Latin languages. The book is the story of a young man
    called 'Esmaeil' who is deeply impressed by the
    developmets of the early days of the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran. Meanwhile, the second novel, ‘The Blessed Orphan’ is translated into English by Dr. Clark and is about the character and life of the holy messenger of Islam, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). A number of other Persian books were already translated into English by Sprachman, including the ’Once Upon a Time’ by Mohammad Ali Jamalzadeh, ’Esmat’s Journey’ by Ebrahim Golestan and Jalal Al-e Ahmad’s ’Influenced by the West’.

    kayhan International

    Some pics of Iran

    Some short News

    Dolat-Abad Garden of Yazd

    The Dolat-Abad Garden of the Yazd city of Iran was built in 1, 160 by Mohammad Taghi-Khan Bafghi who was well-known as Khan-e-Bozorg. The antiquity of this building dates back to 260 years ago and is a commemoration of the Afshariyeh and Zandiyeh Dynasties .

    Star Festival in Sanandaj

    The Star Festival was held on the occasion of "the 2009 as the Astrology Year" in the Kordestan province of Iran on Friday, July 3, 2009.The Sanandaji children and young adults along with their parents participated in this festival, staying awake late at night to watch the stars. This festival was held with the aim of boosting up the public science of people in astrology.

    14th International Traditional Religious Theatres Festival

    The pictures represent the 2nd day of 14th International Traditional Religious Theatres Festival. The 14th International Traditional Religious Theatres Festival commenced its work in the open air of the Theatre-e-Shar of the Tehran capital of Iran .

    Farzandan-e-Entezar Festival

    Simultaneous with the auspicious Sha'baniyeh Idd, the anniversary of Imam Mahdi Birthday as well as on the threshold of 23rd International Children and Young Adults Films Festival, a festival titled, "Farzandan-e-Entezar" was held in the Recreation-Tourism Complex of the Abbas-Abad of the Hamedan city of Iran.

    Ferdowsi Tomb

    The picture represent the Ferdowsi Tomb located in the Mashhad city of Iran. Tousi (فردوسي طوسي in Persian) (more commonly transliterated Firdausi) (935–1020) is considered to be one of the greatest Persian poets to have ever lived. Among the national heroes and the literately greats of all time, Ferdowsi has a very special place. His life-long endeavour, dedication and personal sacrifices to preserve the national identity, language and heritage of his homeland put him in great hardship in his lifetime but won him fame and honor for one of the great literally masterpieces of all time.

    Zanjan Province

    Zanjan Persian: is a province located in the North-West Iran with the Zanjan city being its center. Zanjan province han an area of 36,400 km² . The province lies 330 km northwest of Tehran, connected to it via a freeway. It is bounded on the northeast by Gilan province, on the north by Ardabil and East Azarbaijan provinces, on the northwest by West Azarbaijan and on the west by Kurdistan provinces, on the south by Hamedan province and the east by Qazvin province .This province is one of the industrial centers of Iran . And the city of Zanjan is the most important city next to Tabriz, which is one of Iran's most industrialized cities.

    In Ptolemy's Geography, the city is referred to as Aganzana. It is said that the first Sassanid king Ardashir I, reconstructed the city and called it Shahin but later it was renamed to Zangan, of which the present name is the arabicized form of it.

    In Ptolemy's Geography, the city is referred to as Aganzana. It is said that the Sassanid king Ardashir I of Persia, reconstructed the city and called it Shahin but later it was renamed to Zangan, of which the present name is the arabicized form of.

    In past times Zanjan's name was Khamseh, which
    means "province with five tribes".

    Zanjan has a highland climate characterized by cold snowy weather in the mountains and moderate climate in the plains in wintertime. In the summers, the weather is warm. The average maximum temperature is around 27 °C and the minimum temperature stands at -19 °C . On hot days, the temperature rises to 32 °C and it drops to -27 °C below zero on icy days . The Zanjan River is the only major river in the region .

    Agriculture is the principal occupation, and crops include rice, corn (maize) , oilseeds, fruits, and potatoes . Poultry, cattle, and sheep are raised . In the region Zanjan is also famous for its seedless grapes. Manufactures include bricks, cement, milled rice, and carpets. Chromium, lead, and copper are mined . In the scientific world the Zanjan name is famous for IASBS, one of the most productive research centers of the country .

    Zanjan is also known for its beautiful handcrafts such as knives, traditional sandals called charoogh and malileh. Malileh is a handcraft made with silver wires. Zanjanian artists make many things like various decorative dishes and their special covers as well as silver jewelry. In ancient times, Zanjan was known for its stainless and sharp knives . Many villagers today are traditional carpet weavers.

    Zanjan also has a incredible cave called "Katala Khor", which is near the Sultanieh.

    Sultanieh is very important historical site in Zanjan province, which is the mausoleum of Oljeitu Khudabandeh and was built in Sultanieh in 1304-13 CE.

    counties, in Zanjan Province are:
    Abhar County - Eejrud County - Khodabandeh County
    Khorramdarreh County - Zanjan County - Tarom County
    Mahneshan County

    Colleges and universities
    Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences IASBS, in Zanjan city, is one of Iran's most distinguished upper level education and research centers in the pure sciences. Zanjan is also home to the Zanjan University, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, and Islamic Azad University of Zanjan.

    Zanjan pics

    Bazar Rakhtshui Khaneh Gavazang Katalehkhor cave Jemeh_mosque_Zanjan

    News - Pics

    Khorramshahr liberation anniversary

    The Khordad 3 (May 24) is the anniversary of

    Khorramshahr's recapture from Iraqi forces by the devoted Iranian forces.
    Iraq captured the port citry on October 26, 1980 in a surprise attack on the early days of Iraqi-imposed war on Iran (1980-1988).

    Khorramshahr to Host Resistance Theater Festival

    Iran’s Resistance Theater Festival is slated to open on May 18 in Khorramshahr, Khuzestan province, according to
    This edition of the festival will be held in Khorramshahr’s newly-established theaters, mentioned director of the Center for Dramatic Arts Hossein Parsaii in a press released on Saturday.
    The celebrated actor Ali Nasirian, theater scholar Mohammadreza Khaki and stage director Mohammad Jamalpur are the members of the jury of the gala, he added.
    “We will assign a budget to the selected plays of the gala for public performance in their respective cities,” he mentioned.He went on to say that the center planned to hold this edition of the festival internationally.
    Many countries, including Turkey, Lebanon, Iraq’s Kurdistan, Britain, and Palestine, have submitted their works to the secretariat of the gala.
    “Due to the weak substance of the submitted plays, we prefer to hold this edition nationwide and plan to hold the next edition with increased international advertising,” he added.The festival is held annually on May 24 to celebrate the anniversary of the liberation of
    Khorramshahr during the Sacred Defense (1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war).
    This edition of the festival will run until May 22.


    Cinema News

    Annecy Fest hosts “In Our Home”
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art
    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Annecy International Animated Film Festival in France will host Iran’s “In Our Home” by Maryam Kashkulinia.
    The animation will be displayed at noncompetitive section of the festival.
    The 33rd edition of Annecy festival will be held June 8-13 with 240 films.

    Iranian films to be screened at Karlovy Vary Int'l Fest
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art
    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Iran's "About Elly" directed by Asghar Farhadi was invited for Karlovy Vary International Film Festival in Czech Republic.
    Also "Twenty" by Abdul Reza Kahani had already been invited for the festival.
    The 44th edition of the event will be held July 3-11.
    Farhadi's newest project has already won best narrative feature award and best director prize respectively at Tribeca and Berlinale film festivals.
    Also the American director Michael Moore had invited "About Elly" to be showcased at Traverse City Film Festival founded by himself.
    It was screened at Seattle and Transilvania international film festivals in Romania and Sidney festival in Australia.
    The movie narrates the story of some families heading to north of Iran to spend a three-day holiday. They could not find a suitable place to rent since the city was so busy.

    Iran "Wood Carpet" wins Jury Special Award at Hamburg Int'l Fest Service: Art
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art
    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Iran's "Wood Carpet" directed by Abdul Rahman Mirani received Jury Special Award worth 1500 euros at Hamburg International Short Film Festival.
    The 25th edition of the festival opened on June 2nd with 3 Iranian films and was wrapped up on June 8th. Also Reza Jamali's "Old Men Do Not Die" and Mehdi Jafari's "Dad Gave Water" were other Iranian films which competed at the event. Around 400 films from 40 countries took part in the international festival.

    Iranian film at Kerala Int'l Fest Service: Art
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art
    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Iran's "Soil Temptations" jointly directed by Houshmand Honarkar and Shahbaz Noushir are to represent Iran at Kerala International Short Film Festival.
    The short film narrates the story of a men and woman who go to tombs of their loved ones. They feel each others' presence and then all creatures do their best to make these two closer to each other .
    "Soil Temptations" has already been showcased at Goa, Greece and Cuba film festivals.
    The festival will run June 19-25 in India

    Iran's "Be Calm and Count to Seven" at SIFF
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art
    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Iran's "Be Calm and Count to Seven" was invited for New Talent Awards of 12th Shanghai International Film Festival (SIFF).
    The movie directed by Ramtin Lavafi Pour is among one of the 9 selected works for New Talent Awards which is being held for 5 years.
    The festival which runs from June 13-21 and the prominent British director Danny Boyle will lead the jury.
    "Ba Calm and Count to Seven", the first feature film by Lavafi Pour has already won Honorary Diploma from Roma Independent Film Festival, Best Film Prize from Switzerland's Freiburg, Golden Tiger Award from Holland's Rotterdam and Best Shooting Prize of Dubai Film Festival.
    Aslo some feature films from Japan, India, the Philippines, China, South Korea and Singapore are to be screened at New Talent Awar
    Iranian film at Toronto Int'l Fest

    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art
    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Iran's "The Final Match" directed by Saman Salour is to be screened at Toronto International Short Film Festival's Human Rights.
    The section is to mark the 60th year of passing Universal Declaration of Human Rights and will showcase films on culture, development, environment, human dignity and learning to read.
    The film which is to be screened on June 21 says a story on two little girls who go to the roof of a tower while searching for a place to play soccer.
    The event run from June 16-21 is hosting 295 films from 46 countries.
    "A Few Kilos of Date for a Funeral" and "Lonely Tune of Tehran" are among other works of Salour.

    Three Iranian films at Hamburg Int'l Fest
    ISNA - Tehran
    Service: Art
    TEHRAN (ISNA)-Three Iranian films are to be showcased at the 25th edition of Hamburg International Film Festival.
    The event is to host "Old men Do Not Die" by Reza Jamali on June 4,7, "Wood Carpet" by Abdul Rahman Mirani on June 4,6 and "Dad Gave Water" by Mehdi Jafari on June 3,5,6.
    The festival is to showcase 400 films from 40 countries. It will be run on June 2-8.
    The event is the most important short film festival in Germany after Oberhausen International Film Festival.

    Some pics of shotr News

    Some short News

    Women Day Fest

    On the occasion of the auspicious anniversary of the birthday of Hazrat Fatemeh (SA), the daughter of the holy Prophet Mohammad (S), the Women Day Fest was held in Bahman Art Center.

    Monday,Jul 6,2009
    Tehran Friday Prayer Leading by Ayatollah Khamenei

    Addressing Friday prayers congregation -- attended by millions of people -- Ayatollah Khamenei said that last Friday's election indicated a 'common sense of responsibility' of the Iranian nation to determine the future of the country. Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei said the high turnout in the election, which witnessed more than 40 million Iranians casting their votes, was a great manifestation of people's solidarity with the Islamic establishment.

    Monday,Jul 6,2009
    Mine and Industry Day
    The Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad attended the gathering of Mine and Industry Day.

    Mashrouteh House
    Mashrouteh House is the most well-known house of the Tabriz city of Iran. At the culmination of the constitutional revolution Mashrouteh House was the place for making big and significant decisions.

    Hargelan Village
    Hargelan is one of the villages of the East Azerbaijan of Iran that has been located on the Ghal'eh-Chai Mountain of the Ajab-Shir town of Iran.

    Babouneh Flowers Festival in Ardebil
    Babouneh Flowers Festival was held in the Fandoghlou recreation center of Namin adjacent to Heiran region by the Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Organization of the Ardebil province of Iran. Every year thousands of endogenous and exogenous tourists visit this place.

    Laleh-Zar Tourism Region
    Laleh-Zar Tourism Region has been placed at a distance of 100 kilometers of the west south of the kerman city of Iran. This is a region for the yield of flowers to take rosewater.

    Free Time Festival
    The Second Free Time Festival was inaugurated in the Goftegou Park of the Tehran capital of Iran. Sport competitions, theatre, music and traditional movements are among the programs of this festival

    Some Cinema News

    Iran's "The Painting" in Asia Pacific Film Fest
    ISNA - Tehran Service: Art
    TEHRAN, Feb. 28 (ISNA)-Iran's short film "The Painting" directed by Alireza Taleb Zadeh is to take part in Asia Pacific Film Festival's competition line-up.
    The 25th edition of the festival to be hosted by Los Angeles begins on April 30th and runs through May 7th.
    The film is Iran's only representative in the event, the film producer Mohammad Reza Arab told Iranian Students News Agency (ISNA).
    "The Painting" has already taken part in Miami, Hart Ford and Fajr international film festivals.
    It narrates the story of an old man who wants to draw a picture he has never created before. But what happens to this new painting is the same as his previous ones.

    No film able to damage Iran's culture and civilization: AMPAS President
    ISNA - Tehran Service: Art
    TEHRAN, Mar. 04 (ISNA)-President of the US Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) Sid Ganis reiterated that no film is able to damage Iran's culture and civilization.
    Speaking in a seminar on film production in Tehran, Ganis praised Iran's civilization and said the film "300" was made according to a comic strip and no one cared about whether it was correct or not.
    During the seminar chaired by two Iranian producers Gholam Reza Mousavi and Iraj Taghipour, steps to select the scenario, employ elements, create marketing programs and the role of producers in advertisement and marketing were discussed.
    Another member of the Hollywood delegation in Iran, taking part in the seminar said "I guess those who watched "300" described it as a fantastic and comic film, and nobody made a research on the film, but I wish they did have a research to avoid hurting the feelings of others."
    Also another American actor William Horberg expressed optimism more Iranian films would be screened in the US to make Iran's cinema more popular.
    He then called for better distribution of cinema projects and making joint films.
    A number of Iranian actors, actresses and directors attended the seminar.

    Iran's "Orange Bombs" in the Netherlands Human Rights Film Fest
    ISNA - Tehran Service: Art
    TEHRAN, Iran's "Orange Bombs" directed by Majed Neisi was screened in the Netherlands Human Rights Film Festival.
    The film portrays pain, suffering and hope of Palestinian and Lebanese people after their territories were occupied by Israel.
    The event kicked off on March 27th in the city of Den Haag will be closed tomorrow. It hosted films on human rights, peace and justice.
    "Orange Bombs" the only representative of Iran has already taken part in International Documentary Festival Association (IDFA) in the Netherlands and two other festivals in the US and France.

    Iran's "Behind the Wheel of Life" in Aljazeera int'l Film Fest
    ISNA - Tehran Service: Art
    TEHRAN, Iran's "Behind the Wheel of Life" by Sahar Salahshour is to be screened in the 5th edition of Aljazeera international Film Festival.
    The 26-minute documentary tells the story of a woman taxi driver.
    The festival will be run through April 13 to 17 in Qatari capital, Doha.

    Iran's "Cold Blood" to be screened in Ankara Int'l Film Fest
    ISNA - Tehran Service: Art
    TEHRAN, Mar. 02 (ISNA)-Iran's "Cold Blood" by Amir Mehran is to be hosted by Ankara International Film Festival in Turkey.
    The cultural event which is to be run from March 12th through 21st will host Short films, animations, documentaries and feature films from across the world.
    "Cold Blood" has already received prizes in Rouyesh Film Festival and Tehran's Short Film Festival and clinched jury's special award in Turkey's Silk Road Festival.
    The film narrates a story during the eight-year war imposed against Iran by Iraq and mostly speaks through real and touching images of war.

    India's Iranian Film Fest starts on Saturday
    ISNA - Tehran Service: Art
    TEHRA, Feb. 14 (ISNA)-India's Iranian Film Festival started on Saturday February 14th is to screen Iranian films through Indian-based UTV global channel.
    "A Taste of Cherry" by Abbas Kiarostami, "The Mirror" by Jafar Panahi, "So Far, So Close" and "Under the Moonlight" by Reza Mir Karimi are to be showcased in the festival in the city of Mumbai.
    Reza Mir Karimi along with Govind Nihalani, one of Indian cinema's leading directors and Krishna Shah Asian-American writer, director and producer will explain the festival's programs in details on Saturday during a ceremony.
    The cultural event is organized by the UTV channel with the association of Digital Academy Film School and the Iranian Cultural Centre.

    Province of Mazandaran

    The province of Mazandaran is 23,833 km2 (9,202 sq mi) in the north of Iran, bordering the Caspian Sea is to the north, the provinces of Tehran and Semnan lie to the south. To the west it has common borders with Gilan province, and to the east stands the province of Golestan. Mazandaran was a part of the ancient Persian province of Hyrcania.

    Sari is the provincial capital. The province covers an area of 23,833 sq. km. Townships of the province are: Amol, Babol, Babolsar, Behshahr, Tonekabon, Chaloos, Ramsar, Savad Kooh, Qaem Shahr, Mahmood Abad, Neka, Noor and Noshahr.

    It is one of the most densely populated provinces in Iran and has diverse natural resources, especially large reservoirs of oil and natural gas ,diverse nature of the province features plains, prairies, forests and jungles stretching from the sandy beaches of the Caspian Sea to the rugged and snowcapped Elburz sierra , including Mount Damavand, the highest peak and volcano in the Middle East and Western Asia , which at the narrowest point (Nowshahr County) narrows to 5 miles.

    Mazandaran is a major producer of farmed fish , and aquaculture provides an important economic addition to traditional dominance of agriculture . Another important contributor to the economy is the tourism industry, as people from all of Iran enjoy visiting the area , and is also a fast-growing centre for biotechnology and civil
    engineering .

    Human habitation in the area dates back at least 75,000 years. Recent excavations in Goher Tippe provide proof that the area has been urbanized for more than 5,000 years, and the area is considered one of the most important historical sites of Iran. It has played an important role in cultural and urban development of the

    Climatic conditions of Mazandaran have prevented the preservation of historical monuments. There are hardly any sound vestiges remaining from pre-Islamic periods in the coastal plains of Mazandaran. But the province is known to have been populated from early antiquity, and Mazandaran has changed hands among various dynasties from early in its history.

    This was part of the ancient Hyrcanian Kingdom and the Kingdom of Tapuria . Indigenous peoples of the region include the ethnic Mazanderanis and Tapurians , speaking a Caspian language which most resembles Gilaki and Sangiseri.

    Pre Islamic History
    The region is known to have been populated from early antiquity, and Mazandaran has changed hands among various dynasties from early in its history.

    Post Islamic History
    During the post-Islamic period the local dynasties fall into three classes: 1. local families of pre-Islamic origin, 2. the Alid sayyid s, and 3. local families of secondary importance .

    There is often snowfall during most of the seasons in the Alborz regions, which run parallel to the Caspian Sea's southern coast, dividing the province into many isolated valleys. The province enjoys a moderate, semitropical climate with an average temperature of 25 °C in summer and about 8 °C in winter. Although snow may fall heavily in the mountains in winter, it rarely falls around sea lines.

    The population of the province has been steadily growing during the last 50 years. The following table shows the approximate province population, excluding the Golestan province, which has separated as an independent province in 1998 .

    The population is of Iranian stock with a large admixture of Turkic tribes (esp. the Turkomen), a sizable Armenian minority and Russian immigrants, mainly from former Soviet republics of Georgia (country), Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan. Mazandaran is still famous for its Arab or Turkomen horses brought over there.

    Rice, grain, fruits, cotton, tea, tobacco, sugarcane, and silk are produced in the lowland strip along the Caspian shore. Oil wealth has stimulated industries in food processing, cement, textiles, cotton, and fishing (caviar).

    Suitable environmental conditions, pleasant and moderate climate, beautiful natural landscapes, and proximity to Tehran, have led the province to be one of the main recreational and tourism areas of Iran.

    Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization lists close to 630 sites of historical and cultural significance, hence a wealth of tourist attractions

    Colleges and universities
    Babol University of Medical Sciences
    Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
    University of Mazandaran
    Behshahr University of Science and Technology
    Islamic Azad University of Mazanderan (Sari, Behshahr,Ghaemshahr, Babol, Amol, Chalus, Shahsawar, Neka)
    Imam Khomeini University for Naval Sciences
    Shomal University Amol
    M.I.T. located in Babol (Mazanderan Institute of Technology)
    Babol Tabarestan University
    Babol Olum-Fonun University
    Babol Imam Sadegh University

    Wikipedia Iran chamber

    Mazandaran pics

    Imam Mahdi (AS)

    Welcome Mahdi (AS)

    Tehran: 18:42 , 2009/08/05
    Mehr News Agency

    Welcome Mahdi (AS)

    On that unforgettable morning, so white and blue; The golden rays of the sun, riding on a gentle breeze, they flew!
    Passed many plains and gardens, roses and lilies, covered with morning dew,
    Embraced the kisses and fragrance of the flowers, and then again they flew!
    The golden rays of the sun, landed at the door, where he was born, the Promised One,
    And delivered the bouquet of kisses and sweet fragrance, wrapped in the morning dew!
    Welcome Mahdi (AS)
    O Mahdi! Like the fragrance of flowers, you are hidden from eyes,
    Come back, in anticipation, broken is the back of times!
    Waiting in sync with his heartbeat . . .

    Illumination on Nime-ye-Sha'ban

    Hakim Abu l-Qasim Firdawsi Tusi

    Hakim Abu l-Qasim Firdawsi Tusi

    In the Famouse Iranian People

    Some Short News

    7th Iran Fire Brigade Operative Sport Olympiad
    The 7th Iran Fire Brigade Operative Sport Olympiad was held in the Tabriz city of Iran. 40 participant teams, in 2 groups, competed with each other in this Olympiad and the best teams found way through the final completions that will be held in the Mehr month of the current year of the Iranian calendar .

    Truck-Pulling in Ghazvin
    The truck-pulling competitions were held with the participation of the most powerful men of the Ghazvin province of Iran. These competitions were arranged by the Cultural Sport Organization of Ghazvin Municipality on Friday, Aug 14, 2009. The people with the weight +90 pulled the 19-ton trucks and people with the weight –90 pulled the 9-ton trucks. The first, second and third winners of this completions were bestowed the tablet of championship and the two other ones gained the cup of behavior.

    Vashi Strait
    The pictures represent the Vashi Strait that has been located near to Jaliz-Jand Village on a direction towards the north of Iran.

    Sculpture Group Exhibition in Iran Artists House
    The pictures represent the group exhibition of the sculptures created by the students of Art University located in the Momayez Art Gallery of Iran Artists House. The national collection of Iran's mushrooms and fungi is a herbarium of Agricultural Jihad that belongs to Iran Medical Plants Researching Institute.

    Nader Afshar King Tomb
    The tomb of Nader Afshar King is located in the Mashhad city of Iran. This building has been created by the master Houshang Seihoun – the creator of the other works like Bou ali Sina Building, Omar Khayyam Tomb, Kamal-al-Molk Tomb and many other ones.

    Shourabil Lake
    The Shourabil Lake has been located in the Ardebil province of Iran. The water of this lake was very salty once, but today it has lost its salt little by little in the course of time in a way that a kind of trout is bred in it. Boating, track and field, cycling, zoo, equipped hotels, funfair and restaurant are among the facilities have been organized in this region.

    Fareed Ayaz Qawwal at Farshchian Art Center
    Pakistan’s Fareed Ayaz Qawwal group performed in the amphitheatre saloon of Farshchian Art Center in Tehran on the occasion of the celebration of Pakistan’s Independence Day on Aug 10, 2009. Qawwal is a form of Sufi Muslim devotional music characterized by simple melodies, forceful rhythms and wild improvisations that encourage a state of euphoria in the listener.

    Sattar-Khan Jockeying Competitions Cup
    The Sattar-Khan Jockeying Competitions Cup was held in the Varzaghan village of the Tabriz city of Iran and presents were represented to the best jockeys.

    Adyan-e-Tohidi Photo Competition
    Adyan-e-Tohidi Photo Competition was inaugurated in the Imam Ali Religious Arts Museum on Aug 12, 2009.

    Mahjoub Chess Competition
    Iranian grandmaster Morteza Mahjoub has set a new chess world record playing with 500 people in a simultaneous exhibition. The marathon games started in Tehran on Thursday, August 13, at 9 a.m. local time and finished early on Friday, IRIB reported.

    5th Nationwide Sand Sculptures Festival
    The 5th Nationwide Sand Sculptures Festival finished its work by choosing the best works. The 5th Nationwide Sand Sculptures Festival commenced its work with the presence of the sculptors of the country on the coast of the Babolsar town of Iran.

    Damavand Top
    Damavand Top is the highest mountain of Iran as well as the highest volcano of the Middle East. This mountain is placed in the central section of Alborz Mountains located in the south of the Caspian Sea and the Larijan section of the Amol town of Iran. This mountain has been put on Iran natural Works List as the first natural work of Iran.

    Some Pictures


    Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It is the Islamic month of fasting, in which participating Muslims refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, and indulging in anything that is in excess or ill-natured; from dawn until dusk Fasting is meant to teach the Muslim patience, modesty and spirituality. Ramaḍān is a time to fast for the sake of Allah, and to offer more prayer than usual. During Ramaḍān, Muslims ask forgiveness for past sins, pray for guidance and help in refraining from everyday evils, and try to purify themselves through self-restraint and good deeds. As compared to solar calendar, the dates of Ramadan vary, moving forward about ten days each year.
    Ramadhan was the month in which the first verses of the Qur'an were revealed to the Prophet


    The most prominent event of this month is fasting. Every day during the month of Ramadan, Muslims around the world get up before dawn to eat Sahur, the pre-dawn meal, then they perform the fajr prayer. They have to stop eating and drinking before the call for prayer starts until the fourth prayer of the day, Maghrib. Muslims may continue to eat and drink after the sun has set until the next morning's fajr prayer call .

    Ramadan is a time of reflecting and worshipping God. Muslims are expected to put more effort into following the teachings of Islam and to avoid obscene and irreligious sights and sounds. Sexual thoughts and activities during fasting hours are also forbidden. Purity of both thoughts and actions is important. The fast is intended to be an exacting act of deep personal worship in which Muslims seek a raised awareness of closeness to God.

    The act of fasting is said to redirect the heart away from worldly activities, its purpose being to cleanse the inner soul and free it from harm. It also allows Muslims to practice self-discipline, self-control , sacrifice, and empathy for those who are less fortunate; thus encouraging actions of generosity and charity. However, a certain level of self-control can be lost by those who suffer from eating disorders.

    The elderly, the chronically ill, and the mentally ill are exempt from fasting, although the first two groups must endeavor to feed the poor in place of their missed fasting. Also exempt are pregnant women, women during the period of their menstruation, and women nursing their newborns. . .

    Prayer and reading of the Qur'an

    In addition to fasting, Muslims are encouraged to read the entire Qur'an. Some Muslims perform the recitation of the entire Qur'an by means of special prayers, called Tarawih, which are held in the mosques every night of the month, during which a whole section of the Qur'an (juz, which is 1/30 of the Qur'an) is recited. Therefore the entire Qur'an would be completed at the end of the month.

    Ramadan is also a time when Muslims are to slow down from worldly affairs and focus on self-reformation, spiritual cleansing and enlightenment, establishing a link between themselves and God through prayer, supplication, charity, good deeds, kindness and helping others. Since it is a festival of giving and sharing, Muslims prepare special foods and buy gifts for their family and friends and for giving to the poor and needy who cannot afford it; this can involve buying new clothes, shoes and other items of need. There is also a social aspect involved the preparing of special foods and inviting people for the Iftar meal (the meal to open the fast).

    Eid ul-Fitr

    The Islamic holiday of Eid ul-Fitr marks the end of the fasting period of Ramadan and the first day of the following month, after another new moon has been sighted. The Eid falls after 29 or 30 days of fasting, per the lunar sighting. Eid ul-Fitr means the Festival of Breaking the Fast; a special celebration is made. Food is donated to the poor (‘Zakat al-Fitr’), everyone puts on their best, usually new, clothes, and communal prayers are held in the early morning, followed by feasting and visiting relatives and friends. The prayer is two rakaahs only, and it is optional (sunat) prayer as opposed to the compulsory five daily prayers.


    Some News of Ramadan

    Supreme Leader in First Day of Ramadan

    The supreme leader of the Islamic Revolution and the masters of Koran gathered together in Imam Khomeini Hosseiniyeh in the first day of the auspicious month of Ramadan.

    Moon Searching in Beginning of Ramadan

    The pictures represent the group of people who are looking for the advent of moon in the sky in the beginning of the Arabian month of Ramadan with aim of starting their fast.

    17th Koran Exhibition Inauguration

    The pictures represent the inauguration ceremony of the 17th Koran Exhibition on Aug 16, 2009. The ceremony was held with the presence of scientists, thinkers and a number of the senior managers of the country in Imam Khomeini Mosala. This exhibition will be held with the motto, "Koran Conceptions Development". It also enjoys more visual and artistic features. The area has also been increased from 30 to 35 thousands square meters.

    Ramadan pic

    Some Short News

    Students Visit with Supreme Leader

    Islamic Revolution Leader Ayatollah Sayyed Ali Khamenei met with a large crowd of university students and academics Wednesday.

    Verses Reciting Ceremony

    The pictures represent Koran verses reciting ceremony in the auspicious month of Ramadan.

    News pics

    Some interesting News

    Cooking of "Chi Bread"

    The bread, "Chi" or "Chi Chourak" in local language is a special bread that is made of flour, water, milk, egg, liquid oil and sesame in small pieces. "Chi" is most cooked in the Zanjan city of Iran and has enjoyed a particular place on the Iftar table-cloth of those who fast in Ramadan.

    Zoulbiya and Bamiyeh Cooking

    Zoulbiya and Bamiyeh is a traditional sweet that is cooked in abundance in auspicious month of Ramadan. Ramadan is an Arabian month during which all Muslims of the world fast.

    4th Traditional Pottage Festival

    The pictures represent the 4th Traditional Pottage Festival that was held in the Boulagh-Lar tourism-recreation region of Iran on Aug 20, 2009.

    jamejam online


    Some News

    Shab-e-Ghadr in Mosala

    The pictures represent the ceremony of the first Shab-e-Ghadr (Qadr Night) held in the Mosala of Tehran with the presence of people.

    Cooking Pottage in Ghom

    The pictures represent the cooking of 40 big saucepans of pottage in the Ghom city of Iran on the occasion of the anniversary of the birthday of Imam Hassan (S).

    "Zoulbiya and Bamiyeh"

    The pictures represent the cooking of "Zoulbiya and Bamiyeh", two kinds of traditional Iranian sweets that are usually served a lot in the auspicious month of Ramadan.

    Horse-Jumping Competitions in Ghazvin

    The pictures represent the 4th Round of Horse-Jumping Competitions were held in the Ghazvin city of Iran with the presence of 40 jockeys from Tehran, Ghazvin, Shahr-e-Khorram and Abhar in 5 age groups. Presents were dedicated to the singled out participants


    Varzaghan is a town located in the East Azerbaijan of Iran. The other name of this town is Arasbaran as it is placed in Arasbaran Jungles. The deserts of this town have a specific status in the nature of Iran due to its expansion and beauty.

    Kabud (Blue) Mosque

    In Tabriz, you can visit Kabud (Blue) Mosque which may be considered one of the masterpieces of Iranian tilework.It was built under Timurid Dynasty ruler Jahan Shah in 1465. Although it was seriously damaged by an earthquake, it is still eminent for the most elaborate tilework, remarkable quality of work and the finesse of the designs.What has remained today are a few pillars, the main gate, sections of the ceiling. A dome and parts of the outer wall. The mosque has four eivan courtyards with an entrance from each side. The mehrab (a special area in mosque decorated with tile and calligraphy showing the direction to Mecca) is in a smaller room with a dome.


    Alamut (Persian language Persian: الموت "Eagle taught" or "Eagle''s Nest") was once a mountain fortress located in the central Alborz Mountains south of the Caspian Sea close to Gazor Khan near Qazvin Province, about 100 km from present-day Tehran in Iran. Only ruins remain of this fortress today.

    Stone Garden in Sirjan

    The pictures represent the Stone Garden located near the Blourd Village of the Miyandoab in the east south of Sirjan. The Stone Garden has been established by a deaf man named Esfandiyar-Pour. Esfandiyar-Pour was a farmer.

    Si-Sar in Noshahr

    The pictures represent the nature of "Si-Sar", locating in the Noshahr city of Iran. The flora coverage of this region has made it extremely attractive.

    jamejam online


    HAMEDAN province one of the oldest province of IRAN

    Hamedan is one of the oldest provinces of Iran .The province of Hamedan covers an area of 19,546 km². In the year 1996, Hamedan province had a population of approximately 1.7 million people. The province lies in an elevated region, with the 'Alvand' mountains, running from the north west to the south west. These are part of the Zagros mountain range of Iran .

    The province is divided into 8 Shahrestans (counties), which in turn are divided into 23 Bakhshs (districts) in total. The capital city of this province is Hamedan and other major cities of Hamedan province are: Toyserkan,
    Nahavand, Malayer, Asad Abad, Bahar, Razan, Kabudrahang.

    Hamadan province lies in a temperate mountainous region to the east of Zagros. The vast plains of the north and northeast of the province are influenced by strong winds, that almost last throughout the year.

    Kurdish, Azeri, Luri, and Persian language are spoken amongst the people of Hamadan Province, where Azeri is more popular in northern and eastern areas and Kurdish are mostly spoken in the west. In the central parts likeHamadan County and parts of Tooserkan, Persian is more common. Luri is spoken in southern parts of Malayer country and all of Nahavand Most of the residents are of Persian and Azeri origin, but minorities are of Luri and Kurdish origin.

    Hamedan province is one of the most ancient parts of Iran and its civilization. Relics of this area confirm this fact. Today's Hamedan is what is left of Ecbatana, The Medes' capital before they formed a union with the Persians. The poet Ferdowsi says that Ecbatana was built by King Jamshid.According to historical records, there was once a castle in this city by the name of Haft Hessar (Seven Walls) which had a thousand rooms and its grandeur equalled that of the Babylon Tower.


    The residents of Hamadan are very proud of the city's historical heritage. Another source of their pride is Avicenna (aka Bouali, Buali, Ebn-e-sina, Pur-e-Sina) who is buried in Hamadan. Primary schools, high schools, and the main city's university are named after him. Even shops and businesses are named after him.

    The Cultural Heritage of Iran lists 442 sites of historical and cultural significance located in Hamedan,
    thus making the province a rich one in terms of historical attractions.

    Some of the most popular sites are:

    Tomb of Baba Taher the poet
    Ganj Nameh inscriptions of Darius The Great
    Tomb of Esther and Mordechai
    Ali Sadr (Ardeles) cave
    Tomb of Avicenna
    Waterfall of Ganjnameh
    Estakhr e Abbas Abad (an over-the-hill lake with a magnificent view to the city. )
    Stone Lion of Hamedan
    Abass Abad jangle(Baugh)
    Qorban Building
    Alavian Tomb
    Eram Park
    Hegmatane (Ekbatan) City of 5000 years ago
    Imam(pahlavi) Sq
    Alvand Mountain
    Grand Bazzar of Mozafarieh
    Excavated Ancient Ekbatana City
    Gonbad-e Alavian
    Hamadan Museum of Natural History
    Mohammadi House
    Nazari House

    Colleges and universities
    Hamedan Medical University
    Bu-Ali Sina University
    Hamedan University of Technology
    Islamic Azad University of Hamedan
    Payam Noor University of Hamedan
    Payam Noor University of Bahar
    Payam Noor University of Kabootar Ahang
    Payam Noor University of Toyserkan
    Payam Noor University of Nahavand
    Payam Noor University of razan
    Islamic Azad University of Toyserkan
    Islamic Azad University of Nahavand

    Wikipedia Iran chamber


    Some Short News

    "Ghalishouyan Ceremony" in Kashan
    The pictures represent the religious "Ghalishouyan Ceremony" in the Mashhad-e-Ardahal of the Kashan city of Iran. In this ceremony, people mourn on the anniversary of the the martyrdom of Soltan-Ali .

    Sheikh Mohammad Aref Karendehi Tomb
    The pictures represent the tomb of Sheikh Mohammad Aref Karendehi, one of the old scientists who lived in the Karendeh Village of the Mashhad city of Iran. He was also an expert in the Iranian Solth calligraphy.

    Scenes of "Sky Ladder"
    The pictures represent the scenes of a soap opera titled, "Sky Ladder" that is supposed to be televised in the auspicious month of Ramadan.

    First Day of Theater Festival for Children and Young Adults
    The pictures represent the first day of the 16th edition of the Isfahan International Theater Festival for Children and Young Adults. The 16th edition of the Isfahan International Theater Festival for Children and Young Adults was inaugurated Saturday at the Nur Garden of Isfahan. The program opened with a message from the culture minister and with the participation of the secretary of the festival, children’s writer Mostafa Rahmandust.

    Isfahan Hosts Int'l Children’s Theater Festival
    The 16th edition of the Isfahan International Theater Festival for Children and Young Adults was inaugurated Saturday at the Nur Garden of Isfahan. The program opened with a message from the culture minister and with the participation of the secretary of the festival, children’s writer Mostafa Rahmandust.

    Olive Festival in Roud-Bar
    The First Olive Yielding Festival was held in the Roud-Bar city of Iran by Agricultural Jihad Organization as well as the Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization of the Ghazvin Provine of Iran on on Oct 4, 2009.

    Isfahan Big Prize Tennis Competitions
    Isfahan Big Prize Tennis Competitions were commenced from last Saturday on the tennis court of Isfahan Army Martyrs Sport Complex with the presence of 111 tennis players. Soheil Mohseni achieved to finish the champion of these competitions.

    Mashhad Hosts 2nd Intl. Gas, Oil Exhibition
    The second international exhibition on gas, oil, and petrochemical technology and allied industries kicked off in Mashhad on Wednesday. Some 105 domestic and 15 foreign companies have taken part in the 4-day event. Representatives from Germany, Italy, France, South Africa, and Ukraine are participating in the exhibit.

    some pics of Iran

    Some Sport News

    Karting Race in Azadi Sport Complex

    The pictures represent the Iran Championship Karting Race that was held at Tehran Azadi Sport Complex.

    Tehran Basketball League First Visit

    The pictures represent the visit of the first week of Basketball League in Tehran. The Mahram Basketball Team defeated Pasargad-e-Shiraz 112-85.

    Esteghlal, Persepolis 31th Tie

    Esteghlal was held to a 1-1 draw by its arch-rival Persepolis in the Iran Professional League (IPL) at the Azadi Stadium on Friday. Tehran derby was watched by about 90,000 spectators and for the sixth straight time ended in a tie.

    Estil-Azin, Foulad-e-Khouzestan Visit

    The pictures represent the visit between Estil-Azin and Foulad-e-Khouzestan football teams resulted in 1-0 in benefit of Foulad-e-Khouzestan.

    Isfahan Big Prize Tennis Competitions

    Isfahan Big Prize Tennis Competitions were commenced from last Saturday on the tennis court of Isfahan Army Martyrs Sport Complex with the presence of 111 tennis players. Soheil Mohseni achieved to finish the champion of these competitions.

    Persepolis, Foulad-e-Khuzestan Visit

    Persepolis finished in a tie against Foulad-e-Khuzestan in the 11th week of the Iran Professional League (IPL) on Sunday. In the match played at the Takhti Stadium in Ahwaz, Persepolis was held to a goalless draw.

    Rah-Ahan and Saba-ye-Ghom Visit

    The pictures represent the visit between the football teams, Rah-Ahan and Saba-ye-Ghom in which Saba-ye-Ghom defeated Rah-Ahan 3-1.

    Some Sport pics

    Some News

    Isfahan Hosts Int'l Children’s Theater Festival

    The 16th edition of the Isfahan International Theater Festival for Children and Young Adults was inaugurated Saturday at the Nur Garden of Isfahan. The program opened with a message from the culture minister and with the participation of the secretary of the festival, children’s writer Mostafa Rahmandust.

    Concluding Ceremony of Theater Festival for Children and Young Adults

    The pictures represent the concluding ceremony of the 16th edition of the Isfahan International Theater Festival for Children and Young Adults. The 16th edition of the Isfahan International Theater Festival for Children and Young Adults was inaugurated Saturday at the Nur Garden of Isfahan

    Iran Maghami Music Festival

    The pictures represent the Maghami Music Festival that was held on Oct 30, 2009 in the Niyavaran Cultural Center of Tehran. The young Maghami players started their work last night by holding 5 performances

    First Day of Theater Festival for Children and Young Adults

    The pictures represent the first day of the 16th edition of the Isfahan International Theater Festival for Children and Young Adults. The 16th edition of the Isfahan International Theater Festival for Children and Young Adults was inaugurated Saturday at the Nur Garden of Isfahan. The program opened with a message from the culture minister and with the participation of the
    secretary of the festival, children’s writer Mostafa

    "Marriage in Spare Time"

    The pictures represent the scenes of the Iranian movie, "Marriage in Spare Time" directed by Sa'id Soheili.

    Mashhad Hosts 2nd Intl. Gas, Oil Exhibition

    The second international exhibition on gas, oil, and petrochemical technology and allied industries kicked off in Mashhad on Wednesday. Some 105 domestic and 15 foreign companies have taken part in the 4-day event. Representatives from Germany, Italy, France, South Africa, and Ukraine are participating in the exhibit.

    Iran Robotic Competition Concluding Ceremony

    The pictures represent the concluding ceremony of Iran Robotic Competition. The Chairman of IRIB Mr. Zarghami appreciated the genus students of the country in this ceremony that was held in the Amir-Kabir University of the country.

    pics of News


    n / a

    Abu Ali Sina Tomb

    Abu Ali Sina Tomb

    The pictures represent the tomb of Abu Ali Sina. Abu Ali Sina or Ibn Sina (980-1037) was a Persian physician and philosopher. He was born near Bukhara then capital of the Samanid dynasty. By the time he was 10 years old he had learned the Koran as well as Arabic grammar and literature. By the age of 16 he had mastered not only natural science and rudimentary metaphysics but also medical theory. He was not satisfied with merely a theoretical understanding of medicine so he began to treat the sick. He knew enough about medicine to treat the ailing Samanid ruler Nuh Ibn Mansur. The successful treatment gained Avicenna access to the rich library of that prince.


    Professor Mahmoud Hessaby Museum

    Professor Mahmoud Hessaby Museum

    Professor Mahmoud Hessaby (in Persian محمود حسابي - alternative spellings: Mahmood Hesabi) (February 23, 1903, Tehran — September 3, 1992, Geneva) was a prominent Iranian scientist, researcher and distinguished professor of University of Tehran. Hessaby was born in Tehran to Abbas and Goharsh?d Hessaby. When he was seven, the family moved to Beirut where he attended school. Around this time he learnt the Qur'an by heart and started to read the canonical texts of the Persian literature. At seventeen he obtained his Bachelor's in Arts and Sciences from the American University of Beirut. Later he obtained his B.A. in civil engineering while working as a draftsman. After a short period of time, he obtained a B.A. in Farshasd shenaasi. He continued his studies and as a graduate of the Engineering school of Beirut was admitted to the Ecole Superieure d'Electricité and in 1925 graduated from this school at the same time he was employed by the SNCF (French National Railway) and started working in electric locomotive maintenance department He had a scientific mind and continued his research in Physics at the Sorbonne University and obtained his Ph.D. in Physics from that University at the age of twenty-five. In 1947, he published his classic paper on "Continuous particles". Following this, in 1957 he proposed his model of "Infinitely extended particles". The medal of the commandeur de la Légion d'honneur, France's highest scientific medal, was awarded to him for his achievements.


    Sport News of my dear Iran

    Iran Won Gold in Taekwondo
    Iran's Mohammad Baqeri-Motamed has won his country's first gold medal after four years in the WTF World Taekwondo Championships underway in Copenhagen, Denmark. The Iranian athlete earned the gold after defeating his Mexican rival
    3-2 at the Ballerup Super Arena on Friday night.

    Iranian Women Athletes Win 25m Pistol in WAS
    Iran women’s team came first with 1682 points in the 25 meter sport pistol of the West Asian Shooting Championship (WAS) on Wednesday. Zeinab Ramezani won the gold medal with 765.7 points. Maryam Soltani came second scoring 753.6 points and Fatemeh Hosseini claimed the bronze with 744.7 points.

    Iran National Fencing Competitions
    The pictures represent Iran National Fencing Competitions. Ali Ya'ghoubiyan from the Khorasan-e-Razavi of Iran achieved to gain the title of championship of these competitions.

    Persepolis, Aboumoslem Visit
    Persepolis, one of Tehran's most popular soccer teams, has won a 2-1 victory over Aboumoslem to move to the fourth place in the Iranian Premier League.

    Ferdowsi Polo-Stick Cup in Iran
    Ferdowsi Polo-Stick Cup was held at Firouzeh Castle with the presence of Sweden on Oct 30, 2009.


    Sport pics


    4th International Automotive Spare Parts & Equipments Exhibition
    The 4th International Automotive Spare Parts & Equipments Exhibition will be held at permanent venue of Tehran International Exhibition on Nov 11-14, 2009. Many countries will participate in this exhibition

    Jamshid Layeq Funeral
    The pictures represent the funeral of Jamshid Layeq. Veteran actor of cinema and stage Jamshid Layeq died on Thursday at age 78. He was hospitalized last week in a Tehran hospital, suffering from both heart and respiratory disorders. Layeq who had given remarkable performances in the “Sultan and the Shepherd” TV series, was born in an older district of Tehran in 1931.

    War Museum
    The pictures represent the war museum in Tehran. The building of this war museum was made in 1930 and applied as the administrative section of Iran National Oil Company until the end of the imposed war. In 1996, this placed was inaugurated as the Cultural Center of Holy Defense

    Imam Square in Hamedan
    The pictures represent the Imam Square located in the center of the Hamedan city of Iran. This square was built by a German architect on 1309-1312 (2000-2003).

    Ghazvin Firemen Maneuver
    The pictures represent the maneuver of the firemen of the fire-brigade of the municipality of the Ghazvin city of Iran that was held for 3 days on the occasion of the Firemen Day.

    Affections' Celebration Day
    Under the early October blue sky in Iran, school bells were ringing on Thursday to herald the Affections' Celebration day. The Affections' Celebration Day is a day at the beginning of the academic year in Iran which has been designated as a day to help the poor.

    Iran Tribes Culture Festival
    The pictures represent Iran Tribes Culture Festival that is one of the cultural indexes of the Golestan Province of Iran. The holding of this festival gives rise to more festivity in the society and more solidarity among the tribes.

    Mina Flowers in Autumn
    The pictures represent the coverage of the flowers, "Mina" on the border of the Sanandaj city of Iran in autumn.


    News Pics

    Some News

    Parvin E'tesami Film Festival

    The concluding ceremony of the First International Parvin E'tesami Film Festival was held during a ceremony in the Andisheh Hall of Tehran on Nov 8, 2009. The singled out of this festival were announced in 5 sections.

    Khoram-Shahr Port of Iran

    The pictures represent the Khoram-Shahr Port of Iran. Khorramshahr is a port city in Kh?zest?n Province in southwestern Iran. It is approximately 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of Abadan. The city extends to the right bank of the Shatt al-Arab (Arvand rod in Persian) waterway near its confluence with the Karun River

    Wedding Ceremony of 30 Couples

    Simultaneous with the wedding anniversary of Imam Ali (A) and his wife Fatima (S), the ceremony for the wedding of 30 couples was held by the support of Welfare Committee as well as Bisij Resistance force Ministry.

    Kites Festival in Tehran

    The pictures represent the Kites Festival that was held in the Taleghani Park of Tehran with the cooperation of Arasbaran Art Center on Nov 28, 2009.

    Autumn in Kordestan

    The pictures represent the autumn in the Kordestan province of Iran.

    Estil-Azin Football Team Trainings

    The pictures represent the trainings of the Estil-Azin Football Team of Iran with the presence of Nikbakht Vahedi.

    Persepolis, Sepahan Visit

    The pictures represent Sepahan, Persepolis visit on Nov 28, 2009. Sepahan beat Persepolis 2-1 in Fouladshahr Stadium in Isfahan on Saturday afternoon to arrive at the top the IPL table with 34 points. Sepahan's Senegalese striker Ibrahima Toure opened the scoring after the 27th minute, but Sepehr Heidari netted the equalizer in the 65th minute.

    2nd Sound Food Festival

    The 2nd Sound Food Festival has been held at Children and Young Adults Artistic Creating Center in Tehran on Nov 24-27, 2009

    Iranian Hand-Woven Carpet Expo Opens

    The 18th Iranian hand-woven carpet exhibition opens on Sep 23, 2009 at the Tehran International Permanent Fairground. 350 companies from 30 provinces including manufacturers, exporters, designers, restorers and sellers will take part in the fair.

    Esteqlal, Peykan Visit

    The pictures represent Esteqlal, Peykan visit on Nov 28, 2009. Esteqlal was overpowered 3-2 by Peykan at Tehran's Azadi Stadium on Saturday afternoon. The Blues took the lead when Amir-Hossein Sadeqi scored the opener after 16 minutes, but Peykan made it 2-1 before the break through Saeed Daqiqi (38') and Majid Khodabandelou (44').



    NEWS OF 28th Fajr International Film Festival

    Fajr Filmfest Kicks Off

    The 28th Fajr International Film Festival kicked off at Tehran’s Milad Tower Saturday evening in absentia of movies stars and prominent Iranian filmmakers. Celebrated filmmaker Ebrahim Hatamikia whose “Color of Purple” premiered at the festival on Sunday morning was seen among the guests of honor on the opening night.

    28th Fajr International Film Festival

    The pictures represent the peripheral events of 28th Fajr International Film Festival. The 28th Fajr International Film Festival kicked off at Tehran’s Milad Tower Saturday evening in absentia of movies stars and prominent Iranian filmmakers.

    8th Fajr Theatre Festival Closing Ceremony

    The pictures represent the closing ceremony of 8th Fajr Theatre Festival in Vahdat Hall of Tehran on Feb 1, 2010.

    28th Fajr Film Festival Film Market

    The pictures represent the film market of 28th Fajr Film Festival at Milad Tower of Tehran.

    Anton Chekhov’s Short Story Took Best Film Award

    Anton Chekhov’s short story “Ward Number Six” from Russia took home two Crystal Simorghs at the international section of the 28th Fajr International Film. Directed by Karen Shakhnazarov, the movie took the Best Film Award and Vladimir Ilyin was named the Best Actor in this section.

    28th Fajr Intl. Film Festival Wraps Up

    The 28th Fajr International Film Festival has wrapped up in the Iranian capital Tehran. More than 80 Iranian and international films competed for the Crystal Simorgh awards. Twenty-six films were national productions.

    28th Fajr International Theater Festival

    The 28th Fajr International Theater Festival established the first Iranian Theater Market (ITM) on Friday morning. Representatives from different troupes attending the event include Siamak Ehsaii, Sohrab Salimi, Reza Guran, Hassan Bastani and Zahra Sabri.

    JAMEJAM online

    Some Pics


    Sadeh Festival in Iran
    Zoroastrians celebrate Sadeh Festival in Kerman, the capital of Kerman province, in southeast Iran. The celebration was held on Saturday, January 30. Sadeh Festival or Fire Festival is annually held by Zoroastrians 50 days before Nowruz, celebration of Iranian New Year beginning on March 20 or 21.

    Shoushtar Waterfalls and Mills
    The pictures represent the waterfalls and mills located in the Shoushtar of Iran. The manufacturing of the stone channels of this structure is concerned with Sasanid Dynasty.

    Persepolis, Rah Ahan Visit
    Mohsen Khalili sealed the win for Persepolis against Rah Ahan here at the Azadi Stadium on Friday. The Persepolis striker scored after 15 minutes following a pass from Hadi Norouzi into the box. It was Ali Daei’s first win since he is in charge of Persepolis. In the past two weeks the Tehran-based team was held to a 1-1 draw against Zob Ahan and was badly beaten by Shahin of Bushehr 4-1.

    President Urges Sport for All
    President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad called on the officials and the nation to expand the sport for all movement. He made the remarks on Tuesday morning at a ceremony held in Park Pardisan in Tehran to mark the National Clean Air Day. Officials should seek to increase the public interest in physical exercise in the hope of having a fit and healthy society, Ahmadinejad said.

    Esteghlal Trainings before Derby
    The pictures represent the trainings of the Esteghlal Football Team of Iran before its visit with Persepolis at Dastgerdi Sport Complex with the presence of Va'ez Ashtiyani

    Hammam Vakil
    This is ceiling of Hammam (Public bath) of VAKIL in Shiraz. It is built during Karimkhan-e Zand (about 250 years ago), the first Iranian King who put away his Royal title and asked people call him VAKIL which means representative.

    Coaching Classes in Football Academy
    The A coaching classes of Asia Confederation taught by Morteza Mohases have been held in Iran Football Academy.

    Sanandaj Carpet Exhibition

    The pictures represent the carpet exhibition of the Sanandaj of Iran that has been held on Feb 22-28, 2010.



    Iranians have succeeded to treat eye tumors using radioactive plaques, overcoming the need for sending such patients to foreign countries for eye surgeries

    According to Seyyed Mehdi Modaresszadeh, the head of the eye Research Center affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences, placing a radioactive plaque on the eye tumor can destroy the cancerous tissue in a certain time.

    "These plaques were previously imported through a time consuming process," Modaresszadeh told ISNA News Agency, adding that any delay in providing these pricey plaques would lead to eye evacuation, a condition which is more serious in children.

    He went on to say that using the new plaques would reduce the cost of such surgeries by one fiftieth. "Such patients would not need to travel to foreign countries for eye surgeries in the near future," Modaresszadeh added.

    Childhood eye tumors account for a large number of eye cancers; they are treatable in case they are operated on time.


    Cultural - cinema

    London awards Iranian Superstar

    Iranian filmmaker Tahmineh Milani's Superstar has been awarded at the 2010 edition of the Rainbow Film Festival held in the British capital of London.

    Milani's 2009 production won the best film award of the annual festival, which was held from May 28 to June 3, 2010.

    Superstar also received the Best Actress and Best Cinematographer awards of the 2010 Dhaka International Film Festival in Bangladesh.

    Milani is one of the most successful female Iranian directors, whose films have won her numerous national and international awards.

    Ceasefire, The Fifth Reaction, The Hidden Half and Two Women are among her other productions.

    Arranged by the Rainbow Film Society, the 11th Rainbow Film Festival screened 13 Asian films from Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia and Iran.

    Press tv

    Munich filmfest to honor Kiarostami
    The 2010 Munich Film Festival will honor internationally-acclaimed Iranian director Abbas Kiarostami and screen a retrospective of his films.

    Kiarostami, whose latest production Certified Copy was screened in the 2010 Cannes festival, will be granted the festival's lifetime achievement CineMerit award.

    Kiarostami's first non-Iranian feature Certified Copy will be one of the six Kiarostami films to be screened in his retrospective this year.

    Produced by France's MK2, the film stars Academy Award winning French actress Juliette Binoche and was filmed in the Chianti countryside in Tuscany, Italy.

    Filmmaker, painter, designer and photographer, Abbas Kiarostami has received many prestigious international awards, including the 1997 Cannes Golden Palm award and the 2008 Glory to the Filmmaker award of the Venice Film Festival.

    Kiarostami has staged Mozart's comic opera buffa, Cosi Fan Tutte at London's Coliseum Theater and the 2008 Festival of Lyric Art in Aix-en-Provence in France.

    He has also held photo exhibitions at Beijing's Imperial City Art Museum and the Louvre Museum in Paris.

    The 28th Munich Film Festival will open with Alvaro Pastor's Me Too on June 25, 2010 and will run until July 3.

    Press tv

    In the Color of Purple premieres in Toronto

    The Iranian political drama “In the Color of Purple” premiered in Toronto on Tuesday.

    Persia Films, an Iranian company in Canada, is the distributor of the film that at one time was banned in Iran.

    Starring Hamid Farrokhnejad and Khazar Masumi, the film tells the story of a romance between an Iranian intelligence agent and the daughter of an opposition group leader.

    “In the Color of Purple” was unofficially banned as director Ebrahim Hatamikia withdrew it from the screening schedule of the 23rd Fajr International Film Festival 2005, due to objections by the Iranian Intelligence Ministry.

    In February 2010, Iran lifted ban on the film as it was debuted at the 28th Fajr International Film Festival in Tehran.

    The festival honored the film with the best film and best director awards. The film also won the festival’s Audience Favorite Crystal Simorgh and Hassan Karimi received the best cameraman award from the event for the film.

    Persia Films has also begun preselling DVD copies of the film at this time to coincide with the premiere.


    Golestan Museum Palace hangs Qajar era photos of Georgians

    Tehran’s Golestan Museum Palace is displaying a collection of Qajar-era photos of Georgian nationals. The photos were donated by Russian czar to Naser ad-Din Shah Qajar (1831-1896).

    The exhibit is organized on the occasion of the National Day of Georgia (June 7) and is displaying a total of 30 photos.

    “The photos are selected from the palace archives. Also included are photos of people from Russia, Romania, Bulgaria, and beautiful landscapes of the Balkans,” said palace curator Masud Sharifi.

    He said that a selection of photos of Georgia from the palace in addition to those currently on display would be exhibited in Georgia in the near future.

    Ambassadors from Yemen, India, and Georgia and a representative from the Ukraine took part in the opening ceremony of the gala, which is cosponsored by Golestan Palace and the Embassy of Georgia in Tehran.

    The exhibit will run through June 13 at the palace located on Panzdah-e Khordad Square, near Tehran’s grand bazaar.


    Tehran to unveil intl. artworks

    Tehran's Museum of Contemporary Arts is set to unveil a collection of works by renowned international artists during an exhibition in the Iranian capital.

    Manifestations of the World's Contemporary arts will display more than 40 paintings, sculptures, illustrations and installations by famous contemporary artists.

    “The event will showcase works by renowned figures such as Henry Moore, Kamil Jacob Pissarro and Morris Louis for the first time,” exhibition director Gholam-Ali Taheri told Fars News Agency.

    Dan Flavin, Alan Shields, Fernand Leger, Edouard Manet are also among the artists whose works will be displayed during the exhibition, which will kick off on June 8, 2010.

    Manifestations of the World's Contemporary Arts is a sequel to an exhibition of the same name which was held in June 2009 at Tehran's Museum of Contemporary Arts.

    Last year's event also displayed impressionist, cubist, abstract, minimalist and conceptual artworks by modern and 19th-century artists such as Claude Monet, Paul Gauguin, Pablo Picasso, Jackson Pollock, Andy Warhol, Rene Magritte, Max Ernst, Vasily Kandinsky, Pierre Soulages, Francis Bacon, Juan Miro and Roy Lichtenstein.


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